Wild Bird Conservation Act; Review of Approved List of Captive-bred Species
Notice Of Review.
We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce a review of all approved captive-bred species listed in the Approved List of Captive-bred Species as provided for in the Wild Bird Conservation Act (WBCA) of 1992. The WBCA requires periodic review of the list. The purpose of the review is to ensure that the list accurately reflects the most current status information for each listed species. We request comments that will provide us with the most current scientific and trade information available on these listed species as well as similar information on species that may warrant consideration for inclusion in the list. If inclusion of a species in the list is not consistent with the best scientific and trade information available at the conclusion of this review, we will change the list accordingly.
3 actions from May 29th, 2001 to September 2008
May 29th, 2001
July 30th, 2001
- Comment Period End
Table of Contents Back to Top
- FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
- SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
- What Is the Approved List of Captive-Bred Species?
- Where Can the Approved List of Captive-Bred Species Be Found?
- Why Is This Review Being Conducted?
- Which Species Are Included on the List?
- How Will We Determine Whether a Species Should Be on the Approved List?
- What Could Happen as a Result of This Review?
- What Will Happen if no New Information Is Submitted on any of the Listed Species?
- Request for Information
- What if We Receive Extensive Substantive Information on a Large Number of Species?
DATES: Back to Top
Your comments on this notice of review must be received by July 30, 2001 to receive consideration by us.
ADDRESSES: Back to Top
Submit comments, information, and questions to the Chief, Division of Scientific Authority; Mail Stop: Room 750, Arlington Square; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; Washington, DC 20240 (Fax number: 703-358-2276; E-mail address: email@example.com ). Address express and messenger-delivered mail to the Division of Scientific Authority; 4401 North Fairfax Drive, Room 750; Arlington, Virginia 22203. Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection by appointment, from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, at the Arlington, Virginia, address.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top
Michael D. Kreger, Biologist, Division of Scientific Authority (See ADDRESSES section) (phone: 703-358-1708, fax: 703-358-2276, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top
Background Back to Top
The Wild Bird Conservation Act (WBCA) was enacted on October 23, 1992 to promote the conservation of exotic birds listed in the appendices of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) by ensuring that all imports of exotic bird species into the United States are biologically sustainable and not detrimental to the species; ensuring that imported birds are not subject to inhumane treatment during capture and transport; and assisting wild bird conservation and management programs in countries of origin.
What Is the Approved List of Captive-Bred Species?
The Approved List of Captive-bred Species under the WBCA is a list of bird species that are included in the appendices of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), and which exist in international trade only as captive-bred specimens. The listing criteria are described in 50 CFR 15.31-15.32 and the list is presented in 50 CFR 15.33. A WBCA permit is not required if an exotic bird species is listed in the Approved List of Captive-bred Species. We periodically review and update the list. To be included in the list, a species must meet the following criteria:
(a) All specimens of the species known to be in trade (legal or illegal) must be captive bred;
(b) No specimens of the species may be removed from the wild for commercial purposes;
(c) Any importation of the species must not be detrimental to the survival of the species in the wild; and
(d) Adequate enforcement controls must be in place to ensure compliance.
Where Can the Approved List of Captive-Bred Species Be Found?
The Approved Species List of Captive-bred Species can be found in 50 CFR 15.33. The list is also available on the World Wide Web at http://international.fws.gov/global/wbcaacbs.html. This list contains the names of species of captive-bred exotic birds for which importation into the United States is not prohibited by the WBCA.
Why Is This Review Being Conducted?
The procedural rules for listing or removing species from the list can be found in 50 CFR 15.31. The WBCA requires that the Secretary of the Interior conduct a periodic review of each listed species and, after public comment, publish in the Federal Register a list of species of exotic birds that are listed in any CITES Appendix and that are not subject to a prohibition or suspension of importation by the WBCA based on their captive-bred status. The last review was conducted in 1994.
Which Species Are Included on the List?
Although the WBCA also contains provisions for an approved list of wild-caught birds harvested under approved sustainable-use management plans, and also allows imports from qualifying overseas breeding facilities, those lists have not yet been established. The Approved List of Captive-bred Species currently contains the following species that are subject to this review, although other species may be added if information is received to show that they qualify:
Buteo buteo—European buzzard
Columba livia—Rock dove
Agapornis personata—Masked lovebird
Agapornis roseicollis—Peach-faced lovebird
Aratinga jandaya—Jendaya conure
Barnardius barnardi—Mallee ringneck parrot
Bolborhynchus lineola—Lineolated parakeet-blue form
Bolborhynchus lineola—Lineolated parakeet-yellow form
Bolborhynchus lineola—Lineolated parakeet-white form
Cyanoramphus auriceps—Yellow-fronted parakeet
Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae—Red-fronted parakeet
Forpus coelestis—Pacific parrotlet-lutino form
Forpus coelestis—Pacific parrotlet-yellow form
Forpus coelestis—Pacific parrotlet-blue form
Forpus coelestis—Pacific parrotlet-cinnamon form
Neophema bourkii—Bourke's parrot
Neophema chrysostoma—Blue-winged parrot
Neophema elegans—Elegant parrot
Neophema pulchella*—Turquoise parrot
Neophema splendida*—Scarlet-chested parrot
Platycercus adelaide—Adelaide rosella
Platycercus adscitus—Pale-headed rosella
Platycercus elegans—Crimson rosella
Platycercus eximius—Eastern rosella
Platycercus icterotis—Western (stanley) rosella
Platycercus venustus—Northern rosella
Polytelis alexandrae—Princess parrot
Polytelis anthopeplus—Regent parrot
Polytelis swainsonii—Superb parrot
Psephotus chrysopterygius*—Golden-shouldered parakeet
Psephotus haematonotus—Red-rumped parakeet
Psephotus varius—Mulga parakeet
Psittacula eupatria—Alexandrine parakeet-blue form
Psittacula eupatria—Alexandrine parakeet-lutino form
Psittacula krameri manillensis—Indian ringneck parakeet
Purpureicephalus spurius—Red-capped parrot
Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus—Scaly-breasted lorikeet
Aegintha temporalis—Red-browed finch
Aidemosyne modesta—Cherry finch
Chloebia gouldiae—Gouldian finch
Emblema guttata—Diamond sparrow
Emblema picta—Painted finch
Lonchura castaneothorax—Chestnut-breasted finch
Lonchura domestica—Society (Bengalese) finch
Lonchura pectoralis—Pictorella finch
Neochmia ruficauda—Star finch
Poephila acuticauda—Long-tailed grassfinch
Poephila bichenovii—Double-barred finch
Poephila cincta—Parson finch
Poephila guttata—Zebra finch
Poephila personata—Masked finch
Serinus canaria—Common canary
Species with an asterisk (*) are protected by the Endangered Species Act and require a permit under that law for importation. The golden-shouldered parakeet is also listed in CITES Appendix I and is subject to the provisions of CITES, including a determination of whether import is for primarily commercial purposes.
Forty-eight species are currently included in the list. Most species are Psittaciformes, which includes parrots, macaws, budgerigars, parakeets, lovebirds, cockatoos, and similar species. Of those, color mutations, such as the blue form of the Pacific parrotlet, are included since it is likely that these are captive-bred birds and would not have been removed from the wild. The list was established on January 24, 1996 (61 FR 2093) and has not been amended since then. Since the list was established, however, certain factors (e.g., changes in national legislation in range countries) may have altered patterns in the exotic bird trade, and captive breeding of some species may have improved or declined. We have received comments from aviculturists requesting that some captive-bred species, including additional color mutations, be added to the list, especially if the range country now strictly prohibits exportation of the species. We intend to examine these comments and any additional information in response to this Notice to determine the current status of species listed, to determine whether they should remain on the list, and to determine whether additional species should also be included in the list.
How Will We Determine Whether a Species Should Be on the Approved List?
We will consider the comments received in response to this Notice, as well as other relevant information given to us on captive breeding and trade in exotic birds. We will then evaluate the species against the criteria listed above. A species will be added to the list if it meets all of the criteria.
What Could Happen as a Result of This Review?
If anyone provides us with substantial new information for one or more species in the table above, or if we find, as part of our review, any other credible new information on these species, we could either remove or add a species to the list.
What Will Happen if no New Information Is Submitted on any of the Listed Species?
No changes will be made to the list as a result of this review unless substantial information is received. However, we will initiate periodic reviews in the future, as resources allow and when new information suggests that a review may be warranted.
Request for Information Back to Top
We request comments on this Notice of Review from any foreign government or agency, the public, other Federal, State, and local governmental agencies, the scientific community, industry, or any other interested party. The comments should provide as much scientific and trade information as possible (literature citations, etc.). Submissions with detailed information are much more helpful than those that merely advocate or state a position, but that contain no biological or trade information that would contribute to determining whether species should be included in the list. In particular, we are seeking information that indicates a need for a change in the status of any of the listed or unlisted species based on:
1. Status of captive breeding;
2. Whether there is legal trade from the wild;
3. Whether there is illegal trade from the wild and how much.
We are also seeking taxonomic and nomenclatural changes as well as of occurrences of any new color mutations of the taxa as well as suggestions for appropriate common names.
If possible, this information should be supported by documentation such as maps, breeding records, bibliographic references, or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.
What if We Receive Extensive Substantive Information on a Large Number of Species?
We will evaluate information received and information in our files and determine: (1) whether or not any currently listed species should be re-evaluated; and (2) whether or not the listing of any currently unlisted species should be considered. Due to limited resources available for this effort, our highest priority will be for those species whose conservation status in the wild would most benefit from a change in their listing status under the WBCA.
Authority: Back to Top
This document is published under the authority of the Wild Bird Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 4901-4916 et seq.).
Dated: May 15, 2001.
Marshall P. Jones, Jr.,
[FR Doc. 01-13348 Filed 5-25-01; 8:45 am]
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