Skip to Content
Rule

Water Quality Standards for Kansas

Action

Final Rule.

Summary

EPA is promulgating a primary contact recreation use designation for 1,056 waters, an expected aquatic life use designation for one of these waters, and a secondary contact recreation use designation for 230 waters in the State of Kansas to replace the use designations for those waters that EPA disapproved in 1998. EPA is promulgating these final water quality standards for the State of Kansas at this time pursuant to a court order requiring the Administrator to sign a final rule by June 30, 2003. Once the State of Kansas submits the necessary analyses and any corresponding changes to its water quality standards for specific waters and EPA approves that submission, EPA will initiate a rulemaking to withdraw this regulation for those waters.

Table of Contents

Tables

DATES: Back to Top

This regulation is effective August 6, 2003.

ADDRESSES: Back to Top

The public record for this rulemaking has been established, is located at EPA Region 7, Information Resource Center, 901 North 5th Street, Kansas City, Kansas 66101, and can be reviewed between 8 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. Central Time, Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. For further information regarding access to the docket materials, call (913) 551-7241. You may have to pay a reasonable fee for copying.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top

For information concerning today's final rule, contact Mr. Martin Kessler, Public Affairs Specialist at r7actionline@epa.gov or at U.S. EPA Region 7, Office of External Programs, 901 North 5th Street, Kansas City, Kansas, 66101 (Telephone: 913-551-7003).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top

Table of Contents Back to Top

I. Potentially Affected Entities

II. Background

A. What Are the Statutory and Regulatory Requirements Relevant to This Action?

B. What Actions Have Kansas and EPA Taken Leading to Today's Action?

III. What Federal Water Quality Standards Did EPA Propose in July 2000?

IV. What Federal Water Quality Standards Is EPA Promulgating Today?

A. Background

B. EPA's Analysis of Information Received for Specific Stream Segments and Lakes

1. Kansas' December 10, 2002, Submission of Water Quality Standards

2. Use Attainability Analysis Information Provided by the State of Kansas to EPA on April 11, 2003

3. Information Submitted by Commenters in Response to EPA's July 2000 Proposal and Information Collected by EPA

C. EPA's Final Use Designation Decisions for Specific Stream Segments and Lakes

D. Effect of Today's Rulemaking on the State's Water Quality Programs

V. Economic Analysis

A. Identifying Affected Facilities

B. Evaluating Sample Facilities

C. Method for Estimating Potential Compliance Costs

D. Results

E. Total Statewide Costs

F. Significant Comments on the Economic Analysis for the Proposed Rule

VI. Alternative Regulatory Approaches and Implementation Mechanisms

A. Designating Uses

B. Site-Specific Criteria

C. Variances

D. Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)

VII. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review

B. Paperwork Reduction Act

C. Regulatory Flexibility Act

D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

E. Executive Order 13132: Federalism

F. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments

G. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children from Environmental Health and Safety Risks

H. Executive Order 13211: Actions that Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use

I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

J. Congressional Review Act

I. Potentially Affected Entities Back to Top

Citizens concerned with water quality in Kansas may be interested in this rulemaking. Entities discharging pollutants to waters of the United States in Kansas could be indirectly affected by this rulemaking because water quality standards are used in determining water quality-based effluent limitations included in National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits. Categories and entities that may indirectly be affected include:

Category Examples of potentially affected entities
Industry Industries discharging pollutants to surface waters in Kansas.
Municipalities Publicly-owned treatment works discharging pollutants to surface waters in Kansas.

This table is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a guide for readers regarding NPDES entities likely to be affected by this action. This table lists the types of entities that EPA is now aware could potentially be affected by this action. Other types of entities not listed in this table could also be affected. To determine whether your facility may be affected by this action, you should carefully examine today's rule. If you have questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the person listed in the preceding FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.

EPA notes that nothing in this rulemaking—which establishes “primary contact recreation” as a Clean Water Act (CWA) use designation for 1,056 waters, or “expected aquatic life use” for one of these waters, and “secondary contact recreation” for 230 waters—affects the private property rights of landowners to deny public access to their own property. Use designations, such as those codified today, help establish water quality goals for particular water bodies; they do not create or abridge property rights regarding access to such waters. To illustrate this point, EPA notes that most of these waters had been subject to the State's default “secondary contact recreation” use designation until November 2001 (when the State removed this provision and EPA approved that action). That use designation, which commonly refers to recreational wading and other uses not likely to result in full-body immersion, had applied to these waters since at least 1994, and in many cases for years before that. However, EPA is not aware that any individual has interpreted that State use designation (made solely for CWA purposes) as official government sanction to enter private property for the purpose of wading in the streams so designated. Consequently, EPA has no reason to believe that this situation will change as a result of EPA's use designations today. The only difference between the State action and EPA's action today is the type of use designated, not whether the waters are subject to a use designation in the first instance.

II. Background Back to Top

A. What Are the Statutory and Regulatory Requirements Relevant to This Action?

Section 303(c) of the Clean Water Act (CWA), 33 U.S.C. 1313(c), requires States and authorized Tribes to adopt water quality standards for waters of the United States within their applicable jurisdictions. Section 303(c) and EPA's implementing regulations at 40 CFR part 131 require State water quality standards to include the designated use or uses to be made of the water, the criteria necessary to protect those uses, and an antidegradation policy. States are also required to review their water quality standards at least once every three years and, if appropriate, revise or adopt new standards. 33 U.S.C. 1313(c)(1). States are required to submit the results of these reviews to EPA for approval. 33 U.S.C. 1313(c)(2)(A). Section 303(c)(4) of the CWA requires EPA to promulgate water quality standards when necessary to replace disapproved State water quality standards.

Section 101(a)(2) of the CWA establishes as a national goal “water quality which provides for the protection and propogation of fish, shellfish, and wildlife and * * * recreation in and on the water,” wherever attainable. This national goal is commonly referred to as the “fishable/swimmable” goals of the CWA. (Hereafter, the fishable/swimmable goals are referred to as CWA section 101(a) goal uses.) Section 303(c)(2)(A) requires State water quality standards to “protect the public health or welfare, enhance the quality of water and serve the purposes of this [Act].” Further, States are required to take into consideration the waters' use and value for public water supplies, propagation of fish and wildlife, recreational purposes, and agricultural, industrial, and other purposes, and also to take into consideration their use and value for navigation. 33 U.S.C. 1313(c)(2)(A). States are free to designate more specific uses (e.g., cold water aquatic life), or to designate uses not mentioned in the CWA, with the exception of waste transport or waste assimilation, which is not an acceptable use. 40 CFR 131.10(a). EPA's regulations at 40 CFR 131.10 describe the process States must follow and the analyses States must conduct prior to designating any uses that do not include the 101(a) goal uses.

B. What Actions Have Kansas and EPA Taken Leading to Today's Action?

On October 31, 1994, Kansas submitted a complete set of water quality standards to EPA for review and approval. As part of this submission, it also submitted the Kansas Surface Water Register, which contains the listing of all streams, lakes, and wetlands classified under the State's water quality standards, individual water body locational data and all designated uses for each stream segment, wetland, and lake. The 1994 Kansas Surface Water Register, adopted by reference at K.A.R. 28-16-28d(c)(2) [subsequently renumbered as K.A.R. 28-16-28d(d)(2)], divided each stream segment in the State's 1985 water quality standards into multiple parts and contained use designations for each newly identified segment. This greatly expanded the number of stream segments with water body-specific use designations.

In a February 19, 1998, letter from EPA Region 7 to the Secretary of the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE), EPA reviewed and approved in part and disapproved in part all of the State's new or revised standards. As part of that action, EPA disapproved the absence of a primary contact recreation use designation for more than 1,400 water bodies and the lack of an aquatic life use designation for one of those water bodies. The vast majority of those waters were designated for secondary contact recreation, i.e., wading, by operation of the State's provision that provided a default secondary contact recreation use for waters that had no other recreation use designation. The State had provided no documentation indicating that a primary contact recreation use was not attainable, even though such documentation is required under 40 CFR 131.10(g) and (j). EPA therefore disapproved those use designations as being inconsistent with EPA's regulations.

As a part of this action, EPA also disapproved the following provisions of Kansas' 1994 water quality standards:

  • The State's antidegradation policy regarding protection of Outstanding National Resource Waters (also commonly referred to as Tier 3 waters);
  • Provisions governing discharges from waste stabilization ponds;
  • Disinfection requirements;
  • Provisions addressing the adoption of water quality criteria for the protection of the State's domestic water supply use;
  • Several water quality criteria;
  • The State's water quality standards implementation procedures;
  • The State's antidegradation implementation procedures;
  • The State's water quality standards provisions for assumed stream design flows in applying water quality criteria; and
  • Provisions relating to waters with effluent-created habitat.

In June 1999, Kansas completed a triennial review of its water quality standards. The State adopted new and revised water quality standards on June 29, 1999, which became effective under State law on June 30, 1999. Kansas submitted these standards for EPA review and approval on August 10, 1999, as required under CWA section 303(c)(2)(A). In its submission, KDHE corrected several provisions disapproved by EPA in its February 1998 disapproval letter to make them consistent with the CWA. In addition, Kansas revised use designations for several water bodies and corrected errors in its 1994 submission. On January 19, 2000, EPA approved these corrections and revised use designations. EPA also identified, in its January 2000 letter, one stream segment in Kansas that is located wholly within Indian country, over which Kansas had not demonstrated jurisdiction for CWA purposes.

On July 3, 2000, EPA proposed to promulgate Federal water quality standards for the disapproved items not resolved by the State's 1999 revisions (see section III, below). EPA ultimately proposed to promulgate primary contact recreation use designations for 1,456 stream segments and lakes. EPA also proposed to promulgate the State's expected aquatic life use designation for one of those stream segments.

III. What Federal Water Quality Standards Did EPA Propose in July 2000? Back to Top

On July 3, 2000, EPA proposed water quality standards for the State of Kansas. 65 FR 41216 (July 3, 2000). Specifically, EPA proposed: (1) An aquatic life use for one stream segment and a primary contact recreation use for 1,292 stream segments and 164 lakes; (2) a provision stating that all discharges to stream segments for which continuous flow is sustained primarily through the discharge of treated effluent shall protect the State's designated uses; (3) use of specific design flows (7Q10, 4B3), or other scientifically defensible design flows recommended by EPA to implement the State's chronic aquatic life criteria, and use of specific design flows (1Q10, 1B3), or other scientifically defensible design flows recommended by EPA to implement the State's acute aquatic life criteria; and (4) implementation procedures for the State's antidegradation policy to determine whether to allow a lowering of surface water quality by point sources of pollution where nonpoint sources also contribute the pollutant of concern to that body of water.

Under its discretionary authority at CWA section 303(c)(4)(B) to address State water quality standards that the Administrator determines are inconsistent with the Clean Water Act, EPA also proposed two other water quality standards: numeric human health criteria for alpha- and beta-endosulfan, and a provision stating that water quality standards in Kansas apply to all privately owned surface waters in Kansas that are waters of the United States.

On October 13, 2000, KDHE submitted revised water quality standards to EPA for its review and approval. This submission contained, among other things, new or revised water quality standards addressing alpha-endosulfan and beta-endosulfan water quality criteria covered by EPA's July 2000 proposal. EPA approved these provisions by letter dated February 2, 2001, thereby removing the need for Federal water quality standards for this issue.

On September 9, 2001, the KDHE submitted revised water quality standards to EPA for its review and approval. This submission contained new or revised water quality standards addressing the following matters covered by EPA's July 2000 proposal: effluent-created habitat, stream design flow, procedures for implementing the State's antidegradation policy, and the applicability of water quality standards to publicly held and privately held classified ponds. Consequently, these new and revised State water quality standards addressed all but one of the remaining issues identified in EPA's 1998 disapproval decision.

In addition, as part of this submission the State removed its provision applying a default use designation of secondary contact recreation and adopted a provision that made use designations subject to the results of use attainability analyses. As a result of this action, all but two of the waters contained in EPA's proposal—which previously had been subject to the State's default secondary contact recreation use—were temporarily no longer subject to any recreation use designation. Under the new provision, which EPA approved, all use designations are to be based on a use attainability analysis conducted by or approved by the State.

By letter dated November 9, 2001, EPA approved the State's September 9, 2001, submission. EPA's approval of new or revised standards in 2000 and 2001 eliminated the need for a Federal promulgation regarding the previously disapproved provisions with the exception of EPA's disapproval of use designations for 1,456 water bodies.

On December 10, 2002, Kansas submitted to EPA the results of its triennial review and supporting analyses. Part of these revisions included use changes and use attainability analyses for waters subject to EPA's July 2000 proposal. As discussed in section IV.C., this submission and several additional actions have reduced the number of water bodies that are subject to EPA's final action today.

IV. What Federal Water Quality Standards Is EPA Promulgating Today? Back to Top

In today's action, EPA is promulgating a primary contact recreation use designation for 1,056 waters, an expected aquatic life use for one of these waters, and a secondary contact recreation use designation for 230 waters, thereby addressing the last remaining matter subject to EPA's 1998 disapproval decision. Today's action is taking place pursuant to a 90-day schedule ordered by the U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas in Kansas Natural Resource Council, et al. v. Whitman, No. 00-2555-GTV (March 31, 2003). The court's decision and the basis for EPA's decisions are described below.

A. Background

As described in the previous section, CWA section 101(a)(2) establishes as a national goal “water quality which provides for the protection and propagation of fish, shellfish, and wildlife and * * * recreation in and on the water,” wherever attainable (i.e., the “fishable/swimmable” goal). Section 303(c)(2)(A) requires State water quality standards to “protect the public health or welfare, enhance the quality of water and serve the purposes of this [Act].” EPA's regulations at 40 CFR part 131 interpret and implement these CWA provisions by requiring that water quality standards provide for CWA section 101(a) goal uses unless those uses have been shown to be unattainable, effectively creating a rebuttable presumption of attainability, i.e., that a default designation of CWA section 101(a) goal uses should apply. The mechanism in EPA's regulations used to rebut this presumption is a use attainability analysis.

Under 40 CFR 131.10(j), States are required to conduct a use attainability analysis (UAA) whenever the State designates or has designated uses that do not include the CWA section 101(a) goal uses, when the State wishes to remove CWA section 101(a) goal uses, or when it adopts subcategories of uses that require less stringent criteria. Uses are considered by EPA to be attainable, at a minimum, if the uses can be achieved (1) when effluent limitations under section 301(b)(1)(A) and (B) and section 306 are imposed on point source dischargers, and (2) when cost-effective and reasonable best management practices are imposed on nonpoint source dischargers. See 40 CFR 131.10(d). EPA's regulations at 40 CFR 131.10 list grounds upon which to base a finding that attaining the designated use is not feasible, as long as the designated use is not an existing use. Existing uses are defined by EPA's regulations as “those uses actually attained in the water body on or after November 28, 1975, whether or not they are included in the water quality standards.” 40 CFR 131.3(e). A UAA is defined in 40 CFR 131.3(g) as a “structured scientific assessment of the factors affecting the attainment of the use which may include physical, chemical, biological, and economic factors.” In a UAA, the physical, chemical and biological factors affecting the attainment of a use are evaluated through a water body survey and assessment. Guidance on water body surveys and assessment techniques is contained in the Technical Support Manual, Volumes I-III: Water Body Surveys and Assessments for Conducting Use Attainability Analyses. Additional guidance is provided in the Water Quality Standards Handbook: Second Edition (EPA-823-B-94-005, August 1994). Guidance on economic factors affecting the attainment of a use is contained in the Interim Economic Guidance for Water Quality Standards: Workbook (EPA-823-B-95-002, March 1995).

EPA regulations effectively establish a “rebuttable presumption” that CWA section 101(a) goal uses are attainable and therefore should apply to a water body unless it is affirmatively demonstrated that such uses are not attainable. EPA adopted this approach in order to help achieve the national goal articulated by Congress that, “wherever attainable,” water quality should provide for the “protection and propagation of fish, shellfish and wildlife” and for “recreation in and on the water.” 33 U.S.C. 1251(a)(2). While facilitating achievement of Congress' goals, the “rebuttable presumption” approach preserves States' paramount role in establishing water quality standards by weighing any available evidence regarding the attainable uses of a particular water body. The rebuttable presumption approach does not restrict the States' discretion to determine that CWA section 101(a) goal uses are not, in fact, attainable in a particular case. Rather, if the water quality goals articulated by Congress are not to be met in a particular water body, the regulations simply require that such a determination be based upon a “structured scientific assessment” of use attainability. See 40 CFR 131.3(g) (defining use attainability analysis).

EPA believes that the rebuttable presumption policy reflected in these regulations is an essential foundation for effective implementation of the CWA as a whole. The “use” of a water body is the most fundamental articulation of its role in the aquatic and human environments, and the water quality protections established by the CWA follow from the water's designated use. If a use lower than a CWA section 101(a) goal use is designated based on inadequate information or superficial analysis, water quality-based protections that might have made it possible for the water to achieve the goals articulated by Congress in CWA section 101(a) may not be put in place.

EPA seeks, through its oversight under section 303(c) of the Act, to ensure that any State's decision to forgo protection of a water body's potential to support CWA section 101(a) goal uses results from an appropriately “structured” scientific analysis of use attainment. Where EPA concludes that the State failed to adequately justify a use designation lower than a CWA section 101(a) goal use designation, EPA disapproves the use designation. In some cases, the State may decide to revise its use classifications to create additional designated uses that are also protective of the CWA section 101(a) goal uses. In other cases, the State may decide to conduct a more thorough analysis of use attainability sufficient to rebut the fishable/swimmable presumption reflected in the regulations. Where a State does neither, however, federally promulgated CWA section 101(a) goal uses will ensure the water quality goals of the Act are recognized.

In the July 2000 proposal, EPA requested data and information that could further support or refute the attainability of EPA's proposed designated uses. EPA evaluated all data and information submitted by commenters. For EPA's specific responses to comments received, see the Response to Comments document contained in the administrative record to this rulemaking. A general discussion of EPA's evaluation of this data and information is described in section IV.B.3.

In response to EPA's request for comments on EPA's proposed designated uses, EPA received several comments questioning EPA's use of the rebuttable presumption for assigning designated uses. Specifically, several commenters asserted that sufficient information exists in the administrative record to confirm that, as a class, the undesignated waters would not be expected to sustain either primary contact recreation or aquatic life uses and, as such, that this information refutes EPA's presumption that primary contact recreation and aquatic life uses are appropriate. EPA disagrees that information of such a general nature constitutes the type of structured scientific assessment required by EPA's regulations to rebut the presumption. EPA believes that use attainability analyses should be based on data applicable to individual waters. Indeed, numerous commenters asserted that use designation decisions should be made on a case-by-case basis, taking into account local considerations. A UAA is a mechanism to accomplish this. Where water body-specific data and information have been submitted by the State, provided by commenters, or collected by EPA, EPA has considered that data and information to determine whether those waters should be excluded from today's rulemaking. See section IV.B. for a further discussion of EPA's analysis of this data and information.

Other commenters asserted that the use of the “rebuttable presumption” approach EPA employed to propose use designations is contrary to law. EPA disagrees. As described above, EPA believes that using the “rebuttable presumption” approach is supported by sections 101(a) and 303(c) of the Clean Water Act. Further, EPA's longstanding interpretation, as reflected in its 1983 regulations, is that the purposes of the Act are better served by requiring a justification for designating uses less than fishable/swimmable rather than demanding an affirmative showing of attainability before requiring a fishable/swimmable use designation. See 40 CFR 131.10. Moreover, the court order resulting in today's action, Kansas Natural Resource Council, et al. v. Whitman, No. 00-2555-GTV (D. Kansas, March 31, 2003), specifically considered EPA's rebuttable presumption approach and held that EPA must employ the concept in its promulgation of water quality standards for the State of Kansas. The court recognized that, for many of these waters, the order's 90-day schedule could result in water bodies being given a primary contact recreation designation when a subsequently performed use attainability analysis might rebut such a designation. However, the court stated, “Unless and until unattainability is demonstrated as specified by the regulations, the purpose of the Clean Water Act is best served by protecting the waters as if they are fishable/swimmable.”

Lastly, several commenters suggested that under EPA's rebuttable presumption approach, secondary contact recreation is an appropriate presumption since it is one of the goal uses of the Clean Water Act. While EPA agrees that secondary contact recreation is indeed one of the Clean Water Act's goals, EPA disagrees that it supplants primary contact recreation for purposes of the rebuttable presumption. Section 101(a)(2) specifically calls for the protection of recreation in and on the water. In other words, the statute contemplates that both recreation uses will be protected wherever attainable. Within the Kansas Surface Water Quality Standards, the primary contact recreation use is the only designated use that will assure protection of both of these Clean Water Act goals.

B. EPA's Analysis of Information Received for Specific Stream Segments and Lakes

When promulgating replacement Federal water quality standards, EPA follows the same rebuttable presumption approach that applies under the regulation to State decision-making. 40 CFR 131.22(c). EPA does not believe it is appropriate to alter the current approach for establishing use designations under 40 CFR part 131 merely because the forum for decision-making has changed from the State to the Federal level. Attaining the goals articulated by Congress is no less important when EPA, as opposed to a State, is making use designation determinations. Moreover, EPA believes that failure to apply the rebuttable presumption in the Federal context could undermine how that presumption currently applies to State decision-making under the Federal regulations. If the presumption did not apply equally in the State and Federal decision-making process, a State could effectively shift the burden of demonstrating attainability simply by failing to adequately justify its use designation and thereby triggering a Federal rulemaking proceeding. This result would be contrary to the statute's expectation that States retain primary responsibility for making water quality standards decisions.

At the time of the July 2000 proposal, EPA solicited public comment and information on the attainability of the proposed Federal uses for the water bodies subject to that proposal. EPA also encouraged the State to continue evaluating the appropriate use designations for these waters and to revise its water quality standards, as appropriate. On March 26, 2001, EPA and the State of Kansas entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishing a schedule to resolve the outstanding disapproved portions of the 1994 Kansas Surface Water Quality Standards. The MOU included a schedule by which the State would conduct use attainability analyses for each of the 1,456 waters contained in EPA's July 2000 proposal. Consistent with the MOU, the State has submitted UAAs for many of the waters identified in EPA's proposed rule.

EPA has evaluated the data and information it received from commenters and the State since the July 2000 proposal. Three categories describe the data and information EPA used to determine the scope of today's final rule:

(1) Kansas' December 10, 2002, submission of new or revised use designations, including UAAs for 225 waters;

(2) 298 use attainability analyses provided by KDHE to EPA on April 11, 2003; and

(3) Information regarding specific waters provided in comments on EPA's July 2000 proposal and additional information collected by EPA for these waters.

In evaluating the information provided to EPA prior to the date of this final regulation, EPA considered whether the data and information sufficiently demonstrated that primary contact recreation is not attainable consistent with the Federal regulations at 40 CFR 131.10(g). For information it received from the State and the public, EPA used the State's protocol for conducting recreation UAAs. EPA had previously reviewed the State's recreation UAA protocol, which is contained in the State's UAA Guidance, and believes that UAAs conducted using the protocol will likely be consistent with Federal regulations.

As a result of this evaluation, 167 waters included in EPA's July 2000 proposal are not included in today's final rule. These waters fall into one of three categories:

(1) Waters where the State has adopted and EPA has approved new or revised recreation use designations in its water quality standards (these include waters designated by the State for primary contact recreation or for secondary contact recreation uses supported by a UAA);

(2) Waters where the State has provided information supporting the State's previously disapproved 1994 recreation use designations; and

(3) Waters where the State has provided information demonstrating that the water body does not exist.

In addition, EPA identified three stream segments originally included in its July 2000 proposal that had been combined with other stream segments and therefore do not need to be listed separately. The State submitted these administrative changes to EPA on August 10, 1999, which EPA approved on January 19, 2000. EPA inadvertently included these three stream segments as separate listings in its July 2000 proposed rule. Today's rule, however, reflects these changes and is consistent with the State's 2002 Surface Water Register. A list of these waters may be found in the document entitled A Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions contained in the administrative record accompanying this final rule.

The remaining 1,286 waters are included in today's final rule; EPA is promulgating either primary or secondary contact recreation use designations for each of these waters. Four categories describe these waters. Secondary contact recreation uses are designated in today's rule for waters contained in the first category. Primary contact recreation uses are designated for the waters contained in the remaining three categories.

(1) Waters where the State has not yet designated secondary contact recreation in the Surface Water Register, but either the State or EPA has performed UAAs consistent with 40 CFR 131.10(g) demonstrating that secondary contact recreation is the appropriate use;

(2) Waters where the State has not yet designated primary contact recreation in the Surface Water Register, but either the State or EPA has collected data and information indicating that the primary contact recreation use is attainable;

(3) Waters where the State's analysis does not support the recreation use adopted in the State's Surface Water Register; and

(4) Waters where EPA has not received any information or where the information received is insufficient to conclude that primary contact recreation is not attainable.

EPA's detailed analysis of the information submitted by the State of Kansas, by commenters on the proposed rule, and information collected by EPA is presented below.

1. Kansas' December 10, 2002, Submission of Water Quality Standards

On December 10, 2002, KDHE provided EPA with 225 UAAs along with revised water quality standards. For the majority of these waters, the State revised its Surface Water Register to reflect the water bodies' new primary contact recreation use designations, secondary contact recreation use designations, or the removal of recreation use designations. EPA reviewed the State's UAAs for consistency with the Federal regulations and collected additional data for 16 waters where the State's UAAs were inconsistent with EPA's regulations and the State's UAA protocol. As a result of this review, on June 24, 2003, EPA withdrew its 1998 disapproval with respect to 161 of these waters and approved the State's use designation decisions for these waters. This approval decision removed the need for Federal promulgation of use designations for these waters. Therefore, EPA is not including these 161 waters in today's rule. A list of these waters may be found in A Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions contained in the administrative record accompanying this final rule.

In addition to the 161 waters for which EPA approved the State's use designation decisions, there are 43 other waters for which the State's UAAs (and information collected by EPA for two of these waters) successfully demonstrate that the primary contact recreation use is not an attainable use and that the appropriate use for these waters is secondary contact recreation. However, Kansas has not yet changed its Surface Water Register to designate any recreational uses for these waters. Therefore, EPA is promulgating secondary contact recreation for these 43 water bodies.

For another 16 waters, analyses conducted by the State indicate that primary contact recreation is attainable based on an evaluation of a variety of factors, including activities occurring there, water quality, flow, and depth. The State's UAAs recommended the waters for primary contact recreation, but Kansas has not yet adopted these recreation uses into the Register. Pursuant to EPA's regulations, the information in the UAA indicates that primary contact recreation is the appropriate use. For these 16 waters, EPA is promulgating primary contact recreation use designations. A list of these waters may be found in A Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions contained in the administrative record accompanying this final rule.

EPA reviewed the analyses provided by the State to assure consistency with the Clean Water Act and the implementing Federal regulations. For five of these waters, EPA found that the State's analyses were insufficient either to support the recreation uses contained in the State's 2002 Surface Water Register or to demonstrate that primary contact recreation is unattainable. Therefore, EPA is promulgating primary contact recreation for these five water bodies. A list of these waters may be found in A Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions contained in the administrative record accompanying this final rule.

In summary, today's rule contains use designations for 64 waters for which the State prepared UAAs in connection with its December 2002 submission but has not yet made use designation changes in its Surface Water Register. Once the State adopts and EPA approves use designations for specific waters, EPA will initiate withdrawal of its corresponding Federal use designations for those water bodies.

2. Use Attainability Analysis Information Provided by the State of Kansas to EPA on April 11, 2003

On April 11, 2003, the State provided to EPA an additional 298 UAAs that the State conducted during 2002 as part of its scheduled review of all classified waters under State law and the State's Memorandum of Understanding with EPA. EPA reviewed the information contained in the State's UAAs and collected additional data for eight of these waters. As a result of this review, EPA found that, for four waters, the State's UAAs support the State's original 1994 recreation use designations. Consequently, on June 24, 2003, EPA withdrew its 1998 disapproval with respect to these four waters and approved the State's designated uses for these waters. This action removes the need for Federal promulgation of designated uses for these waters. Therefore, EPA is not including these waters in today's final rule. A list of these waters may be found in A Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions contained in the administrative record accompanying this final rule.

For two other waters, Mulberry City Lake and Frazier Lake, the State's analyses demonstrate that these water bodies do not exist; therefore, EPA is removing these two waters from the scope of this rulemaking. Information provided by the State indicates that Mulberry City Lake is not a known water body in Kansas. It had erroneously been included in the State's 1994 Surface Water Register and as part of EPA's 1998 disapproval and July 2000 proposal. The State included Frazier Lake in its 1994 Surface Water Register, even though at the time it did not have the characteristics of a lake, because it understood that a lake bearing that name would be created by impounding a stream. In 2003, the State provided information indicating that the project was abandoned. Therefore, Frazier Lake was never created. Based on this new information, EPA is not including these water bodies in today's final rule.

For the remaining 292 waters, based on the information contained in the remaining UAAs conducted by Kansas and the additional information collected by EPA, EPA determined, consistent with 40 CFR 131.10, that a primary contact recreation use designation is appropriate for 143 waters and a secondary contact recreation use designation is appropriate for 149 waters. The State has not yet revised its Surface Water Register to codify these primary and secondary contact recreation use designations for any of these waters. Therefore, EPA is today promulgating either primary contact recreation use or secondary contact recreation use designations for these waters consistent with the State's and EPA's analyses. A list of these waters may be found in A Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions contained in the administrative record accompanying this final rule.

In its July 2000 proposal, EPA proposed to designate Mined Land Lakes for primary contact recreation. Information in the UAAs provided by the State in April 2003 indicates that 43 individual lakes comprise Mined Land Lakes. (EPA identified these lakes as two separate entries in its July 2000 proposal because EPA had no basis—other than two different hydrologic unit codes—to distinguish among them.) The State conducted UAAs for all 43 lakes that indicate primary contact recreation is the appropriate designated use for all of these water bodies. For simplicity and due to the fact that the information EPA received from the State indicates that all the lakes comprising Mind Land Lakes are capable of supporting primary contact recreation, today's final rule continues to list Mined Land Lakes as two entries in its regulation.

Once the State adopts and EPA approves use designations for these 292 waters, EPA will initiate withdrawal of its corresponding Federal use designations for these waters.

3. Information Submitted by Commenters in Response to EPA's July 2000 Proposal and Information Collected by EPA

At the time of its July 2000 proposal, EPA solicited public comment and information on the attainability of the proposed Federal uses for the water bodies subject to that proposal. Prior to today's final action, EPA considered the information provided to EPA during the public comment period for the July 2000 proposed rule and information since collected by EPA. Some of the information submitted to EPA indicated that primary contact recreation uses may not be attainable for particular water bodies and that, therefore, the “presumption” of primary contact recreation was potentially rebutted. In reviewing public comments to determine whether the presumption had been rebutted for a particular water body, EPA considered a number of factors, including (1) whether the comment identified a specific water body or provided reasonably specific locational information for EPA to use to identify the water body discussed in the comment; (2) whether the comment stated or clearly implied that because of the depth or flow level of the water, the water body was not capable of supporting primary contact recreation during any part of the recreation season (April through October under Kansas law); and (3) whether the comment claimed that the water should not be designated for primary contact recreation.

For 93 water bodies, EPA determined that the information provided by commenters potentially rebutted the presumption of primary contact recreation. For these waters, EPA collected additional information consistent with the requirements of 40 CFR 131.10(g) to determine the appropriate recreational use of the water body. If Kansas had not yet completed an acceptable use attainability analysis for a particular water body, EPA—using Kansas' expedited recreational use attainability analysis protocol in coordination with the State—performed a use attainability analysis. As a result, EPA collected additional information for 93 waters. Based on this information, EPA determined, consistent with 40 CFR 131.10, that a primary contact recreation use designation is appropriate for 53 waters and a secondary contact recreation use designation is appropriate for 38 waters. The State has not yet adopted these use designations for any of these waters. Therefore, EPA is today promulgating primary contact recreation use designations for 53 waters and secondary contact recreation use designations for 38 waters. A list of these waters may be found in A Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions contained in the administrative record accompanying this final rule.

For the remaining two waters identified in public comments as potentially rebutting the presumption of primary contact recreation, EPA staff attempted to collect additional information. However, these waters are located entirely on property that had no access points available to the EPA staff that performed the use attainability analyses. Because these waters could not be assessed in a manner consistent with the requirements of 40 CFR 131.10(g), EPA is using the rebuttable presumption to promulgate a use designation of primary contact recreation for these two waters. A list of these waters may be found in A Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions contained in the administrative record accompanying this final rule. For these 93 waters, as for all waters subject to today's rule, once the State submits and EPA approves use designations for these waters, EPA will initiate withdrawal of the Federal use designations.

Some of the information provided to EPA in the form of comments was insufficient to rebut the presumption that the waters should be designated for primary contact recreation. Comments in this category were ones that provided no information regarding the name or location of a water body or, contrary to the commenters assertion, included information that indicated that the water was capable of supporting primary contact recreation during at least a portion of the recreation period. In addition, a number of commenters specifically requested that the water body they identified be protected by promulgation of a primary contact recreation use designation. For EPA's specific responses to comments received, see the Response to Comments document contained in the administrative record to this rulemaking.

C. EPA's Final Use Designation Decisions for Specific Stream Segments and Lakes

EPA is today promulgating a primary contact recreation use for 1,056 waters and a secondary contact recreation use for 230 waters. The 1,056 waters for which EPA is promulgating a primary contact recreation use designation consist of (1) 844 waters for which EPA has not received information sufficient to rebut the presumption of primary contact recreation; and (2) 212 waters for which EPA has received information supporting the waters' designation for primary contact recreation but for which Kansas has not yet adopted that designated use. Once Kansas adopts, and EPA approves, use designations for these waters, EPA will initiate withdrawal of the Federal use designations promulgated for such waters.

EPA is promulgating secondary contact recreation for 230 waters for which either Kansas or EPA performed use attainability analyses consistent with the requirements of 40 CFR 131.10(g) that demonstrated that secondary contact recreation was the appropriate use, but for which Kansas has not adopted a secondary contact recreation use designation. Once the State adopts and EPA approves an appropriate designation for any of these waters, EPA will initiate a withdrawal of the use designations promulgated for such waters. A summary of this information is provided in Table 1.

Table 1.—Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions Back to Top
No. of waters in July 2000 proposal Waters not in final rule Waters included in final rule
UAA supports 2002 use designations UAA supports 1994 use designation Information indicates the waters do not exist Total Analysis supports SCR, but State has not yet adopted SCR Analysis supports PCR, but State has not yet adopted PCR Analysis is insufficient to support State's use designation Water is presumed PCR due to insufficient or no existing information Total
Note: As described in Section IV.B., three water body segments contained in the July 2000 proposal have been combined with other segments, resulting in a total of 1,453 waters.
SCR—secondary contact recreation.
PCR—primary contact recreation.
Kansas 2002 WQS submittal 225 121 40 0 161 43 16 5 N/A 64
Kansas 2003 UAAs 298 N/A 4 2 6 149 143 N/A N/A 292
Information received on waters addressed solely by comments and additional information collected by EPA 93 N/A 0 0 0 38 53 N/A 2 93
Insufficient or no information 837 N/A N/A N/A 0 N/A N/A N/A 837 837
Totals 1,453 121 44 2 166 230 212 844 1,287

For the waters where EPA is promulgating either primary contact recreation or secondary contact recreation use designations in today's final rule, the State's currently effective water quality criteria for those designated uses apply. The currently effective fecal coliform water quality criterion for CWA purposes adopted by Kansas for the protection of primary contact recreation is a geometric mean of 200 organisms per 100 milliliters from April 1 through October 31, and 2,000 organisms per 100 milliliters from November 1 though March 31. The currently effective water quality criterion for the protection of secondary contact recreation is 2,000 organisms per 100 milliliters all year.

If, in the future, the State adopts and EPA approves revisions to its water quality criteria for the protection of primary and secondary contact recreation uses, those water quality criteria will be effective for CWA purposes and will apply, as appropriate, to the waters for which EPA is promulgating use designations today.

In addition to the recreation use designations being promulgated today, EPA is also promulgating the State's expected aquatic life use designation for one stream segment, Whiskey Creek, that the State designated for a restricted aquatic life use in 1994 without an adequate supporting UAA. Because the State assigns the expected aquatic life use category to a majority of its surface waters, and EPA received no additional information to indicate that Whiskey Creek contains aquatic life conditions other than common habitat types and indigenous biota, EPA believes that an expected aquatic life use designation is appropriate for aquatic life in Whiskey Creek. Therefore, EPA has designated Whiskey Creek for expected aquatic life. This water is identified in 131.34(a) in today's rule. Once the State adopts and EPA approves an appropriate designation for this water body, EPA will initiate a withdrawal of the use designation promulgated for this water body.

D. Effect of Today's Rulemaking on the State's Water Quality Programs

EPA's approach in this rulemaking does not undermine the State's primary role in designating uses for waters in Kansas. EPA prefers that States establish their own regulations. Consequently, on March 26, 2001, EPA embarked on a process with the State of Kansas to resolve the remaining issues identified in EPA's 1998 disapproval decision and obviate the need for EPA rulemaking. EPA Region 7 and the State of Kansas entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishing a schedule to resolve the outstanding disapproved portions of the 1994 Kansas Surface Water Quality Standards. The MOU included a schedule by which the State would conduct use attainability analyses for a total of 1,456 waters not designated for primary contact recreation uses in its 1994 revisions. The Kansas legislature later passed a law requiring KDHE to develop recreation UAAs for all State waters on a regular schedule by October 2005. KSA-82a-2004. The schedule established by the Kansas legislature superseded the one established by the MOU. However, today's rulemaking by EPA does not supersede or moot any of the requirements for KDHE to conduct UAAs contained in the statute. Indeed, EPA fully expects the State to continue to develop UAAs on the schedules set forth in State law and to adopt new or revised uses designations when appropriate.

If the State's forthcoming UAAs indicate that primary contact recreation uses are not attainable for waters designated for that use in today's rule and EPA approves the new use designations adopted by the State, EPA will initiate withdrawal of the use designations promulgated today for such waters. For over 350 waters in today's rule, the uses being promulgated today are consistent with analyses provided to EPA by the State. For these waters, the State need not conduct any further analyses and can simply adopt the use designations for the specific waters identified in today's rule. Once the designated uses are adopted by the State for specific waters and are submitted to and approved by EPA, EPA will initiate withdrawal of its rulemaking for those waters. Consequently, due to the schedule by which the State is expected to complete UAAs for the remaining waters in today's rule and the discretion the State is afforded by the Clean Water Act and its implementing regulations, EPA does not anticipate that today's regulation will have a significant effect on the State's water quality program and potentially affected entities.

Further, water quality standards do not directly affect any entity. It is only through the implementation of these water quality standards through such mechanisms as NPDES permits that these water quality standards will have any direct effect. The State has flexibility in how it implements these water quality standards. EPA has included a variance provision in today's final rule, 40 CFR 131.34(c), authorizing the Regional Administrator to grant variances based upon a permittee's demonstration, consistent with the Federal regulations, that the use is not attainable. Variances are particularly suitable for instances where the cause of nonattainment is discharger-specific and it appears that the designated use in question will eventually be attainable or be demonstrated to be unattainable. See section VI.C. Additionally, the State will use these water quality standards in identifying impaired waters and establishing Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs). Where the State identifies waters subject to this rulemaking as impaired, the State has discretion in scheduling the water for TMDL development. Further discussion is contained in Section VI.D.

The designation of uses in this rule is not intended to apply to waters within Indian country. The 1999 Kansas Surface Water Register included some stream segments that may be located wholly or partly in Indian Country. EPA approval of designated uses for waters in Kansas has never been intended to apply to any waters located within Indian Country because EPA has not analyzed or approved the State's authority to adopt water quality standards for waters in Indian Country. EPA has recommended that the State clarify this matter by amending the Kansas Surface Water Register to specify that the State's water quality standards do not apply to any portions of waters located in Indian Country. EPA is working with Tribes in Region 7 to identify those Tribes that may consider seeking authorization to administer the water quality standards program under the CWA. This effort is part of a national effort to ensure there are water quality standards for Indian Country waters.

V. Economic Analysis Back to Top

This final rule will have no direct impact on any entity because the rule simply establishes water quality standards (e.g., use designations) which by themselves do not impose any costs. These standards, however, may serve as a basis for development of NPDES permit limits. In Kansas, the State is the NPDES permitting authority and retains considerable discretion in implementing standards. Thus, until the State implements these water quality standards, there will be no effect on any entity. Nonetheless, EPA prepared a preliminary analysis to evaluate potential costs to NPDES dischargers in Kansas associated with future State implementation of EPA's Federal standards.

Any NPDES-permitted facility that discharges to water bodies affected by this rule could potentially incur costs to comply with the rule's provisions. The types of affected facilities may include industrial facilities and publicly owned treatment works (POTWs). EPA did not consider the potential costs for nonpoint sources, such as agricultural and forestry-related nonpoint sources, although EPA recognizes that the State may decide to impose controls on these sources to achieve water quality standards. As a technical matter, nonpoint source discharges are difficult to model and evaluate for potential costs because they are intermittent, highly variable, and occur under different hydrologic or climatic conditions than continuous discharges from industrial and municipal facilities, which are evaluated under critical low flow or drought conditions. Thus, the evaluation of nonpoint sources and their effects on the environment is highly site-specific and data sensitive. In addition, EPA did not address the potential monetary benefits of this rule for Kansas.

A. Identifying Affected Facilities

To identify facilities potentially affected by the primary or secondary contact recreation uses promulgated in today's rule, EPA used an inventory of affected facilities submitted by the KDHE in its comments on the proposed rule. This list identifies 416 facilities—14 majors and 402 minors. Of the stream segments and lakes included in the rule, one stream segment is also lacking an aquatic life support use (Whiskey Creek). EPA identified one facility that discharges to Whiskey Creek. However, just prior to EPA publishing this final rule, KDHE provided EPA with an updated inventory identifying a total of 183 potentially affected facilities. The smaller number of facilities reflects the narrowed scope of this final rule relative to EPA's July 2000 proposal. Thus, EPA's economic analysis described in this section likely overstates the potential economic impact of this action in two respects: First, because EPA estimated the cost of controls based on the universe of 416 facilities identified as part of the proposed rule; and second, because EPA assumed that all of these facilities discharge to waters protected for primary contact recreation, when in fact many waters included in this final rule are being designated for secondary contract recreation.

B. Evaluating Sample Facilities

In its comments on the proposed rule, KDHE included an analysis of costs for all 416 facilities it identified. For one subgroup of these facilities (283 conventional lagoons), KDHE provided effluent data for 20. Thus, EPA used the data for the 20 facilities to review and evaluate KDHE's analysis of costs for this subgroup. For another subgroup (133 mechanical treatment plants), effluent data is available for five facilities in EPA's Permit Compliance System. Thus, EPA used the data for these five facilities to review and evaluate KDHE's analysis of costs for this subgroup. The number of facilities identified and the number of facilities for which EPA evaluated data are presented in Table 2.

Table 2.—Number of Facilities Potentially Affected and Evaluated Back to Top
Provision Potentially affected facilities1 Evaluated facilities
Majors Minors Total Majors Minors Total
1 Source: KDHE comments on proposed rule (Kansas Department of Health Environment, Comments on EPA Proposed Water QualityStandards Promulgation, October 16, 2000). However, just prior to EPA publishing this final rule, KDHE provided EPA with an updated inventory of 183 potentially affected facilities reflecting the narrowed scope of this final rule. Thus, EPA analysis likely overstates the potential economic impact of this action.
2Facilities discharging to water bodies for which EPA is promulgating primary or secondary contact recreation use designations.
3Includes facility discharging to water body for which EPA is promulgating an existing aquatic life use designation.
Primary or Secondary Contact Recreation2 14 402 416 3 22 25
Aquatic Life3 1 0 1 1 0 1

C. Method for Estimating Potential Compliance Costs

For facilities discharging to waters with a new primary contact recreation use designation, EPA assumed that a sample facility would have a reasonable potential to exceed water quality criteria for fecal coliforms (and require a permit limit) if the maximum effluent concentration exceeds the most stringent water quality criterion (the monthly average of 200 colonies per 100 ml). EPA also assumed a facility would have a reasonable potential if it currently has a limit for fecal coliforms, or if it discharges treated domestic sewage that has not been disinfected. For facilities with a reasonable potential, EPA assumed that projected effluent limits would be the same as the State's existing water quality criteria for fecal coliforms (a monthly geometric mean of 200 colonies per 100 ml and a weekly geometric mean of 400 colonies per 100 ml) because EPA guidance recommends this approach (Memo from Jeffrey G. Miller, Deputy Assistant Administrator, Water Enforcement to Regional Enforcement Directors, Regional Permit Branch Chiefs, and NPDES State Directors, February 1977).

For facilities with a reasonable potential to exceed water quality criteria for fecal coliforms, EPA assumed that a sample facility would incur costs if its maximum effluent concentration (or existing permit limit, whichever is smaller) exceeds the most stringent criterion. EPA also assumed that facilities discharging domestic sewage without a disinfection system currently in place would incur costs. EPA assumed that ultraviolet (UV) light disinfection would be installed at facilities with effluents containing domestic sewage that do not have a disinfection system in place. Where EPA determined that facilities with existing disinfection systems would not be likely to meet the projected effluent limits, EPA assumed that treatment process optimization will be necessary.

One facility discharges to a stream for which EPA is promulgating an existing aquatic life use designation. However, because effluent data are not available for this facility, EPA estimated at the time of proposal that it does not have reasonable potential to cause exceedences of chronic aquatic criteria. Consequently, EPA anticipates no cost for this provision. Commenters on the proposed rule did not disagree with EPA's identification of this facility or its conclusions regarding its reasonable potential to cause exceedances of chronic aquatic life criteria.

D. Results

EPA estimated the potential costs associated with its decision to designate water bodies for (1) primary and secondary contact recreation uses, and (2) an aquatic life use. For waters designated for either a primary or a secondary contact recreation use, there are 416 potentially affected facilities. EPA estimated costs based on data for 25 of these facilities, and extrapolated the results to all potentially affected facilities.

EPA estimated that the potential total statewide annual cost associated with designating all of the affected water bodies for primary contact recreation would be approximately $1.8 million. Nearly all of the affected facilities would be minor dischargers, and the majority of those are conventional lagoons that would probably need UV disinfection to reduce fecal coliforms. As previously noted, EPA's economic analysis likely overstates the potential economic impact of this action because EPA based its projected effluent limitations and the subsequent cost of controls for potentially affected entities on meeting the fecal coliform criterion associated with the primary contact recreation use. The potential cost to facilities discharging to waters designated for secondary contact recreation will likely be less.

EPA estimated that the potential cost associated with promulgating an existing aquatic life use on the affected water body is zero. This estimate is based on the one affected facility that EPA identified.

E. Total Statewide Costs

Table 3 summarizes the total estimated potential statewide costs of today's rule. As described earlier, much of the costs for this rule may result from the need for minor dischargers to install disinfection systems.

Table 3.—Total Estimated Potential Statewide Costs Back to Top
Provision Estimated annual cost
[2002 $/yr]
Facilities Discharging to Waters Lacking Primary Contact Recreation Designated Use 1,800,000
Facilites Discharging to Waters Lacking Aquatic Life Designated Use 0
Total 1,800,000

F. Significant Comments on the Economic Analysis for the Proposed Rule

In comments submitted on the proposed rule, KDHE provided detailed inventories of facilities affected by each provision of the proposed rule. In comparison, EPA's estimates of affected facilities used to analyze costs for the proposed rule were incomplete, because of missing data. Therefore, because the State of Kansas should have the best information on the location of its facilities, EPA based its analysis of the final rule on KDHE's inventories.

To estimate potential compliance costs, EPA generally followed the approach used by KDHE in a cost impact analysis submitted as part of its comments on the proposed rule. EPA considered the same general categories of facilities; however, EPA's methodology differed in a number of key details.

For each of the 133 mechanical treatment plants and aerated lagoons, KDHE performed a facility-by-facility assessment of the treatment technologies that the facilities might need to install because of this rule based on data regarding existing treatment processes and effluent concentrations. KDHE concluded that 65 facilities would probably need to install treatment for fecal coliforms. However, the KDHE cost impact analysis did not include the facility-specific data on which these assessments were based. Therefore, EPA used existing data available from PCS to examine KDHE's conclusions. PCS data for fecal coliform, available for five facilities in the potentially affected universe, indicated that four of these facilities would probably need to install additional treatment. Because PCS data were consistent with KDHE's conclusions for each facility, EPA accepted KDHE's conclusions regarding which facilities would need additional treatment, except the one for which PCS data showed otherwise. KDHE concluded that about half of the affected facilities would only need to expand their existing disinfection process and would not need UV disinfection. However, since EPA did not know the specific disinfection processes currently in operation at the facilities, EPA conservatively assumed that all facilities would need to install UV disinfection.

For conventional lagoons, KDHE provided two years of effluent sampling data for 20 sample facilities. EPA examined the sampling data for the 20 sample facilities and determined that only 8 of the facilities (40% of sample) would need to install additional treatment for fecal coliforms. EPA assumed that each facility would pursue the lowest cost option available (i.e., addition of UV disinfection). EPA then extrapolated costs, based on the percentage of sample facilities (40%) needing additional treatment, to the universe of potentially affected lagoons, and concluded that a total of 113 facilities would probably need to install additional treatment for fecal coliforms. To provide a conservative estimate of costs, EPA assumed that the lagoons needing treatment would be the largest facilities that EPA identified among the facilities potentially affected by provisions of the proposed rule.

However, just prior to EPA's promulgation of this final rule, KDHE provided EPA with an updated inventory reducing the number of potentially affected facilities from 416 to 183 facilities reflecting the narrowed scope of this final rule relative to EPA's July 2000 proposal. Thus, EPA's economic analysis likely overstates the economic impact of this rule.

For a response to the other comments EPA received on its economic analysis of the proposed rule, see the Response to Comments document contained in the administrative record to this rulemaking .

VI. Alternative Regulatory Approaches and Implementation Mechanisms Back to Top

Data and information may become available after the date of this rulemaking that will be material to water quality standards for Kansas. There are several mechanisms available to ensure that the water quality standards and their implementing mechanisms appropriately take into account such new information. These mechanisms are described in VI. A., B., C., and D.

It is important to remember that two of these mechanisms, designated use changes and site-specific criteria, are modifications to the State's water quality standards. Federal regulations at 40 CFR 122.44(d)(1) require that NPDES permits include limitations necessary to achieve water quality standards adopted under section 303 of the CWA. Therefore, a designated use revised by the State or a site-specific criterion cannot be the basis for NPDES permit limitations until the State has adopted it as part of its water quality standards, has submitted it to EPA, and EPA has approved it. See 40 CFR 131.21(c) (d). EPA would also need to withdraw any corresponding Federal use designation. As with any other State revision to its water quality standards, EPA will then review these revisions to determine whether they are scientifically defensible in accordance with 40 CFR 131.11(b)(1)(iii), or meet the requirements of 40 CFR 131.10(g), as applicable. EPA will also consider whether the appropriate procedural requirements have been met, such as public participation and certification by the appropriate legal authority within the State. Therefore, Kansas will not be able to employ its designated use changes and site-specific criteria as a basis for NPDES permit limits until Kansas submits and EPA approves them. As noted in EPA's regulations, State water quality standards do not become effective for Clean Water Act purposes until they are approved by EPA. See 40 CFR 131.21. In addition, EPA would also need to withdraw any corresponding Federal use designations.

While 40 CFR 131.13 allows States to adopt variances for State-adopted water quality standards, such variances may not be used for Federally promulgated water quality standards. Consequently, EPA has included in today's rule a Federal variance provision allowing the Region 7 Regional Administrator to grant water quality standards variances where a permittee submits data indicating that an EPA-designated use is not attainable for any of the reasons in 40 CFR 131.10(g). This process is discussed in greater detail in section VI.C. below.

A. Designating Uses

As described throughout this preamble, States have considerable discretion in designating uses. EPA expects that as the State conducts its planned UAAs, it may find that changes in use designations are warranted for some of these water bodies. If Kansas adopts and submits to EPA new use designations for waters bodies subject to today's rule and if EPA approves the State's use designations, EPA will initiate withdrawal of the corresponding use designations promulgated today.

In adopting recreation uses, the State may wish to consider additional categories of recreation uses. For example, Kansas could establish more than one category of primary contact recreation to differentiate between waters where recreation is known to occur and waters where recreation is not known to occur but may be attained based on water quality, flow, and depth characteristics.

EPA cautions the State that it must conduct a use attainability analyses as described in 40 CFR 131.10(g) when adopting water quality standards that result in uses that are not specified in section 101(a)(2) of the CWA, or that result in subcategories of uses specified in section 101(a)(2) that require less stringent criteria. See 40 CFR 131.10(j).

B. Site-Specific Criteria

The State may also develop data that indicate that a site-specific water quality criterion for a particular pollutant is appropriate, and then take action to adopt such a criterion into its water quality standards. Site specific criteria are allowed by regulation and are subject to EPA review and approval. 40 CFR 131.11 requires States to adopt criteria that protect designated uses, that are based on sound scientific rationale, and that contain sufficient parameters or constituents to protect the designated use. In adopting water quality criteria, States should establish numerical values based on EPA's recommended 304(a) criteria guidance, 304(a) criteria guidance modified to reflect site specific conditions, or other scientifically defensible methods, or should establish narrative criteria where numerical criteria cannot be determined or where necessary to supplement narrative criteria.

EPA does not currently have specific guidance for States and authorized Tribes on developing site-specific criteria for the protection of recreation uses. This does not preclude the State from developing its own scientifically defensible methods. With regard to site-specific criteria for the protection of aquatic life, EPA guidance recommends three procedures States and authorized Tribes can consider using: The Recalculation Procedure, the Water-Effect Ratio Procedure and the Resident Species Procedure. These procedures can be found in the Water Quality Standards Handbook (EPA-823-B940005a, 1994). EPA also recognizes there may be naturally occurring concentrations of pollutants that may exceed the national criteria recommendations published under section 304(a) of the CWA, and has issued policy guidance on establishing site-specific aquatic life criteria equal to natural background. (Memo from Tudor T. Davies, Director, Office of Science and Technology to the Regional Water Management Division Directors, and State and Tribal Water Quality Management Program Directors, dated November 5, 1997.)

C. Variances

A water quality standards variance is a mechanism that can temporarily modify water quality standards. Today's rule contains a Federal variance procedure for the designated uses being promulgated today. However, the procedures described later in this section can also be used by the State to develop variances for State-adopted water quality standards.

EPA believes variances are particularly suitable when the cause of nonattainment is discharger-specific and it appears that the designated use in question will eventually be attained or demonstrated to be unattainable. EPA has approved the granting of water quality standards variances by States in circumstances that would otherwise justify changing a use designation on the grounds of unattainability (i.e., one or more of the six circumstances contained in 40 CFR 131.10(g) is met). In contrast to a change in standards that removes a use designation for a water body, a water quality standards variance applies only to the discharger to whom it is granted and only to the pollutant parameter(s) upon which the finding of unattainability is based, and only for a limited period of time. The underlying standard remains in effect for all other CWA purposes.

For example, if the State or a permittee demonstrates that the primary contact recreation use can not be attained pursuant to 40 CFR 131.10(g) because of high levels of fecal coliforms from a wastewater treatment facility, but where the treatment technology, when upgraded, may allow the designated use to be attained, a temporary variance may be appropriate. The variance would allow the discharger's permit to include limits based on relaxed criteria for fecal coliform until the new technology is put in place and it is determined whether the underlying designated use is attainable. The practical effect of such a variance is to allow a permit to be written using less stringent criteria, while encouraging ultimate attainment of the underlying standard. A water quality standards variance provides a mechanism for ensuring compliance with sections 301(b)(1)(C) and 402(a)(1) of the CWA, while granting temporary relief to point source dischargers.

While 40 CFR 131.13 allows States to adopt variance procedures for State-adopted water quality standards, such State procedures may not be used to grant variances for Federally adopted standards. EPA believes that it is appropriate to provide comparable Federal procedures where, as here, EPA adopts use designations which rely, at least in part, on a rebuttable presumption that fishable/swimmable uses are attainable or adopts more stringent criteria for the State's use designations. Through today's rule, the Region 7 Regional Administrator may grant water quality standards variances where a permittee submits data indicating that an EPA-designated use is unattainable for any of the reasons in 40 CFR 131.10(g). Therefore, today's rule includes procedures that will apply to the designated uses being promulgated today at § 131.34(a) and (b).

Today's rule spells out the process for applying for and granting such variances. Authorizing the Regional Administrator to grant variances should expedite the processing of variance requests. Today's regulation specifies that EPA will use informal adjudication processes in reviewing and granting variance requests. That process is contained in § 131.34(c) of today's rule. Because water quality standards variances are considered revisions to water quality standards, the rule provides that the Regional Administrator will provide public notice of the proposed variance and provide an opportunity for public comment. EPA understands that variance-related issues can often arise in the context of permit issuance. EPA Region 7 will seek to work closely with the State permitting authorities to ensure that variance requests will be considered in tandem with the State NPDES permitting process.

The variance procedure promulgated today requires an applicant for a water quality standards variance to submit a request to the Regional Administrator (or his/her delegatee) with supporting information. Under this rule, as in the national program, the burden is on the applicant to demonstrate to EPA's satisfaction that the designated use is unattainable for one of the reasons specified in 40 CFR 131.10(g). (These reasons are restated in § 131.34(c)(3) of today's rule.) A variance may not be granted if the use can be attained, at a minimum, by all dischargers implementing effluent limitations required under sections 301(b) and 306 of the CWA and the applicant implementing reasonable best management practices for nonpoint source control.

Under today's rule, a variance may not exceed three years or the term of the NPDES permit, whichever is less. A variance may be renewed if the permittee again demonstrates that the use in question is still not attainable. Renewal of the variance may be denied if EPA finds that the conditions of 40 CFR 131.34(c)(3) are not met.

EPA solicited comment on the need for a variance process for EPA-promulgated use designations, the appropriateness of the particular procedures proposed, and whether the proposed procedures are sufficiently detailed. EPA received one comment asserting that this process is likely to be cumbersome, expensive, and time consuming. EPA disagrees and believes, as described earlier, that authorizing the Regional Administrator to grant variance requests should expedite the processing of variance requests. EPA will seek to work closely with the State permitting authorities to ensure that variance requests are considered in tandem with the State NPDES permitting process to prevent any unreasonable delay.

D. Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)

A Total Maximum Daily Load is a tool created by the Clean Water Act that expresses the total amount of a given pollutant that a particular water body may receive and still achieve applicable water quality standards. Section 303(d) of the CWA and its implementing regulations at 40 CFR part 130 establish the requirements for TMDLs. The TMDL process can broaden the opportunity for public participation, expedite water quality-based NPDES permitting, and lead to technically sound and legally defensible decisions for attaining and maintaining water quality standards. In addition, the TMDL process provides a mechanism for integrating the management of both point and nonpoint pollution sources that together may contribute to a water body's impairment. (See Guidance for Water Quality-based Decisions:, The TMDL Process, EPA 440-4-91-001, April 1991.)

EPA recognizes that the waters designated today for primary or secondary contact recreation will be subject to water quality criteria for fecal coliforms that had not previously been in place for these waters. The currently effective water quality criterion for fecal coliform adopted by Kansas for the protection of primary contact recreation is a geometric mean of 200 organisms per 100 milliliters from April 1 through October 31, and 2,000 organisms per 100 milliliters from November 1 though March 31. The currently effective water quality criterion for the protection of secondary contact recreation is 2,000 organisms per 100 milliliters all year. EPA further recognizes that because fecal coliform criteria will apply to these waters where previously there was no applicable fecal coliform water quality criteria, it is possible that the State might identify some of the waters as impaired in its CWA section 303(d) list(s) and, therefore, schedule them for TMDL development. This is particularly an issue for streams, because the State's UAAs to date indicate that most of the lakes at issue are appropriately designated for primary contact recreation, but that many of the streams it examined should not be so designated.

As discussed elsewhere in today's notice, EPA strongly encourages the State of Kansas to determine the appropriate uses for all of the waters subject to today's promulgation. Kansas is required by State law to perform use attainability analyses for all water bodies in its Surface Water Register by October 31, 2005. EPA expects that Kansas will be able to show that secondary contact recreation is indeed the appropriate use designation for many of the streams subject to today's rule. If, for example, EPA approves the State's adoption of a secondary contact recreation use designation for a water body, and withdraws that water body from the Federal regulation, the State's use designation will be the applicable use for that water body for all CWA purposes, including section 303(d) attainment and listing decisions. In that event, Kansas would be required to list waters included in today's rule under CWA section 303(d) only if data and information show that it exceeds the water quality criterion for fecal coliform for the protection of secondary contact recreation uses.

Similarly, even for waters that are designated for primary contact recreation at the time Kansas assembles its CWA section 303(d) list(s), EPA notes that Kansas need not include a water on its list(s) if it lacks data and information to determine whether the primary contact recreation use is being protected, or if the data and information it has is insufficient to make that determination. See 40 CFR 130.7(b)(5); 2002 Integrated Water Quality Monitoring and Assessment Report Guidance, at 5 (November 19, 2001). While EPA expects Kansas to follow the requirements, if any, of its assessment and listing methodology, EPA also recognizes that it is possible that at the time Kansas compiles its 2004 CWA section 303(d) list, it will not have data or information indicating impairment for many of the waters designated today for primary contact recreation. Therefore, it is possible that many of these waters will not appear on Kansas' next CWA section 303(d) list.

Even if Kansas does list waters subject to today's rule on its CWA section 303(d) list(s) because data or information indicate that water quality standards are not been achieved, EPA also recognizes that this listing decision does not mean that a TMDL will immediately be developed. Rather, CWA section 303(d)(1) specifically provides States with the discretion to establish a priority ranking for TMDL development for listed waters, and then to establish TMDLs in accordance with that ranking. In view of the fact that by October 31, 2005, Kansas is required by State law to perform use attainability analyses for each water subject to today's rule, EPA believes it would be reasonable for the State to assign a low priority ranking to those waters. If Kansas submits and EPA approves new or revised use designations for a water, and if that use is being protected, then the water would not need to appear on subsequent State CWA section 303(d) lists and no TMDL would be required under section 303(d).

Consequently, because of the State's schedule to conduct additional UAAs and the discretion afforded the State in prioritizing TMDL development, EPA does not believe that TMDLs are likely to be developed for many of these waters in the near future. Finally, EPA notes that even if Kansas establishes a TMDL for a water designated today for primary or secondary contact recreation, the question of implementing the TMDL with respect to nonpoint sources is entirely a matter of State law.

VII. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews Back to Top

A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review

Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), the Agency must determine whether the regulatory action is “significant” and therefore subject to Office of Management and Budget (OMB) review and the requirements of the Executive Order. The Executive Order defines “significant regulatory action” as one that is likely to result in a rule that may:

(1) Have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more or adversely affect in a material way the economy, a sector of the economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or safety, or State, local, or Tribal governments or communities;

(2) Create a serious inconsistency or otherwise interfere with an action taken or planned by another agency;

(3) Materially alter the budgetary impact of entitlements, grants, user fees, or loan programs or the rights and obligations of recipients thereof; or

(4) Raise novel legal or policy issues arising out of legal mandates, the President's priorities, or the principles set forth in the Executive Order.

It has been determined that this rule is not a “significant regulatory action” under the terms of Executive Order 12866 and is therefore not subject to Office of Management and Budget review.

B. Paperwork Reduction Act

This final action does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq. The final rule does not include any information collection, reporting, or recordkeeping requirements.

Burden means the total time, effort, or financial resources expended by persons to generate, maintain, retain, or disclose or provide information to or for a Federal agency. This includes the time needed to review instructions; develop, acquire, install, and utilize technology and systems for the purposes of collecting, validating, and verifying information, processing and maintaining information, and disclosing and providing information; adjust the existing ways to comply with any previously applicable instructions and requirements; train personnel to be able to respond to a collection of information; search data sources; complete and review the collection of information; and transmit or otherwise disclose the information.

An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. The OMB control numbers for EPA's regulations in 40 CFR are listed in 40 CFR part 9.

C. Regulatory Flexibility Act

The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) as amended by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (SBREFA) (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), generally requires an agency to prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis of any rule subject to notice and comment rulemaking requirements under the Administrative Procedure Act or any other statute unless the agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Small entities include small businesses, small organizations and small governmental jurisdictions.

For purposes of assessing the impacts of today's final rule on small entities, a small entity is defined as: (1) A small business according to RFA default definitions for small business (based on SBA size standards); (2) a small governmental jurisdiction that is a government of a city, county, town, school district or special district with a population of less than 50,000; and (3) a small organization that is any not-for-profit enterprise which is independently owned and operated and is not dominant in its field.

After considering the economic impacts of today's final rule on small entities, I certify that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. This final rule will not impose any requirements on small entities.

The RFA requires analysis of the impacts of a rule on the small entities subject to the rule's requirements. See United States Distribution Companies v. FERC, 88 F.3d 1105, 1170 (DC Cir. 1996). Today's final rule establishes no requirements applicable to small entities, and so is not susceptible to regulatory flexibility analysis as prescribed by the RFA. (“[N]o [regulatory flexibility] analysis is necessary when an agency determines that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities that are subject to the requirements of the rule,” United Distribution at 1170, quoting Mid-Tex Elec. Co-op v. FERC, 773 F.2d 327, 342 (DC Cir. 1985) (emphasis added by United Distribution court).)

Under the CWA water quality standards program, States must adopt water quality standards for their waters and must submit those water quality standards to EPA for approval; if the Agency disapproves a State standard and the State does not adopt appropriate revisions to address EPA's disapproval, EPA must promulgate standards consistent with the statutory requirements. EPA also has the authority to promulgate water quality standards in any case where the Administrator determines that a new or revised standard is necessary to meet the requirements of the Act. These State standards (or EPA-promulgated standards) are implemented through various water quality control programs including the NPDES program, which limits discharges to navigable waters except in compliance with an NPDES permit. The CWA requires that all NPDES permits include any limits on discharges that are necessary to meet applicable water quality standards.

Thus, under the CWA, EPA's promulgation of water quality standards establishes standards that the State implements through the NPDES permit process. The State has discretion in developing discharge limits as needed to meet the standards. While the State's implementation of Federally promulgated water quality standards may result in new or revised discharge limits being placed on small entities, the standards themselves do not apply to any discharger, including small entities.

Today's final rule, as explained earlier, does not itself establish any requirements that are applicable to small entities. As a result of this action, the State of Kansas will need to ensure that permits it issues include any limitations on discharges necessary to comply with the standards established in this rule. In doing so, the State will have a number of choices associated with permit writing. While Kansas's implementation of the rule may ultimately result in some new or revised permit conditions for some dischargers, including small entities, EPA's action today does not impose any of these as yet unknown requirements on small entities.

D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA), Public Law 104-4, establishes requirements for Federal agencies to assess the effects of their regulatory actions on State, local, and Tribal governments and the private sector. Under section 202 of the UMRA, EPA generally must prepare a written statement, including a cost-benefit analysis, for proposed and final rules with “Federal mandates” that may result in expenditures to State, local, and Tribal governments, in the aggregate, or to the private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year. Before promulgating an EPA rule for which a written statement is needed, section 205 of the UMRA generally requires EPA to identify and consider a reasonable number of regulatory alternatives and adopt the least costly, most cost-effective or least burdensome alternative that achieves the objectives of the rule. The provisions of section 205 do not apply when they are inconsistent with applicable law. Moreover, section 205 allows EPA to adopt an alternative other than the least costly, most cost-effective or least burdensome alternative if the Administrator publishes with the final rule an explanation of why that alternative was not adopted. Before EPA establishes any regulatory requirements that may significantly or uniquely affect small governments, including Tribal governments, it must have developed under section 203 of the UMRA a small government agency plan. The plan must provide for notifying potentially affected small governments, enabling officials of affected small governments to have meaningful and timely input in the development of EPA regulatory proposals with significant Federal intergovernmental mandates, and informing, educating, and advising small governments on compliance with the regulatory requirements.

Today's final rule contains no Federal mandates (under the regulatory provisions of Title II of the UMRA) for State, local or Tribal governments or the private sector. The final rule imposes no enforceable duty on the State or any local or Tribal government or the private sector; rather, this rule promulgates designated uses for certain waterbodies in Kansas which, when combined with State-adopted water quality criteria, constitute water quality standards for those water bodies. The State may use these resulting water quality standards in implementing its water quality control programs. Today's final rule does not regulate or affect any entity and, therefore, is not subject to the requirements of sections 202 and 205 of the UMRA.

EPA has determined that this final rule contains no regulatory requirements that might significantly or uniquely affect small governments. The final rule imposes no enforceable requirements on any party, including small governments. Thus, this final rule is not subject to the requirements of section 203 of UMRA.

E. Executive Order 13132: Federalism

Executive Order 13132, entitled “Federalism” (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999) requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure “meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the development of regulatory policies that have federalism implications.” “Policies that have federalism implications” is defined in the Executive Order to include regulations that have “substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.”

This final rule does not have federalism implications. It will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132. The final rule will not affect the nature of the relationship between EPA and States generally, for the rule only applies to waterbodies in Kansas. Further, the final rule will not substantially affect the relationship of EPA and the State of Kansas, or the distribution of power or responsibilities between EPA and the various levels of government. The final rule will not alter the State's authority to issue NPDES permits or the State's considerable discretion in implementing these water quality standards. Further, this final rule will not preclude Kansas from adopting water quality standards that meet the requirements of the CWA. Thus, Executive Order 13132 does not apply to this final rule.

Although section 6 of Executive Order 13132 does not apply to this rule, EPA did consult with State and local government representatives in developing this rule. EPA had regular communications with KDHE, including KDHE's submission to EPA of over 500 UAAs that EPA considered in developing this rule. In addition, EPA held several meetings and phone calls with representatives from KDHE, other State agencies, and State legislators to discuss any concerns they had regarding the rule's content and EPA's approach to developing the rule. EPA also considered comments submitted by municipalities in its development of today's rule.

F. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments

Executive Order 13175, entitled “Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments” (65 FR 67249, November 6, 2000), requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure “meaningful and timely input by tribal officials in the development of regulatory policies that have tribal implications.” “Policies that have tribal implications” is defined in the Executive Order to include regulations that have “substantial direct effects on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal government and the Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal government and Indian tribes.”

This final rule does not have tribal implications. It will not have substantial direct effects on tribal governments, on the relationship between the Federal government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal government and Indian tribes, as specified in Executive Order 13175. In this final action, EPA expressly excludes waters in Indian country. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this rule.

G. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental Health and Safety Risks

Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children from Environmental Health and Safety Risks (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997) applies to any rule that: (1) Is determined to be “economically significant” as defined under Executive Order 12866, and (2) concerns an environmental health or safety risk that EPA has reason to believe may have a disproportionate effect on children. If the regulatory action meets both criteria, the Agency must evaluate the environmental health or safety effects of the planned rule on children, and explain why the planned regulation is preferable to other potentially effective and reasonably feasible alternatives considered by the Agency.

This final rule is not subject to the Executive Order because it is not economically significant as defined in Executive Order 12866, and it does not concern an environmental health or safety risk that EPA has reason to believe may have a disproportionate effect on children. This rule establishes water quality standards to meet the requirements of the CWA and the implementing Federal regulations. As part of its proposed rule, EPA specifically invited the public to submit or identify peer-reviewed studies and data indicating these water quality standards are not adequate to protect children's health. No such comments were received.

H. Executive Order 13211: Actions That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use

This rule is not subject to Executive Order 13211, “Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use” (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001) because it is not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866.

I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

As noted in the proposed rule, section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (NTTAA) Public Law 104-113, section 12(d) (15 U.S.C. 272 note) directs EPA to use voluntary consensus standards in its regulatory activities unless to do so would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. Voluntary consensus standards are technical standards (e.g., materials specifications, test methods, sampling procedures, and business practices) that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies. The NTTAA directs EPA to provide Congress, through the Office of Management and Budget, explanations when the Agency decides not to use available and applicable voluntary consensus standards.

This rulemaking does not involve technical standards. Therefore, EPA did not consider the use of any voluntary consensus standards.

J. Congressional Review Act

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States.

EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). This rule will be effective August 6, 2003.

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 131 Back to Top

Environmental protection, Indian-lands, Intergovernmental relations, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Water pollution control.

Dated: June 27, 2003.

Christine Todd Whitman,

Administrator.

For the reasons set forth in the preamble, EPA amends 40 CFR part 131 as follows:

PART 131—WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Back to Top

1. The authority citation for part 131 continues to read as follows:

Authority: Back to Top

33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.

2. Section 131.34 is added to read as follows:

§ 131.34 Kansas.

(a) In addition to the State-adopted use designations, the following water body segment in Kansas is designated for an expected aquatic life use:

Stream segment name HUC8 Segment # Designated use
Basin: Missouri      
Subbasin: Independence-Sugar      
Whiskey Creek 10240011 235 Expected Aquatic Life.

(b) In addition to the State-adopted use designations, the following water body segments and lakes in Kansas are designated for recreation uses as specified in the following table:

Stream segment name HUC8 Segment # Designated use
Basin: Cimarron      
Subbasin: Upper Cimarron-Bluff      
Big Sandy Creek 11040008 6 Primary Contact Recreation
Gyp Creek 11040008 25 Secondary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek 11040008 14 Secondary Contact Recreation
Kiger Creek 11040008 8 Secondary Contact Recreation
Stink Creek 11040008 17 Secondary Contact Recreation
Two Mile Creek 11040008 15 Secondary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Cimarron-Eagle Chief      
Anderson Creek 11050001 39 Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Kansas/Lower Republican      
Subbasin: Middle Republican      
Antelope Creek 10250016 66 Secondary Contact Recreation
Ash Creek 10250016 65 Secondary Contact Recreation
Bean Creek 10250016 76 Secondary Contact Recreation
Cora Creek 10250016 51 Secondary Contact Recreation
Crow Creek (Crystal Creek) 10250016 52 Secondary Contact Recreation
Korb Creek 10250016 72 Primary Contact Recreation
Long Branch 10250016 68 Secondary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek 10250016 53 Primary Contact Recreation
Louisa Creek 10250016 61 Secondary Contact Recreation
Norway Creek 10250016 73 Secondary Contact Recreation
Oak Creek 10250016 75 Secondary Contact Recreation
Rebecca Creek 10250016 39 Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10250016 71 Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10250016 78 Secondary Contact Recreation
Taylor Creek 10250016 74 Secondary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10250016 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10250016 46 Secondary Contact Recreation
White Rock Creek, North Branch 10250016 60 Secondary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek 10250016 67 Secondary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Republican      
Cool Creek 10250017 50 Secondary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek, West Branch 10250017 59 Secondary Contact Recreation
Gar Creek 10250017 12 Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek 10250017 63 Secondary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 10250017 51 Secondary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Upper Kansas      
Dry Creek 10270101 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Humbolt Creek 10270101 10 Primary Contact Recreation
Kitten Creek 10270101 14 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Arkansas Creek 10270101 13 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Kitten Creek 10270101 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Mulberry Creek 10270101 20 Secondary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Middle Kansas      
Adams Creek 10270102 53 Secondary Contact Recreation
Bartlett Creek 10270102 55 Secondary Contact Recreation
Big Elm Creek 10270102 90 Secondary Contact Recreation
Blackjack Creek 10270102 64 Secondary Contact Recreation
Blacksmith Creek 10270102 102 Secondary Contact Recreation
Bourbonais Creek 10270102 63 Primary Contact Recreation
Brush Creek 10270102 57 Primary Contact Recreation
Coal Creek 10270102 46 Secondary Contact Recreation
Coryell Creek 10270102 94 Secondary Contact Recreation
Cow Creek 10270102 45 Secondary Contact Recreation
Crow Creek 10270102 86 Primary Contact Recreation
Darnells Creek 10270102 51 Secondary Contact Recreation
Dog Creek 10270102 78 Secondary Contact Recreation
Doyle Creek 10270102 69 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 10270102 79 Primary Contact Recreation
Dutch Creek 10270102 92 Secondary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek 10270102 98 Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek 10270102 103 Secondary Contact Recreation
Elm Slough 10270102 58 Secondary Contact Recreation
Emmons Creek 10270102 66 Secondary Contact Recreation
French Creek 10270102 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Gilson Creek 10270102 47 Secondary Contact Recreation
Hendricks Creek 10270102 73 Primary Contact Recreation
Hise Creek 10270102 43 Secondary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek 10270102 20 Secondary Contact Recreation
James Creek 10270102 87 Secondary Contact Recreation
Jim Creek 10270102 52 Secondary Contact Recreation
Johnson Creek 10270102 84 Secondary Contact Recreation
Kuenzli Creek 10270102 82 Secondary Contact Recreation
Little Cross Creek 10270102 61 Secondary Contact Recreation
Little Muddy Creek 10270102 99 Primary Contact Recreation
Loire Creek 10270102 80 Primary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek 10270102 60 Secondary Contact Recreation
Messhoss Creek 10270102 96 Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek 10270102 44 Secondary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek 10270102 56 Secondary Contact Recreation
Muddy Creek, West Fork 10270102 93 Secondary Contact Recreation
Mulberry Creek 10270102 42 Secondary Contact Recreation
Mulberry Creek 10270102 77 Secondary Contact Recreation
Nehring Creek 10270102 81 Primary Contact Recreation
Paw Paw Creek 10270102 75 Secondary Contact Recreation
Pleasant Hill Run Creek 10270102 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Pomeroy Creek 10270102 59 Secondary Contact Recreation
Post Creek 10270102 101 Secondary Contact Recreation
Pretty Creek 10270102 74 Secondary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 10270102 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek, East Fork 10270102 22 Secondary Contact Recreation
Ross Creek 10270102 35 Secondary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek 10270102 88 Secondary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek 10270102 65 Secondary Contact Recreation
Shunganunga Creek, South Branch 10270102 106 Primary Contact Recreation
Snake Creek 10270102 95 Secondary Contact Recreation
Snokomo Creek 10270102 85 Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10270102 48 Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10270102 54 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10270102 76 Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10270102 105 Secondary Contact Recreation
Sullivan Creek 10270102 89 Primary Contact Recreation
Tecumseh Creek 10270102 107 Secondary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 10270102 71 Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream 10270102 8 Secondary Contact Recreation
Vassar Creek 10270102 100 Secondary Contact Recreation
Vermillion Creek 10270102 15 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10270102 91 Secondary Contact Recreation
Wells Creek 10270102 68 Secondary Contact Recreation
Whetstone Creek 10270102 104 Secondary Contact Recreation
Wilson Creek 10270102 50 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek 10270102 49 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Delaware      
Banner Creek 10270103 45 Secondary Contact Recreation
Barnes Creek 10270103 39 Secondary Contact Recreation
Bills Creek 10270103 47 Secondary Contact Recreation
Brush Creek 10270103 44 Secondary Contact Recreation
Brush Creek 10270103 54 Primary Contact Recreation
Burr Oak Branch 10270103 8 Primary Contact Recreation
Catamount Creek 10270103 49 Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek, North 10270103 46 Primary Contact Recreation
Claywell Creek 10270103 56 Primary Contact Recreation
Clear Creek 10270103 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Coal Creek 10270103 50 Primary Contact Recreation
Grasshopper Creek 10270103 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Grasshopper Creek 10270103 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Gregg Creek 10270103 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Honey Creek 10270103 55 Secondary Contact Recreation
Little Grasshopper Creek 10270103 16 Secondary Contact Recreation
Little Wild Horse Creek 10270103 57 Primary Contact Recreation
Mission Creek 10270103 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Nebo Creek 10270103 48 Secondary Contact Recreation
Negro Creek 10270103 43 Secondary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek 10270103 41 Secondary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek 10270103 36 Secondary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 10270103 34 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 10270103 53 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10270103 42 Primary Contact Recreation
Squaw Creek 10270103 38 Secondary Contact Recreation
Straight Creek 10270103 28 Secondary Contact Recreation
Tick Creek 10270103 52 Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream 10270103 31 Secondary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10270103 51 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolfley Creek 10270103 27 Secondary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Kansas      
Baldwin Creek 10270104 69 Secondary Contact Recreation
Brush Creek 10270104 49 Secondary Contact Recreation
Brush Creek, West 10270104 46 Secondary Contact Recreation
Buttermilk Creek 10270104 44 Secondary Contact Recreation
Camp Creek 10270104 41 Secondary ContactRecreation
Camp Creek 10270104 74 SecondaryContactRecreation
Captain Creek 10270104 72 PrimaryContactRecreation
Chicken Creek 10270104 79 SecondaryContactRecreation
Clear Creek 10270104 383 PrimaryContactRecreation
Cow Creek 10270104 58 SecondaryContactRecreation
Crooked Creek 10270104 10 PrimaryContactRecreation
Crooked Creek 10270104 12 PrimaryContactRecreation
Dawson Creek 10270104 45 SecondaryContactRecreation
Elk Creek 10270104 68 Primary Contact Recreation
Full Creek 10270104 52 Primary Contact Recreation
Hanson Creek 10270104 437 Secondary Contact Recreation
Hog Creek 10270104 54 Secondary Contact Recreation
Howard Creek 10270104 43 SecondaryContactRecreation
Hulls Branch 10270104 42 SecondaryContact Recreation
Indian Creek 10270104 48 SecondaryContactRecreation
Jarbalo Creek 10270104 51 SecondaryContactRecreation
Kent Creek 10270104 73 SecondaryContactRecreation
Kill Creek 10270104 37 PrimaryContactRecreation
Little Cedar Creek 10270104 76 PrimaryContactRecreation
Little Mill Creek 10270104 78 PrimaryContactRecreation
Little Turkey Creek 10270104 62 PrimaryContactRecreation
Little Wakarusa Creek 10270104 71 PrimaryContactRecreation
Mission Creek, East 10270104 61 SecondaryContactRecreation
Ninemile Creek 10270104 15 SecondaryContactRecreation
Ninemile Creek 10270104 17 PrimaryContactRecreation
Oakley Creek 10270104 56 SecondaryContactRecreation
Plum Creek 10270104 50 SecondaryContactRecreation
Prairie Creek 10270104 47 SecondaryContactRecreation
Rock Creek 10270104 35 PrimaryContactRecreation
Scatter Creek 10270104 13 SecondaryContactRecreation
Spoon Creek 10270104 75 SecondaryContactRecreation
Stone Horse Creek 10270104 57 SecondaryContactRecreation
Stranger Creek 10270104 7 PrimaryContactRecreation
Stranger Creek 10270104 8 PrimaryContactRecreation
Stranger Creek 10270104 9 PrimaryContactRecreation
Tonganoxie Creek 10270104 14 PrimaryContactRecreation
Tooley Creek 10270104 379 SecondaryContactRecreation
Turkey Creek 10270104 77 PrimaryContactRecreation
Unnamed Stream 10270104 11 PrimaryContactRecreation
Unnamed Stream 10270104 16 Secondary Contact Recreation
Wakarusa River, Middle Branch 10270104 64 SecondaryContact Recreation
Wakarusa River, South Branch 10270104 63 Primary Contact Recreation
Washington Creek 10270104 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Yankee Tank Creek 10270104 70 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Big Blue      
Ackerman Creek 10270205 49 Secondary Contact Recreation
Black Vermillion River, Clear Fork 10270205 9 PrimaryContact Recreation
Black Vermillion River, North Fork 10270205 15 SecondaryContact Recreation
Black Vermillion River, South Fork 10270205 12 SecondaryContact Recreation
Bluff Creek 10270205 573 Primary Contact Recreation
Bommer Creek 10270205 40 Secondary Contact Recreation
Busksnort Creek 10270205 566 Secondary Contact Recreation
Carter Creek 10270205 59 Secondary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek 10270205 56 Secondary Contact Recreation
Corndodger Creek 10270205 52 Primary Contact Recreation
De Shazer Creek 10270205 55 Secondary Contact Recreation
Deadman Creek 10270205 60 Secondary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek 10270205 36 Secondary Contact Recreation
Dog Walk Creek 10270205 53 Secondary Contact Recreation
Dutch Creek 10270205 44 Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek 10270205 46 Secondary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek, North 10270205 41 Secondary Contact Recreation
Fancy Creek, North Fork 10270205 61 SecondaryContactRecreation
Fancy Creek, West 10270205 29 PrimaryContactRecreation
Game Fork 10270205 54 SecondaryContactRecreation
Hop Creek 10270205 43 SecondaryContactRecreation
Indian Creek 10270205 37 SecondaryContactRecreation
Jim Creek 10270205 57 SecondaryContactRecreation
Johnson Fork 10270205 51 Secondary Contact Recreation
Kearney Branch 10270205 58 SecondaryContactRecreation
Lily Creek 10270205 39 SecondaryContactRecreation
Little Indian Creek 10270205 35 SecondaryContactRecreation
Little Timber Creek 10270205 48 PrimaryContactRecreation
Meadow Creek 10270205 34 SecondaryContactRecreation
Mission Creek 10270205 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Murdock Creek 10270205 42 Secondary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek 10270205 67 Secondary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek, North 10270205 62 Primary Contact Recreation
Perkins Creek 10270205 47 Secondary Contact Recreation
Phiel Creek 10270205 68 Primary Contact Recreation
Raemer Creek 10270205 33 Primary Contact Recreation
Robidoux Creek 10270205 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Schell Creek 10270205 45 Primary Contact Recreation
School Branch 10270205 63 Secondary Contact Recreation
Scotch Creek 10270205 38 Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10270205 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10270205 65 Primary Contact Recreation
Timber Creek 10270205 64 Primary Contact Recreation
Weyer Creek 10270205 50 Secondary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Upper Little Blue      
Dry Creek 10270206 41 Secondary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Little Blue      
Ash Creek 10270207 36 Secondary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek 10270207 38 Secondary Contact Recreation
Bolling Creek 10270207 42 Secondary Contact Recreation
Bowman Creek 10270207 21 Secondary Contact Recreation
Buffalo Creek 10270207 32 Secondary Contact Recreation
Camp Creek 10270207 35 Secondary Contact Recreation
Camp Creek 10270207 44 Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek 10270207 40 Secondary Contact Recreation
Cherry Creek 10270207 25 Secondary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek 10270207 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Fawn Creek 10270207 45 Secondary Contact Recreation
Gray Branch 10270207 27 Secondary Contact Recreation
Humphrey Branch 10270207 24 Secondary Contact Recreation
Iowa Creek 10270207 34 Secondary Contact Recreation
Jones Creek 10270207 29 Secondary Contact Recreation
Joy Creek 10270207 13 Secondary Contact Recreation
Lane Branch 10270207 39 Secondary Contact Recreation
Malone Creek 10270207 37 Secondary Contact Recreation
Melvin Creek 10270207 33 Secondary Contact Recreation
Mercer Creek 10270207 43 Primary Contact Recreation
Mill Creek, South Fork 10270207 31 Secondary Contact Recreation
Myer Creek 10270207 26 Secondary Contact Recreation
Riddle Creek 10270207 17 Secondary Contact Recreation
Rose Creek 10270207 12 Secondary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek 10270207 19 Primary Contact Recreation
School Creek 10270207 49 Primary Contact Recreation
Silver Creek 10270207 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10270207 15 Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10270207 30 Secondary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10270207 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Lower Arkansas      
Subbasin: Rattlesnake      
Spring Creek 11030009 7 Secondary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Gar-Peace      
Gar Creek 11030010 8 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Cow      
Blood Creek 11030011 15 Secondary Contact Recreation
Deception Creek 11030011 13 Secondary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 11030011 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Jarvis Creek 11030011 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Cheyenne Creek 11030011 7 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Cow Creek 11030011 2 Primary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek 11030011 17 Secondary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek 11030011 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek 11030011 4 Secondary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek 11030011 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 11030011 20 Secondary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Little Arkansas      
Beaver Creek 11030012 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Bull Creek 11030012 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 11030012 22 Secondary Contact Recreation
Dry Turkey Creek 11030012 13 Primary Contact Recreation
Emma Creek 11030012 6 Primary Contact Recreation
Emma Creek 11030012 7 Primary Contact Recreation
Emma Creek, West 11030012 8 Primary Contact Recreation
Gooseberry Creek 11030012 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Horse Creek 11030012 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Jester Creek 11030012 2 Primary Contact Recreation
Jester Creek, East Fork 11030012 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Kisiwa Creek 11030012 15 Secondary Contact Recreation
Lone Tree Creek 11030012 20 Secondary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek 11030012 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Running Turkey Creek 11030012 25 Secondary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek 11030012 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Sun Creek 11030012 11 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 11030012 12 Secondary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Middle Arkansas—Slate      
Antelope Creek 11030013 25 PrimaryContactRecreation
Badger Creek 11030013 31 PrimaryContactRecreation
Beaver Creek 11030013 29 PrimaryContactRecreation
Beaver Creek 11030013 33 PrimaryContactRecreation
Big Slough 11030013 11 PrimaryContactRecreation
Big Slough, South Fork 11030013 35 PrimaryContact Recreation
Bitter Creek 11030013 28 PrimaryContactRecreation
Dry Creek 11030013 15 PrimaryContactRecreation
Dry Creek 11030013 16 PrimaryContactRecreation
Gypsum Creek 11030013 5 PrimaryContactRecreation
Hargis Creek 11030013 24 PrimaryContactRecreation
Lost Creek 11030013 23 PrimaryContactRecreation
Negro Creek 11030013 20 PrimaryContactRecreation
Oak Creek 11030013 26 Secondary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek 11030013 22 PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Creek 11030013 19 PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Creek 11030013 21 PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Creek 11030013 27 PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Creek 11030013 34 PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Creek 11030013 37 PrimaryContactRecreation
Winser Creek 11030013 32 PrimaryContact Recreation
Subbasin: North Fork Ninnescah      
Crow Creek 11030014 11 PrimaryContactRecreation
Dooleyville Creek 11030014 8 PrimaryContactRecreation
Goose Creek 11030014 10 PrimaryContactRecreation
Ninnescah River, North Fork 11030014 1 PrimaryContactRecreation
Ninnescah River, North Fork 11030014 5 PrimaryContactRecreation
Ninnescah River, North Fork 11030014 6 PrimaryContactRecreation
Red Rock Creek 11030014 12 PrimaryContactRecreation
Rock Creek 11030014 13 PrimaryContactRecreation
Silver Creek 11030014 7 PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Creek 11030014 14 PrimaryContactRecreation
Wolf Creek 11030014 9 PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: South Fork Ninnescah      
Coon Creek 11030015 9 PrimaryContactRecreation
Coon Creek 11030015 17 PrimaryContactRecreation
Hunter Creek 11030015 14 PrimaryContactRecreation
Mead Creek 11030015 10 PrimaryContactRecreation
Mod Creek 11030015 19 PrimaryContactRecreation
Natrona Creek 11030015 K38 PrimaryContactRecreation
Negro Creek 11030015 13 PrimaryContactRecreation
Nester Creek 11030015 15 PrimaryContactRecreation
Ninnescah River, West Branch South Fork 11030015 5 Primary Contact Recreation
Painter Creek 11030015 7 PrimaryContactRecreation
Pat Creek 11030015 11 PrimaryContactRecreation
Petyt Creek 11030015 12 PrimaryContactRecreation
Sand Creek 11030015 18 PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Creek 11030015 8 PrimaryContactRecreation
Wild Run Creek 11030015 16 PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Ninnescah      
Afton Creek 11030016 5 PrimaryContactRecreation
Clearwater Creek 11030016 4 PrimaryContactRecreation
Clearwater Creek 11030016 7 PrimaryContactRecreation
Dry Creek 11030016 16 PrimaryContactRecreation
Elm Creek 11030016 10 PrimaryContactRecreation
Garvey Creek 11030016 11 PrimaryContactRecreation
Sand Creek 11030016 14 PrimaryContactRecreation
Silver Creek 11030016 12 PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Creek 11030016 2 PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Creek 11030016 15 PrimaryContactRecreation
Turtle Creek 11030016 13 PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Kaw Lake      
Blue Branch 11060001 30 PrimaryContactRecreation
Bullington Creek 11060001 28 PrimaryContactRecreation
Cedar Creek 11060001 32 PrimaryContactRecreation
Chilocco Creek 11060001 19 PrimaryContactRecreation
Crabb Creek 11060001 29 PrimaryContactRecreation
Ferguson Creek 11060001 38 PrimaryContactRecreation
Franklin Creek 11060001 35 PrimaryContactRecreation
Gardners Branch 11060001 39 PrimaryContact Recreation
Goose Creek 11060001 34 PrimaryContactRecreation
Myers Creek 11060001 24 PrimaryContactRecreation
Otter Creek 11060001 20 PrimaryContactRecreation
Pebble Creek 11060001 26 PrimaryContactRecreation
Plum Creek 11060001 33 PrimaryContactRecreation
Riley Creek 11060001 37 PrimaryContactRecreation
School Creek 11060001 31 Primary Contact Recreation
Shellrock Creek 11060001 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Silver Creek 11060001 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Snake Creek 11060001 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 11060001 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 11060001 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Wagoner Creek 11060001 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Upper Salt Fork Arkansas      
Ash Creek 11060002 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Big Sandy Creek 11060002 5 Primary Contact Recreation
Cave Creek 11060002 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Deadman Creek 11060002 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Dog Creek 11060002 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Hackberry Creek 11060002 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek 11060002 9 Primary Contact Recreation
Inman Creek 11060002 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Mustang Creek 11060002 31 Primary Contact Recreation
Nescatunga Creek, East Branch 11060002 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Red Creek 11060002 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 11060002 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek 11060002 12 Primary Contact Recreation
Yellowstone Creek 11060002 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Medicine Lodge      
Amber Creek 11060003 12 Primary Contact Recreation
Antelope Creek 11060003 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Bear Creek 11060003 13 Secondary Contact Recreation
Bitter Creek 11060003 18 Secondary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek 11060003 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Cottonwood Creek 11060003 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek 11060003 11 Primary Contact Recreation
Litle Mule Creek 11060003 9 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 11060003 21 Secondary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek, East Branch South 11060003 10 Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek, North Branch 11060003 4 Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek, South Branch 11060003 5 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Bear Creek 11060003 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Medicine Lodge River, North Branch 11060003 24 Secondary Contact Recreation
Mulberry Creek 11060003 14 Primary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek 11060003 25 Secondary Contact Recreation
Puckett Creek 11060003 15 Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek 11060003 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Soldier Creek 11060003 27 Secondary Contact Recreation
Stink Creek 11060003 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 11060003 7 Primary Contact Recreation
Wilson Slough 11060003 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Salt Fork Arkansas      
Camp Creek 11060004 68 Primary Contact Recreation
Cooper Creek 11060004 71 Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek 11060004 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Sandy Creek 11060004 39 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Sandy Creek, East Branch 11060004 65 Primary Contact Recreation
Osage Creek 11060004 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek 11060004 70 Primary Contact Recreation
Pond Creek 11060004 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Rush Creek 11060004 69 Primary Contact Recreation
Salty Creek 11060004 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Sandy Creek 11060004 37 Primary Contact Recreation
Sandy Creek, West 11060004 56 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 11060004 66 Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream 11060004 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Chikaskia      
Allen Creek 11060005 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Baehr Creek 11060005 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek 11060005 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek 11060005 46 Primary Contact Recreation
Big Spring Creek 11060005 34 Primary Contact Recreation
Bitter Creek 11060005 4 Primary Contact Recreation
Bitter Creek, East 11060005 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Blue Stem Creek 11060005 48 Primary Contact Recreation
Chicken Creek 11060005 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Copper Creek 11060005 42 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 11060005 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Duck Creek 11060005 32 Primary Contact Recreation
Fall Creek 11060005 14 Primary Contact Recreation
Fall Creek, East Branch 11060005 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Goose Creek 11060005 38 Primary Contact Recreation
Kemp Creek 11060005 49 Primary Contact Recreation
Long Creek 11060005 529 Primary Contact Recreation
Meridian Creek 11060005 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Prairie Creek 11060005 512 Primary Contact Recreation
Prairie Creek, East 11060005 516 Primary Contact Recreation
Prairie Creek, West 11060005 527 Primary Contact Recreation
Red Creek 11060005 43 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 11060005 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Rodgers Branch 11060005 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Rose Bud Creek 11060005 44 Primary Contact Recreation
Rush Creek 11060005 45 Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek 11060005 11 Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek, East 11060005 12 Primary Contact Recreation
Sandy Creek 11060005 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Shoo Fly Creek, East 11060005 19 Secondary Contact Recreation
Shore Creek 11060005 35 Primary Contact Recreation
Silver Creek 11060005 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Skunk Creek 11060005 39 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Branch 11060005 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Wild Horse Creek 11060005 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek 11060005 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Marais Des Cygnes      
Subbasin: Upper Marais Des Cygnes      
Appanoose Creek 10290101 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Appanoose Creek, East 10290101 89 Primary Contact Recreation
Batch Creek 10290101 86 Primary Contact Recreation
Blue Creek 10290101 81 Primary Contact Recreation
Bradshaw Creek 10290101 75 Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek 10290101 66 Primary Contact Recreation
Cherry Creek 10290101 74 Primary Contact Recreation
Chicken Creek 10290101 70 Primary Contact Recreation
Chicken Creek 10290101 93 Primary Contact Recreation
Coal Creek 10290101 48 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 10290101 57 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 10290101 95 Primary Contact Recreation
Duck Creek 10290101 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Eightmile Creek 10290101 13 Primary Contact Recreation
Frog Creek 10290101 42 Primary Contact Recreation
Hard Fish Creek 10290101 47 Primary Contact Recreation
Hickory Creek 10290101 8 Primary Contact Recreation
Hill Creek 10290101 71 Primary Contact Recreation
Iantha Creek 10290101 62 Primary Contact Recreation
Jersey Creek 10290101 76 Primary Contact Recreation
Kenoma Creek 10290101 64 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Rock Creek 10290101 73 Primary Contact Recreation
Long Creek 10290101 K36 Primary Contact Recreation
Locust Creek 10290101 69 Primary Contact Recreation
Middle Creek 10290101 50 Primary Contact Recreation
Mosquito Creek 10290101 52 Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek 10290101 49 Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek 10290101 78 Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek 10290101 91 Primary Contact Recreation
Mute Creek 10290101 92 Primary Contact Recreation
Ottawa Creek 10290101 K25 Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek 10290101 2 Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek 10290101 79 Primary Contact Recreation
Popcorn Creek 10290101 87 Primary Contact Recreation
Pottawatomie Creek, North Fork 10290101 65 Primary Contact Recreation
Pottawatomie Creek, South Fork 10290101 67 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 10290101 43 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 10290101 97 Primary Contact Recreation
Sac Branch, South Fork 10290101 54 Secondary Contact Recreation
Sac Creek 10290101 60 Primary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek 10290101 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek 10290101 82 Primary Contact Recreation
Smith Creek 10290101 77 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10290101 84 Primary Contact Recreation
Switzler Creek 10290101 80 Primary Contact Recreation
Tauy Creek 10290101 11 Primary Contact Recreation
Tauy Creek, West Fork 10290101 K26 Primary Contact Recreation
Tequa Creek 10290101 44 Primary Contact Recreation
Tequa Creek, East Branch 10290101 46 Primary Contact Recreation
Tequa Creek, South Branch 10290101 45 Primary Contact Recreation
Thomas Creek 10290101 72 Secondary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 10290101 4 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 10290101 6 Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream 10290101 5 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10290101 90 Primary Contact Recreation
West Fork Eight Mile Creek 10290101 88 Primary Contact Recreation
Willow Creek 10290101 94 Primary Contact Recreation
Wilson Creek 10290101 83 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek 10290101 96 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Marais Des Cygnes      
Buck Creek 10290102 44 Primary Contact Recreation
Bull Creek 10290102 26 Secondary Contact Recreation
Davis Creek 10290102 38 Primary Contact Recreation
Dorsey Creek 10290102 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Branch 10290102 48 Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Branch 10290102 53 Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek 10290102 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Hushpuckney Creek 10290102 37 Primary Contact Recreation
Jake Branch 10290102 54 Secondary Contact Recreation
Jordan Branch 10290102 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Bull Creek 10290102 51 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Sugar Creek 10290102 33 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Sugar Creek, North Fork 10290102 43 Primary Contact Recreation
Martin Creek 10290102 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Middle Creek 10290102 13 Primary Contact Recreation
Middle Creek 10290102 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Mound Creek 10290102 35 Primary Contact Recreation
Richland Creek 10290102 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 10290102 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Smith Branch 10290102 47 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10290102 50 Primary Contact Recreation
Sugar Creek 10290102 42 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 10290102 45 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10290102 14 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10290102 34 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10290102 52 Primary Contact Recreation
Wea Creek, North 10290102 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Wea Creek, South 10290102 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Wea Creek, South 10290102 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Wea Creek, South 10290102 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Little Osage      
Clever Creek 10290103 7 Primary Contact Recreation
Elk Creek 10290103 11 Primary Contact Recreation
Fish Creek 10290103 8 Primary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek 10290103 12 Primary Contact Recreation
Irish Creek 10290103 9 Primary Contact Recreation
Laberdie Creek, East 10290103 13 Primary Contact Recreation
Limestone Creek 10290103 5 Primary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek 10290103 10 Primary Contact Recreation
Reagan Branch 10290103 6 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Marmaton      
Buck Run 10290104 46 Primary Contact Recreation
Bunion Creek 10290104 39 Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek 10290104 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Drywood Creek, Moores Branch 10290104 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Drywood Creek, West Fork 10290104 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek 10290104 15 Secondary Contact Recreation
Hinton Creek 10290104 38 Primary Contact Recreation
Lath Branch 10290104 42 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Mill Creek 10290104 34 Primary Contact Recreation
Mill Creek 10290104 6 Primary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek 10290104 45 Primary Contact Recreation
Paint Creek 10290104 13 Primary Contact Recreation
Paint Creek 10290104 14 Primary Contact Recreation
Prong Creek 10290104 44 Secondary Contact Recreation
Robinson Branch 10290104 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Shiloh Creek 10290104 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Sweet Branch 10290104 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Tennyson Creek 10290104 31 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 10290104 33 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10290104 32 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10290104 47 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolfpen Creek 10290104 37 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolverine Creek 10290104 35 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: South Grand      
Harless Creek 10290108 67 Primary Contact Recreation
Poney Creek 10290108 48 Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Missouri      
Subbasin: Tarkio-Wolf      
Cold Ryan Branch 10240005 70 Primary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek 10240005 71 Primary Contact Recreation
Halling Creek 10240005 68 Primary Contact Recreation
Mill Creek 10240005 52 Primary Contact Recreation
Rittenhouse Branch 10240005 69 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10240005 65 Primary Contact Recreation
Striker Branch 10240005 72 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf River, Middle Fork 10240005 67 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf River, North Fork 10240005 66 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf River, South Fork 10240005 57 Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream 10240005 55 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: South Fork Big Nemaha      
Burger Creek 10240007 24 Secondary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek 10240007 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Fisher Creek 10240007 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Illinois Creek 10240007 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Rattlesnake Creek 10240007 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 10240007 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Tennessee Creek 10240007 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 10240007 4 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 10240007 5 Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek 10240007 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek 10240007 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Pen Creek 10240007 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Big Nemaha      
Noharts Creek 10240008 42 Primary Contact Recreation
Pedee Creek 10240008 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Pony Creek 10240008 38 Primary Contact Recreation
Roys Creek 10240008 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Independence—Sugar      
Brush Creek 10240011 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek 10240011 32 Primary Contact Recreation
Fivemile Creek 10240011 35 Primary Contact Recreation
Independence Creek, North Branch 10240011 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Jordan Creek 10240011 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek 10240011 33 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 10240011 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek 10240011 34 Primary Contact Recreation
Smith Creek 10240011 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Three Mile Creek 10240011 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10240011 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10240011 25 Primary Contact Recreation
White Clay Creek 10240011 31 Primary Contact Recreation
White Clay Creek 10240011 9031 Primary Contact Recreation
Whiskey Creek 10240011 235 Primary Contact Recreation
Whiskey Creek 10240011 9235 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Missouri—Crooked      
Brush Creek 10300101 54 Primary Contact Recreation
Camp Branch 10300101 56 Primary Contact Recreation
Coffee Creek 10300101 57 Primary Contact Recreation
Dyke Branch 10300101 55 Primary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek 10300101 32 Primary Contact Recreation
Negro Creek 10300101 58 Primary Contact Recreation
Tomahawk Creek 10300101 53 Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Neosho      
Subbasin: Neosho Headwaters      
Allen Creek 11070201 5 Primary Contact Recreation
Badger Creek 11070201 45 Primary Contact Recreation
Big John Creek 11070201 37 Primary Contact Recreation
Bluff Creek 11070201 8 Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek 11070201 35 Primary Contact Recreation
Dows Creek 11070201 3 Primary Contact Recreation
Dows Creek 11070201 4 Primary Contact Recreation
Eagle Creek 11070201 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Eagle Creek, South 11070201 47 Primary Contact Recreation
East Creek 11070201 39 Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek 11070201 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Fourmile Creek 11070201 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Fourmile Creek 11070201 48 Primary Contact Recreation
Haun Creek 11070201 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Horse Creek 11070201 33 Primary Contact Recreation
Kahola Creek 11070201 43 Primary Contact Recreation
Lairds Creek 11070201 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Lanos Creek 11070201 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Lebo Creek 11070201 51 Primary Contact Recreation
Munkers Creek, East Branch 11070201 31 Primary Contact Recreation
Munkers Creek, Middle Branch 11070201 32 Primary Contact Recreation
Neosho River, East Fork 11070201 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Neosho River, West Fork 11070201 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Parkers Creek 11070201 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek 11070201 50 Primary Contact Recreation
Plumb Creek 11070201 49 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 11070201 7 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 11070201 9 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek, East Branch 11070201 34 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 11070201 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Stillman Creek 11070201 44 Primary Contact Recreation
Taylor Creek 11070201 46 Primary Contact Recreation
Walker Branch 11070201 42 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek 11070201 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Wrights Creek 11070201 38 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Upper Cottonwood      
Antelope Creek 11070202 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Bills Creek 11070202 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Bruno Creek 11070202 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Catlin Creek 11070202 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Clear Creek 11070202 5 Primary Contact Recreation
Clear Creek, East Branch 11070202 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek 11070202 32 Primary Contact Recreation
Cottonwood River, South 11070202 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Cottonwood River, South 11070202 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Doyle Creek 11070202 21 Primary Contact Recreation
French Creek 11070202 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek 11070202 6 Primary Contact Recreation
Perry Creek 11070202 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Branch 11070202 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 11070202 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 11070202 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Stony Brook 11070202 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 11070202 31 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Cottonwood      
Beaver Creek 11070203 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Bloody Creek 11070203 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Buck Creek 11070203 39 Primary Contact Recreation
Buckeye Creek 11070203 44 Primary Contact Recreation
Bull Creek 11070203 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Camp Creek 11070203 14 Primary Contact Recreation
Coal Creek 11070203 43 Primary Contact Recreation
Collett Creek 11070203 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Corn Creek 11070203 47 Primary Contact Recreation
Coyne Branch 11070203 33 Primary Contact Recreation
Crocker Creek 11070203 46 Primary Contact Recreation
Dodds Creek 11070203 15 Primary Contact Recreation
Fox Creek 11070203 19 Primary Contact Recreation
French Creek 11070203 32 Primary Contact Recreation
Gannon Creek 11070203 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Gould Creek 11070203 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Holmes Creek 11070203 35 Primary Contact Recreation
Jacob Creek 11070203 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Kirk Creek 11070203 48 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Cedar Creek 11070203 11 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Cedar Creek 11070203 45 Primary Contact Recreation
Middle Creek 11070203 5 Primary Contact Recreation
Mile-and-a-half Creek 11070203 13 Secondary Contact Recreation
Moon Creek 11070203 31 Primary Contact Recreation
Mulvane Creek 11070203 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Peyton Creek 11070203 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Phenis Creek 11070203 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Pickett Creek 11070203 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Prather Creek 11070203 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 11070203 37 Primary Contact Recreation
Schaffer Creek 11070203 17 Primary Contact Recreation
School Creek 11070203 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Sharpes Creek 11070203 38 Primary Contact Recreation
Silver Creek 11070203 34 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 11070203 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Stout Run 11070203 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Stribby Creek 11070203 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Upper Neosho      
Badger Creek 11070204 42 Primary Contact Recreation
Big Creek, North 11070204 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Big Creek, South 11070204 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Bloody Run 11070204 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Carlyle Creek 11070204 47 Primary Contact Recreation
Charles Branch 11070204 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Cherry Creek 11070204 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Coal Creek 11070204 4 Primary Contact Recreation
Cottonwood Creek 11070204 48 Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek 11070204 44 Primary Contact Recreation
Draw Creek 11070204 34 Primary Contact Recreation
Goose Creek 11070204 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Long Creek 11070204 12 Primary Contact Recreation
Martin Creek 11070204 49 Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek 11070204 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek 11070204 31 Primary Contact Recreation
Onion Creek 11070204 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek 11070204 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek 11070204 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek 11070204 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 11070204 7 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 11070204 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 11070204 15 Primary Contact Recreation
School Creek 11070204 38 Primary Contact Recreation
Scott Creek 11070204 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Slack Creek 11070204 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 11070204 46 PrimaryContactRecreation
Sutton Creek 11070204 35 PrimaryContactRecreation
Turkey Branch 11070204 28 PrimaryContactRecreation
Turkey Creek 11070204 18 PrimaryContactRecreation
Turkey Creek 11070204 32 PrimaryContactRecreation
Twiss Creek 11070204 45 PrimaryContactRecreation
Varvel Creek 11070204 43 PrimaryContactRecreation
Village Creek 11070204 33 PrimaryContactRecreation
Wolf Creek 11070204 37 PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Middle Neosho      
Bachelor Creek 11070205 40 PrimaryContactRecreation
Canville Creek 11070205 16 PrimaryContactRecreation
Center Creek 11070205 25 PrimaryContactRecreation
Cherry Creek 11070205 4 PrimaryContactRecreation
Deer Creek 11070205 27 PrimaryContactRecreation
Denny Branch 11070205 31 PrimaryContactRecreation
Elk Creek 11070205 19 PrimaryContactRecreation
Elm Creek 11070205 43 PrimaryContactRecreation
Flat Rock Creek 11070205 12 PrimaryContactRecreation
Flat Rock Creek 11070205 14 PrimaryContactRecreation
Fourmile Creek 11070205 49 PrimaryContactRecreation
Grindstone Creek 11070205 42 PrimaryContactRecreation
Hickory Creek 11070205 10 PrimaryContactRecreation
Lake Creek 11070205 24 PrimaryContactRecreation
Lightning Creek 11070205 6 PrimaryContactRecreation
Lightning Creek 11070205 8 PrimaryContactRecreation
Limestone Creek 11070205 7 PrimaryContactRecreation
Little Cherry Creek 11070205 32 PrimaryContactRecreation
Little Elk Creek 11070205 47 PrimaryContactRecreation
Little Fly Creek 11070205 26 SecondaryContactRecreation
Little Labette Creek 11070205 23 PrimaryContactRecreation
Little Walnut Creek 11070205 46 PrimaryContactRecreation
Litup Creek 11070205 36 PrimaryContactRecreation
Mulberry Creek 11070205 35 PrimaryContactRecreation
Murphy Creek 11070205 41 PrimaryContactRecreation
Ogeese Creek 11070205 38 PrimaryContactRecreation
Pecan Creek 11070205 45 PrimaryContactRecreation
Plum Creek 11070205 34 PrimaryContactRecreation
Rock Creek 11070205 48 PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Creek 11070205 30 PrimaryContactRecreation
Stink Branch 11070205 37 PrimaryContactRecreation
Thunderbolt Creek 11070205 44 PrimaryContactRecreation
Tolen Creek 11070205 39 PrimaryContactRecreation
Town Creek 11070205 28 PrimaryContactRecreation
Turkey Creek 11070205 29 PrimaryContactRecreation
Walnut Creek 11070205 13 PrimaryContactRecreation
Wolf Creek 11070205 33 PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Lake O' the Cherokees      
Fourmile Creek 11070206 18 PrimaryContactRecreation
Tar Creek 11070206 19 PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Spring      
Little Shawnee Creek 11070207 22 PrimaryContactRecreation
Long Branch 11070207 21 PrimaryContactRecreation
Shawnee Creek 11070207 17 PrimaryContactRecreation
Taylor Branch 11070207 25 PrimaryContactRecreation
Willow Creek 11070207 20 PrimaryContactRecreation
Basin: Smoky Hill/Saline      
Subbasin: Middle Smoky Hill      
Ash Creek 10260006 37 PrimaryContactRecreation
Big Timber Creek 10260006 24 PrimaryContactRecreation
Big Timber Creek 10260006 25 PrimaryContactRecreation
Big Timber Creek 10260006 27 PrimaryContactRecreation
Blood Creek 10260006 35 SecondaryContactRecreation
Buck Creek 10260006 29 PrimaryContactRecreation
Buffalo Creek 10260006 6 PrimaryContactRecreation
Clear Creek 10260006 42 PrimaryContactRecreation
Coal Creek 10260006 34 PrimaryContactRecreation
Cow Creek 10260006 38 PrimaryContactRecreation
Eagle Creek 10260006 30 PrimaryContactRecreation
Fossil Creek 10260006 13 PrimaryContactRecreation
Goose Creek 10260006 39 PrimaryContactRecreation
Landon Creek 10260006 31 PrimaryContactRecreation
Loss Creek 10260006 44 PrimaryContactRecreation
Mud Creek 10260006 47 PrimaryContactRecreation
Oxide Creek 10260006 45 PrimaryContactRecreation
Sellens Creek 10260006 32 PrimaryContactRecreation
Shelter Creek 10260006 43 PrimaryContactRecreation
Skunk Creek 10260006 48 PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Creek 10260006 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Timber Creek 10260006 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 10260006 46 Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream 10260006 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream 10260006 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream 10260006 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Wilson Creek 10260006 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek 10260006 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Smoky Hill      
Basket Creek 10260008 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Battle Creek 10260008 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Carry Creek 10260008 32 Primary Contact Recreation
Carry Creek 10260008 35 Primary Contact Recreation
Chapman Creek, West 10260008 5 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 10260008 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek, East 10260008 43 Primary Contact Recreation
Hobbs Creek 10260008 48 Primary Contact Recreation
Holland Creek 10260008 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Holland Creek, East 10260008 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Holland Creek, West 10260008 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Kentucky Creek 10260008 17 Secondary Contact Recreation
Kentucky Creek, West 10260008 54 Primary Contact Recreation
Lone Tree Creek 10260008 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Lyon Creek, West Branch 10260008 34 Primary Contact Recreation
Mcallister Creek 10260008 49 Primary Contact Recreation
Middle Branch 10260008 58 Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek 10260008 8 Primary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek 10260008 42 Primary Contact Recreation
Paint Creek 10260008 52 Secondary Contact Recreation
Pewee Creek 10260008 56 Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek 10260008 46 Primary Contact Recreation
Sharps Creek 10260008 16 Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10260008 45 Primary Contact Recreation
Stag Creek 10260008 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 10260008 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 10260008 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek, East 10260008 50 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek, West Branch 10260008 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream 10260008 K3 Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream 10260008 K4 Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream 10260008 K24 Primary Contact Recreation
Wiley Creek 10260008 47 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Upper Saline      
Cedar Creek 10260009 30 Secondary Contact Recreation
Chalk Creek 10260009 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Coyote Creek 10260009 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Eagle Creek 10260009 6 Primary Contact Recreation
Happy Creek 10260009 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Paradise Creek 10260009 5 Primary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek 10260009 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek, East 10260009 10 Primary Contact Recreation
Sweetwater Creek 10260009 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Trego Creek 10260009 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream 10260009 13 Primary Contact Recreation
Wild Horse Creek 10260009 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Saline      
Bacon Creek 10260010 7 Primary Contact Recreation
Blue Stem Creek 10260010 33 Primary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek 10260010 31 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 10260010 29 Secondary Contact Recreation
Eff Creek 10260010 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Elkhorn Creek 10260010 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Elkhorn Creek, West 10260010 38 Primary Contact Recreation
Fourmile Creek 10260010 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek 10260010 34 Secondary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek 10260010 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek 10260010 39 Primary Contact Recreation
Ralston Creek 10260010 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Shaw Creek 10260010 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Spillman Creek 10260010 6 Primary Contact Recreation
Spillman Creek, North Branch 10260010 8 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10260010 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10260010 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10260010 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10260010 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10260010 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10260010 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Table Rock Creek 10260010 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Trail Creek 10260010 32 Secondary Contact Recreation
Twelvemile Creek 10260010 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Twin Creek, West 10260010 37 Secondary Contact Recreation
West Spring Creek 10260010 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek 10260010 10 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek, East Fork 10260010 11 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek, West Fork 10260010 12 Primary Contact Recreation
Yauger Creek 10260010 35 Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Solomon      
Subbasin: Upper North Fork Solomon      
Ash Creek 10260011 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek 10260011 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Big Timber Creek 10260011 8 Primary Contact Recreation
Bow Creek 10260011 15 Primary Contact Recreation
Cactus Creek 10260011 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek 10260011 6 Primary Contact Recreation
Elk Creek 10260011 12 Primary Contact Recreation
Elk Creek, East 10260011 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Game Creek 10260011 10 Primary Contact Recreation
Game Creek 10260011 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek 10260011 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek 10260011 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Scull Creek 10260011 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10260011 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek 10260011 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower North Fork Solomon      
Beaver Creek 10260012 10 Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek, East Branch 10260012 11 Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek, Middle 10260012 12 Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek, Middle 10260012 13 Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek, West 10260012 14 Secondary Contact Recreation
Big Creek 10260012 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Boughton Creek 10260012 34 Primary Contact Recreation
Buck Creek 10260012 43 Secondary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek 10260012 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek 10260012 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek, East 10260012 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek, East Middle 10260012 37 Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek, Middle 10260012 19 Secondary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek 10260012 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek 10260012 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek 10260012 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek 10260012 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek 10260012 31 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 10260012 42 Primary Contact Recreation
Glen Rock Creek 10260012 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Lawrence Creek 10260012 44 Primary Contact Recreation
Lindley Creek 10260012 45 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Oak Creek 10260012 3 Primary Contact Recreation
Medicine Creek 10260012 33 Primary Contact Recreation
Oak Creek 10260012 2 Primary Contact Recreation
Oak Creek 10260012 4 Primary Contact Recreation
Oak Creek, East 10260012 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Oak Creek, West 10260012 39 Secondary Contact Recreation
Plotner Creek 10260012 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek 10260012 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10260012 8 Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 10260012 28 Secondary Contact Recreation
Starvation Creek 10260012 38 Primary Contact Recreation
Turner Creek 10260012 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Upper South Fork Solomon      
Spring Creek 10260013 5 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower South Fork Solomon      
Ash Creek 10260014 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Boxelder Creek 10260014 14 Primary Contact Recreation
Carr Creek 10260014 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Covert Creek 10260014 19 Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek 10260014 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Dibble Creek 10260014 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek 10260014 15 Primary Contact Recreation
Jim Creek 10260014 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Kill Creek 10260014 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Kill Creek, East 10260014 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek 10260014 13 Primary Contact Recreation
Lucky Creek 10260014 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Medicine Creek 10260014 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Medicine Creek 10260014 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Robbers Roost Creek 10260014 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Twin Creek 10260014 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Twin Creek, East 10260014 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Solomon River      
Cow Creek 10260015 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Fifth Creek 10260015 45 Secondary Contact Recreation
Granite Creek 10260015 24 Secondary Contact Recreation
Leban Creek 10260015 41 Secondary Contact Recreation
Mill Creek 10260015 38 Secondary Contact Recreation
Mulberry Creek 10260015 36 Secondary Contact Recreation
Pipe Creek 10260015 9 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 10260015 26 Secondary Contact Recreation
Basin: Upper Arkansas      
Subbasin: Buckner      
Buckner Creek, South Fork 11030006 6 Primary Contact Recreation
Duck Creek 11030006 8 Secondary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek 11030006 5 Primary Contact Recreation
Saw Log Creek 11030006 3 Primary Contact Recreation
Saw Log Creek 11030006 4 Secondary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Walnut Creek      
Alexander Dry Creek 11030008 7 Secondary Contact Recreation
Bazine Creek 11030008 9 Secondary Contact Recreation
Boot Creek 11030008 15 Secondary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 11030008 14 Secondary Contact Recreation
Dry Walnut Creek 11030008 13 Secondary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek 11030008 12 Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek 11030008 3 Secondary Contact Recreation
Sandy Creek 11030008 11 Secondary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 11030008 1 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 11030008 2 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 11030008 4 Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Upper Republican      
Subbasin: South Fork Republican      
Big Timber Creek 10250003 61 Secondary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Beaver      
Beaver Creek 10250014 2 Secondary Contact Recreation
Basin: Verdigris      
Subbasin: Upper Verdigris      
Bachelor Creek 11070101 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Bernard Creek 11070101 24 Secondary Contact Recreation
Big Cedar Creek 11070101 39 Primary Contact Recreation
Brazil Creek 11070101 31 Primary Contact Recreation
Buffalo Creek 11070101 2 Primary Contact Recreation
Buffalo Creek, West 11070101 34 Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek 11070101 32 Primary Contact Recreation
Chetopa Creek 11070101 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek 11070101 38 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 11070101 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Elder Branch 11070101 37 Primary Contact Recreation
Fancy Creek 11070101 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Greenhall Creek 11070101 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Holderman Creek 11070101 47 Primary Contact Recreation
Homer Creek 11070101 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Kelly Branch 11070101 42 Primary Contact Recreation
Kuntz Branch 11070101 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Sandy Creek 11070101 33 Primary Contact Recreation
Long Creek 11070101 45 Primary Contact Recreation
Miller Creek 11070101 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Moon Branch 11070101 43 Primary Contact Recreation
Onion Creek 11070101 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 11070101 14 Primary Contact Recreation
Ross Branch 11070101 35 Primary Contact Recreation
Sandy Creek 11070101 4 Primary Contact Recreation
Shaw Creek 11070101 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Slate Creek 11070101 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Snake Creek 11070101 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Tate Branch Creek 11070101 44 Primary Contact Recreation
Van Horn Creek 11070101 46 Primary Contact Recreation
Verdigris River, Bernard Branch 11070101 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Verdigris River, North Branch 11070101 13 Primary Contact Recreation
Verdigris River, North Branch 11070101 15 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 11070101 19 Primary Contact Recreation
West Creek 11070101 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek 11070101 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Fall      
Battle Creek 11070102 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Burnt Creek 11070102 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Clear Creek 11070102 37 Primary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek 11070102 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek 11070102 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Crain Creek 11070102 32 Primary Contact Recreation
Honey Creek 11070102 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek 11070102 15 PrimaryContactRecreation
Ivanpah Creek 11070102 19 PrimaryContactRecreation
Kitty Creek 11070102 27 PrimaryContactRecreation
Little Indian Creek 11070102 34 PrimaryContactRecreation
Little Salt Creek 11070102 35 PrimaryContactRecreation
Oleson Creek 11070102 21 PrimaryContactRecreation
Otis Creek 11070102 20 PrimaryContactRecreation
Plum Creek 11070102 30 PrimaryContactRecreation
Rainbow Creek, East 11070102 17 PrimaryContactRecreation
Salt Creek 11070102 14 PrimaryContactRecreation
Salt Creek 11070102 38 PrimaryContactRecreation
Silver Creek 11070102 33 PrimaryContactRecreation
Snake Creek 11070102 31 PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Creek 11070102 12 PrimaryContactRecreation
Swing Creek 11070102 989 PrimaryContact Recreation
Tadpole Creek 11070102 29 PrimaryContactRecreation
Watson Branch 11070102 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Middle Verdigris      
Big Creek 11070103 21 PrimaryContactRecreation
Biscuit Creek 11070103 53 PrimaryContactRecreation
Bluff Run 11070103 54 Primary Contact Recreation
Choteau Creek 11070103 63 PrimaryContactRecreation
Claymore Creek 11070103 50 PrimaryContactRecreation
Deadman Creek 11070103 57 PrimaryContactRecreation
Deer Creek 11070103 51 PrimaryContactRecreation
Drum Creek 11070103 34 PrimaryContactRecreation
Dry Creek 11070103 37 PrimaryContactRecreation
Fawn Creek 11070103 56 PrimaryContactRecreation
Mud Creek 11070103 59 PrimaryContactRecreation
Onion Creek 11070103 39 PrimaryContactRecreation
Potato Creek 11070103 31 PrimaryContactRecreation
Prior Creek 11070103 62 PrimaryContactRecreation
Pumpkin Creek 11070103 28 PrimaryContactRecreation
Richland Creek 11070103 49 PrimaryContactRecreation
Rock Creek 11070103 58 PrimaryContactRecreation
Rock Creek 11070103 61 PrimaryContactRecreation
Snow Creek 11070103 25 PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Creek 11070103 55 PrimaryContactRecreation
Sycamore Creek 11070103 52 PrimaryContactRecreation
Wildcat Creek 11070103 60 PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Elk      
Bachelor Creek 11070104 25 PrimaryContactRecreation
Bloody Run 11070104 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Bull Creek 11070104 33 PrimaryContactRecreation
Card Creek 11070104 19 PrimaryContactRecreation
Chetopa Creek 11070104 18 PrimaryContactRecreation
Clear Creek 11070104 30 PrimaryContactRecreation
Clear Creek 11070104 32 PrimaryContactRecreation
Coffey Branch 11070104 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Duck Creek 11070104 3 PrimaryContactRecreation
Elk River, Mound Branch 11070104 15 PrimaryContactRecreation
Elk River, South Branch 11070104 38 PrimaryContactRecreation
Elk River, Rowe Branch 11070104 39 PrimaryContactRecreation
Elm Branch 11070104 23 PrimaryContactRecreation
Hickory Creek 11070104 28 PrimaryContactRecreation
Hitchen Creek 11070104 7 PrimaryContactRecreation
Hitchen Creek, East 11070104 35 PrimaryContactRecreation
Little Duck Creek 11070104 24 PrimaryContactRecreation
Little Hitchen Creek 11070104 37 PrimaryContactRecreation
Painterhood Creek 11070104 5 PrimaryContactRecreation
Painterhood Creek, East 11070104 36 PrimaryContactRecreation
Pan Creek 11070104 27 PrimaryContactRecreation
Pawpaw Creek 11070104 11 PrimaryContactRecreation
Racket Creek 11070104 21 PrimaryContactRecreation
Rock Creek 11070104 13 PrimaryContactRecreation
Salt Creek 11070104 17 PrimaryContactRecreation
Salt Creek, South 11070104 29 PrimaryContactRecreation
Skull Creek 11070104 31 PrimaryContactRecreation
Snake Creek 11070104 34 PrimaryContactRecreation
Sycamore Creek 11070104 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek 11070104 16 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Caney      
Bachelor Creek 11070106 47 PrimaryContact Recreation
Bee Creek 11070106 9 PrimaryContactRecreation
California Creek 11070106 48 PrimaryContactRecreation
Caney Creek 11070106 12 PrimaryContactRecreation
Caney River, East Fork 11070106 52 PrimaryContactRecreation
Caney Creek, North 11070106 11 PrimaryContactRecreation
Cedar Creek 11070106 30 PrimaryContactRecreation
Cedar Creek 11070106 32 PrimaryContactRecreation
Cheyenne Creek 11070106 40 PrimaryContactRecreation
Coon Creek 11070106 36 PrimaryContactRecreation
Corum Creek 11070106 51 Primary Contact Recreation
Cotton Creek 11070106 38 Primary Contact Recreation
Cotton Creek, North Fork 11070106 37 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 11070106 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Fly Creek 11070106 46 Primary Contact Recreation
Illinois Creek 11070106 39 Primary Contact Recreation
Jim Creek 11070106 49 Primary Contact Recreation
Lake Creek 11070106 34 Primary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek 11070106 33 Primary Contact Recreation
Pool Creek 11070106 43 Primary Contact Recreation
Possum Trot Creek 11070106 74 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 11070106 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 11070106 44 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek 11070106 53 Primary Contact Recreation
Squaw Creek 11070106 42 Primary Contact Recreation
Sycamore Creek 11070106 31 Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek 11070106 45 Primary Contact Recreation
Union Creek 11070106 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek 11070106 35 Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek 11070106 50 Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Walnut      
Subbasin: Upper Walnut River      
Badger Creek 11030017 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Bemis Creek 11030017 8 Primary Contact Recreation
Cole Creek 11030017 15 Primary Contact Recreation
Constant Creek 11030017 41 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 11030017 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek 11030017 32 Primary Contact Recreation
Durechen Creek 11030017 12 Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek 11030017 43 Primary Contact Recreation
Fourmile Creek 11030017 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Gilmore Branch 11030017 39 Primary Contact Recreation
Gypsum Creek 11030017 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Henry Creek 11030017 33 Primary Contact Recreation
Lower Branch 11030017 42 Primary Contact Recreation
Prairie Creek 11030017 35 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek 11030017 37 Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek 11030017 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Satchel Creek 11030017 10 Primary Contact Recreation
School Branch 11030017 45 Primary Contact Recreation
Sutton Creek 11030017 40 Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek 11030017 44 Primary Contact Recreation
Whitewater Creek 11030017 34 Primary Contact Recreation
Whitewater Creek, East Branch 11030017 31 Primary Contact Recreation
Whitewater River, East Branch 11030017 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Whitewater River, West Branch 11030017 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Whitewater River, West Branch 11030017 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek 11030017 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek, West 11030017 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Walnut River      
Black Crook Creek 11030018 18 Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek 11030018 19 Secondary Contact Recreation
Chigger Creek 11030018 21 Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek 11030018 31 Primary Contact Recreation
Durham Creek 11030018 23 Primary Contact Recreation
Dutch Creek 11030018 2 Primary Contact Recreation
Dutch Creek 11030018 4 Primary Contact Recreation
Eightmile Creek 11030018 30 Primary Contact Recreation
Foos Creek 11030018 26 Primary Contact Recreation
Hickory Creek 11030018 12 Primary Contact Recreation
Honey Creek 11030018 33 Primary Contact Recreation
Little Dutch Creek 11030018 27 Primary Contact Recreation
Lower Dutch Creek 11030018 20 Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek 11030018 36 Primary Contact Recreation
Polecat Creek 11030018 17 Primary Contact Recreation
Posey Creek 11030018 37 Primary Contact Recreation
Richland Creek 11030018 25 Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek, North Branch 11030018 35 Primary Contact Recreation
Sanford Creek 11030018 29 Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Branch 11030018 32 Primary Contact Recreation
Stalter Branch 11030018 24 Primary Contact Recreation
Stewart Creek 11030018 28 Primary Contact Recreation
Swisher Branch 11030018 22 Primary Contact Recreation
Total = 1186      
Lake name County Designated use
Basin: Cimarron    
Subbasin: Upper Cimarron (HUC 11040002)    
Moss Lake East MORTON Primary ContactRecreation
Moss Lake West MORTON Primary ContactRecreation
Subbasin: North Fork Cimarron (HUC 11040006)    
Russell Lake STEVENS PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Upper Cimarron-Bluff (HUC 11040008)    
Clark State Fishing Lake CLARK PrimaryContactRecreation
Saint Jacob's Well CLARK PrimaryContactRecreation
Basin: Kansas/Lower Republican    
Subbasin: Middle Republican (HUC 10250016)    
Lake Jewell JEWELL PrimaryContact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Republican (HUC 10250017)    
Belleville City Lake REPUBLIC PrimaryContactRecreation
Wakefield Lake CLAY PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Middle Kansas (HUC 10270102)    
Alma City Reservoir WABAUNSEE PrimaryContactRecreation
Cedar Crest Pond SHAWNEE PrimaryContactRecreation
Central Park Lake SHAWNEE PrimaryContactRecreation
Gage Park Lake SHAWNEE PrimaryContactRecreation
Jeffrey Energy Center Lakes POTTAWATOMIE PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Delaware (HUC 10270103)    
Atchison County Park Lake ATCHISON PrimaryContactRecreation
Little Lake BROWN PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Lower Kansas (HUC 10270104)    
Douglas County State Lake DOUGLAS PrimaryContactRecreation
Lenexa Lake JOHNSON PrimaryContactRecreation
Mahaffie Farmstead Pond JOHNSON PrimaryContactRecreation
Pierson Park Lake WYANDOTTE PrimaryContactRecreation
Waterworks Lakes JOHNSON PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Lower Big Blue (HUC 10270205)    
Lake Idlewild MARSHALL PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Lower Little Blue (HUC 10270207)    
Washington County State Fishing Lake WASHINGTON PrimaryContactRecreation
Basin: Lower Arkansas    
Subbasin: Rattlesnake (HUC 11030009)    
Kiowa County State Fishing Lake KIOWA PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Cow (HUC 11030011)    
Barton Lake BARTON PrimaryContactRecreation
Sterling City Lake RICE PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Little Arkansas (HUC 11030012)    
Dillon Park Lakes #1 RENO PrimaryContactRecreation
Dillon Park Lake #2 RENO PrimaryContactRecreation
Newton City Park Lake HARVEY PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Middle Arkansas-Slate (HUC 11030013)    
Belaire Lake SEDGWICK PrimaryContactRecreation
Buffalo Park Lake SEDGWICK PrimaryContactRecreation
Emery Park SEDGWICK PrimaryContactRecreation
Harrison Park Lake SEDGWICK PrimaryContactRecreation
Riggs Park Lake SEDGWICK PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: South Fork Ninnescah (HUC 11030015)    
Lemon Park Lake PRATT PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Medicine Lodge (HUC 11060003)    
Barber County State Fishing Lake BARBER PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Lower Salt Fork Arkansas (HUC 11060004)    
Hargis Lake BARBER PrimaryContactRecreation
Basin: Marais Des Cygnes    
Subbasin: Upper Marais Des Cygnes (HUC 10290101)    
Allen City Lake LYON PrimaryContactRecreation
Cedar Creek Lake ANDERSON PrimaryContactRecreation
Crystal Lake ANDERSON PrimaryContactRecreation
Lyon County State Fishing Lake LYON PrimaryContactRecreation
Osage City Reservoir OSAGE PrimaryContactRecreation
Waterworks Impoundment ANDERSON PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Lower Marais Des Cygnes (HUC 10290102)    
Edgerton City Lake JOHNSON PrimaryContactRecreation
Edgerton South Lake JOHNSON PrimaryContactRecreation
Lake LaCygne LINN PrimaryContactRecreation
Louisburg State Fishing Lake MIAMI PrimaryContactRecreation
Miami County State Fishing Lake MIAMI PrimaryContactRecreation
Paola City Lake MIAMI PrimaryContactRecreation
Pleasanton Lake #1 LINN PrimaryContactRecreation
Pleasanton Lake #2 LINN PrimaryContactRecreation
Spring Hill City Lake JOHNSON PrimaryContactRecreation
Subbasin: Marmaton (HUC 10290104)    
Gunn Park Lake, East BOURBON PrimaryContactRecreation
Gunn Park Lake, West BOURBON PrimaryContactRecreation
Rock Creek Lake BOURBON PrimaryContactRecreation
Basin: Missouri    
Subbasin: South Fork Big Nemaha (HUC 10240007)    
Pony Creek Lake NEMAHA Primary Contact Recreation
Sabetha City Lake NEMAHA Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Independence-Sugar (HUC 10240011)    
Atchison City Lakes ATCHISON Primary Contact Recreation
Big Eleven Lake WYANDOTTE Primary Contact Recreation
Doniphan Fair Association Lake DONIPHAN Primary Contact Recreation
Jerrys Lake LEAVENWORTH Primary Contact Recreation
Lansing City Lake LEAVENWORTH Primary Contact Recreation
South Park Lake LEAVENWORTH Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Missouri-Crooked (HUC 10300101)    
Prairie View Park JOHNSON Primary Contact Recreation
South Park Lake JOHNSON Primary Contact Recreation
Stanley Rural Water District Lake #2 JOHNSON Primary Contact Recreation
Stohl Park Lake JOHNSON Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Neosho    
Subbasin: Lower Cottonwood (HUC 11070203)    
Peter Pan Pond LYON Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Upper Neosho (HUC 11070204)    
Chanute City (Santa Fe) Lake NEOSHO Primary Contact Recreation
Leonard's Lake WOODSON Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Middle Neosho (HUC 11070205)    
Altamont City Lake #1 LABETTE Primary Contact Recreation
Bartlett City Lake LABETTE Primary Contact Recreation
Harmon Wildlife Area Lakes LABETTE Primary Contact Recreation
Mined Land Wildlife Area Lakes CHEROKEE Primary Contact Recreation
Timber Lake NEOSHO Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Spring (HUC 11070207)    
Empire Lake CHEROKEE Primary Contact Recreation
Frontenac City Park CRAWFORD Primary Contact Recreation
Mined Land Wildlife Area Lakes CRAWFORD Primary Contact Recreation
Pittsburg College Lake CRAWFORD Primary Contact Recreation
Playters Lake CRAWFORD Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Smoky Hill/Saline    
Subbasin: Lower Smoky Hill (HUC 10260008)    
Herington City Park Lake DICKINSON Primary Contact Recreation
Herington Reservoir DICKINSON Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Solomon    
Subbasin: Lower North Fork Solomon (HUC 10260012)    
Francis Wachs Wildlife Area Lakes SMITH Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Solomon River (HUC 10260015)    
Jewell County State Fishing Lake JEWELL Primary Contact Recreation
Ottawa County State Fishing Lake OTTAWA Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Upper Arkansas    
Subbasin: Middle Arkansas-Lake McKinney (HUC 11030001)    
Lake McKinney KEARNY Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Arkansas-Dodge City (HUC 11030003)    
Lake Charles FORD Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Pawnee (HUC 11030005)    
Concannon State Fishing Lake FINNEY Primary Contact Recreation
Finney County Game Refuge Lakes FINNEY Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Buckner (HUC 11030006)    
Ford County Lake FORD Primary Contact Recreation
Hain State Fishing Lake FORD Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Upper Walnut Creek (HUC 11030007)    
Goodman State Fishing Lake NESS Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Lower Walnut Creek (HUC 11030008)    
Memorial Park Lake BARTON Primary Contact Recreation
Stone Lake BARTON Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Verdigris    
Subbasin: Upper Verdigris (HUC 11070101)    
Quarry Lake WILSON Primary Contact Recreation
Thayer New City Lake NEOSHO Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Middle Verdigris (HUC 11070103)    
La Claire Lake MONTGOMERY Primary Contact Recreation
Pfister Park Lakes MONTGOMERY Primary Contact Recreation
Subbasin: Caney (HUC 11070106)    
Caney City Lake CHAUTAUQUA Primary Contact Recreation
Basin: Walnut    
Subbasin: Lower Walnut River (HUC 11030018)    
Butler County State Fishing Lake BUTLER Primary Contact Recreation
Winfield Park Lagoon COWLEY Primary Contact Recreation
Total = 100    

(c) Water quality standard variances. (1) The Regional Administrator, EPA Region 7, is authorized to grant variances from the water quality standards in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section where the requirements of this paragraph (c) are met. A water quality standard variance applies only to the permittee requesting the variance and only to the pollutant or pollutants specified in the variance; the underlying water quality standard otherwise remains in effect.

(2) A water quality standard variance shall not be granted if:

(i) Standards will be attained by implementing effluent limitations required under sections 301(b) and 306 of the CWA and by the permittee implementing reasonable best management practices for nonpoint source control; or

(ii) The variance would likely jeopardize the continued existence of any threatened or endangered species listed under section 4 of the Endangered Species Act or result in the destruction or adverse modification of such species' critical habitat.

(3) Subject to paragraph (c)(2) of this section, a water quality standards variance may be granted if the applicant demonstrates to EPA that attaining the water quality standard is not feasible because:

(i) Naturally occurring pollutant concentrations prevent the attainment of the use; or

(ii) Natural, ephemeral, intermittent or low flow conditions or water levels prevent the attainment of the use, unless these conditions may be compensated for by the discharge of sufficient volume of effluent discharges without violating State water conservation requirements to enable uses to be met; or

(iii) Human caused conditions or sources of pollution prevent the attainment of the use and cannot be remedied or would cause more environmental damage to correct than to leave in place; or

(iv) Dams, diversions or other types of hydrologic modifications preclude the attainment of the use, and it is not feasible to restore the water body to its original condition or to operate such modification in a way which would result in the attainment of the use; or

(v) Physical conditions related to the natural features of the water body, such as the lack of a proper substrate, cover, flow, depth, pools, riffles, and the like unrelated to water quality, preclude attainment of aquatic life protection uses; or

(vi) Controls more stringent than those required by sections 301(b) and 306 of the CWA would result in substantial and widespread economic and social impact.

(4) Procedures. An applicant for a water quality standards variance shall submit a request to the Regional Administrator of EPA Region 7. The application shall include all relevant information showing that the requirements for a variance have been satisfied. The burden is on the applicant to demonstrate to EPA's satisfaction that the designated use is unattainable for one of the reasons specified in paragraph (c)(3) of this section. If the Regional Administrator preliminarily determines that grounds exist for granting a variance, he shall provide public notice of the proposed variance and provide an opportunity for public comment. Any activities required as a condition of the Regional Administrator's granting of a variance shall be included as conditions of the NPDES permit for the applicant. These terms and conditions shall be incorporated into the applicant's NPDES permit through the permit reissuance process or through a modification of the permit pursuant to the applicable permit modification provisions of Kansas' NPDES program

(5) A variance may not exceed 3 years or the term of the NPDES permit, whichever is less. A variance may be renewed if the applicant reapplies and demonstrates that the use in question is still not attainable. Renewal of the variance may be denied if the applicant did not comply with the conditions of the original variance, or otherwise does not meet the requirements of this section.

[FR Doc. 03-16924 Filed 7-3-03; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6560-50-U

Site Feedback