Changes in the Insular Possessions Watch, Watch Movement and Jewelry Program
Notice Of Proposed Rulemaking And Request For Comments.
The Departments of Commerce and the Interior (the Departments) propose amending their regulations governing watch duty-exemption allocations and the watch and jewelry duty-refund benefits for producers in the United States insular possessions (the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands). The proposed rule would amend existing regulations, due to changes in the industry, by updating the watch assembly requirements for purposes of the duty refund. We also propose amending the regulations to reflect the new designations that were created with the addition of the Department of Homeland Security.
2 actions from August 1st, 2003 to November 2003
August 1st, 2003
- Final Action
Table of Contents Back to Top
DATES: Back to Top
Written comments must be received on or before September 2, 2003.
ADDRESSES: Back to Top
Address written comments to Faye Robinson, Acting Director, Statutory Import Programs Staff, FCB, Suite 4100W, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th and Constitution Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20230.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top
Faye Robinson, (202) 482-3526, same address as above.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top
The insular possessions watch industry provision in section 110 of 97 (96 Stat. 2331) (1983), as amended by section 602 of 103 (108 Stat. 4991) (1994); additional U.S. Note 5 to chapter 91 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (“HTSUS”), as amended by 94 (90 Stat. 263)(1976) requires the Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of the Interior (“the Secretaries”), acting jointly, to establish a limit on the quantity of watches and watch movements which may be entered free of duty during each calendar year. The law also requires the Secretaries to establish the shares of this limited quantity which may be entered from the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (“CNMI”). After the Departments have verified the data submitted on the annual application (Form ITA-334P), the producers' duty-exemption allocations are calculated from the territorial share in accordance with 15 CFR 303.14 and each producer is issued a duty-exemption license. The law further requires the Secretaries to issue duty-refund certificates to each territorial watch and watch movement producer based on the company's duty-free shipments and creditable wages paid during the previous calendar year.
Pub. L. 106-36 (113 Stat. 127) (1999) authorizes the issuance of a duty-refund certificate to each territorial jewelry producer for any article of jewelry provided for in heading 7113 of the HTSUS which is the product of any such territory. The value of the certificate is based on creditable wages paid and duty-free units shipped into the United States during the previous calendar year. Although the law specifically mentions the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam and American Samoa, the issuance of the duty-refund certificate would also apply to the CNMI due to the Covenant To Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union With the United States of America (94), which states that goods from the CNMI are entitled to the same tariff treatment as imports from Guam. See also 19 CFR 7.2(a). In order to be considered a product of such territories, the jewelry must meet the U.S. Customs Service substantial transformation requirements (the jewelry must become a new and different article of commerce as a result of production or manufacture performed in the territory). To receive duty-free treatment, the jewelry must also satisfy the requirements of General Note 3(a)(iv) of the HTSUS and applicable Customs Regulations (19 CFR 7.3).
Proposed Amendments Back to Top
We propose amending the definitions for Creditable wages and Non-91/5 watches and watch movements, subpart A § 303.2(a)(13) and (14) respectively, to allow wages to be creditable towards the duty refund for watches containing preassembled movements provided (1) that the producer is unable to purchase the movements unassembled and (2) that it completes in the insular possession all other assembly operations required to make the movement into a watch (see discussion, below).
The watch and jewelry program was designed to spur local employment by giving producers benefits based upon creditable wages paid to permanent residents of the insular possessions. For purposes of determining whether wages are creditable, the Departments' current regulations require producers to purchase unassembled movements so that the movement assembly process will take place in the insular possessions. However, it has come to the Departments' attention that due to recent changes in the watch industry, it has become increasingly difficult, if not impossible, for producers to purchase the desired movements in an unassembled condition. Adoption of our proposed rule will afford producers greater flexibility in dealing with such market realities. Thus, the effect of the proposed revision will be to give producers the ability to continue to choose those movements best suited to their particular needs without losing the duty refund benefit, thereby allowing producers to continue to provide meaningful and substantial work for permanent residents in the insular possessions. Notwithstanding the proposed revision to the regulations, assembly operations required to be performed in the insular possession for purposes of the duty refund would still include casing, assembling the dial on the movement, adding the battery to the movement, setting the hands, cutting the stem and assembling the crown, attaching the clasps, buckles and bands and performing all quality control operations. Our proposal would not affect the watch assembly requirements of the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (formerly the U.S. Customs Service). If those requirements are not satisfied, the producer must pay applicable duties.
In order for wages to be considered creditable for watch assembly operations which incorporate preassembled movements, we also propose amending subpart A § 303.5(b)(6) to require producers who completely assemble watches in the insular possessions, with the exception of the movement, to maintain documentation that demonstrates that the preassembled movement the insular producer purchased could not have been purchased in an unassembled condition. This documentation must be available, along with other relevant company records, for review during the annual audit and verification of the data from the Annual Application ( Form ITA-334P). Producers would still be required to meet the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection and the Departments' assembly requirements for purposes of the duty exemption.
Pursuant to section 403 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (Pub. L. 107-296) (2002), the U.S. Customs Service was transferred from the Department of the Treasury to the Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”). Under the DHS” Reorganization Plan (Nov. 25, 2002), this transfer became effective as of March 1, 2003. The former Customs Service has now been redesignated as the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection. As a result of this reorganization, we propose amending 15 CFR Part 303 by replacing “U.S. Customs Service” throughout the regulations with its new designation, “Bureau of Customs and Border Protection”. We also propose replacing “Department of the Treasury” wherever it occurs in the regulations with “Department of Homeland Security” which is now the appropriate designation for purposes of the insular watch and jewelry program.
Administrative Law Requirements Back to Top
Regulatory Flexibility Act. In accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq., the Chief Counsel for Regulation at the Department of Commerce has certified to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy, Small Business Administration, that the proposed rule, if promulgated as final, will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. There are currently three watch companies in the insular program. This rulemaking would update the watch assembly requirements for purposes of the duty refund. The change is being proposed due to the increasing difficulty in purchasing unassembled movements. Adoption of this rule would afford an overall positive economic benefit to watch producers by providing greater flexibility in their selection of movements which may lead to increased sales and employment. Although the proposed rule requires a producer who uses preassembled or partially assembled movements to have available, for the annual audit, documentation that the supplier would not sell the movement unassembled, such documentation would almost certainly be part of the normal ordering process. Consequently, the producer would merely be saving such documentation from the supplier stating that it does not sell the desired movement unassembled. The cost of saving the documentation would be, at most, probably $5 a year for no more than the fifteen minutes a year spent on filing the information. Therefore, there would be little or no economic impact, particularly in light of the fact that it would only be required when preassembled or partially assembled movements were purchased.
This proposed rule would not have significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities because the rule would only increase reporting or record keeping requirements by fifteen minutes a year per company at most if the producer chose to purchase preassembled or partially assembled movements and would not increase reporting or record keeping at all if the producer purchased only unassembled movements. These changes will also not duplicate, overlap or conflict with other laws or regulations. Consequently, these changes in the regulations are not expected to meet of the RFA criteria of having a “significant” economic effect on a “substantial number” of small entities, as stated in 5 U.S.C. 603 et seq. Therefore, a regulatory flexibility analysis was not prepared.
Paperwork Reduction Act. This proposed rulemaking contains revised collection of information requirements that have been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval. The rule would allow watch producers the flexibility to use preassembled movements in situations where the desired movement could not be purchased unassembled and still receive the duty refund benefit. However, if producers purchase preassembled movements they would be required to save the documentation from the supplier that demonstrates that the preassembled movement could not have been purchased unassembled. The documentation would be required to be available for the annual audit of information contained on form ITA-334P. We would estimate the burden to be, at most, fifteen minutes a year to file the piece of paper provided by the supplier. There would be no burden for the producers who continued to use unassembled movements. Collection activities are currently approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control numbers 0625-0040 and 0625-0134. Public comment is sought regarding: whether the proposed collection of information requirement are necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; the accuracy of the burden estimate; ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and the ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information, including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Send comments regarding the burden estimate or any other aspect of the collection of information to U.S. Department of Commerce, ITA Information Officer, Washington, DC 20230 and the Office of Information and Regulations Officer, Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC 20503 (Att: OMB Desk Officer).
Notwithstanding any other provision of the law, no person is required to respond to, nor shall any person be subject to a penalty for failure to comply with a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB Control Number.
E.O. 12866. It has been determined that the proposed rulemaking is not significant for purposes of Executive Order 12866.
For reasons set forth above, the Departments propose to amend 15 CFR Part 303 as follows:
PART 303—WATCHES, WATCH MOVEMENTS AND JEWELRY PROGRAM Back to Top
1. The authority citation for 15 CFR Part 303 reads as follows:
2. Title 15 CFR Part 303 is amended by:
a. Removing “U.S. Customs Service” or “Customs Service” wherever it appears and adding “Bureau of Customs and Border Protection” in its place; and
b. Removing “Department of the Treasury” wherever it appears and adding “Department of Homeland Security” in its place.
3. Section 303.2 is amended by revising the first sentence of paragraph (a)(13) and revising paragraph (a)(14) to read as follows:
§ 303.2 Definitions and forms.
(a) * * *
(13) Creditable wages means all wages, up to an amount equal to 65% of the contribution and benefit base for Social Security as defined in the Social Security Act for the year in which the wages were earned, paid to permanent residents of the territories employed in a firm's 91/5 watch and watch movement assembly operations, plus wages paid for the repair of non-91/5 watches up to an amount equal to 50% of the firm's total creditable wages, and for wages paid for the complete assembly of watches in the insular possession, with the exception of the movement, only in situations where the desired movement cannot be purchased in an unassembled condition. * * *
(14) Non-91/5 watches and watch movements include, but are not limited to, watches and movements which are liquidated as dutiable by the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection but do not include, for purposes of the duty refund, watches that are completely assembled in the insular possessions, with the exception of a desired movement if the movement can not be purchased in an unassembled condition; contains any material which is the product of any country with respect to which Column 2 rates of duty apply; are ineligible for duty-free treatment pursuant to law or regulation; or are units the assembly of which the Departments have determined not to involve substantial and meaningful work in the territories (as elsewhere defined in these regulations).
* * * * *
4. Section 303.5(b)(6) is revised to read as follows:
§ 303.5 Application for annual allocation of duty-exemptions.
* * * * *
(b) * * *
(6) Records on purchases of components, including documentation on the purchase of any preassembled movements, which demonstrate that such movements could not have been purchased from the vendor in an unassembled condition, and records on the sales of insular watches and movements, including proof of payment; and
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Joseph A. Spetrini,
Acting Assistant Secretary for Grant Aldonas, Under Secretary,Department of Commerce.
David B. Cohen,
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Insular Affairs, Department of the Interior.
[FR Doc. 03-19272; Filed 7-31-03; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P; 4310-93-P