Draft Guidance for Industry on Genotoxic and Carcinogenic Impurities in Drug Substances and Products: Recommended Approaches; Availability
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled “Genotoxic and Carcinogenic Impurities in Drug Substances and Products: Recommended Approaches.” This draft guidance is intended to inform pharmaceutical manufacturers of the agency's thinking regarding genotoxic and carcinogenic impurities in drug substances and drug products, including biologic products that are regulated by the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER), and to provide recommendations on how to evaluate the safety of these impurities during clinical development and for marketing applications. This draft guidance, when finalized, will clarify FDA's additional testing and exposure threshold recommendations for situations in which genotoxic or carcinogenic impurities are present. This draft guidance addresses synthetic impurities and degradants in drug substances, but does not otherwise address the genotoxicity or carcinogenicity of actual drug substances or intended drug product ingredients. This draft guidance also applies to known starting materials or anticipated reaction products.
Table of Contents Back to Top
DATES: Back to Top
Although you can comment on any guidance at any time (see 21 CFR 10.115(g)(5)), to ensure that the agency considers your comment on this draft guidance before it begins work on the final version of the guidance, submit written or electronic comments on the draft guidance by February 17, 2009.
ADDRESSES: Back to Top
Submit written requests for single copies of the draft guidance to the Division of Drug Information, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 51, rm. 2201, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002. Send one self-addressed adhesive label to assist that office in processing your requests. Submit written comments on the draft guidance to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. Submit electronic comments to http://www.regulations.gov. See the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for electronic access to the draft guidance document.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top
David Jacobson-Kram, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 22, rm. 6488, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-0175.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top
I. Background Back to Top
FDA is announcing the availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled “Genotoxic and Carcinogenic Impurities in Drug Substances and Products: Recommended Approaches.” This draft guidance is intended to inform pharmaceutical manufacturers of the agency's thinking regarding genotoxic and carcinogenic impurities in drug substances and drug products, including biologic products regulated by CDER, and to provide recommendations on how to evaluate the safety of these impurities. Genotoxic compounds, because of their ability to induce genetic mutations, chromosomal breaks, and/or chromosomal rearrangements, have the potential for being carcinogenic to humans.
Regulatory issues related to the presence of genotoxic or carcinogenic impurities have arisen with greater frequency because of enhanced technological capability in identifying impurities and an increased focus on their potential for negatively affecting human health. FDA guidance documents that address issues related to impurities and residual solvents include the following International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) guidances for industry: “Q3A(R2) Impurities in New Drug Substances,” “Q3B(R2) Impurities in New Drug Products,” and “Q3C(R3) Impurities: Guideline for Residual Solvents.” However, these ICH guidances do not fully address situations in which genotoxic or carcinogenic impurities are present.
This draft guidance describes acceptable approaches for initially evaluating the genotoxic potential of impurities as well as approaches for handling impurities with known genotoxic or carcinogenic potential. These approaches include prevention of the impurity formation, reduction of the impurity level to an acceptable threshold, or additional characterization of the genotoxic and carcinogenic risk. The draft guidance also discusses various factors that should be considered in the overall risk assessment based on the drug indication, duration of use, and the clinical development stage.
FDA has developed this draft guidance because these types of impurities are being identified more frequently and because FDA has received a number of questions from industry regarding acceptable approaches.
This draft guidance is being issued consistent with FDA's good guidance practices regulation (21 CFR 10.115). The draft guidance, when finalized, will represent the agency's current thinking on recommended approaches for genotoxic and carcinogenic impurities in drug substances and products. It does not create or confer any rights for or on any person and does not operate to bind FDA or the public. An alternative approach may be used if such approach satisfies the requirements of the applicable statutes and regulations.
II. The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 Back to Top
This guidance refers to previously approved collections of information that are subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520). The collections of information in 21 CFR parts 312 and 314 have been approved under OMB Control Numbers 0910-0014 and 0910-0001, respectively.
III. Comments Back to Top
Interested persons may submit to the Division of Dockets Management (see ADDRESSES) written or electronic comments regarding this document. Submit a single copy of electronic comments or two paper copies of any mailed comments, except that individuals may submit one paper copy. Comments are to be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. Received comments may be seen in the Division of Dockets Management between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.
Please note that on January 15, 2008, the FDA Division of Dockets Management Web site transitioned to the Federal Dockets Management System (FDMS). FDMS is a Government-wide, electronic docket management system. Electronic comments or submissions will be accepted by FDA only through FDMS at http://www.regulations.gov.
IV. Electronic Access Back to Top
Dated: December 8, 2008.
Associate Commissioner for Policy and Planning.
[FR Doc. E8-29674 Filed 12-15-08; 8:45 am]
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