Access by Historical Researchers and Certain Former Government Personnel
Consistent with Executive Order 13526, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has undertaken and completed a review of its public regulations on access by historical researchers and certain former government personnel. As a result of this review, the Agency has revised its access regulations to more clearly reflect the current CIA organizational structure and policies and practices, and to eliminate ambiguous, redundant and obsolete regulatory provisions. This rule is being issued as a final rule without prior notice of proposed rulemaking as allowed by the Administrative Procedure Act for rules of agency procedure and interpretation.
Table of Contents Back to Top
DATES: Back to Top
Effective September 23, 2011.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top
Joseph W. Lambert, (703) 613-1379.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top
Consistent with Executive Order 13526, the CIA has undertaken and completed a review of its public regulations on access by historical researchers and certain former government personnel. As a result of this review, the Agency has revised its access regulations to more clearly reflect the current CIA organizational structure and policies and practices, and to eliminate ambiguous, redundant and obsolete regulatory provisions. This rule is being issued as a final rule without prior notice of proposed rulemaking as allowed by the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(A) for rules of agency procedure and interpretation.
- Access by historical researchers and certain former government personnel
- Classified information
Accordingly, the CIA is amending 32 CFR part 1909 as follows:
PART 1909—ACCESS BY HISTORICAL RESEARCHERS AND CERTAIN FORMER GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL PURSUANT TO SEC. 4.4 OF EXECUTIVE ORDER 13526 Back to Top
1.The authority citation for part 1909 is revised to read as follows:
2.Revise the part heading to read as set forth above.
3.Revise § 1909.01 to read as follows:
§ 1909.01 Authority and purpose.
(a) Authority. This part is issued under the authority of and in order to implement section 4.4 of E.O. 13526 (or successor Orders); the CIA Information Act of 1984, as amended (50 U.S.C. 431); section 102 of the National Security Act of 1947, as amended (50 U.S.C. 403); and section 6 of the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949, as amended (50 U.S.C. 403g).
(b) Purpose. This part prescribes procedures for:
(1) Requesting access to CIA records for purposes ofhistorical research, or
(2) Requesting access to CIA records as a former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee.
4.In § 1909.02, revise paragraphs (e), (g), (h), (i), (j), (k), (l), (m), (n), and add paragraphs (o) and (p) to read as follows:
§ 1909.02 Definitions.
* * * * *
(e) Coordinator means the CIA Information and Privacy Coordinator who serves as the Agency manager of the historical access program established pursuant to section 4.4 of the Order.
* * * * *
(g) Director of Security means the Agency official responsible for making all security and access approvals and for affecting the necessary secrecy, non-disclosure, and/or pre-publication agreements as may be required.
(h) Director, Information Management Services means the Senior Agency Official as defined in Section 6.1(mm) of the Order.
(i) Federal agency means any executive department, military department, or other establishment or entity included in the definition of agency in 5 U.S.C. 552(f).
(j) Former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee means any person who has previously occupied a senior policy-making position in the executive branch of the United States Government to which they were appointed by the current or a former President or Vice President.
(k) Historical researcher means any individual with professional training in the academic field of history (or related fields such as journalism) engaged in a research project leading to publication (or any similar activity such as academic course development) reasonably intended to increase the understanding of the American public into the operations and activities of the United States government. The term includes anyone serving as a research associate of a former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee.
(l) Information means any knowledge that can be communicated or documentary material, regardless of its physical form that is owned by, produced by or for, or is under the control of the United States Government.
(m) Interested party means any official in the executive, military, congressional, or judicial branches of government, United States or foreign, or U.S. Government contractor who, in the sole discretion of the CIA, has a subject matter or physical interest in the documents or information at issue.
(n) Originator means the CIA officer who originated the information at issue, or successor in office, or a CIA officer who has been delegated classification authority for the information at issue in accordance with the provisions of the Order.
(o) Agency Release Panel (ARP) refers to the Agency's forum for reviewing information review and release policy, the adequacy of resources available to all Agency declassification and release programs, and hearing requests in accordance with this section.
5.Revise § 1909.04 to read as follows:
§ 1909.04 Suggestions and complaints.
The Agency welcomes suggestions, comments, or complaints with regard to its administration of the historical access program established pursuant to Executive Order 13526. Members of the public shall address all such communications to the CIA Information and Privacy Coordinator. The Agency will respond as determined feasible and appropriate under the circumstances.
6.In § 1909.11, revise paragraphs (a)(2) and (b) to read as follows:
§ 1909.11 Requirements as to who may apply.
(a) * * *
(2) Additional considerations. In light of the very limited Agency resources, it is the policy of the Agency to consider applications for historical research privileges only in those instances where the researcher's needs cannot be satisfied through requests for access to reasonably described records under the Freedom of Information Act or the mandatory declassification review provisions of Executive Order 13526, and where issues of internal resource availability and fairness to all members of the historical research community militate in favor of a particular grant.
(b) Former Presidential and Vice Presidential appointees or designees. Any former Presidential or Vice Presidential appointee or designee as defined herein may also submit a request to be given access to any items which they originated, reviewed, signed, or received while serving in that capacity. Such appointees may also request approval for a research associate but there is no entitlement to such enlargement of access and the decision in this regard shall be in the sole discretion of the Agency. Requests from appointees shall be in writing to the Coordinator and shall identify the records of interest.
7.Revise § 1909.12 to read as follows:
§ 1909.12 Designation of authority to grant requests.
(a) The Agency Release Panel (ARP) is designated to hear requests and shall issue the final Agency decision granting requests for access by historical researchers and access by former Presidential and Vice Presidential appointees and designees under Executive Order 13526 (or successor Orders) and these regulations.
(b) ARP Membership. The ARP is chaired by the Chief, Information Review and Release Group, Information Management Services, and composed of the Information Review Officers from the various Directorates and the D/CIA areas, as well as the representatives of the various release programs and offices. The Information and Privacy Coordinator also serves as Executive Secretary of the ARP.
8.Revise § 1909.14, revise the section heading and paragraph (a) to read as follows:
§ 1909.14. Determinations on requests for access by Historical Researchers.
Required determinations. The Agency shall make the following determinations in writing:
(a) That a serious professional or scholarly research project by the requester is contemplated;
(b) That such access is clearly consistent with the interests of national security;
(c) That a non-disclosure agreement has been or will be executed by the requester (and research associate, if any) and other appropriate steps are taken to assure that classified information will not be disclosed or otherwise compromised;
(d) That a pre-publication agreement has been or will be executed by the requester (and research associate, if any) which provides for a review of notes and any resulting manuscript;
(e) That the information requested be reasonably accessible and can be located and compiled with a reasonable effort;
(f) That it is reasonably expected that substantial and substantive government documents and/or information will be amenable to declassification and release and/or publication;
(g) That sufficient resources are available for the administrative support of the historical researcher given current requirements; and
(h) That the request cannot be satisfied to the same extent through requests for access to reasonably described records under the Freedom of Information Act or the mandatory declassification review provisions of Executive Order 13526.
§ 1909.15 [Removed]
9.Remove § 1909.15.
§ 1909.16 [Amended]
10.Revise § 1909.16 to read as follows:
§ 1909.16 Action by Agency Release Panel (ARP).
The ARP shall meet on a regular schedule and may take action when a simple majority of the total membership is present. Issues shall be decided by a majority of the members present. In all cases of a divided vote, before the decision of the ARP becomes final, any member of the ARP may by written memorandum to the Executive Secretary of the ARP, refer such matters to the Director, Information Management Services (D/IMS) for decision. In the event of a disagreement with any decision by D/IMS, Directorate heads may appeal to the Associate Deputy Director, CIA (ADD) for resolution. The final Agency decision shall reflect the vote of the ARP, unless changed by the D/IMS or the ADD.
11.Revise § 1909.17 as follows:
§ 1909.17 Notification of decision.
The Executive Secretary shall inform the requester of the final Agency decision and, if favorable, shall manage the access for such period as deemed required but in no event for more than two years unless renewed by the Panel or Board in accordance with the requirements of this Part.
12.Revise § 1909.18 to read as follows:
§ 1909.18 Termination of access.
The Coordinator shall cancel any authorization and deny any further access whenever the Director of Security cancels the security clearance of a requester (or research associate, if any); or whenever the Agency Release Panel determines that continued access would no longer be consistent with the requirements of this Part; or at the conclusion of the authorized period of up to two years.
Dated: August 10, 2011.
Joseph W. Lambert,
Director, Information Management Services.
[FR Doc. 2011-21576 Filed 9-22-11; 8:45 am]
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