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Rule

Asian Longhorned Beetle; Quarantined Areas in Massachusetts, Ohio, and New York

Action

Interim Rule And Request For Comments.

Summary

We are amending the Asian longhorned beetle regulations to make changes to the list of quarantined areas by adding portions of Worcester County, MA, and Clermont County, OH, to the list of quarantined areas. We are also removing a portion of Suffolk County, NY, from the list of quarantined areas based on our determination that the area meets our criteria for removal. These actions are necessary to prevent the artificial spread of Asian longhorned beetle to noninfested areas of the United States and to relieve restrictions on certain areas that are no longer necessary.

 

Table of Contents Back to Top

DATES: Back to Top

This interim rule is effective May 30, 2012. We will consider all comments that we receive on or before July 30, 2012.

ADDRESSES: Back to Top

You may submit comments by either of the following methods:

Supporting documents and any comments we receive on this docket may be viewed at http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2012-0003 or in our reading room, which is located in room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 799-7039 before coming.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top

Ms. Claudia Ferguson, Regulatory Policy Specialist, Regulations, Permits and Manuals, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 26, Riverdale, MD 20737-1236; (301) 851-2352.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top

Background Back to Top

The Asian longhorned beetle (ALB, Anoplophora glabripennis), an insect native to China, Japan, Korea, and the Isle of Hainan, is a destructive pest of hardwood trees. The ALB regulations in 7 CFR 301.51-1 through 301.51-9 (referred to below as the regulations) restrict the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas to prevent the artificial spread of ALB to noninfested areas of the United States.

On October 25, 2011, an ALB infestation was discovered in the central portion of Shrewsbury in Worcester County, MA. On June 17, 2011, an ALB infestation was discovered in the townships of Monroe and Tate, and in the East Fork State Park in Clermont County, OH. These States have quarantined the infested areas and are restricting the intrastate movement of regulated articles from the quarantined areas to prevent the further spread of ALB within each State. Federal regulations are necessary to restrict the interstate movement of regulated articles from the quarantined areas to prevent the interstate spread of ALB.

The regulations in § 301.51-3(a) provide that APHIS will list as a quarantined area each State, or each portion of a State, where ALB has been found by an inspector, where the Administrator has reason to believe that ALB is present, or where the Administrator considers regulation necessary because of its inseparability for quarantine purposes from localities where ALB has been found.

Less than an entire State will be quarantined only if (1) the Administrator determines that the State has adopted and is enforcing restrictions on the intrastate movement of regulated articles that are equivalent to those imposed by the regulations on the interstate movement of regulated articles and (2) the designation of less than an entire State as a quarantined area will be adequate to prevent the artificial spread of ALB.

In accordance with these criteria and the recent ALB findings described above, we are adding the Town of Shrewsbury in Worcester County, MA, and a portion of the Township of Monroe, the entire Township of Tate, and the entire acreage of East Fork State Park in Clermont County, OH, to the list of quarantined areas in § 301.51-3(c). The quarantined areas are described in detail in the regulatory text of this document.

In 2000, APHIS established a quarantined area in Islip, Suffolk County, NY, after ALB was first detected in the area in order to prevent the artificial spread of ALB. After the completion of control and regulatory activities, and based on the results of at least 3 years of negative surveys of all regulated host plants within the quarantined area, APHIS determined that the villages of Bayshore, East Islip, and Islip Terrace in the Town of Islip, Suffolk County, NY, have met the criteria for removal of the Federal quarantine for ALB.

Therefore, in this interim rule, we are amending the list of quarantined areas in § 301.51-3(c) by removing the villages of Bayshore, East Islip, and Islip Terrace in the Town of Islip, Suffolk County, NY. This action relieves restrictions on the movement of regulated articles from those areas that are no longer warranted.

Immediate Action Back to Top

Immediate action is necessary to help prevent ALB from spreading to noninfested areas of the United States. In addition, this rule also relieves restrictions on certain areas that are no longer warranted. Under these circumstances, the Administrator has determined that prior notice and opportunity for public comment are contrary to the public interest and that there is good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553 for making this action effective less than 30 days after publication in the Federal Register.

We will consider comments we receive during the comment period for this interim rule (see DATES above). After the comment period closes, we will publish another document in the Federal Register. The document will include a discussion of any comments we receive and any amendments we are making to the rule.

Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act Back to Top

This interim rule is subject to under Executive Order 12866. However, for this action, the Office of Management and Budget has waived its review under Executive Order 12866.

In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 603, we have performed an initial regulatory flexibility analysis, which is summarized below, regarding the economic effects of this rule on small entities. The full analysis may be viewed on the Regulations.gov Web site (see ADDRESSES above for instructions for accessing Regulations.gov) or obtained from the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

This rule amends the ALB regulations by adding certain areas in Massachusetts and Ohio to the list of quarantined areas. This rule also removes certain areas in New York from quarantine based on surveys that indicate these areas have met the criteria for release from regulation. Potentially, about 30 entities may be affected in the expanded quarantine area in Massachusetts, and about 80 entities may be affected in Ohio. These businesses include landscape companies, tree service companies, firewood dealers, construction companies, waste haulers, and other operations that move regulated articles from the quarantined areas. Additional costs of operating such businesses under ALB quarantine are small, and principally derive from self-inspection and certification of regulated material under compliance agreements. In Islip, New York, the approximately 90 entities that have been affected by the quarantine will benefit from its removal by no longer having to satisfy movement restrictions. Most if not all of the businesses that will be affected by this rule in the three States are small entities.

Executive Order 12372 Back to Top

This program/activity is listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance under No. 10.025 and is subject to Executive Order 12372, which requires intergovernmental consultation with State and local officials. (See 7 CFR part 3015, subpart V.)

This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This rule: (1) Preempts all State and local laws and regulations that are in conflict with this rule; (2) has no retroactive effect; and (3) does not require administrative proceedings before parties may file suit in court challenging this rule.

Paperwork Reduction Act Back to Top

This interim rule contains no information collection or recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 301 Back to Top

Accordingly, we are amending 7 CFR part 301 as follows:

begin regulatory text

PART 301—DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Back to Top

1.The authority citation for part 301 continues to read as follows:

Authority:

7 U.S.C. 7701-7772 and 7781-7786; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3.

Section 301.75-15 issued under Sec. 204, Title II, Pub. L. 106-113, 113 Stat. 1501 A-293; sections 301.75-15 and 301.75-16 issued under Sec. 203, Title II, Pub. L. 106-224, 114 Stat. 400 (7 U.S.C. 1421 note).

2.In § 301.51-3, paragraph (c) is amended as follows:

a. Under the heading “Massachusetts,” by revising the entry for Worcester County;

b. Under the entry for “New York,” by removing the second paragraph under the entry for Nassau and Suffolk Counties.

c. By adding, in alphabetical order, an entry for “Ohio.”

The revision and addition read as follows:

§ 301.51-3 Quarantined areas.

* * * * *

(c) * * *

Massachusetts Back to Top

* * * * *

Worcester County. The portion of Worcester County, including portions or all of the municipalities of Worcester, Holden, West Boylston, Boylston, Auburn, and Shrewsbury that is bounded by a line starting at the intersection of Route 9 (Belmont Street) and the eastern boundary of the town of Shrewsbury; then follow the Shrewsbury town boundary northerly until the Boylston town boundary; then follow the entirety of the Boylston town boundary until it comes to the West Boylston town boundary on the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation Watershed property; then along the West Boylston town boundary until it intersects Manning Street; then southwest on Manning Street in Holden to Wachusett Street (Route 31); then south on Wachusett Street to Highland Street (still Route 31); then southwest on Highland Street to Main Street; then southeast on Main Street to Bailey Road; then south on Bailey Road to Chapin Road; then south on Chapin Road to its end; then continuing in a southeasterly direction to Fisher Road; then southwest on Fisher Road to Stonehouse Hill Road; then south on Stonehouse Hill Road to Reservoir Street; then southeast on Reservoir Street until it intersects the Worcester city boundary; turn south on Oxford Street to Auburn Street; then southeast on Auburn Street crossing under the Massachusetts Turnpike (I-90) and continuing southeast on Millbury Street; at the intersection of Washington Street, turn northeast and continue along Washington Street to the northern boundary of the Massachusetts Turnpike (I-90); then east along the northern boundary of the Massachusetts Turnpike (I-90) to the Auburn town boundary; then follow the Auburn town boundary northerly to the Worcester city boundary; continue along the Worcester city boundary until the Shrewsbury town boundary; then follow the entirety of the Shrewsbury town boundary until the point of beginning.

* * * * *

Ohio Back to Top

Clermont County. The portion of Clermont County, including all of the municipalities of Tate and East Fork State Park, and the portions of the Township of Monroe that include the following land parcels: 232609C094, 232609C113, 232609C215, 232609C085, 232609C128, 232609B224, 232609B188, 232609E223, 232609B215, 32609B193, 232609E075, 232609B161, 232609E156, 232609E245, 232609E037, 232609E074, 232609E230, 232609E031, 232609E220, 232609E232, 232609E240, 232609E239, 232609E241, 232609E175, 232609E228, 232609E250, 232609E235, 232609E238, 232609E227, 232609E242, 32609E226, 232609E249, 232609E236, 232609E234, 232609C217, 232609C040, 234715.008, 232609C227, 232609C222, 232609C092, 232609C093, 232609C129, 232609C098, 232609C195, 232609C100, 232609C169, 232609C136, 232609C097, 232609C139, 232609C148, 232609C042, 232609C150, 232609C182, 234715.009, 234715.005, 234715.006, 234715.001, 232609E246, 232609E247, 234715.004, 234715.003, 232609E222, 232609C228, 234425.001, 232609E233, 232609C170, 232609C216, 232609C196, 232609C105, 232609E237, 232609C225, 232609C091, 232609C197, 232609C218, 232609C198, 232609C041, 232609C212, 232609C194, 232609C214, 232609E224, 232609E231, 232609E248, 234715.007, 234715.002, 232609C120, 232609C226, 232609C229, and 232609C043.

end regulatory text

Done in Washington, DC, this 23rd day of May 2012.

Kevin Shea,

Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

[FR Doc. 2012-13111 Filed 5-29-12; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 3410-34-P

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