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Proposed Rule

Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney Division Turbofan Engines

Action

Notice Of Proposed Rulemaking (Nprm).

Summary

We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Pratt & Whitney PW4050, PW4052, PW4056, PW4060, PW4060A, PW4060C, PW4062, PW4062A, PW4152, PW4156, PW4156A, PW4158, PW4160, PW4460, PW4462, and PW4650 turbofan engines, including models with any dash number suffix. This proposed AD was prompted by 16 reports of damaged or failed 3rd stage low-pressure turbine (LPT) duct segments. This proposed AD would require removing from service certain part numbers (P/Ns) of 3rd stage LPT duct segments. We are proposing this AD to prevent failure of the 3rd stage LPT duct segments, which could lead to LPT rotor damage, uncontained engine failure, and damage to the airplane.

Unified Agenda

Airworthiness Directives

1 action from November 2013

  • November 2013
    • Actions Will Continue Through
 

Table of Contents Back to Top

DATES: Back to Top

We must receive comments on this proposed AD by September 10, 2012.

ADDRESSES: Back to Top

You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
  • Fax: 202-493-2251.
  • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590.
  • Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

For service information identified in this proposed AD, contact Pratt & Whitney, 400 Main St., East Hartford, CT 06108; phone: 860-565-8770; fax: 860-565-4503. You may review copies of the referenced service information at the FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781-238-7125.

Examining the AD Docket Back to Top

You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this proposed AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Office (phone: 800-647-5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top

James Gray, Aerospace Engineer, Engine & Propeller Directorate, FAA, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781-238-7742; fax: 781-238-7199; email: james.e.gray@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top

Comments Invited Back to Top

We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or arguments about this proposal. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include “Docket No. FAA-2012-0546; Directorate Identifier 2012-NE-15-AD” at the beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this proposed AD. We will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this proposed AD because of those comments.

We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we receive about this proposed AD.

Discussion Back to Top

We received 16 reports of damaged or failed 3rd stage LPT duct segments that resulted in 5 in-flight shutdowns, two of which were uncontained engine failures. The 3rd stage LPT duct segment assembly has seal plates that are attached with rivets. During normal engine operation, vibration may cause these seal plates to loosen or fall off, which allows hot gaspath air to enter the cavity behind the duct. This can cause the 3rd stage LPT duct segment to distort, fall into the gaspath, and damage the downstream LPT rotor blades. This condition, if not corrected, could result in failure of the 3rd stage LPT duct segments, which could lead to LPT rotor damage, uncontained engine failure, and damage to the airplane.

Relevant Service Information Back to Top

We reviewed Pratt & Whitney Engine-Duct Segment, Third Stage LPT Assembly Service Bulletin (SB) No. PW4ENG 72-488, Revision 3, dated August 13, 2009. The SB lists the part numbers of parts to be removed and parts to be installed.

FAA's Determination Back to Top

We are proposing this AD because we evaluated all the relevant information and determined the unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop in other products of the same type design.

Proposed AD Requirements Back to Top

This proposed AD would require removal from service of 3rd stage LPT duct segments P/Ns 50N095; 50N095-001; 50N235; 50N235-001; 50N494-01; 50N494-001; 50N495-01; and 50N495-001, at the next piece-part exposure after the effective date of the proposed AD.

Costs of Compliance Back to Top

We estimate that this proposed AD would affect 151 engines installed on airplanes of U.S. registry. We estimate that no additional labor costs would be incurred to perform the required work as the work is done when the 3rd stage LPT duct segments are at piece-part exposure. The average labor rate is $85 per work-hour. Required parts would cost about $44,441 per engine. Based on these figures, we estimate the total cost of the AD to U.S. operators to be $6,710,591.

Authority for This Rulemaking Back to Top

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.

We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: “General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings Back to Top

We determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

For the reasons discussed above, I certify this proposed regulation:

(1) Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866,

(2) Is not a “significant rule” under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979),

(3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and

(4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Back to Top

The Proposed Amendment Back to Top

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

begin regulatory text

PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES Back to Top

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

Authority:

49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

§ 39.13 [Amended]

2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD):

Pratt & Whitney Division: Docket No. FAA-2012-0546; Directorate Identifier 2012-NE-15-AD.

(a) Comments Due Date Back to Top

We must receive comments by September 10, 2012.

(b) Affected ADs Back to Top

None.

(c) Applicability Back to Top

This AD applies to all Pratt & Whitney PW4050, PW4052, PW4056, PW4060, PW4060A, PW4060C, PW4062, PW4062A, PW4152, PW4156, PW4156A, PW4158, PW4160, PW4460, PW4462, and PW4650 turbofan engines, including models with any dash number suffix, with 3rd stage LPT duct segments P/N 50N095; 50N095-001; 50N235; 50N235-001; 50N494-01; 50N494-001; 50N495-01; or 50N495-001, installed.

(d) Unsafe Condition Back to Top

This AD was prompted by 16 reports of damaged or failed 3rd stage low-pressure turbine (LPT) duct segments. We are issuing this AD to prevent failure of the 3rd stage LPT duct segments, which could lead to LPT rotor damage, uncontained engine failure, and damage to the airplane.

(e) Compliance Back to Top

Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done.

(f) 3rd Stage LPT Duct Segments Removal From Service Back to Top

At the next piece-part exposure after the effective date of this AD, remove from service 3rd stage LPT duct segments, P/Ns 50N095; 50N095-001; 50N235; 50N235-001; 50N494-01; 50N494-001; 50N495-01; and 50N495-001.

(g) Installation Prohibition Back to Top

After the effective date of this AD, do not install into any engine any 3rd stage LPT duct segment, P/N 50N095; 50N095-001; 50N235; 50N235-001; 50N494-01; 50N494-001; 50N495-01; or 50N495-001, that is at piece-part exposure.

(h) Definition Back to Top

For the purpose of this AD, piece-part exposure is when the 3rd stage LPT duct segment is removed from the engine and completely disassembled.

(i) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) Back to Top

The Manager, Engine Certification Office, may approve AMOCs for this AD. Use the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19 to make your request.

(j) Related Information Back to Top

(1) Pratt & Whitney Engine-Duct Segment, Third Stage LPT Assembly Service Bulletin (SB) No. PW4ENG 72-488, Revision 3, dated August 13, 2009.

(2) For more information about this AD, contact James Gray, Aerospace Engineer, Engine & Propeller Directorate, FAA, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781-238-7742; fax: 781-238-7199; email: james.e.gray@faa.gov.

(3) For service information identified in this AD, contact Pratt & Whitney, 400 Main St., East Hartford, CT 06108; phone: 860-565-8770; fax: 860-565-4503. You may review copies of the service information at the FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781-238-7125.

Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on July 2, 2012.

Peter A. White,

Manager, Engine & Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.

end regulatory text

[FR Doc. 2012-16857 Filed 7-10-12; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4910-13-P

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