NRC Enforcement Policy
Policy Revision; Issuance And Request For Comments.
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is issuing a revision to its Enforcement Policy (Enforcement Policy or Policy) to incorporate changes directed by the Commission, to make other changes proposed and evaluated by the staff, and to make minor edits.
Table of Contents Back to Top
- FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
- SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
- I. Accessing Information and Submitting Comments
- A. Accessing Information
- B. Submitting Comments
- II. Background
- III. Summary of Substantive Changes to the Enforcement Policy
- 1. Credit for Fuel Cycle Licensee Corrective Action Programs
- 2. Noncited Violation Credit to Nonlicensees
- 3. Civil Penalties
- 4. Orders
- 5. Inaccurate and Incomplete Information
- 6. Reporting of Defects
- 7. Predecisional Enforcement Conference
- 8. Alternative Dispute Resolution
- 9. Enforcement Actions Involving Individuals
- 10. Violation Examples
- 11. Glossary
- 12. Table of Base Civil Penalties
- IV. Procedural Requirements
- Paperwork Reduction Act Statement
- Public Protection Notification
- Congressional Review Act
DATES: Back to Top
This revision is effective on January 28, 2013. Comments on this revision should be submitted on or before February 27, 2013, and will be considered by the NRC before the next Enforcement Policy revision.
ADDRESSES: Back to Top
You may access information and comment submissions related to this revision to the Policy by searching http://www.regulations.gov under Docket ID NRC-2013-0014. You may submit comments by any of the following methods:
- Federal Rulemaking Web site: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and search for Docket ID NRC-2013-0014. Address questions about NRC dockets to Carol Gallagher; telephone: 301-492-3668; email: Carol.Gallagher@nrc.gov.
- Email comments to: Rulemaking.Comments@nrc.gov. If you do not receive an automatic email reply confirming receipt, then contact us at 301-415-1677.
- Fax comments to: Secretary, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission at 301-415-1101.
- Mail comments to: Secretary, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, ATTN: Rulemakings and Adjudications Staff.
- Hand deliver comments to: 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland 20852, between 7:30 a.m. and 4:15 p.m. (Eastern Time) Federal workdays; telephone: 301-415-1677. For additional direction on accessing information and submitting comments, see “Accessing Information and Submitting Comments” in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this document.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top
Nicole Coleman, Office of Enforcement, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555; telephone: 301-415-1048, email: Nicole.Coleman@nrc.gov.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top
I. Accessing Information and Submitting Comments Back to Top
A. Accessing Information
Please refer to Docket ID NRC-2013-0014 when contacting the NRC about the availability of information for this revision of the Policy. You may access information related to this revision of the Policy, which the NRC possesses and is publicly available, by any of the following methods:
- Federal Rulemaking Web site: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and search for Docket ID NRC-2013-0014.
- NRC's Agencywide Documents Access and Management System (ADAMS): You may access public documents online in the NRC Library at http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/adams.html. To begin the search, select “ADAMS Public Documents” and then select “Begin Web-based ADAMS Search.” For problems with ADAMS, please contact the NRC's Public Document Room (PDR) reference staff at 1-800-397-4209, 301-415-4737, or by email to firstname.lastname@example.org. The ADAMS accession number for each document referenced in this document (if that document is available in ADAMS) is provided the first time that a document is referenced. The NRC Enforcement Policy is available in ADAMS under Accession No. ML12340A295.
- NRC's PDR: You may examine and purchase copies of public documents at the NRC's PDR, Room O1-F21, One White Flint North, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland 20852. The NRC maintains the Enforcement Policy on its Web site at http://www.nrc.gov/about-nrc/regulatory/enforcement/enforce-pol.html.
B. Submitting Comments
Please include Docket ID NRC-2013-0014 in the subject line of your comment submission, in order to ensure that the NRC is able to make your comment submission available to the public in this docket.
The NRC cautions you not to include identifying or contact information that you do not want to be publicly disclosed in you comment submission. The NRC will post all comment submissions at http://www.regulations.gov as well as enter the comment submissions into ADAMS. The NRC does not routinely edit comment submissions to remove identifying or contact information.
If you are requesting or aggregating comments from other persons for submission to the NRC, then you should inform those persons not to include identifying or contact information that they do not want to be publicly disclosed in their comment submission. Your request should state that the NRC does not routinely edit comment submissions to remove such information before making the comment submissions available to the public or entering the comment submissions into ADAMS.
II. Background Back to Top
The purpose of this Policy revision is to: (1) Incorporate changes directed by the Commission in the Staff Requirements Memorandum (SRM), SRM-SECY-09-0190, “Revisions to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Enforcement Policy,” December 30, 2009 (ADAMS Accession No. ML093200520);(2) make other changes proposed and evaluated by the staff; and (3) make minor edits.
On December 30, 2009, in SECY-09-0190, the NRC staff submitted to the Commission a proposed major revision of the Enforcement Policy. In SECY-09-0190, the NRC staff committed to provide an opportunity for public comments on the revision after it had been in effect for about 18 months. In SRM-SECY-09-0190, the Commission approved the revised Policy and directed the NRC staff to evaluate certain items for inclusion in the next proposed revision to the Policy. On September 30, 2010 (75 FR 60485), the NRC published the revised Policy in the Federal Register.
In addition to the direction given to the NRC staff in SRM-SECY-09-0190, the NRC staff evaluated other Policy changes that were presented to the Commission for approval and inclusion in the 2012 Policy revision.
III. Summary of Substantive Changes to the Enforcement Policy Back to Top
1. Credit for Fuel Cycle Licensee Corrective Action Programs
The NRC is revising Section 2.3.2, Non-Cited Violation, to provide fuel cycle licensees (and all other licensees or nonlicensees) with credit for a corrective action program (CAP) for certain severity level (SL) IV violations. Presently, this CAP credit for certain SL IV violations is only available to power reactor licensees. This revision would allow fuel cycle licensees (and all other licensees or nonlicensees) with credit for an NRC-approved CAP to have NRC-identified SL IV violations treated as noncited violations (NCVs) if certain other criteria are met.
2. Noncited Violation Credit to Nonlicensees
The NRC is revising Section 2.3.2.b, All Other Licensees, to clarify that NCVs may also be issued to nonlicensees when they meet the NCV criteria stated in Section 2.3.2.b.
3. Civil Penalties
The NRC is making several changes to Section 2.3.4, Civil Penalty, related to the civil penalty assessment process. Under the current Policy, the NRC will assess at least a base civil penalty for violations involving loss of control of radioactive materials. The NRC is revising the Policy to remove such language. The intent is to maintain the existing lost source policy to issue at least a civil penalty while giving the NRC staff the flexibility to disposition those cases where a licensee has lost NRC regulated material, but took immediate action to recover it, in a timely manner, with little or no risk to the public while the material was not in the licensee's control. In such cases where loss of control is the issue, rather than actual loss of material, the normal civil penalty assessment process would be used. Notwithstanding the normal civil penalty assessment process, the Policy will also allow the use of discretion and imposition of a civil penalty in cases in which a licensee has lost required control of its regulated radioactive material.
The NRC is revising the Policy to also provide criteria and examples for the use of daily civil penalties. This revision will provide factors for the NRC staff to consider when evaluating the appropriateness of daily civil penalties for continuing violations of at least moderate significance (i.e., at least a SL III).
The NRC is revising the Policy to point out that civil penalties are considered for SL I, II, and III violations. However, this revision emphasizes that the civil penalty process described in Section 2.3.4 should be followed to determine the appropriateness of any civil penalty.
The NRC is also adding a new section, Section 4.3.1, Civil Penalties to Individuals Who Release Safeguards Information, to provide an assessment tool for the NRC staff to determine civil penalties for violations of unauthorized release of safeguards information (SGI) by individuals. The NRC is also revising Section 8.0, Table of Base Civil Penalties, to include a base civil penalty of $3,500 for individuals who release SGI.
The NRC is revising Section 2.3.5, Orders, to clarify that Orders may be immediately effective, without prior opportunity for a hearing, whenever the NRC determines that the public health, safety interest, or common defense and security so requires, or if the violation or conduct causing the violation is willful.
5. Inaccurate and Incomplete Information
The NRC is adding a new Section 2.3.11, Inaccurate and Incomplete Information, to provide guidance to the NRC staff for issues involving inaccurate and incomplete information. The wording for this new section is taken essentially verbatim from the November 28, 2008, version of the Policy, Section IX, Inaccurate and Incomplete Information. This section was not included in the September 30, 2010, revision to the Policy.
6. Reporting of Defects
The NRC is adding a new Section 2.3.12, Reporting of Defects and Noncompliance, to provide guidance to the NRC staff for issues involving contractors that supply products or services for use in nuclear activities. The wording for this new section is taken essentially verbatim from the November 28, 2008, version of the Policy, Section X, Enforcement Action Against Nonlicensees. This section was not included in the September 30, 2010, revision to the Policy.
7. Predecisional Enforcement Conference
The NRC is revising Section 2.4.1, Predecisional Enforcement Conference, in its entirety to provide clear and consistent guidance that allows licensees and individuals to respond to apparent violations before final escalated enforcement action is taken. The revised text states, in part, that to the extent practicable, the NRC will consider the licensee's response before taking enforcement action.
8. Alternative Dispute Resolution
The NRC is revising Section 2.4.3, Alternative Dispute Resolution, to update the alternative dispute resolution guidance.
9. Enforcement Actions Involving Individuals
The NRC is revising Section 4.0, Enforcement Actions Involving Individuals, to provide guidance for handling potentially damaging or disqualifying information involving an individual's trustworthiness and reliability, which may affect an individual's unescorted access authorization to licensee facilities.
10. Violation Examples
The NRC is revising Section 6.0, Violation Examples, by adding several new violation examples and revising several of the current examples. The sub-sections within Section 6.0 that are being revised include the violation examples related to licensed operators, facility construction (parts 50 and 52 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR), licensees and fuel cycle facilities), emergency preparedness, inaccurate and incomplete information, and failure to make a required report. The NRC is adding violation examples related to export and import activities.
The NRC is revising the following definitions in Section 7.0, Glossary: actual consequences, apparent violation, lost source policy, substantial potential for exposures or releases in excess of the applicable limits in 10 CFR part 20, and traditional enforcement. The NRC is also adding definitions for certificate holders and nonlicensees for purposes of the Policy.
12. Table of Base Civil Penalties
In Section 8.0, Table A, Table of Base Civil Penalties, the NRC is revising the title of Category “c” by replacing the wording “Fuel fabricators authorized to possess Category III quantities of SNM [special nuclear material] * * *” with the wording “All other fuel fabricators, including facilities under construction * * *”. This change will ensure that Table A addresses fuel facilities under construction.
IV. Procedural Requirements Back to Top
Paperwork Reduction Act Statement Back to Top
This Policy statement does not contain new or amended information collection requirements subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). Existing requirements were approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Approval Number 3150-0136.
Public Protection Notification Back to Top
The NRC may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a request for information or an information collection requirement unless the requesting document displays a currently valid OMB control number.
Congressional Review Act Back to Top
In accordance with the Congressional Review Act of 1996, the NRC has determined that this action is not a major rule and has verified this determination with the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs of OMB.
For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
Dated at Rockville, Maryland, this 22nd day of January 2013.
Andrew L. Bates,
Acting Secretary of the Commission.
[FR Doc. 2013-01672 Filed 1-25-13; 8:45 am]
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