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Notice

No-Migration Variance From Land Disposal Restrictions for Exxon Mobil Corporation, Billings, MT South Land Treatment Unit

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Notice of final decision.

SUMMARY:

EPA is reissuing a no-migration variance (“variance”) for land disposal of hazardous waste to Exxon Mobil Refining & Supply Company Billings Refinery (“Exxon”), a division of Exxon Mobil Corporation, formerly known as Exxon Company U.S.A. Authority for the decision has been delegated to the EPA Regional Administrator. This variance approved under Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations allows Exxon to place certain untreated hazardous wastes subject to the RCRA land disposal restrictions (42 U.S.C. 36901 et seq.) at their Billings (Montana) refinery South Land Treatment Unit (SLTU). Exxon submitted a request to EPA on March 24, 1998 for renewal of the no-migration variance in conjunction with their State of Montana hazardous waste permit reissuance. Exxon also petitioned to amend the variance by adding the newly listed hazardous waste, Petroleum Refinery Primary Oil/Water/Solids Separation Sludge (EPA hazardous waste code F037) generated at the Exxon Refinery in Billings, Montana. Start Printed Page 45053

The variance granted today covers the following wastes generated at the Exxon Billings Refinery: Slop Oil Emulsion Solids (K049); API Separator Sludge (K051); Toxicity Characteristic Contaminated Soils (D018); and Petroleum Refinery Primary Oil/Water/Solids Separation Sludge (F037). Exxon may continue to dispose of non-hazardous solid wastes and non-restricted hazardous wastes at the SLTU in compliance with its Montana hazardous waste permit (No. MTHWP-99-02). The variance does not relieve Exxon of its responsibilities in the management of hazardous waste under 40 CFR part 260 through part 271. If Exxon wishes to dispose of additional restricted wastes at the SLTU it will have to apply for an amendment to its no-migration variance. EPA will evaluate the amendment petition and propose a decision for public comment in the Federal Register, with a notice in the local press, before a final decision is made.

In granting the original variance on July 27, 1993, we concluded that Exxon demonstrated to a reasonable degree of certainty that hazardous constituents would not migrate out of the land treatment facility at levels exceeding no-migration criteria for as long as the wastes remain hazardous. We reviewed the SLTU monitoring data submitted by Exxon for the period the original variance was in effect along with other relevant information, and it supported our original conclusion on Exxon's no-migration demonstration. We also concluded that Exxon adequately met the conditions of the original variance, which were included to ensure compliance with their no-migration demonstration. The variance reissuance again includes specific conditions (below) Exxon must meet to maintain the variance. In accordance with 40 CFR 268.6(k), the variance is valid for up to ten years from the date of EPA approval of the petition, but no longer than the term of Exxon's RCRA permit. The term of the variance expires upon the termination or denial of Exxon's Montana hazardous waste permit No. MTHWP-99-02), which will expire on June 28, 2009, or when the volume limit of waste to be land disposed during the term of the variance is reached.

RCRA regulations require that we provide for public comment on a proposed no-migration variance decision. EPA published notice of our proposed decision in the local press and in the Federal Register on April 21, 2000 (65 FR 21419). We also provided opportunity for public participation through a 45-day comment period, and held a public hearing in Billings, Montana on April 23, 2000. The public comment period closed on June 5, 2000. We did not receive any comments on our proposed decision. Therefore, EPA decided to reissue the variance and add Primary Sludge (F037) as described in the preceding Federal Register document (65 FR 21419). RCRA regulations require that we publish notice of our final decision in the Federal Register.

DATES:

This final decision becomes effective July 20, 2000.

ADDRESSES:

The record supporting this decision is located in Helena, Montana, at the EPA Region VIII, Montana Operations Office, Federal Building, 301 South Park. The public may make arrangements to view the documents in Helena by calling Tina Diebold at (406) 441-1130. The record is available for inspection from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. Another copy of the record is available to the public at the Parmly Library at 510 North Broadway, Billings, Montana, and is available for public review during regular library hours for the next thirty days.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Tina Diebold, Mail Code 8MO, Montana Office, U.S. EPA Region VIII, 301 S. Park, Drawer 10096, Helena, Montana 59626-0096, at (406) 441-1130.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Wherever “we” is used throughout this notice, it refers to EPA.

A. Conditions and Reporting Requirements for the Exxon No-Migration Variance Reissuance

As part of this reissuance of the no-migration variance and addition of Primary Sludge (F037), Exxon must comply with the following conditions. These conditions are in addition to those required of Exxon under 40 CFR 268.6. EPA would directly enforce these conditions, and a violation of a condition would constitute a violation of the RCRA land disposal restrictions. Unless otherwise notified by EPA, Exxon shall provide the required notices and reports to the EPA Region VIII Montana Operations Office, Federal Building, 301 South Park, Drawer 10096, Helena, MT, 59626. Exxon shall provide a separate copy to the State of Montana of any report or notice required by the variance if the information is not combined with the reports required under its Montana hazardous waste permit. Exxon shall provide copies to the State at the address specified for its Montana hazardous waste permit reporting requirements.

We interpret the no-migration standard to mean that concentrations of hazardous constituents cannot exceed EPA-approved health-based levels in any environmental medium at the boundary of the land disposal unit. Hazardous constituent levels exceeding those presented in Table 1 of our proposed decision (65 FR 21421) constitute migration into ground water at the unit boundary, as measured by soil-pore liquid and below treatment zone (BTZ) soil-core monitoring, and as measured by ground water monitoring under the Exxon Montana hazardous waste permit and as defined below. In the event that Exxon should detect other RCRA hazardous constituents (defined in 40 CFR part 261, appendix VIII) above health-based levels, this event would also be subject to the notification requirements in 40 CFR 268.6(f). Definitions of the unit boundaries (i.e., points of compliance for no-migration purposes) remain the same as in the original variance (57 FR 10478). Metals levels in the SLTU zone of incorporation (ZOI) soils (the top 23 centimeters of the treatment zone) exceeding the limits listed in item 1.a. below are also evidence of a no-migration standard exceedance. EPA will determine within 60 days of receiving notice of migration whether Exxon can continue to receive prohibited waste in the unit and whether the variance is to be revoked.

Exxon must report to EPA within ten days any significant changes in operating conditions from those described or modeled in its original petition or reissuance petition, including the petition to amend the variance to include Primary Sludge (F037), or at least 30 days in advance of initiating any change at or to the unit (40 CFR 268.6(e)). EPA will determine the appropriate response, including termination of waste acceptance and revocation of the variance, or variance modification.

The term of the variance expires upon the termination or denial of Exxon's Montana hazardous waste permit No. MTHWP-99-02), which will expire on June 28, 2009, or when the volume limit of waste to be land disposed during the term of the variance is reached.

1. Montana Hazardous Waste Permit Conditions

Exxon must comply with conditions of the Montana hazardous waste permit effective June 28, 1999 (No. MTHWP-99-02) regarding characterization of wastes disposed of at the SLTU, and monitoring of ground water, soil and soil-pore liquids at that unit. Exxon must provide the results of this Start Printed Page 45054characterization and monitoring to EPA on the same schedule as they are provided to the State of Montana under Exxon's Montana hazardous waste permit.

In addition, Exxon must follow the monitoring provisions below specific to this variance, which are intended to supplement the existing Montana hazardous waste permit conditions. Exxon may provide the information required as a condition of the variance to EPA in the annual reports required by its Montana hazardous waste permit. Exxon shall submit annual reports for the previous calendar year by April 30.

a. ZOI Metals Loading Limit: Exxon shall determine if any of the following risk limits have been exceeded when it evaluates the annual SLTU ZOI soil samples for the metals loading limits under its Montana hazardous waste permit: 31 mg/kg for antimony; 15 mg/kg for arsenic; 2 mg/kg for beryllium; 140 mg/kg for total chromium; 400 mg/kg for lead; and 7 mg/kg for mercury. In the event one or more of these criteria are exceeded, Exxon may only place wastes on the SLTU areas(s) for which the metals concentrations are less than or equal to the in-soil concentration limits. Exxon shall submit the analytical results and comparisons in an annual report to EPA. Exxon shall report exceedances of these limits to EPA within ten days of receiving the analytical results.

b. Soil-Pore Liquid Monitoring: Exxon shall evaluate the following metals as part of semi-annual SLTU soil-pore lysimeter monitoring requirements under the Montana hazardous waste permit: antimony, arsenic, barium, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, nickel, selenium, vanadium, and zinc. Samples from each of the three SLTU lysimeters shall be .45-micron filtered prior to analysis for metals. SW-846 [1] or equivalent analytical methods shall be used which can provide reporting limits of .001 mg/l, except .0002 mg/l for mercury. Exxon shall attempt to collect sufficient sample volumes to meet these performance criteria, following the general analytical priority scheme in its Montana hazardous waste permit. Should sample volumes be insufficient, Exxon shall investigate collecting additional sample volumes in a reasonable time frame for metals analysis once the Montana hazardous waste permit conditions have been met. Additionally, analyses of soil-pore organic monitoring constituents shall meet the SW-846 estimated quantitation limits (EQL) specified for water samples in Exxon's Montana hazardous waste permit and as listed in Table 1 of our proposed decision (65 FR 21421), to the extent possible.

c. Soil-Pore Liquid Monitoring Evaluation And Reporting: Exxon shall compare the organic hazardous constituents and the metals results to the leachate soil-pore health-based standards identified in Table 1 of our proposed decision (65 FR 21421). Exxon shall submit the analytical results and comparisons including information on sample volumes collected, analytical methods used, and EQLs achieved for all sample constituents, in an annual report to EPA. Exxon shall report exceedances of these limits to EPA within ten days of receiving the analytical results, and immediately suspend receipt of prohibited waste at the unit 40 CFR 268.6(f) upon determination of migration. Exxon shall notify EPA and the State if sufficient sample volumes cannot be collected or EQLs cannot be achieved in any semi-annual sampling period.

d. BTZ Soil-Core Monitoring: When collecting the five (5) annual soil cores from the SLTU Below Treatment Zone (BTZ) as required by its Montana hazardous waste permit, Exxon shall also collect intermediate level treatment zone soil samples at three depth intervals of 2-2.5 feet below ground surface (bgs), 3-3.5 feet bgs, and 4-4.5 feet bgs and in the BTZ itself (5-5.5 feet bgs), sufficient for analyses of oil and grease and soil pH. Oil and grease and soil pH results shall be reported for the four depth intervals in each of the five soil core samples. Exxon shall use an oil and grease analytical method which can provide detection limits in the range of 10 to 100 mg/kg consistent with the Montana hazardous waste permit. Exxon also shall analyze any BTZ resamples required under the Montana hazardous waste permit for oil and grease and soil pH. Exxon shall submit the results of the annual BTZ sampling (including the pH and oil and grease results from the intermediate levels) in an annual report to EPA. Exxon shall submit the results of any resampling to EPA on the same schedule as provided to the State under Exxon's hazardous waste permit.

e. Evaluation of BTZ Soil-Core Monitoring: Analyses for organic monitoring constituents shall meet soil low-level required EQLs as specified in Exxon's Montana hazardous waste permit and as specified in Table 1 of our proposed decision (65 FR 21421). Exxon shall compare the results of BTZ soil samples with soil-core health-based standards identified in Table 1 of our proposed decision (65 FR 21421). Exxon shall submit the analytical results and comparisons in an annual report to EPA. Exxon shall report exceedances of these limits to EPA within ten days of receiving the analytical results, and immediately suspend receipt of prohibited waste at the unit upon determination of migration.

2. Annual Benzene Loading Limit

The total amount of benzene that may be disposed of at the SLTU may not exceed a cumulative mass loading of 49 Kg per calendar year. Exxon must determine the benzene content of each wastestream, including each load of Primary Sludge (F037) prior to placement at the land treatment unit. Representative samples of each wastestream must be analyzed for benzene as they are generated during the land application season in accordance with the promulgated edition of SW-846. The term “as generated” means each time the wastes are removed from the wastewater system, created through a spill, or a tank is cleaned out, and the wastes are taken or will be taken to the land treatment unit, which may be several times a year. A tracking system must be in place which continually estimates and updates the cumulative benzene waste loading during the operating season. Exxon must submit a summary of these waste analyses demonstrating its compliance with the loading limit to EPA in an annual report. When the 49 Kg benzene limit is reached, Exxon must not dispose of any additional waste containing detectable levels of benzene at the SLTU until the next calendar year. Exxon shall notify EPA when the 49 Kg limit is reached within ten days of receiving the analytical results.

3. Waste Characterization

Exxon must identify in the annual report to EPA the following additional information for each applied waste at the SLTU: the location of waste generation (e.g., Tank 17 sewer, Tank 108 contaminated soil); analytical results of waste determination for any wastes for which the hazardous status was not known when it was generated, mass of waste; application date(s); the hazardous waste code (if any); and the matrix (e.g., soil or sludge). In the report, Exxon must distinguish between the F037 waste generated from the sewer (e.g., “F037 sewer sludge”) and the F037 waste generated from the Start Printed Page 45055Alkyllation Unit Neutralization Basins (e.g., “F037 lime sludge”). In the annual report, Exxon must also include the total quantity of waste applied at the SLTU during the last operating season and a break down of the total quantity of hazardous and of non-hazardous waste.

4. Application of F037 Sewer Sludge

Exxon's application of Primary Sludge generated from the sewer system (F037 sewer sludge) to the SLTU is restricted to times when Exxon also applies API Separator Sludge (K051). Exxon must combine the F037 sewer sludge with the API Separator Sludge prior to or during application at the SLTU. Exxon shall incorporate this condition in its waste tracking system to ensure that any time F037 sewer sludge is cleared for application to the SLTU, it is accompanied by K051 waste.

5. Application of F037 Lime Sludge

Exxon's application of Primary Sludge generated from the Alkyllation Unit Neutralization Basin (F037 lime sludge) to the SLTU is limited to when it has determined pH adjustment of the ZOI soils is needed according to the applicable criteria and methods identified in its Montana hazardous waste permit. For the years in which Exxon uses F037 lime sludge to adjust the pH of the ZOI soils at the SLTU, Exxon must submit to EPA the following information in the annual report: pH of the F037 lime sludge applied to the SLTU, and the other measurements and tests used to determine the need for pH adjustment as well as the quantity of F037 lime sludge applied and the quantity of any other substance (e.g., lime) used to adjust the pH of the ZOI soil at the SLTU.

6. Waste Tracking

As part of its waste tracking process, Exxon must confirm receipt of analytical results for any wastes for which the hazardous status is not currently known prior to application of the waste at the SLTU. Exxon must comply with its Montana hazardous waste permit conditions with regard to restrictions on the application of waste to the SLTU, such as any restrictions based on the pH of the waste.

7. Information Requests

Upon request by EPA, Exxon shall provide to the EPA within a reasonable time, any relevant information requested to determine compliance with the conditions of this variance.

8. Access

Exxon shall allow EPA, or authorized representatives, upon the presentation of credentials and other documents as may be required by law to: (a) Inspect at reasonable times any records, facilities, equipment (including monitoring and control equipment), practices, or operations related to the disposal of restricted hazardous wastes at the SLTU; and (b) sample or monitor at reasonable times, for the purposes of assuring compliance with the conditions of this variance or to determine migration or as otherwise authorized by RCRA, any wastes intended or proposed for disposal at the SLTU and the soil, air, soil-pore liquids or ground water in or surrounding the SLTU.

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Dated: July 11, 2000.

Rebecca Hanmer,

Acting Regional Administrator, Region VIII.

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Footnotes

1.  These methods are found in the third edition of “Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste Physical/Chemical Methods,” EPA, SW-846, which is available from the Government Printing Office (GPO). This compendium of EPA test methods is commonly referred to as “SW-846” and we will use this term to refer to the compendium throughout this notice.

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[FR Doc. 00-18437 Filed 7-19-00; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6560-50-P