Agricultural Marketing Agency, USDA.
The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) is increasing Plant Variety Protection Office application, search, and certificate issuance fees by approximately 10 percent. Due to operating cost increases, the last fee increase in 1995 is no longer adequate to cover costs for this fully user-fee funded program. Also, the information symbol used by the Plant Variety Protection Office on the seal on certificates of Plant Variety Protection is added to the USDA/AMS inventory of symbols and would appear in the regulations.
September 1, 2000.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Dr. Ann Marie Thro, Commissioner, Plant Variety Protection Office, Rm. 500 N.A.L. Building, 10301 Baltimore Blvd. Beltsville MD 20705, telephone 1-301-504-5518 and -7475; fax 1-301-504-5291.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
I. Executive Orders 12866 and 12988, and the Regulatory Flexibility Act
This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12866. The rule has been determined to be “not significant” for the purposes of Executive Order 12866, and therefore has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
This rule has also been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This action is not intended to have retroactive effect. This rule will not preempt any State or local laws, regulations, or policies, unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with this rule. There are no administrative procedures which must be exhausted prior to any judicial challenge to the provision of this rule.
Pursuant to requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), the Administrator of AMS has considered the economic impact of this action on small entities. There are more than 800 users of the PVPO's variety protection service, of whom about 100 may file applications in a given year. Some of these users are small entities under the criteria established by the Small Business Administration (13 CFR 121.201). The Administrator of AMS determined that this action would not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of these small entities.
The Plant Variety Protection Office (PVPO) administers the Plant Variety Protection Act by issuing Certificates of Protection which provide legal intellectual property rights to developers of new varieties of plants. A Certificate of Protection is awarded to an owner of a variety after an examination shows that it is new, distinct from other varieties, and genetically uniform and stable through successive generations.
The AMS regularly reviews its user fee financed programs to determine if the fees are adequate. The most recent review determined that the existing fee schedule will not generate sufficient revenues to cover programs costs while maintaining an adequate reserve balance. Without a fee increase, fiscal year (FY) 2000 revenues are projected at $1,100,000; costs are projected at $1,300,000, and trust fund balances would be $1,500,000. With a fee increase, FY 2000 revenues are projected at $1,200,000 and costs are projected at $1,300,000. With the increase in revenue, the trust fund balance will be maintained at $1,600,000, its level at the end of FY 1999.
This action raises the fee charged to users of plant variety protection. The AMS estimates that this rule would yield an additional $100,000 during FY 2000. The fee for plant variety protection would increase by approximately 10 percent. The costs to entities will be proportional to their use of the service, so that costs are shared equitably by all users. The increase in costs to individual users will be approximately $275.00 per Plant Variety Protection Certificate issued. Plant Variety Protection is sought on a voluntary basis. Any decision on their part to discontinue the use of plant variety protection would not prevent these entities from marketing their varieties. Finally, the addition of the information symbol to the USDA/AMS inventory of symbols and its inclusion in the regulations will not add further costs to users of the variety protection services.
II. Paperwork Reduction Act
This rule does not contain any information collection or recordkeeping requirements that are subject to OMB approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35).
III. Background information
The Plant Variety Protection Program is a voluntary, user fee-funded service, conducted under the Authority of the Plant Variety Protection Act (PVPA), 7 U.S.C. 2321 et seq. The Act authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to provide intellectual property rights that facilitate marketing of new varieties of seed-propagated crops and tubers. The act also requires that reasonable fees be collected from the users of the services to cover the costs of maintaining the program.
On April 4, 1995, AMS published a rule in the Federal Register (60 FR 17188) that increased Plant Variety Protection Office fees pursuant to amendments to the Plant Variety Protection Act became effective April 4, 1995. In its analysis of projected costs for FY 2000, AMS has identified increases in the costs of providing plant variety protection. Anticipated revenue will not cover increased program costs. Without a fee increase, FY 2000 revenues are projected at $1,100,000; costs are projected at $1,300,000, and trust fund balances would be $1,500,000. With a fee increase, FY 2000 revenues are projected at $1,200,000 and costs are projected at $1,300,000. Due to the increase in revenue, the trust fund balance would be maintained at Start Printed Page 47244$1,600,000, its value at the end of FY 1999. The AMS estimates that this rule would yield an additional $100,000 during FY 2000.
Program operating costs include salaries and benefits of examining staff, supervision, training, and all administrative costs of operating the program. Cost increases are attributed mainly (80 percent of total operating budget) to national and locality pay raises and increased benefit costs for Federal employees. A general and locality salary increase for Federal employees, totaling approximately 4.8 percent for the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, will materially affect the costs of plant variety protection. Increases are expected to continue in following years. Administrative costs, including salary increases, increases in rent, increases in costs of supplies and replacement equipment, and training have increased, in amounts ranging from 3.1 to 22 percent per item. Due to these operating cost increases, the last fee increase in 1995 is no longer adequate to cover obligations and maintain an adequate reserve balance.
The fees set forth in Section 97.175 will be increased. The application fee will be increased from $300 to $320, the search fee from $2,150 to $2,385, and the issuance fee from $300 to $320. The fees for reviving an abandoned application, correcting or reissuance of a certificate are increased from $300 to $320. The charge for granting an extension for responding to a request is increased from $50 to $55. The hourly charge for any other service not specified is increased from $60 to $66. The fee for appeal to the Secretary (refundable if appeal overturns the Commissioner's decision) is increased from $2,750 to $3,050. These fee increases are necessary to cover costs of this fee-funded program.
The Plant Variety Protection Advisory Board has been informed of cost increases, including anticipated salary increases, and consulted on a fee increase on March 24, 1999. The Board recommended that fees be increased. This rule makes the minimum changes in the regulations to implement the recommended increased fees to maintain the program as a fee-funded program.
The form of the official identification symbol, an umbrella over plant reproductive organs (a pistil with four stamens) illustrates the concept of intellectual property rights protection for sexually-reproduced crops.
Summary of Public Comment
A notice of proposed rule making was published in the Federal Register (65 FR 13917) on March 15, 2000. A 30-day comment period was provided to allow interested persons the opportunity to respond to the proposal, including any regulatory and informational impact of this action on small businesses.
The commentor observed that a charge for “any other service not specified” is in the current fee schedule, but was omitted from the proposed revised regulatory text. The hourly charge for “any other service not specified” was omitted from the list of fees and charges in § 97.175 due to an electronic error; however, it was included in the discussion of proposed increases in the text of the “Background” section of the proposed rule as published on March 15. The proposed increase was from $60 to $66. Accordingly, the text of § 97.175 is changed to reflect this fee. The comment also noted that first priority should be given to the examination and issue of certificates. This is done to the extent practicable.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 97
- Administrative practice and procedure
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
For reasons set forth in the preamble, 7 CFR part 97 is amended as follows.Start Part
PART 97—PLANT VARIETY AND PROTECTIONEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 97 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Section 97.175 is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
The following fees and charges apply to the services and actions specified below:
(a) Filing the application and notifying the public of filing—$320.00.
(b) Search or examination—$2,385.00.
(c) Allowance and issuance of certificate and notifying public of issuance—$320.00.
(d) Revive an abandoned application—$320.00.
(e) Reproduction of records, drawings, certificates, exhibits, or or pointed material (copy per page of material)—$1.10.
(f) Authentication (each page)—$1.10.
(g) Correcting or re-issuance of a certificate—$320.00.
(h) Recording assignments (per certificate/application)—$28.00.
(i) Copies of 8 x 10 photographs in color—$28.00.
(j) Additional fee for reconsideration—$320.00.
(k) Additional fee for late payment—$28.00.
(l) Additional fee for late replenishment of seed—$28.00.
(m) Appeal to Secretary (refundable if appeal overturns the Commissioner's decision)—$3,050.00.
(n) Granting of extensions for responding to a request—$55.00.
(o) Field inspections by a representative of the Plant Variety Protection Office, made at the request of the applicant, shall be reimbursable in full (including travel, per diem or subsistence, and salary) in accordance with Standardized Government Travel Regulations.
(p) Any other service not covered above will be charged for at rates prescribed by the Commissioner, but in no event shall they exceed $66.00 per employee-hour.
2. A new section 97.900 is added to read as follows:End Amendment Part
The symbol set forth in Figure 1, containing the words “Plant Variety Protection Office” and “U.S. Department of Agriculture,” shall be the official identification symbol of the Plant Variety Protection Office. This information symbol, used by the Plant Variety Protection Office on the seal on certificates of Plant Variety Protection, has been approved by the Office of Communications to be added to the USDA/AMS inventory of symbols. It is approved for use with AMS materials.
Dated: July 27, 2000.
Robert L. Epstein,
Acting Deputy Administrator, Science and Technology.
[FR Doc. 00-19452 Filed 8-1-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-02-P