Food and Drug Administration, HHS.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the color additive regulations to provide for the safe use of luminescent zinc sulfide as a color additive in certain externally applied cosmetics. This action is in response to a petition filed by Zauder Bros., Inc.
This rule is effective September 8, 2000; except as to any provisions that may be stayed by the filing of proper objections. Submit written objections and requests for a hearing by September 7, 2000.
Submit written objections to the Dockets Management Branch (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Aydin O-AE4rstan, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (HFS-215), Food and Drug Administration, 200 C St. SW., Washington, DC 20204, 202-418-3076.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
In a notice published in the Federal Register of October 6, 1997 (62 FR 52136), FDA announced that a color additive petition (CAP 7C0251) had been filed by Zauder Bros., Inc., c/o Schiff & Co., 1129 Bloomfield Ave., Start Printed Page 48376West Caldwell, NJ 07006. The petition proposed to amend the color additive regulations to provide for the safe use of zinc sulfide as a color additive in externally applied cosmetics. During its review of the petition, the agency determined that the subject color additive is zinc sulfide containing an added copper activator that produces a luminescent color. Therefore, the agency is establishing luminescent zinc sulfide as the common or usual name of the color additive.
II. Identity, Technical Effect, and Specifications
Luminescent zinc sulfide is zinc sulfide containing 0.01 weight percent (100 parts per million) copper (Ref. 1). Copper functions as an activator. Following excitation by daylight or a suitable artificial light, luminescent zinc sulfide produces a yellow-green phosphorescence with a maximum at 530 nanometers (Ref. 1). The petitioner intends to use luminescent zinc sulfide in nail polishes and facial creams to produce a “glow-in-the-dark” effect.
The luminescent zinc sulfide that is the subject of the petition contains 100± 5 parts per million copper. To ensure that the color additive in finished products contains an effective level of copper consistent with the material identified in the petition, the agency is establishing the range of copper as 100# 5 parts per million in new § 73.2995(b).
In addition to copper, other activators, for example cobalt, may also be added to zinc sulfide to obtain pigments with different phosphorescent properties (Ref. 1). However, the petitioner did not request the listing of zinc sulfide containing activators other than copper and the petition contains no relevant safety data. Therefore, phosphorescent zinc sulfide pigments containing activators other than copper are not covered by this final rule.
III. Safety Evaluation
The petitioner proposed to use luminescent zinc sulfide in nail polishes and specialized facial makeup preparations for use on limited occasions such as Halloween. The agency reviewed the data in the petition and determined that luminescent zinc sulfide is not a dermal irritant or dermal sensitizer. The agency also reviewed two skin absorption studies in the petition. The agency determined that these studies showed an apparent low skin absorption of luminescent zinc sulfide, and that the petitioned use of luminescent zinc sulfide in facial makeup preparations is safe (Ref. 2). However, the agency also determined that these absorption studies were limited in their ability to measure skin absorption under all conditions of use. Therefore, new § 73.2995(c)(2) restricts the use of facial makeup preparations containing luminescent zinc sulfide to limited occasions (e.g., Halloween). In other words, under new § 73.2995(c)(2), facial makeup preparations containing luminescent zinc sulfide are not intended for regular or daily use. Furthermore, based on the luminescent zinc sulfide concentrations in facial makeup preparations stated in the petition, new § 73.2995(c)(1) limits the amount of luminescent zinc sulfide in facial makeup preparations to 10 percent by weight of the final product. The agency notes that luminescent zinc sulfide in nail polish would be bound in the polish once it dries on the nail, and hence, the skin contact of luminescent zinc sulfide would be minimal. Therefore, the agency concludes that a limit on the amount of luminescent zinc sulfide in nail polishes is not necessary for safety reasons.
Because the agency is approving the color additive only for limited applications, new § 73.2995(c) provides clear identification of the approved uses. The agency is limiting the approved uses of luminescent zinc sulfide to specific cosmetic product categories listed in § 720.4(c) (21 CFR 720.4). These product categories were proposed by the cosmetics industry in a petition to the agency to establish an FDA-administered Voluntary Cosmetic Registration Program (VCRP). FDA adopted these product categories in 1972 with the establishment of the VCRP (37 FR 7151, April 11, 1972). The agency has determined that referencing the relevant product categories in § 720.4(c) more clearly identifies the products in which use of luminescent zinc sulfide has been approved. Section 720.4(c) includes a category for nail polish (§ 720.4(c)(8)(v), Nail polish and enamel). Although § 720.4(c) does not include a specific category for facial makeup preparations for the specialty use that was proposed in the petition, it includes a category, other makeup preparations (§ 720.4(c)(7)(ix)), which includes this use. Referencing this cosmetic product category in the regulation effectively restricts it from being used in all other categories listed under § 720.4(c)(7), for which use of the color additive was not approved. The agency finds that references to the cosmetic product categories for the approved uses, together with the specific limitations in new § 73.2995(c)(1) and (c)(2) on the use of luminescent zinc sulfide in facial makeup preparations, will effectively define the uses that the agency has reviewed and determined to be safe.
The petition does not request use of luminescent zinc sulfide in the area of the eye, and therefore, contains no data to support the use of luminescent zinc sulfide applied to the area of the eye. Therefore, the agency is not including eye area use of luminescent zinc sulfide in new § 73.2995. However, because the probable use of facial makeup preparations would include use on children's faces at Halloween, the agency is concerned about the potential for the inappropriate use of these preparations in the area of the eye. Therefore, new § 73.2995(d)(2) requires the following statement on the product label: “Do not use in the area of the eye.”
Based on the data in the petition and other relevant material, FDA concludes that the proposed use of luminescent zinc sulfide as a color additive in nail polishes and specialized facial makeup preparations is safe, the additive will achieve its intended technical effect, and therefore, part 73 should be amended as set forth below. In addition, based upon the factors listed in 21 CFR 71.20(b), the agency concludes that certification of luminescent zinc sulfide is not necessary for the protection of the public health.
V. Inspection of Documents
In accordance with § 71.15 (21 CFR 71.15), the petition and the documents that FDA considered and relied upon in reaching its decision to approve the petition are available for inspection at the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (address above) by appointment with the information contact person listed above. As provided in § 71.15, the agency will delete from the documents any materials that are not available for public disclosure before making the documents available for inspection.
VI. Environmental Impact
The agency has previously considered the environmental effects of this rule as announced in the notice of filing for CAP 7C0251 (62 FR 52136, October 6, 1997). No new information or comments have been received that would affect the agency's previous determination that there is no significant impact on the human environment and that an environmental impact statement is not required. Start Printed Page 48377
VII. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995
This final rule contains no collections of information. Therefore, clearance by the Office of Management and Budget under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 is not required.
Any person who will be adversely affected by this regulation may at any time file with the Dockets Management Branch (address above) written objections by September 7, 2000. Each objection shall be separately numbered, and each numbered objection shall specify with particularity the provisions of the regulation to which objection is made and the grounds for the objection. Each numbered objection on which a hearing is requested shall specifically so state. Failure to request a hearing for any particular objection shall constitute a waiver of the right to a hearing on that objection. Each numbered objection for which a hearing is requested shall include a detailed description and analysis of the specific factual information intended to be presented in support of the objection in the event that a hearing is held. Failure to include such a description and analysis for any particular objection shall constitute a waiver of the right to a hearing on the objection. Three copies of all documents are to be submitted and are to be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. Any objections received in response to the regulation may be seen in the Dockets Management Branch between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday. FDA will publish notice of the objections that the agency has received or lack thereof in the Federal Register.
The following references have been placed on display in the Dockets Management Branch (address above) and may be seen by interested persons between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.
1. Murayama, Y., “Luminous Paints,” in S. Shionoya, and W. M. Yen, editors, Phosphor Handbook, pp. 651, 655-656, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1999.
2. Yourick, J. J., memorandum entitled “Review of Toxicology Studies Contained in CAP7C0251, Use of Zinc Sulfide as a Color Additive in Cosmetics” from the Cosmetics Toxicology Branch (HFS-128) to Aydin O-AE4rstan, Direct Additives Branch (HFS-215), Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, FDA, March 14, 2000.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 21 CFR Part 73
- Color additives
- Medical devices
Therefore, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and under authority delegated to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, and redelegated to the Director, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, 21 CFR part 73 is amended as follows:Start Part
PART 73—LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION
1. The authority citation for 21 CFR part 73 continues to read as follows:
(a) Identity. The color additive luminescent zinc sulfide is zinc sulfide containing a copper activator. Following excitation by daylight or a suitable artificial light, luminescent zinc sulfide produces a yellow-green phosphorescence with a maximum at 530 nanometers.
(b) Specifications. Luminescent zinc sulfide shall conform to the following specifications and shall be free from impurities other than those named to the extent that such impurities may be avoided by good manufacturing practice:
Zinc sulfide, not less than 99.8 percent.
Copper, 100± 5 parts per million.
Lead, not more than 20 parts per million.
Arsenic, not more than 3 parts per million.
Mercury, not more than 1 part per million.
Cadmium, not more than 15 parts per million.
(c) Uses and restrictions. The color additive luminescent zinc sulfide may be safely used for coloring externally applied facial makeup preparations (included under § 720.4(c)(7)(ix) and (c)(8)(v) of this chapter) subject to the following restrictions:
(1) The amount of luminescent zinc sulfide in facial makeup preparations shall not exceed 10 percent by weight of the final product.
(2) Facial makeup preparations containing luminescent zinc sulfide are intended for use only on limited, infrequent occasions, e.g., Halloween, and not for regular or daily use.
(d) Labeling requirements. (1) The label of the color additive and any mixtures prepared therefrom shall bear expiration dates for the sealed and open container (established through generally accepted stability testing methods), other information required by § 70.25 of this chapter, and adequate directions to prepare a final product complying with the limitations prescribed in paragraph (c) of this section.
(2) The label of a facial makeup preparation containing the color additive shall bear, in addition to other information required by the law, the following statement conspicuously displayed:
Do not use in the area of the eye.
(e) Exemption from certification. Certification of this color additive is not necessary for the protection of the public health, and therefore batches thereof are exempt from the certification requirements of section 721(c) of the act.
Dated: August 1, 2000.
Janice F. Oliver,
Deputy Director, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
[FR Doc. 00-19952 Filed 8-7-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4160-01-F