Office of Governmentwide Policy, GSA.
The General Services Administration (GSA) is revising Federal Property Management Regulations (FPMR) by moving coverage on the official use of Government passenger carriers between residence and place of employment (i.e. home-to-work transportation) into the Federal Management Regulation (FMR). A cross-reference is added to the FPMR to direct readers to the coverage in the FMR. The FMR is written in plain language to provide agencies with updated regulatory material that is easy to read and understand.
September 12, 2000.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
James B. Vogelsinger, Federal Vehicle Policy Division (MTV), 202-501-1764 or e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
As parts of the FPMR are rewritten, they are being moved into the Federal Management Regulation (FMR). Subpart 101-6.4 of the Federal Property Management Regulations (FPMR) has been rewritten as a part of GSA's regulatory initiative to update, streamline, and clarify the FPMR. During this rewriting process, GSA surveyed the Federal Fleet Policy Council (FEDFLEET) members in November 1999 and considered the comments received.
The scope provision of the current regulation in subpart 101-6.400 states that the rule does not apply to use of a Government passenger carrier in conjunction with official travel in performing temporary duty (TDY) assignments. In redrafting the regulation, GSA revised the structure of the rule. While the scope of this final rule states that the regulation governs the use of Government passenger carriers to transport employees between their homes and place of work, the rule still does not apply to the use of a Government passenger carrier in conjunction with official travel in performing temporary duty (TDY) assignments, or permanent change of station (PCS) travel, as is made clear in § 102-5.20 of this final rule.
GSA occasionally receives inquiries about the tax implications for employees using Government passenger carriers for transportation between their residence and place of employment. Agencies and employees should examine their tax responsibilities and consult the Internal Revenue Service as needed.
Another subject about which GSA receives questions involves Government contractor use of Government passenger carriers. While this regulation, in most provisions, addresses Federal officers or employees exclusively, 41 CFR 102-34.230 states that an agency cannot authorize a Government contractor to use motor vehicles between residence and place of employment unless authorized in accordance with 31 U.S.C. 1344 and this regulation.
B. Executive Order 12866
GSA has determined that this final rule is not a significant regulatory action Start Printed Page 54966for the purposes of Executive Order 12866 of September 30, 1993.
C. Regulatory Flexibility Act
This final rule is not expected to have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities within the meaning of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601, et seq.
D. Paperwork Reduction Act
The Paperwork Reduction Act does not apply because this final rule does not impose recordkeeping or information collection requirements, or the collection of information from offerors, contractors, or members of the public which require the approval of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under 44 U.S.C. 3501, et seq.
E. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act
This final rule is exempt from congressional review prescribed under 5 U.S.C. 801 since it relates solely to agency management and personnel.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 41 CFR Parts 101-6 and 102-5End List of Subjects Start Amendment Part
For the reasons set forth in the preamble, GSA amends 41 CFR chapters 101 and 102 as follows:End Amendment Part
CHAPTER 101—[AMENDED]Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 101-6 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 101-6—MISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONSEnd Part Start Amendment Part
2. Subpart 101-6.4 consisting of § 101-6.400 is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Subpart 101-6.4—Official Use of Government Passenger Carriers Between Residence and Place of Employment
For policy concerning official use of Government passenger carriers between residence and place of employment previously contained in this part, see FMR part 5 (41 CFR part 102-5), Home-to-Work Transportation.
CHAPTER 102—[AMENDED]Start Amendment Part
3. Part 102-5 is added to subchapter A of chapter 102 to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 102-5—HOME-TO-WORK TRANSPORTATION
- What does this part cover?
- Who is covered by this part?
- Who is not covered by this part?
- What additional guidance concerning home-to-work transportation should Federal agencies issue?
- What definitions apply to this part?
- Who is authorized home-to-work transportation?
- May the agency head delegate the authority to make home-to-work determinations?
- Should determinations be completed before an employee is provided with home-to-work transportation?
- May determinations be made in advance for employees who respond to unusual circumstances when they arise?
- How do we prepare determinations?
- How long are initial determinations effective?
- What procedures apply when the need for home-to-work transportation exceeds the initial period?
- What considerations apply in making a determination to authorize home-to-work transportation for field work?
- What circumstances do not establish a basis for authorizing home-to-work transportation for field work?
- What are some examples of positions that may involve field work?
- What information should our determination for field work include if positions are identified rather than named individuals?
- Should an agency consider whether to base a Government passenger carrier at a Government facility near the employee's home or work rather than authorize the employee home-to-work transportation?
- Is the comfort and/or convenience of an employee considered sufficient justification to authorize home-to-work transportation?
- May we use home-to-work transportation for other than official purposes?
- May others accompany an employee using home-to-work transportation?
- Must we report our determinations outside of our agency?
- When must we report our determinations?
- What are our responsibilities for documenting use of home-to-work transportation?
(a) The questions and associated answers in this part are regulatory in effect. Thus compliance with the written text of this part is required by all to whom it applies.
(b) The terms “we,” “I,” “our,” “you,” and “your,” when used in this part, mean you as a Federal agency, an agency head, or an employee, as appropriate.
This part covers the use of Government passenger carriers to transport employees between their homes and places of work.
This part covers Federal agency employees in the executive, judicial, and legislative branches of the Government, with the exception of employees of the Senate, House of Representatives, Architect of the Capitol, and government of the District of Columbia.
This part does not cover:
(a) Employees who are on official travel (TDY); or
(b) Employees who are on permanent change of station (PCS) travel; or
(c) Employees who are essential for the safe and efficient performance of intelligence, counterintelligence, protective services, or criminal law enforcement duties when designated in writing as such by their agency head.
Each Federal agency using Government passenger carriers to provide home-to-work transportation for employees who are essential for the safe and efficient performance of intelligence, counterintelligence, protective services, or criminal law enforcement duties should issue guidance concerning such use.
The following definitions apply to this part:
Agency head means the highest official of a Federal agency.
Clear and present danger means highly unusual circumstances that present a threat to the physical safety of the employee or their property when the danger is: Start Printed Page 54967
(1) Real; and
(2) Immediate or imminent, not merely potential; and
(3) The use of a Government passenger carrier would provide protection not otherwise available.
Compelling operational considerations means those circumstances where home-to-work transportation is essential to the conduct of official business or would substantially increase a Federal agency's efficiency and economy.
Emergency means circumstances that exist whenever there is an immediate, unforeseeable, temporary need to provide home-to-work transportation for those employees necessary to the uninterrupted performance of the agency's mission. (An emergency may occur where there is a major disruption of available means of transportation to or from a work site, an essential Government service must be provided, and there is no other way to transport those employees.)
Employee means a Federal officer or employee of a Federal agency, including an officer or enlisted member of the Armed Forces.
Federal agency means:
(1) A department (as defined in section 18 of the Act of August 2, 1946 (41 U.S.C. 5a));
(2) An executive department (as defined in 5 U.S.C. 101);
(3) A military department (as defined in 5 U.S.C. 102);
(4) A Government corporation (as defined in 5 U.S.C. 103(1));
(5) A Government controlled corporation (as defined in 5 U.S.C. 103(2));
(6) A mixed-ownership Government corporation (as defined in 31 U.S.C. 9101(2));
(7) Any establishment in the executive branch of the Government (including the Executive Office of the President);
(8) Any independent regulatory agency (including an independent regulatory agency specified in 44 U.S.C. 3502(10));
(9) The Smithsonian Institution;
(10) Any nonappropriated fund instrumentality of the United States; and
(11) The United States Postal Service.
Field work means official work requiring the employee's presence at various locations other than his/her regular place of work. (Multiple stops (itinerant-type travel) within the accepted local commuting area, limited use beyond the local commuting area, or transportation to remote locations that are only accessible by Government-provided transportation are examples of field work.)
Home means the primary place where an employee resides and from which the employee commutes to his/her place of work.
Home-to-work transportation means the use of a Government passenger carrier to transport an employee between his/her home and place of work.
Passenger carrier means a motor vehicle, aircraft, boat, ship, or other similar means of transportation that is owned (including those that have come into the possession of the Government by forfeiture or donation), leased, or rented (non-TDY) by the United States Government.
Work means any place within the accepted commuting area, as determined by the Federal agency for the locality involved, where an employee performs his/her official duties.
Subpart B—Authorizing Home-to-Work Transportation
By statute, certain Federal officials are authorized home-to-work transportation, as are employees who meet certain statutory criteria as determined by their agency head. The Federal officials authorized by statute are the President, the Vice-President, and other principal Federal officials and their designees, as provided in 31 U.S.C. 1344(b)(1) through (b)(7). Those employees engaged in field work, or faced with a clear and present danger, an emergency, or a compelling operational consideration may be authorized home-to-work transportation as determined by their agency head. No other employees are authorized home-to-work transportation.
No, the agency head may not delegate the authority to make home-to-work determinations.
Yes, determinations should be completed before an employee is provided with home-to-work transportation unless it is impracticable to do so.
Yes, determinations may be made in advance when the Federal agency wants to have employees ready to respond to:
(a) A clear and present danger;
(b) An emergency; or
(c) A compelling operational consideration.
Note to § 102-5.50:
Implementation of these determinations is contingent upon one of the three circumstances occurring. Thus, these may be referred to as “contingency determinations.”
Determinations must be in writing and include the:
(a) Name and title of the employee (or other identification, if confidential);
(b) Reason for authorizing home-to-work transportation; and
(c) Anticipated duration of the authorization.
Initial determinations are effective for no longer than:
(a) Two years for field work, updated as necessary; and
(b) Fifteen days for other circumstances.
The agency head may approve unlimited subsequent determinations, when the need for home-to-work transportation exceeds the initial period, for no longer than:
(a) Two years each for field work, updated as necessary; and
(b) Ninety calendar days each for other circumstances.
Agencies should consider the following when making a determination to authorize home-to-work transportation for field work:
(a) The location of the employee's home in proximity to his/her work and to the locations where non-TDY travel is required; and
(b) The use of home-to-work transportation for field work should be authorized only to the extent that such transportation will substantially increase the efficiency and economy of the Government.
The following circumstances do not establish a basis for authorizing home-to-work transportation for field work:
(a) When an employee assigned to field work is not actually performing field work. Start Printed Page 54968
(b) When the employee's workday begins at his/her work; or
(c) When the employee normally commutes to a fixed location, however far removed from his/her official duty station (for example, auditors or investigators assigned to a defense contractor plant).
Note to § 102-5.75:
For instances where an employee is authorized home-to-work transportation under the field work provision, but performs field work only on an intermittent basis, the agency shall establish procedures to ensure that a Government passenger carrier is used only when field work is actually being performed. Although some employees' daily work station is not located in a Government office, these employees are not performing field work. Like all Government employees, employees working in a “field office” are responsible for their own commuting costs.
Examples of positions that may involve field work include, but are not limited to:
(a) Quality assurance inspectors;
(b) Construction inspectors;
(c) Dairy inspectors;
(d) Mine inspectors;
(e) Meat inspectors; and
(f) Medical officers on outpatient service.
Note to § 102-5.80:
The assignment of an employee to such a position does not, of itself, entitle an employee to receive daily home-to-work transportation.
If positions are identified rather than named individuals, your determination for field work should include sufficient information to satisfy an audit, if necessary. This information should include the job title, number, and operational level where the work is to be performed (e.g., five recruiter personnel or, positions at the Detroit Army Recruiting Battalion).
Note to § 102-5.85:
An agency head may elect to designate positions rather than individual names, especially in positions where rapid turnover occurs.
Yes, situations may arise where, for cost or other reasons, it is in the Government's interest to base a Government passenger carrier at a Government facility located near the employee's home or work rather than authorize the employee home-to-work transportation.
No, the comfort and/or convenience of an employee is not considered sufficient justification to authorize home-to-work transportation.
No, you may not use home-to-work transportation for other than official purposes. However, if your agency has prescribed rules for the incidental use of Government vehicles (as provided in 31 U.S.C. note), you may use the vehicle in accordance with those rules in connection with an existing home-to-work authorization.
Yes, an employee authorized home-to-work transportation may share space in a Government passenger carrier with other individuals, provided that the passenger carrier does not travel additional distances as a result and such sharing is consistent with his/her Federal agency's policy. When a Federal agency establishes its space sharing policy, the Federal agency should consider its potential liability for and to those individuals. Home-to-work transportation does not extend to the employee's spouse, other relatives, or friends unless they travel with the employee from the same point of departure to the same destination, and this use is consistent with the Federal agency's policy.
Subpart C—Documenting and Reporting Determinations
Yes, you must submit your determinations to the following Congressional Committees:
(a) Chairman, Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate, Suite SD-340, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Washington, DC 20510-6250; and
(b) Chairman, Committee on Governmental Reform, United States House of Representatives, Suite 2157, Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, DC 20515-6143.
You must report your determinations to Congress no later than 60 calendar days after approval. You may consolidate any subsequent determinations into a single report and submit them quarterly.
Your responsibilities for documenting use of home-to-work transportation are that you must maintain logs or other records necessary to verify that any home-to-work transportation was for official purposes. Each agency may decide the organizational level at which the logs should be maintained and kept. The logs or other records should be easily accessible for audit and should contain:
(a) Name and title of employee (or other identification, if confidential) using the passenger carrier;
(b) Name and title of person authorizing use;
(c) Passenger carrier identification;
(d) Date(s) home-to-work transportation is authorized;
(e) Location of residence;
(f) Duration; and
(g) Circumstances requiring home-to-work transportation.
This document was received at the Office of the Federal Register on September 6, 2000.Start Signature
Dated: February 14, 2000.
David J. Barram,
Administrator of General Services.
[FR Doc. 00-23250 Filed 9-11-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6820-24-P