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Index of Administrator's Decisions and Orders in Civil Penalty Actions; Publication

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION:

Notice of publication.

SUMMARY:

This notice constitutes the required quarterly publication of an index of the Administrator's decisions and orders in civil penalty cases. This publication represents the quarter ending on September 30, 2000. This publication ensures that the agency is in compliance with statutory indexing requirements.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

James S. Dillman, Assistant Chief Counsel for Litigation (AGC-400), Federal Aviation Administration, 400 7th Street, SW., Suite PL 200-A, Washington, DC 20590; telephone (202) 366-4118.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

The Administrative Procedure Act requires Federal agencies to maintain and make available for public inspection and copying current indexes containing identifying information regarding materials required to be made available or published. 5 U.S.C. 552(a)(2). In a notice issued on July 11, 1990, and published in the Federal Register (55 FR 29148; July 17, 1990), the FAA announced the public availability of several indexes and summaries that provide identifying information about the decisions and orders issued by the Administrator under the FAA's civil penalty assessment authority and the rules of practice governing hearings and appeals of civil penalty actions. 14 CFR Part 13, Subpart G.

The FAA maintains an index of the Administrator's decisions and orders in civil penalty actions organized by order number and containing identifying information about each decision or order. The FAA also maintains a cumulative subject-matter index and digests organized by order number. The indexes are published on a quarterly basis (i.e., January, April, July, and October.)

The FAA first published these indexes and digests for all decisions and orders issued by the Administrator through September 30, 1990. 55 FR 45984; October 31, 1990. The FAA announced in that notice that only the subject-matter index would be published cumulatively and that the order number index would be non-cumulative. The FAA announced in a later notice that the order number indexes published in January would reflect all of the civil penalty decisions for the previous year. 58 FR 5044; 1/19/93.

The previous quarterly publications of these indexes have appeared in the Federal Register as follows:

Dates of quarterFederal Register publication
11/1/89-9/30/9055 FR 45984; 10/31/90.
10/1/90-12/31/9056 FR 44886; 2/6/91.
1/1/91-3/31/9156 FR 20250; 5/2/91.
4/1/91-6/30/9156 FR 31984; 7/12/91.
7/1/91-9/30/9156 FR 51735; 10/15/91.
10/1/91-12/31/9157 FR 2299; 1/21/92.
1/1/92-3/31/9257 FR 12359; 4/9/92.
4/1/92-6/30/9257 FR 32825; 7/23/92.
7/1/92-9/30/9257 FR 48255; 10/22/92.
10/1/92-12/31/9258 FR 5044; 1/19/93.
1/1/93-3/31/9358 FR 21199; 4/19/93.
4/1/93-6/30/9358 FR 42120; 8/6/93.
7/1/93-9/30/9358 FR 58218; 10/29/93.
10/1/93-12/31/9359 FR 5466; 2/4/94.
1/1/94-3/31/9459 FR 22196; 4/29/94.
4/1/94-6/30/9459 FR 39618; 8/3/94.
7/1/94-12/31/9460 FR 4454; 1/23/95.
1/1/95-3/31/9560 FR 19318; 4/17/95.
4/1/95-6/30/9560 FR 36854; 7/18/95.
7/1/95-9/30/9560 FR 53228; 10/12/95.
10/1/95-12/31/9561 FR 1972; 1/24/96.
1/1/96-3/31/9661 FR 16955; 4/18/96.
4/1/96-6/30/9661 FR 37526; 7/18/96.
7/1/96-9/30/9661 FR 54833; 10/22/96.
10/1/96-12/31/9662 FR 2434; 1/16/97.
1/1/97-3/31/9762 FR 24533; 5/2/97.
4/1/97-6/30/9762 FR 38339; 7/17/97.
7/1/97-9/30/9762 FR 53856; 10/16/97.
10/1/97-12/31/9763 FR 3373; 1/22/98.
1/1/98-3/31/9863 FR 19559; 4/20/98.
4/1/98-6/30/9863 FR 37914; 7/14/98.
7/1/98-9/30/9863 FR 57729; 10/28/98.
10/1/98-12/31/9864 FR 1855; 1/12/99.
1/1/99-3/31/9964 FR 24690; 5/7/99.
4/1/99-6/30/9964 FR 43236; 8/9/99.
7/1/99-9/30/9964 FR 58879; 11/1/99.
10/1/99-12/31/9965 FR 1654; 1/11/00.
1/1/00-3/31/0065 FR 35973; 6/6/00.
4/1/00-6/30/0065 FR 47557; 8/2/00.

The civil penalty decisions and orders, and the indexes and digests are available in FAA offices. Also, the Administrator's civil penalty decisions have been published by commercial publishers (Hawkins Publishing Company and Clark Boardman Callaghan) and are available on computer on-line services (Westlaw, LEXIS, Compuserve and FedWorld).

A list of the addresses of the FAA offices where the civil penalty decisions may be reviewed and information regarding these commercial publications and computer databases are provided at the end of this notice. Information regarding the accessibility of materials filed in recently initiated civil penalty cases in FAA civil penalty cases at the DOT Docket and over the Internet also appears at the end of this notice.Start Printed Page 67446

Civil Penalty Actions—Orders Issued by the Administrator

Order Number Index

(Includes all decisions and orders issued by the Administrator between July 1, 2000, and September 30, 2000.)

2000-15 David E. Everson

8/7/2000—CP99WA0002, DMS No. FAA-1999-5570

2000-16 Warbelow's Air Ventures, Inc.

8/8/2000—CP97AL0012

2000-17 Howard Gotbetter

8/11/2000—CP98EA0051, DMS No. FAA-1998-4691

2000-18 California Helitech

8/11/2000—CP98WP0035

2000-19 James J. Horner

8/11/2000—CP99NM0004

2000-20 Phillips Building Supply

8/11/2000—CP99SO0024, DMS No. FAA-1999-5816

2000-21 Daniel A. Martinez

8/24/2000—CP99NM0012, DMS No. FAA-1999-5984

Civil Penalty Actions_Orders Issued by the Administrator

Subject Matter Index

(Current as of September 30, 2000)

Administrative Law Judges—Power and Authority:
Continuance of hearing91-11 Continental Airlines: 92-29 Haggland.
Credibility findings90-21 Carroll; 92-3 Park; 93-17 Metcalf; 94-3 Valley Air; 94-4 Northwest Aircraft Rental; 95-25 Conquest; 95-26 Hereth; 97-20 Werle; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines; 97-32 Florida Propeller; 98-18 General Aviation; 99-6 Squire; 2000-3 Warbelow's 2000-17 Gotbetter.
Default Judgment91-11 Continental Airlines; 92-47 Cornwall; 94-8 Nunez; 94-22 Harkins; 94-28 Toyota; 95-10 Diamond; 97-28 Continental Airlines; 97-33 Rawlings; 98-13 Air St. Thomas.
Discovery89-6 American Airlines; 91-17 KDS Aviation; 91-54 Alaska Airlines; 92-46 Sutton-Sautter; 93-10 Costello.
Expert Testimony94-21 Sweeney.
Granting extensions of time90-27 Gabbert.
Hearing location92-50 Cullop.
Hearing request93-12 Langton; 94-6 Strohl; 94-27 Larsen; 94-37 Houston; 95-19 Rayner.
Initial Decision92-1 Costello; 92-32 Barnhill.
Lateness of97-31 Sanford Air; 2000-19 Horner.
Should include requirement to file appeal brief98-5 Squire.
Jurisdiction:
Generally90-20 Degenhardt; 90-33 Cato; 92-1 Costello; 92-32 Barnhill.
After issuance of order assessing civil penalty94-37 Houston; 95-19 Rayner; 97-33 Rawlings.
When complaint is withdrawn94-39 Kirola.
Motion for Decision92-73 Wyatt; 92-75 Beck; 92-76 Safety Equipment; 93-11 Merkley; 96-24 Horizon; 98-20 Koenig.
No authority to extend due date for late Answer without showing of good cause. (See also Answer)95-28 Atlantic World Airways; 97-18 Robinson; 98-4 Larry's Flying Service.
Notice of Hearing92-31 Eaddy.
Regulate proceedings97-20 Werle.
Sanction90-37 Northwest Airlines; 91-54 Alaska Airlines; 94-22 Harkins; 94-28 Toyota.
Service of law judges by parties97-18 Robinson.
Vacate initial decision90-20 Degenhardt; 92-32 Barnhill; 95-6 Sutton.
Aerial Photography95-25 Conquest Helicopters.
Agency Attorney93-13 Medel.
Air Carrier/Aircraft Operator:
Agent/independent contractor of92-70 USAir; 2000-13 Empire Airlines.
Careless or Reckless92-48 & 92-70 USAir; 93-18 Westair Commuter.
Duty of care: Non-delegable92-70 USAir; 96-16 Westair Commuter; 96-24 Horizon; 97-8 Pacific Av. d/b/a Inter-Island Helicopters; 99-12 TWA; 2000-3 Warbelow's; 2000-13 Empire Airlines.
Employee93-18 Westair Commuter; 97-8 Pacific Av. d/b/a Inter-Island Helicopters; 99-12 TWA; 99-14 Alika Aviation; 2000-1 Gatewood; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
Ground Security Coordinator, Failure to provide96-16 WestAir Commuter.
Intoxicated passenger:
Allowing to board98-11 TWA.
Serving alcohol to98-11 TWA.
Liability for acts/omissions of employees in scope of employment98-11 TWA, 99-12 TWA; 99-14 Alika Aviation; 2000-1 Gatewood; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
Liability for maintenance by independent repair station2000-13 Empire Airlines.
Use of unqualified pilot99-15 Blue Ridge; 99-11 Evergreen; 2000-12 Evergreen.
Aircraft Maintenance (See also Airworthiness, Maintenance Manual):
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Generally90-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 91-8 Watts Agricultural Aviation; 93-36 & 94-3 Valley Air; 94-38 Bohan; 95-11 Horizon; 96-3 America West Airlines; 97-8 Pacific Av. d/b/a Inter-Island Helicopters; 97-9 Alphin; 97-10 Alphin; 97-11 Hampton; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines; 97-31 Sanford Air; 98-18 General Aviation; 99-5 Africa Air; 2000-1 Gatewood; 2000-3 Warbelow's; 2000-13 Empire Airlines; 2000-14 Warbelow's 2000-18 California Helitech.
Acceptable methods, techniques, and practices96-3 America West Airlines.
After certificate revocation92-73 Wyatt.
Airworthiness Directive, compliance with96-18 Kilrain; 97-9 Alphin.
Approved data for major repairs2000-13 Empire Airlines.
Advisory Circular 43.13-1, as amended alone not approved data2000-13 Empire Airlines.
Approved data for an aircraft not necessarily approved for major repair of another aircraft2000-13 Empire Airlines.
DER2000-13 Empire Airlines.
Inspection96-18 Filrain; 97-10 Alphin; 99-14 Alika Aviation.
Major alterations: Failed to prove99-5 Africa Air.
Major/minor repairs96-3 America West Airlines.
Minimum Equipment List (MEL)94-38 Bohan, 95-11 Horizon; 97-11 Hampton; 97-21 Delta; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
Operation when maintenance entries not made2000-1 Gatewood; 2000-18 California Helitech.
Repairs between required inspections2000-18 California Helitech.
Propellers2000-1 Gatewood.
Aircraft Records:
Aircraft Operation91-8 Watts Agricultural Aviation; 2000-1 Gatewood.
Flight and Duty Time96-4 South Aero.
Maintenance Records91-8 Watts Agricultural Aviation; 94-2 Woodhouse; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines; 97-31 Sanford Air; 98-18 General Aviation; 2000-1 Gatewood; 2000-3 Warbelow's; 2000-18 California Helitech.
Description of maintenance2000-1 Gatewood.
Squawk sheets2000-18 California Helitech.
“Yellow tags”91-8 Watts Agricultural Aviation.
Aircraft—Weight and Balance (See Weight and Balance)
Airmen:
Airline Transport Pilot certificates requirement in foreign aviation by Part 135 operator99-11 Evergreen Helicopters; 2000-12 Evergreen.
Altitude deviation92-49 Richardson & Shimp.
Careless or Reckless91-12 & 91-31 Terry & Menne; 92-8 Watkins; 92-49 Richardson & Shimp; 92-47 Cornwall; 93-17 Metcalf; 93-29 Sweeney; 96-17 Fenner.
Flight time limitations93-11 Merkley.
Flight Time records99-7 Premier Jets.
Follow ATC Instruction91-12 & 91-31 Terry & Menne; 92-8 Watkins; 92-49 Richardson & Shimp.
Low Flight92-47 Cornwall; 93-17 Metcalf.
Owner's responsibility96-17 Fenner; 2000-1 Gatewood.
Pilots91-12 & 91-31 Terry & Menne; 92-8 Watkins; 92-49 Richardson & Shimp; 93-17 Metcalf.
See and Avoid93-29 Sweeney.
Unqualified for Part 135 flight99-15 Blue Ridge.
Air Operations Area (AOA):
Air Carrier
Air Carrier Responsibilities90-19 Continental Airlines; 91-33 Delta Air Lines; 94-1 Delta Air Lines.
Airport Operator Responsibilities90-19 Continental Airlines; 91-4 [Airport Operator]; 91-18 [Airport Operator]; 91-40 [Airport Operator]; 91-41 [Airport Operator]; 91-58 [Airport Operator]; 96-1 [Airport Operator]; 98-7 LAX.
Badge Display91-4 [Airport Operator]; 91-33 Delta Air Lines; 99-1 American Airlines.
Definition of90-19 Continental Airlines; 91-4 [Airport Operator]; 91-58 [Airport Operator].
Exclusive Areas90-19 Continental Airlines; 91-4 [Airport Operator]; 91-58 [Airport Operator]; 98-7 LAX.
Airport Security Program (ASP):
Compliance with91-4 [Airport Operator]; 91-18 [Airport Operator]; 91-40 [Airport Operator]; 91-41 [Airport Operator]; 91-58 [Airport Operator]; 94-1 Delta Air Lines; 96-1 [Airport Operator]; 97-23 Detroit Metropolitan; 98-7 LAX; Airport Operator.
Responsibilities90-12 Continental Airlines; 91-4 [Airport Operator]; 91-18 [Airport Operator]; 91-40 [Airport Operator]; 91-41 [Airport Operator]; 91-58 [Airport Operator]; 96-1 [Airport Operator]; 97-23 Detroit Metropolitan.
Air Traffic Control (ATC):
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Error as mitigating factor91-12 & 91-31 Terry & Menne.
Error as exonerating factor91-12 & 91-31 Terry & Menne; 92-40 Wendt.
Ground Control91-12 Terry & Menne; 93-18 Westair Commuter.
Local Control91-12 Terry & Menne.
Tapes & Transcripts91-12 Terry & Menne; 92-49 Richardson & Shimp.
Airworthiness91-8 Watts Agricultural Aviation; 92-10 Flight Unlimited; 92-48 & 92-70 USAir; 94-2 Woodhouse; 95-11 Horizon; 96-3 America West Airlines; 96-18 Kilrain; 94-25 USAir; 97-8 Pacific Av. d/b/a Inter-Island Helicopters; 97-9 Alphin; 97-10 Alphin; 97-11 Hampton; 97-21 Delta; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines; 97-32 Florida Propeller; 98-18 General Aviation; 99-14 Alika Aviation; 2000-3 Warbelow's; 2000-13 Empire Airlines; 2000-14 Warbelow's; 2000-18 California Helitech.
Amicus Curiae Briefs90-25 Gabbert.
Answer:
ALJ may not extend due date for late Answer unless good cause shown95-28 Atlantic World Airways; 97-18 Robinson; 97-33 Rawlings; 98-4 Larry's Flying Service.
Reply to each numbered paragraph in the complaint required98-21 Blankson.
Timeliness of answer90-3 Metz; 90-15 Playter; 92-32 Barnhill; 92-47 Cornwall; 92-75 Beck; 92-76 Safety Equipment; 94-5 Grant; 94-29 Sutton; 94-30 Columna; 94-43 Perez; 95-10 Diamond; 95-28 Atlantic World Airways; 97-18 Robinson; 97-19 Missirlian; 97-33 Rawlings; 97-38 Air St. Thomas; 98-4 Larry's Flying Service; 98-13 Air St. Thomas; 99-8 McDermott; 99-9 Lifeflite Medical Air Transport; 99-16 Dorfman.
Timeliness not at issue once hearing held99-16 Dorfman.
What constitutes92-32 Barnhill; 92-75 Beck; 97-19 Missirlian.
Appeals (See also Filing; Timeliness; Mailing Rule):
Briefs, Generally89-4 Metz; 91-45 Park; 92-17 Giuffrida; 92-19 Cornwall; 92-39 Beck; 93-24 Steel City Aviation; 93-28 Strohl; 94-23 Perez; 95-13 Kilrain.
Additional Appeal Brief92-3 Park; 93-5 Wendt; 93-6 Westair Commuter; 93-28 Strohl; 94-4 Northwest Aircraft; 94-18 Luxemburg; 94-29 Sutton; 97-22 Sanford Air; 97-34 Continental Airlines; 97-38 Air St. Thomas; 98-18 General Aviation; 99-11 Evergreen Helicopter; 2000-7 Martinez; 2000-21 Martinez.
Appeal dismissed as premature95-19 Rayner.
Appeal dismissed as moot after complaint withdrawn92-9 Griffin.
Appellate arguments92-70 USAir.
Court of Appeals, appeal to (See Federal Courts)
Good Cause for Late-Filed Brief or Notice of Appeal90-3 Metz; 90-27 Gabbert; 90-39 Hart; 91-10 Graham; 91-24 Esau; 91-48 Wendt; 91-50 & 92-1 Costello; 92-3 Park; 92-17 Giuffrida; 92-39 Beck; 92-41 Moore & Sabre Associates; 92-52 Beck; 92-57 Detroit Metro Wayne Co. Airport; 92-69 McCabe; 93-23 Allen; 93-27 Simmons; 93-31 Allen; 95-2 Meronek; 95-9 Woodhouse; 95-25 Conquest, 97-6 WRA Inc.; 97-7 Stalling; 97-28 Continental; 97-38 Air St. Thomas; 98-1 V. Taylor; 98-13 Air St. Thomas; 99-4 Warbelow's Air Ventures; 2000-11 Europex; 2000-21 Martinez.
Informal Conference: Conduct of, not on appeal99-14 Alika Aviation.
Motion to Vacate construed as a brief91-11 Continental Airlines.
Perfecting an Appeal, generally92-17 Giuffrida; 92-19 Cornwall; 92-39 Beck; 94-23 Perez; 95-13 Kilrain; 96-5 Alphin Aircraft; 98-20 Koenig.
Extension of Time for (good cause for)89-8 Thunderbird Accessories; 91-26 Britt Airways; 91-32 Bargen; 91-50 Costello; 93-2 & 93-3 Wendt; 93-24 Steel City Aviation; 93-32 Nunez; 98-5 Squire; 98-15 Squire; 99-3 Justice; 99-4 Warbelow's Air Ventures.
Failure to89-1 Gressani; 89-7 Zenkner; 90-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 90-35 P. Adams; 90-39 Hart; 91-7 Pardue; 91-10 Graham; 91-20 Bargen; 91-43, 91-44, 91-46 & 91-47 Delta Air Lines; 92-11 Alilin; 92-15 Dillman; 92-18 Bargen; 92-34 Carrell; 92-35 Bay Land Aviation; 92-36 Southwest Airlines; 92-45 O'Brien; 92-56 Montauk Caribbean Airways; 92-67 USAir; 92-68 Weintraub; 92-78 TWA; 93-7 Dunn; 93-8 Nunez; 93-20 Smith; 93-23 & 93-31 Allen; 93-34 Castle Aviation; 93-35 Steel City Aviation; 94-12 Bartusiak; 94-24 Page; 94-26 French Aircraft; 94-34 American International Airways; 94-35 American International Airways; 94-36 American International Airways; 95-4 Hanson; 95-22 & 96-5 Alphin Aircraft; 96-2 Skydiving Center; 96-13 Winslow; 97-3 [Airport Operator], 97-6 WRA, Inc.; 97-15 Houston & Johnson County; 97-35 Gordon Air Services; 97-36 Avcon; 97-37 Roush; 98-10 Rawlings; 99-2 Oxygen Systems; 2000-9 Tundra Copters; 2000-10 Johnson.
Start Printed Page 67449
Notice of appeal construed as appeal brief92-39 Beck; 94-15 Columna; 95-9 Woodhouse; 95-23 Atlantic World Airways; 96-20 Missirlian; 97-2 Sanford Air; 98-5 Squire; 98-17 Blue Ridge; 98-23 Instead Balloon Services; 99-3 Justice; 99-8 McDermott; 2000-7 Martinez.
What Constitutes90-4 Metz; 90-27 Gabbert; 91-45 Park; 92-7 West; 92-17 Giuffrida; 92-39 Beck; 93-7 Dunn; 94-15 Columna; 94-23 Perez; 94-30 Columna; 95-9 Woodhouse; 95-23 Atlantic World Airways; 96-20 Missirlian; 97-2 Sanford Air.
Service of brief: Fail to serve other party92-17 Giuffrida; 92-19 Cornwall.
Timeliness of Notice of Appeal90-3 Metz; 90-39 Hart; 91-50 Costello; 92-7 West; 92-69 McCabe; 93-27 Simmons; 95-2 Meronek; 95-9 Woodhouse; 95-15 Alphin Aviation; 96-14 Midtown Neon Sign Corp.; 97-7 & 97-17 Stallings; 97-28 Continental; 97-38 Air St. Thomas; 98-1 V. Taylor; 98-13 Air St. Thomas; 98-16 Blue Ridge; 98-17 Blue Ridge; 98-21 Blankson.
Withdrawal of89-2 Lincoln-Walker; 89-3 Sittko; 90-4 Nordrum; 90-5 Sussman; 90-6 Dabaghian; 90-7 Steele; 90-8 Jenkins; 90-9 Van Zandt; 90-13 O'Dell; 90-14 Miller; 90-28 Puleo; 90-29 Sealander; 90-30 Steidinger; 90-34 D. Adams; 90-40 & 90-41 Westair Commuter Airlines; 91-1 Nestor; 91-5 Jones; 91-6 Lowery; 91-13 Kreamer; 91-14 Swanton; 91-15 Knipe; 91-16 Lopez; 91-19 Bayer; 91-21 Britt Airways; 91-22 Omega Silicone Co.; 91-23 Continental Airlines; 91-25 Sanders; 91-27 Delta Air Lines; 91-28 Continental Airlines; 91-29 Smith; 91-34 GASPRO; 91-35 M. Graham; 91-36 Howard; 91-37 Vereen; 91-39 America West; 91-42 Pony Express; 91-49 Shields; 91-56 Mayhan; 91-57 Britt Airways; 91-59 Griffin; 91-60 Brinton; 92-2 Koller; 92-4 Delta Air Lines; 92-6 Rothgeb; 92-12 Bertetto; 92-20 Delta Air Lines; 92-21 Cronberg; 92-22, 92-23, 92-24, 92-25, 92-26 & 92-28 Delta Air Lines; 92-33 Port Authority of NY & NJ; 92-42 Jayson; 92-43 Delta Air Lines; 92-44 Owens; 92-53 Humble; 92-54 & 92-55 Northwest Airlines; 92-60 Costello; 92-61 Romerdahl; 92-62 USAir; 92-63 Schaefer; 92-64 & 92-65 Delta Air Lines; 92-66 Sabre Associates & Moore; 92-79 Delta Air Lines; 93-1 Powell & Co.; 93-4 Harrah; 93-14 Fenske; 93-15 Brown; 93-21 Delta Air Lines; 93-22 Yannotone; 93-26 Delta Air Lines; 93-33 HPH Aviation; 94-9 B & G Instruments; 94-10 Boyle; 94-11 Pan American Airways; 94-13 Boyle; 94-14 B & G Instruments; 94-16 Ford; 94-33 Trans World Airlines; 94-41 Dewey Towner; 94-42 Taylor; 95-1 Diamond Aviation; 95-3 Delta Air Lines; 95-5 Araya; 95-6 Sutton; 95-7 Empire Airlines; 95-20 USAir; 95-21 Faisca; 95-24 Delta Air Lines; 96-7 Delta Air Lines; 96-8 Empire Airlines; 96-10 USAir; 96-11 USAir, 96-12 USAir; 96-21 Houseal; 97-4 [Airport Operator]; 97-5 WestAir; 97-25 Martin & Jaworski; 97-26 Delta Air Lines; 97-27 Lock Haven; 97-39 Delta Air Lines; 98-9 Continental Express; 2000-8 USA Jet Airlines; 2000-15 Everson d/b/a North Valley Helicopters.
Assault (See also Battery, and Passenger Misconduct)96-6 Ignatov; 97-12 Mayer; 99-16 Dorfman; 2000-17 Gotbetter.
“Attempt”89-5 Schultz.
Attorney Conduct: Obstreperous or Disruptive94-39 Kirola.
Attorney Fees (See EAJA):
Aviation Safety Reporting System90-39 Hart; 91-12 Terry & Menne; 92-49 Richardson & Shimp.
Baggage Matching98-6 Continental; 99-12 TWA.
Balloon (Hot Air)94-2 Woodhouse.
Bankruptcy91-2 Continental Airlines.
Battery (See also Assault and Passenger Misconduct)96-6 Ignatov; 97-12 Mayer; 99-16 Dorfman; 2000-27 Gotbetter.
Certificates and Authorizations: Surrender when revoked92-73 Wyatt.
Civil Air Security National Airport Inspection Program (CASNAIP)91-4 [Airport Operator]; 91-18 [Airport Operator]; 91-40 [Airport Operator]; 91-41 [Airport Operator]; 91-58 [Airport Operator].
Civil Penalty Amount (See Sanction):
Closing Argument (See Final Oral Argument):
Collateral Estoppel91-8 Watts Agricultural Aviation.
Complaint:
Complainant Bound By90-10 Webb; 91-53 Koller.
No Timely Answer to (See Answer):
Partial Dismissal/Full Sanction94-19 Pony Express; 94-40 Polynesian Airways.
Staleness (See Stale Complaint Rule):
Statute of Limitations (See Statute of Limitations):
Timeliness of complaint91-51 Hagwood; 93-13 Medel; 94-7 Hereth; 94-5 Grant.
Withdrawal of94-39 Kirola; 95-6 Sutton.
Compliance & Enforcement Program:
(FAA Order No. 2150.3A)89-5 Schultz; 89-6 American Airlines; 91-38 Esau; 92-5 Delta Air Lines.
Compliance/Enforcement Bulletin 92-396-19 [Air Carrier].
Start Printed Page 67450
Sanction Guidance Table89-5 Schultz; 90-23 Broyles; 90-33 Cato; 90-37 Northwest Airlines; 91-3 Lewis; 92-5 Delta Air Lines; 98-18 General Aviation; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
Concealment of Weapons (See Weapons Violations):
Consolidation of Cases90-12, 90-18 & 90-19 Continental Airlines.
Constitutionality of Regulations (See also Double Jeopardy)90-12 Continental Airlines; 90-18 Continental Airlines; 90-19 Continental Airlines; 90-37 Northwest Airlines; 96-1 [Airport Operator]; 96-25 USAir; 97-16 Mauna Kea; 97-34 Continental Airlines; 98-6 Continental Airlines; 98-11 TWA; 99-1 American; 99-12 TWA; 2000-19 Horner.
Continuance of Hearing90-25 Gabbert; 92-29 Haggland.
Corrective Action (See Sanction):
Counsel:
Leave to withdraw97-24 Gordon.
No right to assigned counsel (See Due Process)
Sanctions against2000-17 Gotbetter.
Credibility of Witnesses:
Generally95-25 Conquest Helicopters; 95-26 Hereth; 97-32 Florida Propeller.
Bias97-9 Alphin; 2000-18 Gotbetter.
Defer to ALJ determination of90-21 Carroll; 92-3 Park; 93-17 Metcalf; 95-26 Hereth; 97-20 Werle; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines; 97-32 Florida Propeller; 98-11 TWA; 98-18 General Aviation; 99-6 Squire; 2000-3 Warbelow's; 2000-14 Warbelow's; 2000-17 Gotbetter.
Experts (See also Witness)90-27 Gabbert; 93-17 Metcalf; 96-3 America West Airlines.
Impeachment94-4 Northwest Aircraft Rental.
Reliability of eyewitness identification97-20 Werle.
De facto answer92-32 Barnhill.
Delay in initiating action90-21 Carroll.
Deliberative Process Privilege89-6 American Airlines; 90-12, 90-18 & 90-19 Continental Airlines.
Deterrence89-5 Schultz; 92-10 Flight Unlimited; 95-16 Mulhall; 95-17 Larry's Flying Service; 97-11 Hampton.
Discovery:
Deliberative Process Privilege89-6 American Airlines; 90-12, 90-18 & 90-19 Continental Airlines.
Depositions, generally91-54 Alaska Airlines.
Notice of deposition91-54 Alaska Airlines.
No Duty to Provide List of Evidence Without RequestHorner 2000-19.
Failure to Produce90-18 & 90-19 Continental Airlines; 91-17 KDS Aviation; 93-10 Costello.
Sanction for91-17 KDS Aviation; 91-54 Alaska Airlines.
Regarding Unrelated Case92-46 Sutton-Sautter.
Double Jeopardy95-8 Charter Airlines; 96-26 Midtown.
Due Process:
Generally89-6 American Airlines; 90-12 Continental Airlines; 90-37 Northwest Airlines; 96-1 [Airport Operator]; 97-8 Pacific Av. d/b/a Inter-Island Helicopters; 99-12 TWA.
Before finding a violation90-27 Gabbert.
Multiple violations96-26 Midtown; 97-9 Alphin.
No right to assigned counsel97-8 Pacific Av. d/b/a Inter-Island Helicopters; 97-9 Alphin; 99-6 Squire.
Violation of89-6 American Airlines; 90-12 Continental Airlines; 90-37 Northwest Airlines; 96-1 [Airport Operator]; 97-8 Pacific Av. d/b/a Inter-Island Helicopters; 98-19 Martin & Jaworski.
EAJA:
Adversary Adjudication90-17 Wilson; 91-17 & 91-52 KDS Aviation; 94-17 TCI; 95-12 Toyota.
Amount of award95-27 Valley Air.
Appeal from ALJ decision95-9 Woodhouse.
Expert witness fees95-27 Valley Air.
Final disposition96-22 Woodhouse.
Further proceedings91-52 KDS Aviation.
Jurisdiction over appeal92-74 Wendt; 96-22 Woodhouse.
Late-filed application96-22 Woodhouse.
Other expenses93-29 Sweeney.
Position of agency95-27 Valley Air.
Prevailing party91-52 KDS Aviation.
Special circumstances95-18 Pacific Sky.
Substantial justification91-52 & 92-71 KDS Aviation; 93-9 Wendt; 95-18 Pacific Sky; 95-27 Valley Air; 96-15 Valley Air; 98-19 Martin & Jaworski.
Supplementation of application95-27 Valley Air.
Evidence (See Proof & Evidence):
Ex Parte Communications93-10 Costello; 95-16 Mulhall; 95-19 Rayner.
Expert Witnesses (See Witness):
Extension of Time:
By Agreement of Parties89-6 American Airlines; 92-41 Moore & Sabre Associates.
Start Printed Page 67451
Dismissal by Decisionmaker89-7 Zenkner; 90-39 Hart.
Good Cause for89-8 Thunderbird Accessories.
Objection to89-8 Thunderbird Accessories; 93-3 Wendt.
Who may grant90-27 Gabbert.
Federal Courts92-7 West; 97-1 Midtown Neon Sign; 98-8 Carr; 99-12 TWA.
Hazardous materials case appeals97-1 Midtown Neon Sign; 98-8 Carr; 2000-4 Ryan International.
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure91-17 KDS Aviation.
Federal Rules of Evidence (See also Proof & Evidence):
Admissions96-25 USAir, 99-5 Africa Air; 99-14 Alika Aviation.
Evidentiary admissions are rebuttable99-5 Africa Air.
Settlement Offers (Rule 408)95-16 Mulhall; 96-25 USAir; 99-5 Africa Air.
Exclusion of admissions in settlement offers99-5 Africa Air; 99-14 Alika Aviation.
Statements against interest2000-3 Warbelow's.
Subsequent Remedial Measures96-24 Horizon; 96-25 USAir.
Final Oral Argument92-3 Park.
Firearms (See Weapons):
Ferry Flights95-8 Charter Airlines.
Filing (See also Appeals; Timeliness):
Burden to prove date of filing97-11 Hampton Air; 98-1 V. Taylor.
Discrepancy between certificate of service and postmark98-16 Blue Ridge.
Service on designated representative98-19 Martin & Jaworski.
Flight & Duty Time:
Circumstances beyond crew's control:
Generally95-8 Charter Airlines.
Foreseeability95-8 Charter Airlines.
Late freight95-8 Charter Airlines.
Weather95-8 Charter Airlines.
Competency check flights94-4 South Aero.
Limitation of Duty Time95-8 Charter Airlines; 96-4 South Aero.
Limitation of Flight Time95-8 Charter Airlines.
“Other commercial flying”95-8 Charter Airlines.
Recordkeeping: Individual flight time records for each Part 135 pilot99-7 Premier Jets.
Flights94-20 Conquest Helicopters.
Freedom of Information Act93-10 Costello.
Fuel Exhaustion95-26 Hereth.
Guns (See Weapons):
Ground Security Coordinator (See also Air Carrier; Standard Security Program):
Failure to provide96-16 WestAir Commuter.
“Guilt by association”2000-17 Gotbetter.
Hazardous Materials:
Transportation of, generally90-37 Northwest Airlines; 92-76 Safety Equipment; 92-77 TCI; 94-19 Pony Express; 94-28 Toyota: 94-31 Smalling; 95-12 Toyota; 95-16 Mulhall; 96-26 Midtown.
Civil Penalty, generally92-77 TCI; 94-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling; 95-16 Mulhall; 96-26 Midtown; 98-2 Carr; 2000-20 Phillips Building Supply.
Corrective Action92-77 TCI; 94-28 Toyota; 2000-20 Phillips Building Supply.
Culpability92-77 TCI; 94-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling.
Financial hardship95-16 Mulhall.
Installment plan95-16 Mulhall.
First-time violation92-77 TCI; 94-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling; 2000-20 Phillips Building Supply.
Gravity of violation92-77 TCI; 94-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling; 96-26 Midtown; 98-2 Carr; 2000-20 Phillips Building Supply.
Minimum penalty95-16 Mulhall; 98-2 Carr.
Number of violations95-16 Mulhall; 96-26 Midtown Neon Sign; 98-2 Carr; 2000-20 Phillips Building Supply.
Redundant violations95-16 Mulhall; 96-26 Midtown Neon Sign; 98-2 Carr.
Criminal Penalty92-77 TCI; 94-31 Smalling.
EAJA, applicability of94-17 TCI; 95-12 Toyota.
Individual violations95-16 Mulhall.
Judicial review under 49 U.S.C. 512397-1 Midtown Neon Sign; 98-8 Carr; 2000-4 Ryan International.
Knowingly92-77 TCI; 94-19 Pony Express; 94-31 Smalling.
Specific hazard class transported:
Combustible: Paint95-16 Mulhall.
Corrosive:
Wet Battery94-28 Toyota Motor Sales.
Other92-77 TCI.
Explosive: Fireworks94-31 Smalling; 98-2 Carr.
Flammable:
Paint96-26 Midtown Neon Sign.
Turpentine95-16 Mulhall.
Noxious Fumes2000-20 Phillips Building Supply.
Radioactive94-19 Pony Express.
Hearing:
Start Printed Page 67452
Failure of party to attend98-23 Instead Balloon Services.
Informal Conference94-4 Northwest Aircraft Rental.
Initial Decision: What constitutes92-32 Barnhill.
Interference with crewmembers (See also Passenger Misconduct; Assault)92-3 Park; 96-6 Ignatov; 97-12 Mayer; 98-11 TWA; 98-12 Stout; 2000-17 Gotbetter.
Interlocutory Appeal89-6 American Airlines; 91-54 Alaska Airlines; 93-37 Airspect; 94-32 Detroit Metropolitan; 98-25 Gotbetter.
Internal FAA Policy &/or Procedures89-6 American Airlines; 90-12 Continental Airlines; 92-73 Wyatt.
Jurisdiction:
After initial decision90-20 Degenhardt; 90-33 Cato; 92-32 Barnhill; 93-28 Strohl.
After Order Assessing Civil Penalty94-37 Houston; 95-19 Rayner.
After withdrawal of complaint94-39 Kirola.
$50,000 Limit90-12 Continental Airlines.
EAJA cases92-74 Wendt; 96-22 Woodhouse.
HazMat cases92-76 Safety Equipment.
NTSB90-11 Thunderbird Accessories.
Statutory authority to regulate flights entirely outside of U.S. questioned99-11 Evergreen Helicopters; 2000-12 Evergreen.
Knowledge of concealed weapon (See also Weapons Violation)89-5 Schultz; 90-20 Degenhardt.
Laches (See Delay in initiating action):
Mailing Rule, generally89-7 Zenker; 90-3 Metz; 90-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 90-39 Hart; 98-20 Koenig.
Does not extend time for filing a request for hearing2000-2 Ryan International.
Overnight express delivery89-6 American Airlines.
Maintenance (See Aircraft Maintenance):
Maintenance Instruction93-36 Valley Air.
Maintenance Manual90-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 96-25 USAir.
Air carrier maintenance manual96-3 America West Airlines.
Approved/accepted repairs96-3 America West Airlines; 2000-13 Empire Airlines.
Manufacturer's maintenance manual96-3 America West Airlines; 97-31 Sanford Air; 97-32 Florida Propeller; 2000-3 Warbelow's; 2000-13 Empire Airlines.
Minimum Equipment List (MEL) (See Aircraft Maintenance):
Mootness, appeal dismissed as moot92-9 Griffin; 94-17 TCI.
National Aviation Safety Inspection Program (NASIP)90-16 Rocky Mountain.
National Transportation Safety Board:
Administrator not bound by NTSB case law91-12 Terry & Menne; 92-49 Richardson & Shimp; 93-18 Westair Commuter.
Lack of Jurisdiction90-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 90-17 Wilson; 92-74 Wendt.
Notice of Hearing:
Receipt92-31 Eaddy.
Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty:
Initiates Action91-9 Continental Airlines.
Signature of agency attorney93-12 Langton.
Withdrawal of90-17 Wilson.
Operate, generally91-12 & 91-31 Terry & Menne; 93-18 Westair Commuter; 96-17 Fenner.
Responsibility of aircraft owner/operator for actions of pilot96-17 Fenner; 2000-1 Gatewood.
Responsibility of aircraft owner/operator for employee's flying unairworthy aircraft2000-1 Gatewood.
Oral Argument before Administrator on appeal:
Decision to hold92-16 Wendt.
Instructions for92-27 Wendt.
Order Assessing Civil Penalty:
Appeal from92-1 Costello; 95-19 Rayner.
Timeliness of request for hearing95-19 Rayner.
Withdrawal of89-4 Metz; 90-16 Rocky Mountain; 90-22 USAir; 95-19 Rayner; 97-7 Stalling.
Parachuting98-3 Fedele.
Parts Manufacturer Approval (PMA): Failure to obtain93-19 Pacific Sky Supply.
Passenger List99-13 Falcon Air Express.
Passenger Misconduct92-3 Park.
Assault/Battery96-6 Ignatov; 97-12 Mayer; 98-11 TWA; 99-16 Dorfman.
Compliance with Fasten Seat Belt Sign99-16 Alika Aviation.
Interference with a crewmember96-6 Ignatov; 97-12 Mayer; 98-11 TWA; 98-12 Stout; 99-16 Dorfman.
Smoking92-37 Giuffrida; 99-6 Squire.
Hearing loss and failure to obey instructions re: not smoking99-6 Squire.
Stowing carry-on items97-12 Mayer; 99-16.
Penalty (See Sanction; Hazardous Materials):
Person93-18 Westair Commuter.
Prima Facie Case (See also Proof & Evidence)95-26 Hereth; 96-3 America West Airlines.
Proof & Evidence (See also Federal Rules of Evidence):
Admissions99-5 Africa Air; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
Evidentiary admission is rebuttable99-5 Africa Air.
Affirmative Defense92-13 Delta Air Lines; 92-72 Giuffrida; 98-6 Continental Airlines.
Start Printed Page 67453
Burden of Proof90-26 & 90-43 Waddell; 91-3 Lewis; 91-30 Trujillo; 92-13 Delta Air Lines; 92-72 Giuffrida; 93-29 Sweeney; 97-32 Florida Propeller; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
Circumstantial Evidence90-12, 90-19 & 91-9 Continental Airlines; 93-29 Sweeney; 96-3 America West Airlines; 97-10 Alphin; 97-11 Hampton; 97-32 Florida Propeller; 98-6 Continental Airlines.
Credibility (See Administrative:
Law Judges; Credibility of Witnesses)
Criminal standard rejected91-12 Terry & Menne; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
Closing Arguments (See also Final Oral Argument)94-20 Conquest Helicopters.
Extra-record material95-26 Hereth; 96-24 Horizon.
Hearsay92-72 Giuffrida; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines; 98-11 TWA.
New evidence94-4 Northwest Aircraft Rental; 96-23 Kilrain; 99-15 Blue Ridge.
Offer of proofD97-32 Florida Propeller.
Preponderance of evidence90-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 90-12 Continental Airlines; 91-12 & 91-31 Terry & Menne; 92-72 Giuffrida; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines; 97-31 Sanford Air; 97-32 Florida Propeller; 98-3 Fedele; 98-6 Continental Airlines; 98-11 TWA.
Presumption that message on ATC tape is received as transmitted91-12 Terry & Menne; 92-49 Richardson & Shimp.
Presumption that a gun is deadly or dangerous90-26 Waddell; 91-30 Trujillo.
Presumption that owner gave pilot permission96-17 Fenner.
Prima facie case95-26 Hereth, 96-3 America West; 98-6 Continental Airlines.
Settlement offer95-16 Mulhall; 96-25 USAir; 99-5 Africa Air.
Admission as part of settlement offer excluded99-5 Africa Air; 99-14 Alika Aviation.
Subsequent remedial measures96-24 Horizon; 96-25 USAir.
Substantial evidence92-72 Giuffrida.
Pro Se Parties:
Special Considerations90-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 90-3 Metz; 95-25 Conquest.
Prosecutorial Discretion89-6 American Airlines; 90-23 Broyles; 90-38 Continental Airlines; 91-41 [Airport Operator]; 92-46 Sutton-Sautter; 92-73 Wyatt; 95-17 Larry's Flying Service.
Administrator does not review Complainant's decision not to bring action against anyone but respondent98-2 Carr.
Reconsideration:
Denied by ALJ89-4 & 90-3 Metz.
Granted by ALJ92-32 Barnhill.
Late request for97-14 Pacific Aviation; 98-14 Larry's Flying Service; 2000-5 Blue Ridge.
Petition based on new material96-23 Kilrain; 2000-14 Warbelow's.
Repetitious petitions96-9 [Airport Operator]; 2000-5 Blue Ridge; 2000-14 Warbelow's; 2000-16 Warbelow's.
Stay of order pending90-31 Carroll; 90-32 Continental Airlines; 2000-14 Warbelow's.
Redundancy, enhancing safety97-11 Hampton.
Remand89-6 American Airlines; 90-16 Rocky Mountain; 90-24 Bayer; 91-51 Hagwood; 91-54 Alaska Airlines; 92-1 Costello; 92-76 Safety Equipment; 94-37 Houston; 2000-5 Blue Ridge.
Repair Station90-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 92-10 Flight Unlimited; 94-2 Woodhouse; 97-9 Alphin; 97-10 Alphin; 97-31 Sanford Air; 97-32 Florida Propeller; 2000-1 Gatewood.
Request for Hearing94-37 Houston; 95-19 Rayner.
Constructive withdrawal of97-7 Stalling; 98-23 Instead Balloon Services.
Timeliness of request93-12 Langton; 95-19 Raynor; 2000-2 Ryan International.
Untimely request for hearing will be excused for good cause94-27 Larsen; 93-12 Langton; 2000-2 Ryan International.
Rules of Practice (14 CFR Part 13, Subpart G):
Applicability of90-12, 90-18 & 90-19 Continental Airlines; 91-17 KDS Aviation.
Challenges to90-12, 90-18 & 90-19 Continental Airlines; 90-21 Carroll; 90-37 Northwest Airlines.
Effect of Changes in90-21 Carroll; 90-22 USAir; 90-38 Continental Airlines.
Initiation of Action90-9 Continental Airlines.
Runway incursions92-40 Wendt; 93-18 Westair Commuter.
Sanction:
Ability to Pay89-5 Schultz; 90-10 Webb; 91-3 Lewis; 91-38 Esau; 92-10 Flight Unlimited; 92-32 Barnhill; 92-37 & 92-72 Giuffrida; 92-38 Cronberg; 92-46 Sutton-Sautter; 92-51 Koblick; 93-10 Costello; 94-4 Northwest Aircraft Rental; 94-20 Conquest Helicopters; 95-16 Mulhall; 95-17 Larry's Flying Service; 97-8 Pacific Av. d/b/a Inter-Island Helicopters; 97-11 Hampton; 97-16 Mauna Kea; 98-4 Larry's Flying Service; 98-11 TWA; 99-12 TWA; 99-15 Blue Ridge; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
Agency policy:
ALJ bound by90-37 Northwest Airlines; 92-46 Sutton-Sautter; 96-19 [Air Carrier]; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
Changes after complaint97-7 & 97-17 Stallings.
Start Printed Page 67454
Statements of e.g., FAA Order 2150.3A, Sanction Guidance Table, memoranda pertaining to)90-19; Continental Airlines; 90-23 Broyles; 90-33 Cato; 90-37 Northwest Airlines; 92-46 Sutton-Sautter' 94-4 South Aero; 96-19 [Air Carrier]; 96-25 USAir.
Community Service2000-21 Martinez.
Compliance Disposition97-23 Detroit Metropolitan.
Consistency with Precedent96-6 Ignatov; 96-26 Midtown; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines; 98-12 Stout; 98-18 General Aviation.
But when precedent is based on superseded sanction policy96-19 [Air Carrier].
Corrective Action91-18 [Airport Operator]; 91-40 [Airport Operator]; 91-41 [Airport Operator]; 92-5 Delta Air Lines; 93-18 Westair Commuter; 94-28 Toyota; 96-4 South Aero; 96-19 [Air Carrier]; 97-16 Mauna Kea; 97-23 Detroit Metropolitan; 98-6 Continental Airlines; 98-22 Northwest Airlines; 99-12 TWA; 99-14 Alika Aviation; 2000-20 Phillips Building Supply.
Discovery (See Discovery):
Factors to consider89-5 Schultz; 90-23 Broyles; 90-37 Northwest Airlines; 91-3 Lewis; 91-18 [Airport Operator]; 91-40 [Airport Operator] 91-41 [Airport Operator]; 92-10 Flight Unlimited; 92-46 Sutton-Sautter; 92-51 Koblick; 94-28 Toyota; 95-11 Horizon; 96-19 [Air Carrier]; 96-26 Midtown; 97-16 Mauna Kea; 98-2 Carr; 99-15 Blue Ridge; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
First-Time Offenders89-5 Schultz; 95-5 Delta Air Lines; 92-51 Koblick.
HazMat (See Hazardous Materials)
Inexperience92-10 Flight Unlimited.
Installment Payments95-16 Mulhall; 95-17 Larry's Flying Service.
Maintenance95-11 Horizon; 96-3 America West Airlines; 97-8 Pacific Av. d/b/a Inter-Island Helicopters; 97-9 Alphin; 97-10 Alphin; 97-11 Hampton; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines; 99-14 Alika Aviation; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
Maximum90-10 Webb; 91-53 Koller; 96-19 [Air Carrier].
Minimum (HazMat)95-16 Mulhall; 96-26 Midtown; 98-2 Carr.
Modified89-5 Schultz; 90-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 91-38 Esau; 92-10 Flight Unlimited; 92-13 Delta Air Lines; 92-32 Barnhill.
Partial Dismissal of Complaint/Full Sanction (See also Complaint)94-19 Pony Express; 94-40 Polynesian Airways.
Sanctions in specific cases:
Failure to comply with Security Directives98-6 Continental Airlines; 99-12 TWA.
Passenger/baggage matching98-6 Continental Airlines; 99-12 TWA.
Passenger Misconduct97-12 Mayer; 98-12 Stout; 2000-17 Gotbetter.
Person evading screening (See also Screening)97-20 Werle; 2000-19 Horner.
Pilot Deviation92-8 Watkins.
Test object detection90-18 & 90-19 Continental Airlines; 96-19 [Air Carrier].
Unairworthy aircraft97-8 Pacific Av. d/b/a Inter-Island Helicopters; 97-9 Alphin; 98-18 General Aviation; 99-14 Alika Aviation; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
Unauthorized access90-19 Continental Airlines; 90-37 Northwest Airlines; 94-1 Delta Air Lines; 98-7 LAX.
Unqualified pilot99-15 Blue Ridge.
Weapons violations90-23 Broyles; 90-33 Cato; 91-3 Lewis; 91-38 Esau; 92-32 Barnhill; 92-46 Sutton-Sautter; 92-51 Koblick; 94-5 Grant; 97-7 & 97-17 Stallings.
Screening of Persons and Carry-on Items (See also Test Object Detection):
Air carrier failure to detect weapon Sanction94-44 American Airlines.
Air carrier failure to match bag with passenger98-6 Continental Airlines; 99-12 TWA.
Entering Sterile Areas90-24 Bayer; 92-58 Hoedl; 97-20 Werle; 98-20 Koenig; 2000-19 Horner.
Sanction for individual evading screening (See also Sanction)97-20 Werle; 98-20 Koenig; 2000-19 Horner.
Security Directive re: screening of carry-on items given to passenger by person unknown to the passenger2000-6 Atlantic Coast Aviation.
Security (See Screening of Persons, Standard Security Program, Test Object Detection, Unauthorized Access, Weapons Violations):
Agency directives, violation of99-12 TWA.
Giving false information about carrying a weapon or explosive on board an aircraft98-24 Stevens.
Sealing of Record97-13 Westair Commuter; 97-28 Continental Airlines.
Separation of Functions90-12 Continental Airlines; 90-18 Continental Airlines; 90-19 Continental Airlines; 90-21 Carroll; 90-38 Continental Airlines; 93-13 Medel.
Service (See also Mailing Rule; Receipt):
Date of when no certificate of service2000-2 Ryan International.
Of NPCP90-22 USAir; 90-20 Werle.
Of FNPCP93-13 Medel.
Receipt of document sent by mail92-31 Eaddy; 2000-5 Blue Ridge.
Return of certified mail97-7 & 97-17 Stallings; 2000-5 Blue Ridge.
Valid Service92-18 Bargen; 98-19 Martin & Jaworski.
Settlement91-50 & 92-1 Costello; 95-16 Mulhall; 99-10 Azteca.
Start Printed Page 67455
Request for hearing not withdrawn99-10 Azteca.
Skydiving98-3 Fedele.
Smoking92-37 Giuffrida; 94-18 Luxemburg; 99-6 Squire.
“Squawk sheets”2000-18 California Helitech.
Stale Complaint Rule: If NPCP not sent97-20 Werle.
Standard Security Program (SSP):
Compliance with90-12, 90-18 & 90-19 Continental Airlines; 91-33 Delta Air Lines; 91-55 Continental Airlines; 92-13 & 94-1 Delta Air Lines; 96-19 [Air Carrier]; 98-22 Northwest Airlines; 99-1 American.
Checkpoint Security Coordinator98-22 Northwest Airlines.
Ground Security Coordinator96-16 Westair Commuter.
When an airline is required to have a security program2000-6 Atlantic Coast Aviation.
Statute of Limitations97-20 Werle.
Stay of Orders90-31 Carroll; 90-32 Continental Airlines.
Pending judicial review95-14 Charter Airlines.
Strict Liability89-5 Schultz; 90-27 Gabbert; 91-18 [Airport Operator]; 91-40 [Airport Operator]; 91-58 [Airport Operator]; 97-23 Detroit Metropolitan; 98-7 LAX; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
Test Object Detection90-12, 90-18, 90-19, 91-9 & 91-55 Continental Airlines; 92-13 Delta Air Lines; 96-19 [Air Carrier].
Proof of violation90-18, 90-19 & 91-9 Continental Airlines; 92-13 Delta Air Lines.
Sanction90-18 & 90-19 Continental Airlines; 96-19 [Air Carrier].
Timeliness (See also Complaint; Filing; Mailing Rule; and Appeals):
Burden to prove date of filing97-11 Hampton Air; 98-1 V. Taylor.
Of response to NPCP90-22 USAir.
Of complaint91-51 Hagwood; 93-13 Medel; 94-7 Hereth.
Of initial decision97-31 Sanford Air.
Of NPCP92-73 Wyatt.
Of petition to reconsider2000-5 Blue Ridge.
Of reply brief97-11 Hampton.
Of request for hearing93-12 Langton; 95-19 Rayner; 2000-2 Ryan International.
Of EAJA application (See EAJA—Final disposition, EAJA—Jurisdiction)
Unapproved Parts (See also Parts Manufacturer Approval)93-19 Pacific Sky Supply.
Unauthorized Access:
To aircraft90-12 & 90-19 Continental Airlines; 94-1 Delta Air Lines.
To Air Operations Area (AOA)90-37 Northwest Airlines; 91-18 [Airport Operator]; 91-40 [Airport Operator]; 91-58 [Airport Operator]; 94-1 Delta Air Lines.
Visual Cues Indicating Runway, Adequacy of92-40 Wendt.
Weapons Violations, generally89-5 Schultz; 90-10 Webb; 90-20 Degenhardt; 90-23 Broyles; 90-33 Cato; 90-26 & 90-43 Waddell; 91-3 Lewis; 91-30 Trujillo; 91-38 Esau; 91-53 Koller; 92-32 Barnhill; 92-46 Sutton-Sautter; 92-51 Koblick; 92-59 Petek-Jackson; 94-5 Grant; 94-44 American Airlines.
Concealed weapon89-5 Schultz; 92-46 Sutton-Sautter; 92-51 Koblick.
“Deadly or Dangerous”90-26 & 90-43 Waddell; 91-30 Trujillo; 91-38 Esau.
First-time Offenders89-5 Schultz.
Intent to commit violation89-5 Schultz; 90-20 Degenhardt; 90-23 Broyles; 90-26 Waddell; 91-3 Lewis; 91-53 Koller.
Knowledge of Weapon Concealment (See also Knowledge)89-5 Schultz; 90-20 Degenhardt.
Sanction (See Sanction)
Weight and Balance94-40 Polynesian Airways.
Passenger list99-13 Falcon Air Express.
Witnesses (See also Credibility):
Absence of, Failure to subpoena92-3 Park; 98-2 Carr.
Expert testimony, Evaluation of93-17 Metcalf; 94-3 Valley Air; 94-21 Sweeney; 96-3 America West Airlines; 96-15 Valley Air; 97-9 Alphin; 97-32 Florida Propeller.
Expert witness fees (See EAJA)
Sequester order2000-18 California Helitech.
REGULATIONS (Title 14 CFR, unless otherwise noted)
1.1 (maintenance)94-38 Bohan; 97-11 Hampton.
1.1 (major alteration)99-5 Africa Air.
1.1 (major repair)96-3 America West Airlines.
1.1 (minor repair)96-3 America West Airlines.
1.1 (operate)91-12 & 91-31 Terry & Menne; 93-18 Westair Commuter; 96-17 Fenner.
1.1 (person)93-18 Westair Commuter.
1.1 (propeller)96-15 Valley Air.
13.1690-16 Rocky Mountain; 90-22 USAir; 90-37 Northwest Airlines; 90-38 & 91-9 Continental Airlines; 91-18 [Airport Operator]; 91-51 Hagwood; 92-1 Costello; 92-46 Sutton-Sautter; 93-13 Medel; 93-28 Strohl; 94-27 Larsen; 94-37 Houston; 94-31 Smalling; 95-19 Rayner; 96-26 Midtown Neon Sign; 97-1 Midtown Neon Sign; 97-9 Alphin; 98-18 General Aviation; 2000-2 Ryan International; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
Start Printed Page 67456
13.20190-12 Continental Airlines.
13.20290-6 American Airlines; 92-76 Safety Equipment.
13.20390-12 Continental Airlines; 90-21 Carroll; 90-38 Continental Airlines.
13.204
13.20590-20 Degenhardt; 91-17 KDS Aviation; 91-54 Alaska Airlines; 92-32 Barnhill; 94-32 Detroit Metropolitan; 94-39 Kirola; 95-16 Mulhall; 97-20 Werle; 2000-17 Gotbetter; 2000-20 Phillips Building Supply.
13.206
13.20794-39 Kirola.
13.20890-21 Carroll; 91-51 Hagwood; 92-73 Wyatt; 92-76 Safety Equipment; 93-13 Medel; 93-28 Strohl; 94-7 Hereth; 97-20 Werle; 98-4 Larry's.
13.20990-3 Metz; 90-15 Playter; 91-18 [Airport Operator]; 92-32 Barnhill; 92-47 Cornwall; 92-75 Beck; 92-76 Safety Equipment; 94-8 Nunez; 94-5 Grant; 94-22 Harkins; 94-29 Sutton; 94-30 Columna; 95-10 Diamond; 95-28 Atlantic World Airways; 97-7 Stalling; 97-18 Robinson; 97-33 Rawlings; 98-21 Blankson.
13.21092-19 Cornwall; 92-75 Beck; 92-76 Safety Equipment; 93-7 Dunn; 93-28 Strohl; 94-5 Grant; 94-30 Columna; 95-28 Atlantic World Airways; 96-17 Fenner; 97-11 Hampton; 97-18 Robinson; 97-38 Air St. Thomas; 98-16 Blue Ridge.
13.21189-6 American Airlines; 89-7 Zenkner; 90-3 Metz; 90-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 90-39 Hart; 91-24 Esau; 92-1 Costello; 92-9 Griffin; 92-18 Bargen; 92-19 Cornwall; 92-57 Detroit Metro. Wayne County Airport; 92-74 Wendt; 92-76 Safety Equipment; 93-2 Wendt; 94-5 Grant; 94-18 Luxemburg; 94-29 Sutton; 95-12 Toyota; 95-28 Valley Air; 97-7 Stalling; 97-11 Hampton; 98-4 Larry's Flying Service; 98-19 Martin & Jaworski, 98-20 Koenig; 99-2 Oxygen Systems; 2000-2 Ryan International; 2000-5 Blue Ridge.
13.21290-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 91-2 Continental Airlines; 99-2 Oxygen Systems.
13.213
13.21491-3 Lewis.
13.21593-28 Strohl; 94-39 Kirola.
13.216
13.21791-17 KDS Aviation.
13.21889-6 American Airlines; 90-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 90-39 Hart; 92-9 Griffin; 92-73 Wyatt; 93-19 Pacific Sky Supply; 94-6 Strohl; 94-27 Larsen; 94-37 Houston; 95-18 Rayner; 96-16 WestAir; 96-24 Horizon; 98-20 Koenig.
13.21989-6 American Airlines; 91-2 Continental; 91-54 Alaska Airlines; 93-37 Airspect; 94-32 Detroit Metro. Wayne County Airport; 98-25 Gotbetter.
13.22089-6 American Airlines; 90-20 Carroll; 91-8 Watts Agricultural Aviation; 91-17 KDS Aviation; 91-54 Alaska Airlines; 92-46 Sutton-Sautter; Horner 2000-19.
13.22192-29 Haggland; 92-31 Eaddy; 92-52 Cullop.
13.22292-72 Giuffrida; 96-15 Valley Air.
13.22391-12 & 91-31 Terry & Menne; 92-72 Giuffrida; 95-26 Hereth; 96-15 Valley Air; 97-11 Hampton; 97-31 Sanford Air; 97-32 Florida Propeller; 98-3 Fedele; 98-6 Continental Airlines; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
13.22490-26 Waddell; 91-4 [Airport Operator]; 92-72 Giuffrida; 94-18 Luxemburg; 94-28 Toyota; 95-25 Conquest; 96-17 Fenner; 97-32 Florida Propeller; 98-6 Continental Airlines; 2000-3 Warbelow's; 2000-20 Phillips Building Supply.
13.22597-32 Florida Propeller.
13.226
13.22790-21 Carroll; 95-26 Hereth.
13.22892-3 Park.
13.229
13.23092-19 Cornwall; 95-26 Hereth; 96-24 Horizon.
13.23192-3 Park.
13.23289-5 Schultz; 90-20 Degenhardt; 92-1 Costello; 92-18 Bargen; 92-32 Barnhill; 93-28 Strohl; 94-28 Toyota; 95-12 Toyota; 95-16 Mulhall; 96-6 Ignatov; 98-18 General Aviation; 2000-19 Horner.
Start Printed Page 67457
13.23389-1 Gressani; 89-4 Metz; 89-5 Schultz; 89-7 Zenkner; 89-8 Thunderbird Accessories; 90-3 Metz; 90-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 90-19 Continental Airlines; 90-20 Degenhardt; 90-25 & 90-27 Gabbert; 90-35 P. Adams; 90-19 Continental Airlines; 90-39 Hart; 91-2 Continental Airlines; 91-3 Lewis; 91-7 Pardue; 91-8 Watts Agricultural Aviation; 91-10 Graham; 91-11 Continental Airlines; 91-12 Bargen; 91-24 Esau; 91-26 Britt Airways; 91-31 Terry & Menne; 91-32 Bargen; 91-43 & 91-44 Delta; 91-45 Park; 91-46 Delta; 91-47 Delta; 91-48 Wendt; 91-52 KDS Aviation; 91-53 Koller; 92-1 Costello; 92-3 Park; 92-7 West; 92-11 Alilin; 92-15 Dillman; 92-16 Wendt; 92-18 Bargen; 92-19 Cornwall; 92-27 Wendt; 92-32 Barnhill; 92-34 Carrell; 92-35 Bay Land Aviation; 92-36 Southwest Airlines; 92-39 Beck; 92-45 O'Brien; 92-52 Beck; 92-56 Montauk Caribbean Airways; 92-57 Detroit Metro. Wayne Co. Airport; 92-67 USAir; 92-69 McCabe; 92-72 Giuffrida; 92-74 Wendt; 92-78 TWA; 93-5 Wendt; 93-6 Westair Commuter; 93-7 Dunn; 93-8 Nunez; 93-19 Pacific Sky Supply; 93-23 Allen; 93-27 Simmons; 93-28 Strohl; 93-31 Allen; 93-32 Nunez; 94-9 B & G Instruments; 94-10 Boyle; 94-12 Bartusiak; 94-15 Columna; 94-18 Luxemburg; 94-23 Perez; 94-24 Page; 94-26 French Aircraft; 94-28 Toyota; 95-2 Meronek; 95-9 Woodhouse; 95-13 Kilrain; 95-23 Atlantic World Airways; 95-25 Conquest; 95-26 Hereth; 96-1 [Airport Operator]; 96-2 Skydiving Center; 97-1 Midtown Neon Sign; 97-2 Sanford Air; 97-7 Stalling; 97-22 Sanford Air; 97-24 Gordon Air; 97-31 Sanford Air; 97-33 Rawlings; 97-38 Air St. Thomas; 98-4 Larry's Flying Service; 98-3 Fedele; Continental Airlines 98-6; LAX 98-7; 98-10 Rawlings; 98-15 Squire; 98-18 General Aviation; 98-19 Martin & Jaworksi; 98-20 Koenig; 99-2 Oxygen Systems; 99-11 Evergreen Helicopters.
13.23490-19 Continental Airlines; 90-31 Carroll; 90-32 & 90-38 Continental Airlines; 91-4 [Airport Operator]; 95-12 Toyota; 96-9 [Airport Operator]; 96-23 Kilrain; 2000-5 Blue Ridge; Warbelow's 2000-16.
13.23590-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 90-12 Continental Airlines; 90-15 Playter; 90-17 Wilson; 92-7 West.
Part 1492-74 & 93-2 Wendt; 95-18 Pacific Sky Supply.
14.0191-17 & 92-71 KDS Aviation.
14.0491-17, 91-52 & 92-71 KDS Aviation; 93-10 Costello; 95-27 Valley Air.
14.0590-17 Wilson.
14.1295-27 Valley Air.
14.2091-52 KDS Aviation; 96-22 Woodhouse.
14.2293-29 Sweeney.
14.2398-19 Martin & Jaworski.
14.2691-52 KDS Aviation; 95-27 Valley Air.
14.2895-9 Woodhouse.
12.18196-25 USAir.
21.30393-19 Pacific Sky Supply; 95-18 Pacific Sky Supply.
25.78797-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines.
25.85592-37 Giuffrida; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines.
39.392-10 Flight Unlimited; 94-4 Northwest Aircraft Rental.
43.392-73 Wyatt; 97-31 Sanford Air; 98-18 General Aviation; 2000-1 Gatewood.
43.596-18 Kilrain; 97-31 Sanford Air.
43.991-8 Watts Agricultural Aviation; 97-31 Sanford Air; 98-4 Larry's Flying Service.
43.1390-11 Thunderbird Accessories; 94-3 Valley Air; 94-38 Bohan; 96-3 America West Airlines; 96-25 USAir; 97-9 Alphin; 97-10 Alphin; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines; 97-31 Sanford Air; 97-32 Florida Propeller; 2000-13 Empire Airlines.
43.1590-25 & 90-27 Gabbert; 91-8 Watts Agricultural Aviation; 94-2 Woodhouse; 96-18 Kilrain.
61.399-11 Evergreen Helicopters; 2000-12 Evergreen.
65.1592-73 Wyatt.
65.812000-1 Gatewood.
65.9292-73 Wyatt.
91.797-8 Pacific Av. d/b/a Inter-Island Helicopters; 97-17 Mauna Kea; 98-18 General Aviation; 99-5 Africa Air; 2000-1 Gatewood; 2000-3 Warbelow's; 2000-14 Warbelow's.
91.8 (91.11 as of 8/18/90)92-3 Park.
91.9 (91.13 as of 8/18/90)90-15 Playter; 91-12 & 91-31 Terry & Menne; 92-8 Watkins; 92-40 Wendt; 92-48 USAir; 92-49 Richardson & Shimp; 92-47 Cornwall; 92-70 USAir; 93-9 Wendt; 93-17 Metcalf; 93-18 Westair Commuter; 93-29 Sweeney; 94-29 Sutton; 95-26 Hereth; 96-17 Fenner.
Start Printed Page 67458
91.1196-6 Ignatov; 97-12 Mayer; 98-12 Stout; 99-16 Dorfman; 2000-17 Gotbetter.
91.29 (91.7 as of 8/18/90)91-8 Watts Agricultural Aviation; 92-10 Flight Unlimited; 94-4 Northwest Aircraft Rental.
91.65 (91.111 as of 8/18/90)91-29 Sweeney; 94-21 Sweeney.
91.67 (91.113 as of 8/18/90)91-29 Sweeney.
91.7197-11 Hampton.
91.75 (91.123 as of 8/18/90)91-12 & 91-31 Terry & Menne; 92-8 Watkins; 92-40 Wendt; 92-49 Richardson & Shimp; 93-9 Wendt.
91.79 (91.119 as of 8/18/90)90-15 Playter; 92-47 Cornwall; 93-17 Metcalf.
91.87 (91.129 as of 8/18/9091-12 & 91-31 Terry & Menne; 92-8 Watkins.
91.10395-26 Hereth.
91.11196-17 Fenner.
91.11396-17 Fenner.
91.15195-26 Hereth.
91.173 (91.417 as of 8/18/90)91-8 Watts Agricultural Aviation.
91.20399-5 Africa Air.
91.20598-18 General Aviation.
91.21397-11 Hampton.
91.40397-8 Pacific Av. d/b/a Inter-Island Helicopters; 97-31 Sanford Air.
91.40597-16 Mauna Kea; 98-4 Larry's Flying Service; 98-18 General Aviation; 99-5 Africa Air; 2000-1 Gatewood; 2000-18 California Helitech.
91.40798-4 Larry's Flying Service; 99-5 Africa Air; 2000-1 Gatewood.
91.41798-18 General Aviation.
91.51798-12 Stout.
91.70394-29 Sutton.
105.2998-3 Fedele; 98-19 Martin & Jaworski.
107.190-19 Continental Airlines; 90-20 Degenhardt; 91-4 [Airport Operator]; 91-58 [Airport Operator]; 98-7 LAX; 2000-19 Horner.
107.998-7 LAX.
107.1390-12 & 90-19 Continental Airlines; 91-4 [Airport Operator]; 91-18 [Airport Operator]; 91-40 [Airport Operator]; 91-41 [Airport Operator]; 91-58 [Airport Operator]; 96-1 [Airport Operator]; 97-23 Detroit Metropolitan; 98-7 LAX.
107.2090-24 Bayer; 92-58 Hoedl; 97-20 Werle; 98-20 Koenig; 2000-19 Horner.
107.2189-5 Schultz; 90-10 Webb; 90-22 Degenhardt; 90-23 Broyles; 90-26 & 90-43 Waddell; 90-33 Cato; 90-39 Hart; 91-3 Lewis; 91-10 Graham; 91-30 Trujillo; 91-38 Esau; 91-53 Koller; 92-32 Barnhill; 92-38 Cronberg; 92-46 Sutton-Sautter; 92-51 Koblick; 92-59 Petek-Jackson; 94-5 Grant; 94-31 Smalling; 97-7 Stalling.
107.2594-30 Columna.
108.590-12, 90-18, 90-19, 91-2 & 91-9 Continental Airlines; 91-33 Delta Air Lines; 91-54 Alaska Airlines; 91-55 Continental Airlines; 92-13 & 94-1 Delta Air Lines; 94-44 American Airlines; 96-16 WestAir; 96-19 [Air Carrier]; 98-22 Northwest Airlines; 99-1 American; 99-12 TWA; 2000-6 Atlantic Coast Aviation.
108.790-18 & 90-19 Continental Airlines; 99-1 American.
108.998-22 Northwest Airlines; 2000-19 Horner.
108.1096-16 WestAir.
108.1190-23 Broyles; 90-26 Waddell; 91-3 Lewis; 92-46 Sutton-Sautter; 94-44 American Airlines.
108.1390-12 & 90-19 Continental Airlines; 90-37 Northwest Airlines.
108.1898-6 Continental Airlines; 99-12 TWA; 2000-6 Atlantic Coast Aviation.
121.13390-18 Continental Airlines.
121.15392-48 & 92-70 USAir; 95-11 Horizon; 96-3 American West Airlines; 96-24 Horizon; 96-25 USAir; 97-21 Delta; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines.
121.22197-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines.
121.31792-37 Giuffrida; 94-18 Luxemburg; 99-6 Squire; 99-16 Dorfman.
121.31892-37 Giuffrida.
121.3632000-13 Empire Airlines.
121.36790-12 Continental Airlines; 96-25 USAir.
121.3792000-13 Empire Airlines.
121.57192-37 Giuffrida.
121.57598-11 TWA.
121.57798-11 TWA.
121.58997-12 Mayer.
121.62895-11 Horizon; 97-21 Delta; 97-30 Emery Worldwide Airlines.
121.69399-13 Falcon Air Express.
121.69799-13 Falcon Air Express.
135.195-8 Charter Airlines; 95-25 Conquest.
135.399-15 Blue Ridge; 2000-5 Blue Ridge.
Start Printed Page 67459
135.594-3 Valley Air; 94-20 Conquest Helicopters; 95-25 Conquest; 95-27 Valley Air; 96-15 Valley Air.
135.2592-10 Flight Unlimited; 94-3 Valley Air; 95-27 Valley Air; 96-15 Valley Air; 2000-3 Warbelow's; 2000-14 Warbelow's.
135.6394-40 Polynesian Airways; 95-17 Larry's Flying Service; 95-28 Atlantic; 96-4 South Aero; 99-7 Premier Jets.
135.8790-21 Carroll.
135.9595-17 Larry's Flying Service; 99-15 Blue Ridge; 2000-5 Blue Ridge.
135.17997-11 Hampton; 2000-3 Warbelow's; 2000-14 Warbelow's.
135.18594-40 Polynesian Airways.
135.23499-15 Blue Ridge; 2000-14 Warbelow's.
135.24399-11 Evergreen Helicopters; 99-15 Blue Ridge; 2000-5 Blue Ridge; 2000-12 Evergreen.
135.26395-9 Charter Airlines; 96-4 South Aero.
135.26795-8 Charter Airlines; 95-17 Larry's Flying Service; 96-4 South Aero.
135.29395-17 Larry's Flying Service; 96-4 South Aero; 99-15 Blue Ridge; 2000-5 Blue Ridge.
135.29999-15 Blue Ridge; 2000-5 Blue Ridge.
135.34395-17 Larry's Flying Service; 99-15 Blue Ridge; 2000-5 Blue Ridge.
135.41197-11 Hampton.
135.41394-3 Valley Air; 96-15 Valley Air; 97-8 Pacific Av. d/b/a Inter-Island Helicopters; 97-16 Mauna Kea; 99-14 Alika Aviation.
135.42193-36 Valley Air; 94-3 Valley Air; 96-15 Valley Air; 99-14 Alika Aviation.
135.43794-3 Valley Air; 96-15 Valley Air.
137.192000-12 Evergreen.
141.10198-18 Green Aviation.
145.197-10 Alphin.
145.397-10 Alphin.
145.2597-10 Alphin.
145.4597-10 Alphin.
145.4797-10 Alphin.
145.4997-10 Alphin.
145.512000-1 Gatewood.
145.5390-11 Thunderbird Accessories.
145.5794-2 Woodhouse; 97-9 Alphin; 97-32 Florida Propeller.
145.6190-11 Thunderbird Accessories.
19190-12 & 90-19 Continental Airlines; 90-37 Northwest Airlines; 98-6 Continental Airlines; 99-12 TWA.
298.192-10 Flight Unlimited.
302.890-22 USAir.
49 CFR
1.4792-76 Safety Equipment.
171 et seq.95-10 Diamond; 2000-20 Phillips Building Supply.
171.292-77 TCI; 94-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling; 95-16 Mulhall; 96-26 Midtown; 98-2 Carr.
171.892-77 TCI.
172.10192-77 TCI; 94-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling; 96-26 Midtown.
172.20092-77 TCI; 94-28 Toyota; 95-16 Mulhall; 96-26 Midtown; 98-2 Carr.
172.20292-77 TCI; 94-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling; 95-16 Mulhall; 98-2 Carr.
172.20394-28 Toyota.
172.20492-77 TCI; 94-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling; 95-16 Mulhall; 98-2 Carr.
172.30094-31 Smalling; 95-16 Mulhall; 96-26 Midtown; 98-2 Carr.
172.30194-31 Smalling; 95-16 Mulhall; 98-2 Carr.
172.30492-77 TCI; 94-31 Smalling; 95-16 Mulhall; 98-2 Carr.
172.40092-77 TCI; 94-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling; 95-16 Mulhall; 98-2 Carr.
172.40294-28 Toyota.
172.40692-77 TCI.
173.192-77 TCI; 94-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling; 95-16 Mulhall; 98-2 Carr.
173.394-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling; 98-2 Carr.
173.694-28 Toyota.
173.22(a)94-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling; 98-2 Carr.
173.2494-28 Toyota; 95-16 Mulhall.
173.2594-28 Toyota.
173.2792-77 TCI.
173.6298-2 Carr.
173.11592-77 TCI.
173.24092-77 TCI.
Start Printed Page 67460
173.24394-28 Toyota.
173.26094-28 Toyota.
173.26694-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling.
175.2594-31 Smalling.
191.597-13 Westair Commuter.
191.797-13 Westair Commuter.
821.3092-73 Wyatt.
821.3390-21 Carroll.
Statutes
5 U.S.C.:
50490-17 Wilson; 91-17 & 92-71 KDS Aviation; 92-74, 93-2 & 93-9 Wendt; 93-29 Sweeney; 94-17 TCI; 95-27 Valley Air; 96-22 Woodhouse; 98-19 Martin & Jaworski.
55290-12, 90-18 & 90-19 Continental Airlines; 93-10 Costello.
55490-18 Continental Airlines; 90-21 Carroll; 95-12 Toyota.
55690-21 Carroll; 91-54 Alaska Airlines.
55790-20 Degenhardt; 90-21 Carroll; 90-37 Northwest Airlines; 94-28 Toyota.
70595-14 Charter Airlines.
533295-27 Valley Air.
11 U.S.C.:
36291-2 Continental Airlines.
28 U.S.C.:
241293-10 Costello; 96-22 Woodhouse.
246290-21 Carroll.
49 U.S.C.:
512395-16 Mulhall; 96-26 & 97-1 Midtown Neon Sign; 98-2 Carr; 2000-20 Phillips Building Supply.
4010296-17 Fenner.
4170699-6 Squire.
4470196-6 Ignatov; 96-17 Fenner; 99-12 TWA; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
4470496-3 America West Airlines; 96-15 Valley Air.
4611096-22 Woodhouse; 97-1 Midtown Neon Sign.
4630197-1 Midtown Neon Sign; 97-16 Mauna Kea; 97-20 Werle; 99-15 Blue Ridge; 2000-3 Warbelow's.
4630298-24 Steven.
4630397-7 Stalling.
49 U.S.C. App.:
1301(31) (operate)93-18 Westair Commuter.
(32) (person)93-18 Westair Commuter.
135690-18 & 90-19, 91-2 Continental Airlines.
135790-18, 90-19, & 91-2 Continental Airlines; 91-41 [Airport Operator]; 91-58 [Airport Operator].
142192-10 Flight Unlimited; 92-48 USAir; 92-70 USAir; 93-9 Wendt.
142992-73 Wyatt.
147189-5 Schultz; 90-10 Webb; 90-20 Degenhardt; 90-12, 90-18 & 90-19 Continental Airlines; 90-23 Broyles; 90-26 & 90-43 Waddell; 90-33 Cato; 90-37 Northwest Airlines; 90-39 Hart; 91-2 Continental Airlines; 91-3 Lewis; 91-18 [Airport Operator]; 91-53 Koller; 92-5 Delta Air Lines; 92-10 Flight Unlimited 92-46 Sutton-Sautter; 92-51 Koblick; 92-74 Wendt; 92-76 Safety Equipment; 94-20 Conquest Helicopters; 94-40 Polynesian Airways; 96-6 Ignatov; 97-7 Stalling.
147296-6 Ignatov.
147590-20 Degenhardt; 90-12 Continental Airlines; 90-18, 90-19 & 91-1 Continental Airlines; 91-3 Lewis; 91-18 [Airport Operator]; 94-40 Polynesian Airways.
148690-21 Carroll; 96-22 Woodhouse.
180992-77 TCI; 94-19 Pony Express; 94-28 Toyota; 94-31 Smalling; 95-12 Toyota.
FRCP
Rule 112000-17 Gotbetter.
Rule 262000-19 Horner.
Start Printed Page 67461

Civil Penalty Actions—Orders Issued by the Administrator

Digests

(Issued between July 1, 2000, and September 30, 2000)

The digests of the Administrator's final decisions and orders are arranged by order number, and briefly summarize key points of the decision. The following compilation of digests includes all final decisions and orders issued by the Administrator from July 1, 2000, to September 30, 2000. The FAA will publish non-cumulative supplements to this compilation on a quarterly basis (e.g., April, July, October, and January of each year).

These digests do not constitute legal authority, and should not be cited or relied upon as such. The digests are not intended to serve as a substitute for proper legal research. Parties, attorneys, and other interested persons should always consult the full text of the Administrator's decisions before citing them in any context.

In the Matter of David E. Everson, d/b/a North Valley Helicopters

Order No. 2000-15 (8/7/00)

Appeal Dismissed. Complaint withdrew its notice of appeal from the law judge's initial decision. Therefore, Complainant's appeal is dismissed.

In the Matter of Warbelow's Air Ventures, Inc.

Order No. 2000-16 (8/8/00)

Reconsideration Denied. Warbelow's filed a second, repetitive petition to reconsider FAA Order No. 2000-3. The Rules of Practice provide that the FAA decisionmaker will not consider repetitious petitions, and may summarily dismiss them. 14 CFR § 13.234(d). Warbelow's second petition to reconsider is summarily dismissed as repetitive.

In the Matter of Howard Gotbetter

Order No. 2000-17 (8/11/00)

Alleged Assault on Flight Attendant. On appeal, Gotbetter argues that the record does not support the law judge's finding that he assaulted a flight attendant in violation of 14 CFR 91.11.

Credibility findings. The law judge's credibility findings will not be overturned because Gotbetter has not given any persuasive reason to do so.

Alleged Bias. Gotbetter argues that the ALJ was biased against him. Gotbetter claims that the law judge is in essence “a puppet” of the FAA, and FAA is in turn a puppet of the airlines. Gotbetter is wrong; the law judge is not an employee of the FAA. The United States Department of Transportation employs the law judge.

Gotbetter also contends that the law judge was improperly “cozy” with agency counsel because the law judge renewed his acquaintance with agency counsel after the hearing and discussed agency counsel's new baby. Merely making small talk with counsel does not rise to the level of a showing of bias.

“Guilt by Association.” Gotbetter argues that the law judge unfairly penalized him for the actions of his traveling companion. This argument is rejected—the law judge specifically declined to hold Gotbetter responsible for his traveling companion's actions.

Conclusion. The law judge's decision assessing a $500 civil penalty is affirmed.

In the Matter of California Helitech

Order No. 2000-18 (8/11/00)

Operating helicopters with open discrepancies on the squawk sheets. California Helitech, a helicopter pilot school certificated under Part 141, operated two helicopters with open maintenance discrepancies on the squawk sheets. The law judge held that California Helitech violated 14 CFR 91.405(a) and (b) and assessed a $2,200 civil penalty.

Airworthiness. Complainant did not allege that the helicopters were unairworthy. The law judge precluded the introduction of testimony regarding whether the helicopters were airworthy at the hearing. Nonetheless, he held in the initial decision that California Helitech operated the helicopters in an unairworthy condition. The Administrator reversed the law judge's ruling that the helicopters were unairworthy. The Administrator held the finding was unfair in light of the preclusion of evidence at the hearing, and it was unnecessary in light of the absence of any allegation that the helicopters were operated in an unairworthy condition.

The Administrator rejected California Helitech's argument that there should have been no finding of violations because the squawk sheets are required under Part 141 but Complainant did not prove that the flights were conducted under Part 141. The Administrator held that while the squawk sheet is a Part 141 form, the requirement to repair and make appropriate entries in maintenance records arose under Part 91. Regardless of the format of the discrepancy listing, Section 91.405's requirements still apply.

Sequestering of Witnesses. The law judge granted the motion to sequester the witnesses at the beginning of the hearing. Complainant's witness, Inspector Magill, testified during Complainant's case-in-chief, and again as a rebuttal witness, but he was not sequestered during the testimony of the other witnesses. The Administrator held that California Helitech should have objected at the hearing so that the law judge would have had an opportunity to bar the inspector from retaking the witness stand. Moreover, there was little, if any, need to sequester Inspector Magill because on rebuttal he testified primarily as an expert, not a percipient, witness.

Civil Penalty Appropriate Despite California Helitech's Surrender of its Part 141 Certificate. The need for a sanction with a punitive and deterrent effect is not obviated by California Helitech's voluntary surrender of its pilot school certificate.

Sanction. The Administrator affirmed the $2,200 civil penalty, finding it to be reasonable in light of the proven violations.

In the Matter of James J. Horner

Order No. 2000-19 (8/11/00)

Alleged entering of sterile area without submitting to screening. Horner was late for a flight. He presented his carry-on bag for x-ray inspection at the security checkpoint. The screener, who was unable to determine the nature of one of the objects inside the bag, handed it to a bag checker for a physical search. Horner “grabbed” the bag from the bag checker even though the search was not finished and set off for the gate. The supervisor called out to Horner to stop, but he did not. A screener followed him to the gate and told the ticket agent not to let him board because his bag had not been searched thoroughly. The screener asked Horner if he could search the bag, and Horner agreed, but he threw it on the ground and kicked it. He was verbally abusive appeared extremely angry and scary. The screener searched the bag and found nothing threatening. The law judge held that Horner violated 14 CFR 107.20 and assessed a $750 civil penalty.

Alleged Lack of Fair Hearing. On appeal, Horner argued that the agency attorney violated FRCP Rule 26 by failing to provide him, within 30 days before the hearing, a list of evidence the agency might introduce at the hearing. Horner contends he did not present any witnesses because he thought the agency would not present any evidence. The FRCP do not apply in FAA civil penalty proceedings, and the FAA civil penalty rules of practice do not contain a provision that mandates disclosure Start Printed Page 67462without a discovery request. Horner was free to submit discovery requests to the agency attorney, but he failed to do so. His claim that he was denied a fair hearing is rejected.

Lateness of Initial Decision. Horner also argued that the case against him should have been dismissed because the law judge failed to issue a decision within 30 days after the hearing, as required by 14 CFR 13.232(c). The law judge's decision was issued approximately 3 months late. Horner has neither asserted nor shown any prejudice resulting from the delay. He could have moved to compel the law judge to issue the decision, but did not.

Conclusion. The Administrator affirmed law judge's decision assessing a $750 civil penalty.

In the Matter of Phillips Building Supply

Order No. 2000-20 (8/11/00)

Hazardous Materials. In this case, five 1-gallon cans of Formica glue were shipped aboard a UPS cargo plane without proper packaging, labeling, marking, and without complying with other requirements of the Hazardous Materials Regulations. The shipment was found leaking in a UPS facility. The agency attorney sought a $20,000 civil penalty, but the law judge reduced it to $9,000, and the agency attorney appealed.

Sanction. The law judge improperly used a mathematical, formulaic approach of multiplying the number of violations by a set dollar amount. This was not appropriate, as a violation of one regulation may be more or less serious than of another.

The law judge improperly reduced the $20,000 proposed civil penalty to $9,000 because of Phillips' first effort at training. While it was a corrective measure justifying a reduction, it deserves only a minor one. Phillips' own witness characterized the training as “cursory.”

Further, the law judge improperly reduced the civil penalty based on Phillips' attorney's statement that he advised his client of the need for further training. There was no indication that Phillips accepted its attorney's advice. Moreover, further training after a hearing would be so long after the incident that it could not be regarded as a mitigating factor. Also, it is beyond the authority of the law judge to impose a training requirement as part of the sanction; the law judge's authority is limited to imposing a civil penalty.

In addition, the law judge improperly based his sanction determination in part on Phillips' promise not to ship hazardous materials any more. The case law indicates that a promise not to ship hazardous materials in the future does not represent the type of positive corrective action that warrants consideration in determining the penalty. Such a company policy may be changed at any time.

After considering all the factors required by the statute—

1. the nature, circumstances, extent, and gravity of the violation (undeclared shipments pose a special risk and are extremely dangerous; FAA inspector's testimony that given the closed ventilation system, if the glue leaked, vapors could cause crew to succumb; the package actually leaked, and onto some food, which could have caused people to get sick if they ingested it; on the other hand, it was a relatively small shipment; it was not flammable, corrosive, or radioactive);

2. the violator's degree of culpability, any history of prior violations, the ability to pay, and any effect on the ability to continue to do business (Phillips is a business rather than an individual; while it is not a manufacturer, it regularly handles hazardous materials; prior violations are not present; and Phillips has not alleged financial hardship); and

3. other matters that justice requires (Phillips did take some corrective action—i.e., two employees participated in a UPS training course; this doesn't justify a large adjustment, but it is still mitigating).

Conclusion. Based on the statutory factors, the $9,000 civil penalty assessed by the law judge is too low, but the $20,000 sought by Complainant is excessive. A $14,000 civil penalty is imposed.

In the Matter of Daniel A. Martinez

Order No. 2000-21 (8/11/00)

Untimely Supplemental Brief Rejected. Order No. 2000-7 directed Martinez to file a supplemental brief explaining why he failed to answer the complaint and the law judge's order to show cause. Martinez lacked good cause for failing to file his supplemental brief by the deadline. Thus, his supplemental brief is rejected.

Community Service. In any event, the relief Martinez sought on appeal—to substitute community service for the civil penalty—is not available. The governing statute and regulations provide only for monetary penalties in FAA civil penalty actions; they do not provide for community service as a possible penalty.

Conclusion. Martinez's appeal is dismissed, the law judge's initial decision is affirmed, and a civil penalty of $2,200 is assessed.

Commercial Reporting Services of the Administrator's Civil Penalty Decision and Orders

Commercial Publications: The Administrator's decisions and orders in civil penalty cases are available in the following commercial publications:

Civil Penalty Cases Digest Service, published by Hawkins Publishing Company, Inc., P.O. Box 480, Mayo, MD, 21106, (410) 798-1677;

Federal Aviation Decisions, Clark Boardman Callaghan, a subsidiary of West Information Publishing Company, 50 Broad Street East, Rochester, NY 14694, 1-800-211-9428.

2. On-Line Services. The Administrator's decisions and orders in civil penalty cases are available through the following on-line services:

  • Westlaw (the Database ID is FTRAN-FAA)
  • LEXIS [Transportation (TRANS) Library, FAA file.]
  • Compuserve
  • FedWorld

Docket

The FAA Hearing Docket is located at FAA Headquarters, 800 Independence Avenue, SW, Room 926A, Washington, DC, 20591 (tel. no. 202-267-3641). The clerk of the FAA Hearing Docket is Ms. Stephanie McClain. All documents that are required to be filed in civil penalty proceedings must be filed with the FAA hearing Docket Clerk at the FAA Hearing Docket. (See 14 CFR 13.210.) Materials contained in the docket of any case not containing sensitive security information (protected by 14 CFR Part 191) may be viewed at the FAA Hearing Docket.

In addition, materials filed in the FAA Hearing Docket in non-security cases in which the complaints were filed on or after December 1, 1997, are available for inspection at the Department of Transportation Docket, located at 400 7th Street, SW, Suite PL-401, Washington, DC, 20590, (tel. no. 202-366-9329.) While the originals are retained in the FAA Hearing Docket, the DOT Docket scans copies of documents in non-security cases in which the complaint was filed after December 1, 1997, into their computer database. Individuals who have access to the Internet can view the materials in these dockets using the following Internet address: http://dms.dot.gov.

FAA Offices

The Administrator's decisions and orders, indexes, and digests are available for public inspection and copying at the following location in FAA headquarters:

Start Printed Page 67463

FAA Hearing Docket, Federal Aviation Administration, 800 Independence Avenue, SW., Room 926A, Washington, DC 20591; (202) 267-3641

These materials are also available at all FAA regional and center legal offices at the following locations:

Office of the Regional Counsel for the Aeronautical Center (AMC-7), Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center, 6500 South MacArthur Blvd., Oklahoma City, OK 73169; (405) 954-3296

Office of the Regional Counsel for the Alaskan Region (AAL-7), Alaskan Region Headquarters, 222 West 7th Avenue, Anchorage, AL 99513; (907) 271-5269

Office of the Regional Counsel for the Central Region (ACE-7), Central Region Headquarters, 601 East 12th Street, Federal Building, Kansas City, MO 64106; (816) 426-5446

Office of the Regional Counsel for the Eastern Region (AEA-7), 1 Aviation Plaza, 159-30 Rockaway Blvd., Springfield Gardens, NY 11434; (718) 533-3285

Office of the Regional Counsel for the Great Lakes Region (AGL-7), Great Lakes Region Headquarters, O'Hare Lake Office Center, 2300 East Devon Avenue, Suite 419, Des Plaines, IL 60019: (847) 294-7085

Office of the Regional Counsel for the New England Region (ANE-7), New England Regional Headquarters, 12 New England Executive Park, Room 401, Burlington, MA 01803; (781) 238-7040

Office of the Regional Counsel for the Northwest Mountain Region (ANM-7), Northwest Mountain Region Headquarters, 1601 Lind Avenue, SW, Renton, WA 98055; (425) 227-2007

Office of the Regional Counsel for the Southern Region (ASO-7), Southern Region Headquarters, 1701 Columbia Avenue, College Park, GA 30337; (404) 305-5200

Office of the Regional Counsel for the Southwest Region (ASW-7), Southwest Region Headquarters, 2601 Meacham Blvd., Fort Worth, TX 76137; (817) 222-5064

Office of the Regional Counsel for the Technical Center (ACT-7), William J. Hughes Technical Center, Atlantic City International Airport, Atlantic City, NJ 08405; (609) 485-7088

Office of the Regional Counsel for the Western-Pacific Region (AWP-7), Western-Pacific Region Headquarters, 15000 Aviation Boulevard, Hawthorne, CA 90261; (310) 725-71000

Start Signature

Issued in Washington, DC on October 31, 2000.

James S. Dillman,

Assistant Chief Counsel for Litigation.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 00-28850 Filed 11-8-00; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4910-13-M