Bureau of Consular Affairs, Department of State.
Interim rule with request for comments.
Section 212(d)(4)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) permits the Secretary of State, acting jointly with the Attorney General, to waive the visa and passport requirement of INA 212(a)(7)(B) for certain aliens in direct transit through the United States. This waiver allows an alien to transit the United States without a passport and visa provided the alien is traveling on a carrier signatory to an agreement with the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) in accordance with INA 233(c) and bears documentation establishing identity and nationality which permits the alien's entry into another country. This rule adds Colombia to the list of countries that are ineligible to transit without visa (TWOV).
Effective Date: This interim rule is effective April 2, 2001.
Comment Date: Written comments may be submitted sixty days from March 30, 2001.
Submit comments, in duplicate, to the Chief, Legislation and Regulations Division, Visa Services, Department of State, Washington, DC 20522-0106.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
H. Edward Odom, Chief, Legislation and Regulations Division, Visa Office, Room L603-C, SA-1, Department of State, Washington, DC 20520-0106, (202) 663-1204; or e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
What Is the Authority for Allowing or Prohibiting Transit Without Visa?
Section 212(d)(4)(C) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) provides the authority for the Secretary of State, acting jointly with the Attorney General, to waive the passport and/or visa requirement for a nonimmigrant who is in immediate and continuous transit through the United States and is using a carrier that has entered into a Transit Without Visa (TWOV) Agreement as provided in INA 233(c). Start Printed Page 17362
Who Determines Which Countries Can Transit Without a Visa?
Since TWOV does not involve the issuance of a visa, the Department's role in the day-to-day administration of the TWOV program is minimal. Therefore, the Department's regulation at 22 CFR 41.2(i), for the most part, is merely a restatement of the INS regulation on the same subject. The Department does become involved, however, in the designation of those countries whose citizens are ineligible to utilize the TWOV. The current regulation provides a list of ineligible countries.
Which Countries Are Added to the List of Countries Whose Citizens Cannot TWOV?
This rule adds Colombia to the list of countries whose citizens cannot TWOV.
Why Is Colombia Being Added to the List of Countries Whose Citizens Cannot TWOV?
The Department and INS have determined that Colombia's citizens are ineligible to TWOV because of their increasing abuse of the TWOV privilege and Colombia's high nonimmigrant visa refusal rates. Colombian citizens are increasingly using TWOV as an opportunity to claim asylum during their “transit” through the U.S.
How Will the Department of State Amend its Regulations?
This rule, and the INS rule published elsewhere in this issue, amend the list of countries found at 22 CFR 41.2(i) whose citizens the Department and the INS have determined are not eligible for the transit without visa (TWOV) program.
Administrative Procedure Act
The Department is implementing this rule as an interim rule, with a 60-day provision for post-promulgation public comments, based on the “good cause” exceptions found at 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B) and 553(d)(3). The Department finds it necessary to implement this rule effective immediately to minimize abuse of the TWOV privilege.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Department of State, in accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 605(b)), has reviewed this regulation and, by approving it, certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
This rule will not result in the expenditure by State, local and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any year and it will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996
This rule is not a major rule as defined by section 804 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Act of 1996. This rule will not result in an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more; a major increase in costs or prices; or significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or on the ability of United States-based companies to compete with foreign-based companies in domestic and export markets.
Executive Order 12866
The Department of State does not consider this rule to be a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866, section 3(f), Regulatory Planning and Review, and the Office of Management and Budget has waived its review process under section 6(a)(3)(A).
This regulation will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with section 6 of Executive Order 13132, it is determined that this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement.
Paperwork Reduction Act
This rule does not impose any new reporting or record-keeping requirements. The information collection requirement (Form OF-156) contained by reference in this rule was previously approved for use by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 22 CFR Part 41End List of Subjects
In view of the foregoing, the Department amends 22 CFR as follows:Start Part
PART 41—[AMENDED]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Amend § 41.2 by revising paragraph (i)(2) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(i) * * *
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (i)(1) of this section, this waiver is not available to an alien who is a citizen of: Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Burma, Burundi, Central African Republic, People's Republic of China, Colombia, Congo (Brazzaville), India, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Nigeria, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan.
March 12, 2001.
Mary A. Ryan,
Assistant Secretary for Consular Affairs.
[FR Doc. 01-8016 Filed 3-29-01; 8:45 am]
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