Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.
This rule changes the title of the U.S.A. Blueberry Council to the “U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council” (Council). The purpose of this change is to avoid confusion in the industry and to clarify that only cultivated blueberries are covered by this program.
August 16, 2001.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Daniel Rafael Manzoni, Research and Promotion Branch, FV, AMS, USDA, Stop 0244, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Room 2535-S, Washington, D.C. 20250-0244; telephone (202) 720-5951, fax (202) 205-2800, or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Legal authority. The Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order (Order) [7 CFR Part 1218] became effective on August 16, 2000 [65 FR 43961, July 17, 2000]. It was issued under the Commodity Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996 (Act) [7 U.S.C. 7401-7425].
Question and Answer Overview
Why Is the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA or the Department) Changing the Name of the Council?
The wild blueberry industry requested that USDA change the title of the Council in order to avoid confusion in the industry and to clarify that the program covers only cultivated blueberries.
Will Anything Else Change About the Program?
No. The program as published on July 17, 2000 in the Federal Register remains the same.
Executive Orders 12866 and 12988
This rule has been determined “not significant” for purposes of Executive Order (E.O.) 12866 and, therefore, has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
In addition, this rule has been reviewed under E.O. 12988, Civil Justice Reform. The rule is not intended to have retroactive effect. Section 524 of the Act provides that the Act shall not affect or preempt any other Federal or state law authorizing promotion or research relating to an agricultural commodity.
Under Section 519 of the Act, a person subject to the Order may file a petition with the Secretary of Agriculture (Secretary) stating that the Order, any provision of the Order, or any obligation imposed in connection with the Order, is not established in accordance with the law, and requesting a modification of the Order or an exemption from the Order. Any petition filed challenging the Order, any provision of the Order, or any obligation imposed in connection with the Order, shall be filed within two years after the effective date of the Order, provision, or obligation subject to challenge in the petition. The petitioner will have the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. Thereafter, the Secretary will issue a ruling on a petition. The Act provides that the district court of the United States for any district in which the petitioner resides or conducts business shall have the jurisdiction to review a final ruling on the petition, if the petitioner files a complaint for that purpose not later than 20 days after the date of the entry of the Secretary's final ruling.
Regulatory Flexibility Act and Paperwork Reduction Act
Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis
In accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) [5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.], AMS has examined the economic impact of this rule on small entities. The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of businesses subject to such actions so that small businesses will not be disproportionately burdened.
There are approximately 2,000 producers, 200 first handlers, 50 importers, and 4 exporters of blueberries subject to the program. Most of the producers would be classified as small businesses under the criteria established by the Small Business Administration (SBA) [13 CFR 121.201]. Most importers and first handlers would not be classified as small businesses, and, while most exporters are large, we assume that some are small. The SBA defines small agricultural handlers as those whose annual receipts are less than $5 million, and small agricultural producers are defined as those having annual receipts of not more than $500,000 annually.
This rule will amend the Order to revise the title of the U.S.A. Blueberry Council to the “U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council” (Council). All other provisions of the Order as published on July 17, 2000, in the Federal Register will remain the same. The amendment is not considered a substantial change that will impact the cultivated blueberry industry. The purpose of this change is to avoid confusion in the industry and clarify that only cultivated blueberries are covered by this program.
The amendment will not impose additional recordkeeping requirements on first handlers, producers, or importers or exporters of cultivated blueberries. Therefore, recordkeeping and reporting requirements for the promotion, research, and information program for cultivated blueberries will remain unchanged by this final rule.
There are no relevant federal rules that duplicate, overlap, or conflict with this final rule.
The Order became effective on August 16, 2000. Under the Order, producers and importers pay an assessment of $12 per ton on the cultivated blueberries they produce in or import into the United States. The Secretary will appoint an industry group to administer the program under USDA supervision.
Although the Order states that the program covers only cultivated blueberries and not wild blueberries, the Start Printed Page 37118wild blueberry industry has continued to object, among other things, to the fact that the name of the Council does not specifically reference cultivated blueberries. The wild blueberry industry had submitted two comments on this issue, and others, in response to the first proposed rule on the Order which was published in the Federal Register on July 22, 1999 [64 FR 39790]. The comments were summarized in the second proposed rule on the Order, which was published in the Federal Register on February 15, 2000 [65 FR 7657]. The commenters requested that, throughout the proposal and in the name of the Council, the term “blueberry” be changed to “cultivated blueberry.” The commenters stated that the generic use of the term “blueberry” in the Order was misleading as to the specific type of blueberry and industry segment represented by the program. These comments were denied for the reasons explained in the February 15, 2000, rule.
However, since February 2000, the wild blueberry industry continued to contact USDA officials requesting that the name changes be made. Therefore, on September 21, 2000 [65 FR 57104], USDA published a proposed rule to change the official title of the program to the “Promotion, Research and Information Order for Cultivated Blueberries” and the name of the industry group from the U.S.A. Blueberry Council to the “U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council.“ In addition, the proposed rule provided that all references to “blueberries” in the Order would be changed to “cultivated blueberries.” The deadline for comments was November 20, 2000.
In response to that proposed rule, USDA received four comments from the wild blueberry industry in favor of various aspects of the proposed rule, and six comments from the cultivated blueberry industry opposed to various aspects of the proposed rule. A summary of the comments and USDA's responses follow:
All four commenters from the wild blueberry industry stated that although the Order does not cover wild blueberries, the name U.S.A. Blueberry Council (Council) causes confusion regarding who the Council represents and which variety of blueberries it is promoting. The commenters believed that this potential confusion could adversely affect their various initiatives in support of wild blueberries. The commenters agreed with the proposal to change the Council's name of the “U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council” in order to avoid any possibility of confusion.
We agree with the commenters that the Council's current name could cause confusion in the industry. Accordingly, we are adopting the proposal to change the U.S.A. Blueberry Council's name to the “U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council.”
Two of the four commenters from the wild blueberry industry also supported the proposals to change the title of the Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order to the “Promotion, Research, and Information Order for Cultivated Blueberries,” and to change every reference to blueberries in the Order to “cultivated blueberries.” They believed that these changes would further distinguish the wild blueberry industry from the cultivated blueberry industry.
After further view and careful deliberation on these issues, USDA believed that these changes are not necessary. Changing the name of the Council should be sufficient to distinguish the research and promotional efforts of the wild blueberry industry from the Order's cultivated blueberry industry. The Order's definition of blueberry excludes wild blueberries, and it is not uncommon in other USDA national research and promotional programs to use a generic name for a commodity that is defined in the Order with further specificity. Accordingly, USDA is not adopting the proposals to change the name of the Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order to the “Promotion, Research, and Information Order for Cultivated Blueberries,” and to change every reference to blueberries in the Order to “cultivated blueberries.”
Promoting blueberries generically will be consistent with other national promotion programs, such as those for milk and potatoes. Even though the federal dairy and fluid milk boards cover only cow's milk, they promote milk generically. This is because cow's milk is the most common type of milk, and other types of milk (such as goat's milk) are identified as such to commercial buyers and consumers. Similarly, the potato board promotes potatoes generically, whereas the program covers only white potatoes. Sweet potatoes are identified as such. We view the blueberry program in the same way.
All of the comments from the cultivated blueberry industry opposed the proposals on the basis that there was no need to differentiate cultivated blueberries from wild blueberries. Our explanations above address the issues raised by the commenters.
It should also be noted that USDA is not supporting or endorsing the cultivated blueberry industry at the expense of the wild blueberry industry, as alluded to by one of the commenters. The cultivated blueberry industry voluntarily requested the Secretary to implement a national program to assess domestic and imported cultivated blueberries to increase demand for the commodity. Any agricultural commodity group, such as the wild blueberry industry, has the right to request the same type of program under the Act. In addition, the cultivated blueberry industry will finance the entire cost of the program, including the cost of this rulemaking proceeding. National research and promotion programs are considered industry self-help programs. The government's involvement is to ensure that the programs have the support of the industry affected and that the programs are carried out within the scope of their authority under the Act.
Accordingly, the proposed rule is adopted with the change discussed above.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 1218
- Administrative practice and procedure
- Consumer Information
- Marketing agreements
- Blueberry promotion
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
For the reasons set forth in the preamble,End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 1218 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 1218—BLUEBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION
Subpart A—Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order
2. In § 1218.3 the words “U.S.A. Blueberry Council” are removed and the words “U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council” are added in its place and “USABC” is removed and “USACBC” is added in its place.End Amendment Part
3. In § 1218.23 “USABC” is removed from the heading and the text and “USACBC” is added in its place and “U.S.A. Blueberry Council” is removed and “U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council” is added in its place.End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
4. The undesignated center heading preceding § 1218.40 is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council
5. In § 1218.40 the words “U.S.A. Blueberry Council” are removed and the words “U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council” are added in its place, and “USABC” is removed Wherever it appears and “USACBC” is added in its place.End Amendment Part
6. In §§ 1218.41, 1218.42, 1218.43, 1218.44, 1218.45, 1218.46, 1218.47, 1218.48, 1218.50, 1218.51, 1218.55, 1218.56, 1218.62, 1218.70, 1218.73, 1218.75, and 1218.77, “USABC” is removed wherever it appears and “USACBC” is added in its place.End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
7. In §§ 1218.52, 1218.53, 1218.54, and 1218.60, “USABC” is removed wherever it appears and “USACBC” is added in its place.End Amendment Part Start Signature
Dated: July 11, 2001.
Kenneth C. Clayton,
Acting Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.
[FR Doc. 01-17767 Filed 7-16-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-02-P