Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.
Interim rule and request for comments.
We are amending the export certification regulations for the certification of softwood (coniferous) packing materials used with goods exported from the United States to China. Prior to this interim rule, the Start Printed Page 37115packing materials had to be certified as having been heat treated in the United States. We are allowing certification of packing materials that were heat treated in Canada if that treatment is certified by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency to meet requirements established by the Government of the People's Republic of China. This change is necessary to facilitate the exportation to China of the large volume of United States goods that is shipped using Canadian-origin coniferous solid wood packing materials. This change will affect persons who use coniferous solid wood packing materials to export goods from the United States to the People's Republic of China.
This interim rule is effective July 11, 2001. We invite you to comment on this docket. We will consider all comments that we receive by September 17, 2001 .
Please send four copies of your comment (an original and three copies) to: Docket No. 99-100-3, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS, Suite 3C03, 4700 River Road, Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737-1238.
Please state that your comment refers to Docket No. 99-100-3.
You may read any comments that we receive on this docket in our reading room. The reading room is located in room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 690-2817 before coming.
APHIS documents published in the Federal Register, and related information, including the names of organizations and individuals who have commented on APHIS dockets, are available on the Internet at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ppd/rad/webrepor.html.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Mr. Frederick Thomas, Export Specialist, PIM, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 140, Riverdale, MD 20737-1236; (301) 734-8367.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The export certification regulations contained in 7 CFR part 353 (referred to below as the regulations) set forth the procedures for obtaining certification for plants and plant products offered for export or reexport. Export certification is not required by the regulations; rather, it is provided by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) as a service to exporters who are shipping plants or plant products to countries that require phytosanitary certification as a condition of entry. After assessing the condition of the plants or plant products intended for export relative to the receiving country's regulations, an inspector will issue an internationally recognized certificate, if warranted.
In a final rule that was effective and published in the Federal Register on August 17, 2000 (65 FR 50128-50131), we amended the regulations to create a new certificate of heat treatment and to establish procedures for issuing it to exporters who have heat treated their coniferous solid wood packing materials (SWPM) in order to ship goods to the People's Republic of China. We took this action in response to a new requirement imposed by the People's Republic of China that SWPM exported from the United States to China be certified as having been heat treated. As stated in that final rule, the information collection or recordkeeping requirements associated with the new certificate have been approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under OMB control number 0579-0147. One of the requirements of the final rule was that, to be certified, coniferous SWPM must be heat treated in the United States. That requirement was based on our belief that it would be extremely difficult for U.S. exporters to document that a heat treatment has been properly performed if it has been performed in a foreign country.
Since the final rule was published, we have received numerous requests to amend it to provide a means to certify coniferous SWPM that originated and was heat treated in Canada, but is later used to export U.S. goods to China. A great deal of the coniferous SWPM used in the United States is of Canadian origin. According to USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), about 21 percent of coniferous SWPM used in the United States in 1999 was of Canadian origin. In that year—the last full year in which U.S. exporters could effectively use Canadian-origin coniferous SWPM in shipments to China—about 35 million pallets were imported from Canada, compared to a total U.S. inventory of about 168 million reusable pallets. The final rule's requirement that only coniferous SWPM treated in the United States may be certified causes adverse impacts on large and small U.S. exporters by denying them continued access to Canadian origin coniferous SWPM that is readily available at attractive prices for use in shipments to China.
We have examined this problem to determine whether there is a way for APHIS to certify that coniferous SWPM from Canada has been properly heat treated in accordance with the requirements of the People's Republic of China. Before issuing such certificates, APHIS must be confident that the required treatment was actually performed, and there must be sufficient documentation of the treatment. As discussed in the final rule of August 17, 2000, it is not practical for APHIS to coordinate or rely on records maintained by a multitude of foreign heat treatment facilities. However, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is willing to provide U.S. exporters who use coniferous SWPM treated in Canada with a certificate documenting that the SWPM has been heat treated. CFIA has developed a heat treatment certification process for coniferous SWPM that meets the requirements of both APHIS and China. CFIA will issue a certificate only for coniferous SWPM that has been heat treated in accordance with the requirements of the People's Republic of China—i.e., a treatment process that increases the minimum core wood temperature to 56 degrees Celsius for 30 minutes. This CFIA certificate would provide the U.S. exporter with the necessary “documentation showing that heat treatment was performed on packing materials,” as required by § 353.7(e)(4). With this documentation on file, the exporter could apply for the APHIS heat treatment certificate required by the People's Republic of China. This Canadian heat treatment certification process for coniferous SWPM would enable U.S. exporters to use Canadian-origin heat treated SWPM in shipments to China.
To accomplish this change, we are amending the definition of certificate of heat treatment in § 353.1 of the regulations. In the part of the definition that states that the certificate endorses “the statement of an exporter that the coniferous packing materials associated with a shipment for export have been heat treated in the United States,” we are adding the phrase “or in Canada.” We are also amending § 353.7(e)(4), which deals with the records an exporter must keep on file at his office, by adding the following: “If the coniferous solid wood packing materials were heat treated in Canada, this documentation must include a certificate issued by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency stating that the packing materials have been heat treated through a treatment process that increased the minimum core wood Start Printed Page 37116temperature to 56 degrees Celsius for 30 minutes.”
The Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has determined that there is good cause for publishing this interim rule without prior opportunity for public comment. Immediate action is necessary to relieve a restriction that prevents U.S. exporters from obtaining certificates that the Government of the People's Republic of China requires to accompany shipments of U.S. goods to China that are packaged with Canadian-origin SWPM.
Because prior notice and other public procedures with respect to this action are impracticable and contrary to the public interest under these conditions, we find good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553 to make this action effective less than 30 days after publication. We will consider comments that are received within 60 days of publication of this rule in the Federal Register. After the comment period closes, we will publish another document in the Federal Register. The document will include a discussion of any comments we receive and any amendments we are making to the rule as a result of the comments.
Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act
This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12866. The rule has been determined to be not significant for the purposes of Executive Order 12866 and, therefore, has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget.
Effective January 1, 2000, the People's Republic of China required that SWPM exported from the United States to China be certified as having been heat treated. To be certified, coniferous SWPM must be heat treated in the United States. This rule changes that requirement to allow Canadian-origin coniferous SWPM to be heat treated in Canada.
This rule affects U.S. exporters—primarily manufacturers and freight forwarders who act on their behalf—who ship goods to China using coniferous SWPM. It is estimated that there are about 125,000 such shipments per year, spread among approximately 5,000 exporters. A wide variety of products are shipped to China using coniferous SWPM, such as pharmaceuticals, auto parts, diapers, and fruits and vegetables.
This rule restores U.S. exporters' ability to use Canadian-origin coniferous SWPM in shipments to China. At the present time, their ability to use that SWPM is effectively precluded, because it is not cost effective to heat treat Canadian-origin SWPM in the United States. In addition to giving them another, perhaps less costly, source of coniferous SWPM for their shipments to China, the rule change enables affected exporters to avoid separating their U.S. and Canadian-treated coniferous SWPM so as to ensure that only the former is used in shipments to China. The dollar impact of this rule on U.S. exporters is unknown, but the rule is likely to benefit exporters, though the benefits will not constitute a significant economic impact on a substantial number of exporters.
U.S. producers of coniferous SWPM could also be affected by this change, to the extent that it causes exporters to switch to Canadian producers for their supply of SWPM for shipments to China. The number of U.S. exporters who would switch to Canadian producers is unknown. However, it seems unlikely that allowing the use of Canadian SWPM to be resumed for U.S. shipments to China would create significant harm to U.S. coniferous SWPM producers. (During the period from September through December, 2000—the first 4 full months that the current exclusion on Canadian SWPM was in effect—U.S. imports of pallets from Canada declined by about 3 million, or 27 percent, from the level for same 4-month period in 1999. However, that decline appears to be due more to competitive pressures faced by Canada in the U.S. market than to the current exclusion itself, as U.S. imports of pallets from all countries other than Canada showed an increase of about 4 million pallets during the same 4-month period. In effect, Canadian exports of pallets to the United States were supplanted by exports from other countries. Since non-Canadian exports to the United States are also subject to the current exclusion, the decline in Canadian exports, therefore, would seem to be largely unrelated to the rule that became effective August 17, 2000.)
The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) requires that agencies consider the economic impact of rule changes on small entities (i.e., businesses, organizations, and governmental jurisdictions). This rule potentially affects the approximately 5,000 U.S. exporters—primarily manufacturers and freight forwarders who act on their behalf—who ship goods to China using coniferous SWPM. However, for the reasons discussed above, there is no reason to believe that the rule change will have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of entities, large or small.
Under these circumstances, the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has determined that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
Executive Order 12372
This program/activity is listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance under No. 10.025 and is subject to Executive Order 12372, which requires intergovernmental consultation with State and local officials. (See 7 CFR part 3015, subpart V.)
This interim rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This rule: (1) Preempts all State and local laws and regulations that are inconsistent with this rule; (2) has no retroactive effect; and (3) does not require administrative proceedings before parties may file suit in court challenging this rule.
Paperwork Reduction Act
This interim rule contains no new information collection or recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 353
- Plant diseases and pests
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
Accordingly, 7 CFR part 353 is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 353—EXPORT CERTIFICATIONEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 353 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
2. In § 353.1, the definition of Certificate of heat treatment is amended by adding the phrase “or in Canada” immediately after the phrase “in the United States”.End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
3. In § 353.7, paragraph (e)(4) is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(e) * * * Start Printed Page 37117
(4) The exporter or his or her representative must keep on file at his or her office a copy of each certificate issued in his or her name and documentation showing that heat treatment was performed on packing materials in the shipment referred to in the certificate. If the coniferous solid wood packing materials were heat treated in Canada, this documentation must include a certificate issued by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency stating that the packing materials have been heat treated through a treatment process that increased the minimum core wood temperature to 56 degrees Celsius for 30 minutes. The exporter must make these documents available to an inspector upon request for a period of 1 year following the date of issuance of the certificate.
(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control numbers 0579-0052 and 0579-0147)
Done in Washington, DC, this 11th day of July 2001.
Bobby R. Acord,
Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
1. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency has developed a heat treatment process that meets the requirements of the People's Republic of China and USDA.Back to Citation
2. U.S. exporters can use Canadian-origin coniferous SWPM for shipments to countries other than the People's Republic of China.Back to Citation
3. Foreign Agricultural Service data.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 01-17840 Filed 7-16-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-U