Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934  and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,  notice is hereby given that on May 4, 2001, the American Stock Exchange LLC (the “Amex” or the “Exchange”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. On July 16, 2001, the Exchange submitted Amendment No. 1 to the proposal. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons.
I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change
The Amex proposes to amend Rules 1000, 1000A and 1200 to restrict the entry of certain limit orders and orders that are created and communicated electronically without manual input into the Exchange's order routing and execution systems. The text of the proposed rule change is available at the Office of the Secretary, Amex and at the Commission.
II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
In its filing with the Commission, the Amex included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed an comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Amex has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements.
A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and the Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
In February 2001, the Commission issued a notice of filing and immediate effectiveness of a proposed rule change submitted by the Exchange that restricted the entry of certain option limit orders and option orders created and communicated electronically without manual input into the Exchange's electronic order routing and delivery systems. The Exchange is not proposing to adopt the same restrictions for some of the other equity derivative products it currently trades. Specifically, the Exchange proposes that the new rules would apply to the following equity derivative products: Exchange Traded Funds (“ETFs”) such as Standard & Poors Depositary Receipts (“SPDRS”), DIAMONDS and Nasdaq 100 Tracking Stock (“QQQ”), and Trust Issued Receipts (“TIRs” such as Holding Company Depositor Receipts (“HOLDRS”).
The proposed amendments to Amex Rules 1000, 1000A and 1200 would restrict the entry of certain limit orders and orders that are created and communicated electronically without manual input into the Exchange's electronic order routing and delivery system (Amex Order File—“AOF”), which routes orders of up to 99,900 shares of each equity derivative to the Exchange's electronic order execution and processing systems (i.e., Point of Sale Specialist's Book), under certain circumstances as described below.
a. Limit Orders
Under the proposed rule, members, acting as either principal or agent, would be prohibited from entering limit orders into the electronic order routing system if such orders are for the account or accounts of the same or related beneficial owners, and the limit orders are entered in such a manner that the member or the beneficial owner(s) effectively is operating as a market make by holding itself out as willing to buy and sell such securities on a regular or continuous basis. The proposed rules provide that in determining whether a member or beneficial owner effectively is operating as market maker, the Exchange would consider, among other things, the simultaneous or near-simultaneous entry of limit orders to buy and sell the same security; the multiple acquisition and liquidation of positions in the security during the same day; and the entry of multiple limit orders at different prices in the same security.
b. Electronically Created and Communicated Orders
The Exchange also proposes to adopt rules that prohibit members from entering orders that are created and communicated electronically without manual input, if such orders are eligible for execution through the Exchange's automatic execution system. The Exchange would consider orders entered by customers or associated persons of members to involve manual input if the terms of the order are entered into an order-entry screen or there is a manual selection of a displayed order against which an off-setting order should be sent. The Exchange notes that under the proposed rules, members would not be prohibited from electronically communicating to the Exchange orders entered by customers into front-end communication systems (e.g., Internent gateways, online networks, etc.).
The Exchange states that its business model depends upon specialists and registered options traders (“ROTs”) who act as market makers, for competition and liquidity. The Exchange believes that to encourage participation by these market makers, it needs to ensure that other members, and their customers, cannot use benefits granted to them, such as automatic execution, priority of bids and offers and firm quote guarantees for customer orders, to compete on preferential terms within the Exchange's automated systems. The Exchange represents that the proposed rule would prevent members who are not specialists or ROTs from reaping the benefits of market making activities without any of the concomitant obligations, such as providing continuous quotations during all market conditions. The Exchange represents that the proposed rule is designed to prevent certain members and customers from obtaining an unfair advantage by acting as unregistered specialists and/or ROTs while having priority over the specialists and/or ROTs by virtue of their customer status.
The Exchange believes that permitting members or customers to enter multiple limit orders to such an extent that they are effectively acting as market makers in an option, while at the same time giving them priority over all other Start Printed Page 40756orders on the book, gives such members and customers an inordinate advantage over other market participants. In addition, the Exchange believes that allowing electronically generated and communicated orders to be routed directly through the Exchange systems and to Auto-Ex would give customers with such electronic systems a significant advantage over specialists and registered traders. The Exchange represents that these circumstances reduce the incentive to engage in market making on the Exchange reducing liquidity and competition and could under cut the Exchange's business model.
Lastly, the Exchange notes that computer generated orders can still be sent to the Exchange for execution; however, they may not be sent for automatic execution through the Exchange's order routing system. Instead, such orders will be routed to the trading crowd and represented in open outcry.
The proposed rule change is consistent with Section 6(b) of the Act  in general and furthers the objectives of Section 6(b)(5)  in particular in that it is designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in facilitating transactions in securities, and to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system.
B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition
The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition.
C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants or Others
No written comments were solicited or received with respect to the proposed rule change.
III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action
Within 35 days of the date of publication of this notice in the Federal Register or within such longer period (i) as the Commission may designate up to 90 days of such date if it finds such longer period to be appropriate and publishes its reasons for so finding or (ii) as to which the Exchange consents, the Commission will:
(A) by order approve such proposed rule change, or
(B) institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be disapproved.
IV. Solicitation of Comments
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Persons making written submissions should file six copies thereof with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0609. Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for inspection and copying in the Commission's Public Reference Section. Copies of such filing will also be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Amex. All submissions should refer to File No. SR-Amex-2001-27 and should be submitted by August 24, 2001.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
3. See letter from Claire McGrath, Vice President and Special Counsel, Amex, to Nancy Sanow, Assistant Director, Division of Market Regulation, Commission, dated July 13, 2001 (“Amendment No. 1”). In Amendment No. 1, the Exchange corrected technical errors in the proposed prohibition on orders that are created and communicated electronically without manual input to state that such orders may not be entered into the Exchange's order routing system if they are eligible for automatic execution.Back to Citation
4. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 43938 (February 7, 2001), 66 FR 10539 (February 15, 2001).Back to Citation
5. See Amendment No. 1, supra note 3.Back to Citation
6. See Amendment No. 1, supra note 3.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 01-19377 Filed 8-2-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-M