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Self-Regulatory Organizations; Emerging Markets Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing and Order Approving a Request for an Extension of Temporary Registration as a Clearing Agency

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Start Preamble August 15, 2001.

Pursuant to section 19(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”,)[1] notice is hereby given that on July 27, 2001, the Emerging Markets Clearing Corporation (“EMCC”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”) an application requesting that the Commission extend EMCC's temporary registration as a clearing agency.[2] The Commission is publishing this notice and order to solicit comments from interested persons and to extend EMCC's temporary registration as a clearing agency through March 31, 2002.

EMCC was created to facilitate the clearance and settlement of transactions in U.S. dollar denominated Brady Bonds.[3] Since it began operations, EMCC has added certain sovereign debt to the list of eligible securities that may be cleared and settled at EMCC.[4] EMCC began operating on April 6, 1998, with ten dealer members. As of December 31, 2000, EMCC has 21 members. Since EMCC's inception, it has maintained a comparison rate of over 89% on trade date, reaching 99% prior to settlement date.[5]

On February 13, 1998, pursuant to sections 17A(b) and 19(a)(1) of the Act [6] and Rule 17Ab2-1 promulgated thereunder,[7] the Commission granted EMCC's application for registration as a clearing agency on a temporary basis under August 20, 1999.[8] By subsequent orders dated August 12, 1999,[9] and August 18, 2000,[10] the Commission extended EMCC's registration as a clearing agency through August 20, 2000, and August 31, 2001, respectively.

As part of EMCC's initial temporary registration, the Commission granted EMCC temporary exemption from section 17A(b)(3)(B) of the Act because EMCC did not provide for the admission of some of the categories of members required by that section.[11] To date, EMCC's rules still only provide membership criteria for U.S. broker-dealers, United Kingdom broker-dealers, U.S. banks, and non-U.S. banks. As the Commission noted in the Registration Order, the Commission believes that it is appropriate for EMCC to limit the categories of members during its initial years of operations because no entity in a category not covered by EMCC's rules desires to be a member.[12] Accordingly, the Commission is extending EMCC's temporary exemption for section 17A(b)(3)(B).

The Commission also granted EMCC a temporary exemption from sections 17A(b)(3)(A) and 17A(b)(3)(F) of the Act to permit EMCC to use, subject to certain limitations, ten percent of its clearing fund to collateralize a line of a credit at Euroclear to finance on an intraday basis the receipt by EMCC of eligible instruments from one member that EMCC will redeliver to another member.[13] The Registration Order limited EMCC's use of clearing fund deposits for this intraday financing to the earlier of one year after EMCC commenced operations or the date on which EMCC begins its netting service. On April 2, and May 17, 1999, the Commission approved rule changes that permitted EMCC to implement a netting service and that extended EMCC's ability to use clearing fund deposits for intraday financing at Euroclear until all EMCC members are netting members.[14] Because not all of EMCC's members have become netting members, the Commission is extending EMCC's temporary exemption from section 17A(b)(3)(A) and (F).

Finally, the Government Securities Clearing Corporation (“GSCC”), the Mortgage Backing Securities Clearing Corporation (“MBSCC”), and EMCC are currently taking steps toward integration of GSCC, MBSCC, and EMCC and the acquisitin of these clearing agencies by The Depository Trust and Clearing Corporation. Because EMCC's governance and organizational structure will be affected by the acquisition and integration, the Commission is extending EMCC's registration as a clearing agency on a temporary basis through March 31, 2002.

Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and agruments concerning the foregoing application. Such written data, views, and arguments will be considered by the Commission in granting registration or instituting proceedings to determine whether registration should be denied in accordance with section 19(a)(1) of the Act.[15] Persons making written submissions should file six copies thereof with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0609. Copies of the amended application for registration and all written comments will be available for inspection at the Commission's Public Reference Room, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549. All submissions should refer to File No. 600-30 and should be submitted by September 11, 2001.

It is therefore ordered, pursuant to section 19(a) of the Act, that EMCC's registration as a clearing agency (File No. 600-30) be and hereby is temporarily approved through March 31, 2002.

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For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.[16]

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Jonathan G. Katz,


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2.  Letter from Merrie Faye Witkin, Assistant Secretary, EMCC (July 26, 2001).

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3.  Brady bonds are restructured bank loans that were first issued pursuant to a plan developed by then U.S. Treasury Secretary Nicholas Brady to assist debt-ridden countries restructure their sovereign debt into commercially marketable securities. The plan provided for the exchange of bank loans for collateralized debt securities as part of an internationally supported sovereign debt restructuring. Typically, the principal and certain interest of these bonds is collateralized by U.S. Treasury zero coupon bonds and other high grade instruments.

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4.  Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 40363 (Aug. 25, 1998), 63 FR 46263 (Aug. 31, 1998) and 41618 (July 14, 1999), 64 FR 39181 (July 21, 1999).

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5.  EMCC 2000 Annual Report.

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6.  15 U.S.C. 78q-1(b) and 78s(a)(1).

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8.  Securities Exchange Act Release No. 39661 (Feb. 13, 1998), 63 FR 8711 (Feb. 20, 1998) (“Registration Order”).

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9.  Securities Exchange Act Release No. 41733 (Aug. 12, 1999), 64 FR 44982 (Aug. 18, 1999).

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10.  Securities Exchange Act Release No. 43182 (Aug. 18, 2000), 65 FR 51880 (Aug. 25, 2000).

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11.  Registration Order at 8716.

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12.  EMCC has represented to the staff that it will modify its rules to provide admission criteria for other entities that wish to become EMCC members.

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13.  Registration Order at 8720.

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14.  Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 41247 (Apr. 2, 1999), 64 FR 17705 (Apr. 12, 1999) and 41415 (May 17, 1999), 64 FR 27841 (May 21, 1999).

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[FR Doc. 01-21018 Filed 8-20-01; 8:45 am]