Maritime Administration, Department of Transportation.
Invitation for public comments on two petitions requesting MARAD to issue determinations that the ownership and control requirements and the preferred mortgage requirements of the American Fisheries Act of 1998 and 46 CFR Part 356 are in conflict with an international investment agreement.
The Maritime Administration (“MARAD”) is soliciting public comments on a petition from the owners and mortgagees of the vessels Westward I (Official Number—615165), Viking (Official Number—565017), Chelsea K (Official Number—976753), and Alaskan Command (Official Number—599383) and a petition from the owners of the vessel Seafisher (Official Number—575587) (hereinafter the “Vessels”). The petitions request that MARAD issue decisions that the American Fisheries Act of 1998 (“AFA”), Division C, Title II, Subtitle I, Pub. L. 105-277, and our regulations at 46 CFR part 356 (65 FR 44860 (July 19, 2000)) are in conflict with the U.S.-Japan Treaty and Protocol Regarding Friendship, Commerce and Navigation, 206 UNTS 143, TIAS 2863, 4 UST 2063 (1953) (“U.S.-Japan FCN” or “Treaty”). The petitions are submitted pursuant to 46 CFR 356.53 and section 213(g) of AFA, which provide that the requirements of the AFA and the implementing regulations will not apply to the owners or mortgagees of a U.S.-flag vessel documented with a fishery endorsement to the extent that the provisions of the AFA conflict with an existing international agreement relating to foreign investment to which the United States is a party.
If MARAD determines that the AFA and MARAD's implementing regulations conflict with the U.S.-Japan FCN, the requirements of 46 CFR part 356 and the AFA will not apply to the extent of the inconsistency with respect to each specific vessel. Accordingly, interested parties are invited to submit their views on the petitions and whether there is a conflict between the U.S.-Japan FCN and the requirements of both the AFA and 46 CFR part 356. In addition to receiving the views of interested parties, MARAD will consult with other Departments and Agencies within the Federal Government that have responsibility or expertise related to the interpretation of or application of international investment agreements.
You should submit your comments in order to ensure that Docket Management receives them not later than September 24, 2001. Prior to the two petitions that are the subject of this notice, we published seven different notices relating to potential conflicts between the AFA and the Japan-FCN. No comments from the public were received in response to any of the petitions. Because we have not received any public comments in regard to previous notices and because the present petitions do not present novel issues, we are using a shortened comment period of ten days for this notice.
Comments should refer to the docket number that appears at the top of this document. Written comments may be submitted by mail to the Docket Clerk, U.S. DOT Dockets, Room PL-401, Department of Transportation, 400 7th St., SW., Washington, DC 20590-0001. You may also send comments electronically via the Internet at http://dms.dot.gov/submit/. All comments will become part of this docket and will be available for inspection and copying at the above address between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m., E.T., Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays. An electronic version of this document and all documents entered into this docket may be obtained over the internet from the Docket Management System at http://dms.dot.gov by typing in the last four digits of the docket number provided at the beginning of this notice.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
John T. Marquez, Jr. of the Office of Chief Counsel at (202) 366-5320. You may send mail to John T. Marquez, Jr., Maritime Administration, Office of Chief Counsel, Room 7228, MAR-222, 400 Seventh St., SW., Washington, DC 20590-0001 or you may send e-mail to John.Marquez@marad.dot.gov.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The AFA was enacted in 1998 to give U.S. interests a priority in the harvest of U.S.-fishery resources by increasing the requirements for U.S. Citizen ownership, control and financing of U.S.-flag vessels documented with a fishery endorsement. MARAD was charged with promulgating implementing regulations for fishing industry vessels of 100 feet or greater in registered length while the Coast Guard retains responsibility for vessels under 100 feet.
Section 202 of the AFA, raises, with some exceptions, the U.S.-Citizen ownership and control standards for U.S.-flag vessels that are documented with a fishery endorsement and operating in U.S.-waters. The ownership and control standard was increased from the controlling interest standard (greater than 50%) of section 2(b) of Shipping Act, 1916 (“1916 Act”), as amended, 46 App. U.S.C. 802(b), to the standard contained in section 2(c) of the 1916 Act, 46 App. U.S.C. 802(c), which requires that 75 percent of the ownership and control in a vessel owning entity be vested in U.S. Citizens. In addition, section 204 of the AFA repeals the ownership grandfather “savings provision” in the Anti-Reflagging Act of 1987, Pub. L. 100-239, section 7(b), 101 Stat 1778 (1988), which permits foreign control of companies owning certain fishing vessels.
Section 202 of the AFA also amended 46 App. U.S.C. 31322(a) and established new requirements to hold a preferred mortgage on a vessel of 100 feet or greater in registered length that is documented with a fishery endorsement. However, those requirements were subsequently amended on July 24, 2001, by section 2202 of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2001, Public Law Start Printed Page 47932107-20. The amendments revise the requirements to hold a preferred mortgage on fishing industry vessels of 100 feet or greater, delay the effective date of 46 U.S.C. 31322(a)(4), as amended, to April 1, 2003, and require MARAD to suspend until April 1, 2003, any consideration of a lender's citizenship status in determining whether 75% of the interest in a vessel is owned and controlled by U.S. Citizens.
Section 213(g) of the AFA provides that if the new ownership and control provisions or the mortgagee provisions are determined to be inconsistent with an existing international agreement relating to foreign investment to which the United States is a party, such provisions of the AFA shall not apply to the owner or mortgagee on October 1, 2001, with respect to the particular vessel and to the extent of the inconsistency. MARAD's regulations at 46 CFR 356.53 set forth a process wherein owners or mortgagees may petition MARAD, with respect to a specific vessel, for a determination that the implementing regulations are in conflict with an international investment agreement. Petitions must be noticed in the Federal Register with a request for comments. The Chief Counsel of MARAD, in consultation with other Departments and Agencies within the Federal Government that have responsibility or expertise related to the interpretation of or application of international investment agreements, will review the petitions and render a decision within 120 days of the receipt of a fully completed petition.
Interested parties are advised that, in light of the above mentioned amendments to the preferred mortgage requirements for fishing industry vessels of 100 feet or greater, we will be required to amend our regulations. Furthermore, Congress has explicitly stated that MARAD should not consider the citizenship of the lender in determining whether a vessel is eligible for documentation with a fishery endorsement until the new requirements related to mortgagees become effective on April 1, 2003. Consequently, we will not issue a determination at this time with respect to the mortgagee issues addressed in the petitions. The preferred mortgages on the Vessels will remain valid and subject to the current requirements of 46 U.S.C. 31322, as in effect prior to the passage of the AFA, until the new statutory and regulatory requirements related to preferred mortgages become effective on April 1, 2003.
The petitioners with respect to the vessels Westward I, Viking, Chelsea K, and Alaskan Command are: (1) The owners of the vessels, Maruha Corporation, Maruha's three wholly owned subsidiaries, Western Alaska Fisheries, Inc., Westward Seafoods, Inc., and Maruha Capital Investment, Inc., as well as Horizon Trawlers, Inc., H&G, LLC, Pyramid Fishing Company, Westward Limited Partnership, Viking Limited Partnership, Ocean Dynasty Limited Partnership, and Alaskan Command Company; and (2) the mortgagees with respect to the vessels, Westward Limited Partnership and Overseas Fishery Cooperation Foundation.
The petitioners with respect to the Seafisher are the owners of the vessel, M/V Savage, Inc., Cascade Fishing, Inc., and Daito Suisan, Ltd.
The owners and mortgagees of Westward I, Viking, Chelsea K, and Alaskan Command have requested a consolidated filing for the vessels. MARAD's regulations require at 46 CFR 356.53(c) that a separate petition be filed for each vessel for which the owner or mortgagee is requesting an exemption unless the Chief Counsel authorizes a consolidated filing. The Chief Counsel hereby authorizes the consolidated filing by Petitioners relating to the four vessels. The owners of the Seafisher have filed a separate petition.
The Petitioners seek a determination from MARAD under section 213(g) of the AFA and 46 CFR 356.53 that they are exempt from the requirements of sections 202, 203 and 204 of the AFA and 46 CFR part 356 on the ground that the requirements of the AFA and 46 CFR part 356, as applied to Petitioners with respect to the Vessels, conflict with U.S. obligations under U.S.-Japan FCN. The Petitioners request a determination that the restrictions placed on foreign ownership, foreign financing and foreign control of U.S.-flag vessels documented with a fishery endorsement contained in 46 CFR part 356 and sections 202, 203 and 204 of the AFA do not apply to Petitioners.
Petitioner's Description of the Conflict Between the FCN Treaty and Both 46 CFR Part 356 and the AFA
MARAD's regulations at 46 CFR 356.53(b)(3) require Petitioners to submit a detailed description of how the provisions of the international investment agreement or treaty and the implementing regulations are in conflict. The entire text of the FCN Treaty is available on MARAD's internet site at http://www.marad.dot.gov. The descriptions submitted by the Petitioners of the conflict between the FCN Treaty and both the AFA and MARAD's implementing regulations form the basis on which the Petitioners' requests that the Chief Counsel issue rulings that 46 CFR part 356 does not apply to the Petitioners with respect to the Vessels. The Petitioners' descriptions of how the provisions of the U.S.-Japan FCN are in conflict with both the AFA and 46 CFR part 356 may be obtained by contacting John T. Marquez, Jr. at the numbers and address provided above under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION or from the Docket Management System by following the instructions above under ADDRESSES.Start Signature
Dated: September 10, 2001.
By Order of the Acting Deputy Maritime Administrator.
Secretary, Maritime Administration.
[FR Doc. 01-23071 Filed 9-13-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-81-P