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Clearwater Investment Trust and Clearwater Management Co., Inc.; Notice of Application

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Start Preamble October 18, 2001.


Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”).


Notice of application under section 6(c) of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the “Act”) for an exemption from section 15(a) of the Act and rule 18f-2 under the Act.


The requested order would permit applicants, Clearwater Investment Trust (the “Trust”) and Clearwater Management Co., Inc. (the “Adviser”), to enter into and materially amend investment subadvisory agreements without obtaining shareholder approval.


The application was filed on January 6, 2000, and amended on Start Printed Page 53813April 10, 2000, and August 13, 2001, and amended on October 3, 2001.


An order granting the application will be issued unless the Commission orders a hearing. Interested persons may request a hearing by writing to the Commission's Secretary and serving applicants with a copy of the request, personally or by mail. Hearing requests should be received by the Commission by 5:30 p.m. on November 13, 2001, and should be accompanied by proof of service on the applicants in the form of an affidavit or, for lawyers, a certificate of service. Hearing requests should state the nature of the writer's interest, the reason for the request, and the issues contested. Persons who wish to be notified of a hearing may request notification by writing to the Commission's Secretary.


Secretary, Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20549-0609; Applicants, c/o Richard T. Holm, Esq., Clearwater Management Co., Inc., 332 Minnesota Street, Suite 2100, St. Paul MN 55101-1394.

Start Further Info


Deepak T. Pai, Senior Counsel, at (202) 942-0574, or Nadya Roytblat, Assistant Director, at (202) 942-0564 (Division of Investment Management, Office of Investment Company Regulations).

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information


The following is a summary of the application. The complete application may be obtained for a fee at the Commission's Public Reference Branch, 450 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20549-0102 (tel. (202) 942-8090).

Applicants' Representations

1. The Trust, a Massachusetts business trust, is registered under the Act as an open end management investment company. The Trust is comprised of three separate series, each with its own distinct investment objectives, policies, and restrictions (each, a “Fund”).[1]

2. The Adviser is registered under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (“Advisers Act”). The Trust, on behalf of each Fund, has entered into investment advisory agreements with the Adviser (each, an “Advisory Agreement”), pursuant to which the Adviser serves as the investment adviser to the Funds. Each Advisory Agreement has been approved by the Funds' initial shareholder and by a majority of the Trust's board of trustees (the “Board”), including a majority of the trustees who are not “interested persons,” as defined in section 2(a)(19) of the Act, of the Trust or the Adviser (“Independent Trustees”).

3. Under the Advisory Agreements, the Adviser, subject to Board oversight, provides each Fund with investment research, advise, and supervision, and furnishes an investment program for each Fund. The Advisory Agreements also provide that the Adviser may delegate its responsibility for providing investment advise and making investment decisions for a particular Fund to one or more subadvisers (“Subadvisers”). The Adviser selects Subadvisers based on the Adviser's continuing evaluation of their skills in managing assets pursuant to particular investment styles. The Adviser screens potential new Subadvisers and engages in an on-going analysis of the continued advisability as to the retention of its existing Subadvisers. From time to time, the Adviser may recommend to the Board that the services of a Subadviser be terminated. Each Fund pays the Adviser a fee for its services based on the Fund's average daily net assets.

4. The Adviser and each Fund have entered into investment subadvisory agreements (“Subadvisory Agreements”) with each Subadviser. None of the Trust's existing Subadvisers is an “affiliated person,” as defined in section 2(a)(3) of the Act, of the Fund or the Adviser (other than by serving as a Subadviser to the Fund). Each Subadviser, and any future Subadviser will be, registered under the Advisers Act or exempt from registration. The Adviser pays each Subadviser's fees out of the fees the Adviser receives from each Fund.

5. Applicants request relief to permit the Adviser to enter into and materially amend Subadvisory Agreements without obtaining shareholder approval. Applicants state that shareholder approval of a Subadvisory Agreement with a Subadviser that is an affiliated person of the Trust or the Adviser (other than by reason of serving as a Subadviser to one or more of the Funds) (“Affiliated Subadviser”) will be obtained.

Applicant's Legal Analysis

1. Section 15(a) of the Act provides, in relevant part, that it is unlawful for any person to act as an investment adviser to a registered investment company except under a written contract approved by a majority of the investment company's outstanding voting shares. Rule 18f-2 under the Act provides that each series or class of stock in a series company affected by a matter must approve the matter if the Act requires shareholder approval.

2. Section 6(c) of the Act authorizes the Commission to exempt persons or transactions from the provisions of the Act, or from any rule thereunder, to the extent that the exemption is necessary or appropriate in the public interest and consistent with the protection of investors and the purposes fairly intended by the policies and provisions of the Act. Applicants request an exemption under section 6(c) of the Act from section 15(a) of the Act and rule 18f-2 under the Act to permit them to enter into and materially amend Subadvisory Agreements without shareholder approval.

3. Applicants assert that a Fund's investors rely on the Adviser to select and monitor Subadvisers best suited to manage the Fund's portfolio. Applicants submit that, from the perspective of an investor, the role of the Subadvisers is comparable to that of individual portfolio managers employed by other investment company advisory firms. Applicants contend that requiring shareholder approval of Subadvisory Agreements would impose expenses and unnecessary delays on the Funds, and may preclude the Adviser from promptly acting in a manner considered advisable by the Board. Applicants note that the Advisory Agreements will remain subject to section 15(a) of the Act and rule 18f-2 under the Act, including the requirements for shareholder approval.

Applicants' Conditions

Applicants agree that any order granting the requested relief will be subject to the following conditions:

1. Before a Fund may rely on the order requested in this application, the operation of the Fund in the manner described in this application will be approved by a majority or the Fund's outstanding voting securities, as defined in the Act, or by its initial shareholder, provided that, in the case of approval by the initial shareholder, the pertinent Fund's shareholders purchase shares on the basis of a prospectus containing the disclosure contemplated by condition 2 below. Similarly, before a Future Fund Start Printed Page 53814may rely on the order requested in this application, the operation of the Future Fund in the manner described in this application will be approved by its initial shareholder before a public offering of shares of such Future Fund, provided that shareholders purchase shares on the basis of a prospectus containing the disclosure contemplated by condition 2 below.

2. Each Fund will disclose in its prospectus the existence, substance, and effect of any order granted pursuant to the application. In addition, each Fund will hold itself out to the public as employing the management structure described in the application. The prospectus will prominently disclose that the Adviser has the ultimate responsibility to oversee Subadvisers and recommend their hiring, termination and replacement.

3. At all times, a majority of the Board will be Independent Trustees, and the nomination of new or additional Independent Trustees will be at the discretion of the then-existing Independent Trustees.

4. The Adviser will not enter into a Subadvisory Agreement with any Affiliated Subadviser without that agreement, including the compensation to be paid thereunder, being approved by the shareholders of the applicable Fund.

5. When a Subadviser change is proposed for a Fund with an Affiliated Subadviser, the Board, including a majority of the Independent Trustees, will make a separate finding, reflected in the Trust's Board minutes, that the change is in the best interests of the Fund and its shareholders and does not involve a conflict of interest from which the Adviser or the Affiliated Subadviser derives an inappropriate change.

6. Within 90 days of the hiring of any new Subadviser for any Fund, the Fund shareholders will be furnished all relevant information about a new Subadviser that would be contained in a proxy statement, including any change in such disclosure caused by the addition of a new Subadviser. Each Fund will meet this condition by providing shareholders with an information statement meeting the disclosure requirements of Regulation 14C, Schedule 14C, and Item 22 of Schedule 14A under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 within 90 days of the hiring of a Subadviser.

7. The Adviser will provide general management services to each Fund, including overall supervisory responsibility for the general management and investment of each Fund's portfolio, and, subject to review and approval by the Board, will: (i) Set the Fund's overall investment strategies; (ii) select Subadviser(s); (iii) monitor and evaluate the performance of Subadviser(s); (iv) ensure that the Subadviser(s) comply with each Fund's investment objectives, policies and restrictions by, among other things, implementing procedures reasonably designed to ensure compliance; and (v) allocate and, where appropriate, reallocate a Fund's assets among its Subadvisers when a Fund has more than one Subadviser.

8. No trustee or officer of the Trust or director of officer of the Adviser will own, directly or indirectly (other than through a pooled investment vehicle that is not controlled by that trustee, director or officer), any interest in a Subadviser, except for: (i) Ownership of interests in the Adviser or any entity that controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the Adviser; or (ii) ownership of less than 1% of the outstanding securities of any class of equity or debt of a publicly-traded company that is either a Subadviser or any entity that controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with a Subadviser.

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For the Commission, by the Division of Investment Management, under delegated authority.

Margaret H. McFarland,

Deputy Secretary.

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1.  Applicants also request relief with respect to future Funds and any other registered open-end management investment company and its series that in the future: (a) is advised by the Adviser, or a person controlling, controlled by or under common control (within the meaning of section 2(a)(9) of the Act) with the Adviser; (b) operates in substantially the same manner as the Funds with regard to the Adviser's responsibility to select, evaluate, and supervise Subadvisers; and (c) complies with the terms and conditions in the application (“Future Funds”). The only existing registered open-end management investment company that currently intends to rely on the requested order is named as an applicant. (p. 2, fn. 1) No Fund or Future Fund will incorporate the name of any Subadviser in the Fund's name.

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[FR Doc. 01-26753 Filed 10-23-01; 8:45 am]