The Florida Power and Light Company (the licensee) is the holder of Facility Operating License Nos. DPR-31 and DPR-41, which authorize operation of the Turkey Point Plant, Units 3 and 4. The licenses provide, among other things, that the facilities are subject to all rules, regulations, and orders of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC, the Commission) now or hereafter in effect.
The facility consists of two pressurized water reactors located in Miami-Dade County in Florida.
By letter dated October 23, 2000, Florida Power and Light, the licensee for Turkey Point Plant, requested, among other things, an exemption from certain requirements of 10 CFR 50.44; 10 CFR part 50, Appendix A, General Design Criterion 41, 42, and 43; and 10 CFR part 50, Appendix E, section VI; related to the hydrogen control system (i.e., recombiners, hydrogen monitors, and post-accident containment vent system). The proposed exemption would remove the above requirements from the Turkey Point Plant design basis. The staff has reviewed the information provided and concludes that the requested exemption for the hydrogen recombiners and the post-accident containment vent system are justified. The staff will act on the exemption request for the containment hydrogen monitors, the requested modification to the revised Confirmatory Order issued on October 5, 2000, and the revision to the Technical Specifications related to the post-accident containment vent system and the hydrogen monitors by separate correspondence.
The post-accident containment vent system is provided to facilitate controlled venting through adding air (Service Air backed by Instrument Air) to the reactor containment and venting air from the containment to effectively maintain hydrogen concentration below 4.0 volume percent. Regulatory requirements for the hydrogen control system are specified in 10 CFR 50.44 and 10 CFR part 50, Appendix A, (General Design Criteria 41, 42, and 43). Additional staff guidance is provided in Regulatory Guide (RG) 1.7. Staff review and acceptance criteria are specified in Section 6.2.5 of the Standard Review Plan.
Pursuant to 10 CFR 50.12, the Commission may, upon application by any interested person or upon its own initiative, grant exemptions from the requirements of 10 CFR part 50, when (1) the exemptions are authorized by law, will not present an undue risk to public health or safety, and are consistent with the common defense and security; and (2) when special circumstances are present.
For this exemption, these special circumstances include consideration that the quantity of hydrogen prescribed by 10 CFR 50.44(d) and RG 1.7 which necessitated the need for hydrogen recombiners and the post-accident containment vent system would be bounded by the hydrogen generated during a severe accident. As shown in the attached safety evaluation, the staff has found that the relative importance of hydrogen combustion for large, dry containments with respect to containment failure is quite low. This finding supports the argument that the hydrogen recombiners are not risk significant from a containment integrity perspective and that the risk associated with hydrogen combustion is not from design basis accidents but from severe accidents. Studies have shown that the majority of risk to the public is from accident sequences that lead to containment failure or bypass, and that the contribution to risk from accident sequences involving hydrogen combustion is actually quite small for large, dry containments such as Turkey Point's. This is true despite the fact that the hydrogen produced in these events is substantially larger than the hydrogen production postulated by 10 CFR 50.44(d) and RG 1.7. Hydrogen combustion sequences that could lead to early containment failure typically involve up to 75 percent core metal-water reaction. Hydrogen combustion sequences that could lead to late containment failure involve additional sources of hydrogen due to the interaction of corium and the concrete basemat after vessel breach. Although the recombiners and the post-accident containment vent system are effective in maintaining the RG 1.7 hydrogen concentration below the lower flammability limit of 4.0 volume percent (for a design basis loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA)), they are overwhelmed by the larger quantities of hydrogen associated with severe accidents that would typically be released over a much shorter time period (e.g., 2 hours). However, NUREG/CR-4551 states that hydrogen combustion in the period before containment failure is considered to present no threat to large, dry containments. Table A.4-5 of NUREG/CR-4551 shows that the contribution of hydrogen combustion to late containment failure is also very small. Therefore, the relative importance of hydrogen combustion for large, dry containments with respect to containment failure has been shown to be quite low.
The recombiners can, however, prevent a subsequent hydrogen burn, if needed, due to radiolytic decomposition of water and corrosion in the long term. Analysis performed in accordance with the methodology of RG 1.7 shows that the hydrogen concentration will not reach 4.0 volume percent for 15 days after initiation of a design basis LOCA. Additionally, as described in the attached safety evaluation, hydrogen concentrations on the order of 6.0 volume percent or less are bounded by hydrogen generated during a severe accident and would not be a threat to containment integrity since there is ample time between burns to reduce elevated containment temperatures using the installed containment heat removal systems. The Turkey Point Individual Plant Examination (IPE) concluded that containment survival is almost certain following hydrogen combustion when the Reactor Building Cooling Units and the Reactor Building Spray System are operating.
The underlying purpose of 10 CFR 50.44 is to show that, following a LOCA, an uncontrolled hydrogen-oxygen recombination would not take place, or that the plant could withstand the consequences of uncontrolled hydrogen-oxygen recombination without loss of safety function. Based on the analysis, which includes the staff's evaluation of the risk from hydrogen combustion, resolution of Generic Issue 121, “Hydrogen Control for PWR [pressurized-water reactor] Dry Containments,” and the Turkey Point IPE, the plant could withstand the consequences of uncontrolled hydrogen-oxygen recombination without loss of safety function and without credit for the hydrogen recombiners for not only the design basis case, but the more limiting severe accident with up to 100 percent metal-water reaction. Therefore, the requirements for hydrogen recombiners as part of the Turkey Point design basis are unnecessary and their removal from the design basis is justified. Additionally, elimination of the hydrogen recombiners from the Emergency Operating Procedures (EOPs) Start Printed Page 65522would simplify operator actions in the event of an accident and, therefore, would be a safety benefit.
The staff examined the licensee's rationale that supports the exemption request and concluded that the exemption requested for the recombiners and the post-accident containment vent system is justified as stated in the supporting safety evaluation. Additionally, elimination of the hydrogen recombiners and the post-accident containment vent system from the EOPs would be a simplification and a safety benefit. Consequently, pursuant to 10 CFR 50.12(a)(2)(ii), application of the regulation is not necessary to achieve the underlying purpose of the rule.
The safety evaluation may be examined, and/or copied for a fee at the NRC's Public Document Room, located at One White Flint North, 11555 Rockville Pike (first floor), Rockville, Maryland. Publicly available records will be accessible electronically from the ADAMS Public Library component on the NRC Web site, http://www.nrc.gov (the Public Reading Room).
Accordingly, the Commission has determined that, pursuant to 10 CFR 50.12(a), the exemption pertaining to the recombiners and the post-accident containment vent system is authorized by law, will not present an undue risk to the public health and safety, and is consistent with the common defense and security. Also, pursuant to 10 CFR 50.12(a)(2)(ii), special circumstances are present. Therefore, the Commission hereby grants Florida Power and Light Company an exemption from the requirements for the recombiners and the post-accident containment vent system as stated in 10 CFR 50.44 and 10 CFR part 50, Appendix A, General Design Criteria 41, 42 and 43 for the Turkey Point Plant, Units 3 and 4.
This exemption is effective upon issuance.Start Signature
Dated at Rockville, Maryland, this 12th day of December, 2001.
For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
John A. Zwolinski,
Director, Division of Licensing Project Management, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulations.
[FR Doc. 01-31216 Filed 12-18-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 7590-01-P