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Proposed Rule

Washington: Proposed Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revision

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Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).


Proposed rule.


Washington has applied to EPA for final authorization of changes to its hazardous waste program under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). EPA has reviewed Washington's application and made the preliminary decision that these changes satisfy all requirements needed to qualify for final authorization, and is proposing to authorize the State's changes.


EPA will accept written comments on the Agency's preliminary decision to authorize changes to the State of Washington's hazardous waste management program which are received at the address below on or before February 14, 2002.


Send written comments to Nina Kocourek, U.S. EPA, Region 10, Office of Waste and Chemicals Management, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Mail Stop WCM-122, Seattle, WA 98101, phone, (206) 553-6502. You can examine copies of the materials submitted by Washington during normal business hours at the following locations: EPA Region 10 Library, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle WA 98101, phone, (206) 553-1289; and at the Washington Department of Ecology, 300 Desmond Drive, WA 98503; Ecology contact is Patricia Hervieux at (360) 407-6756.

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Nina Kocourek, U.S. EPA Region 10, Office of Waste and Chemicals Management, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Mail Stop WCM-122, Seattle, WA, 98101; (206) 553-6502. For general information available on the authorization process, see EPA's website at:​epaoswer/​hazwaste/​state/​rcra.

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A. Why Are Revisions to State Programs Necessary?

States which have received final authorization from EPA under RCRA section 3006(b), 42 U.S.C. 6926(b), must maintain a hazardous waste program that is equivalent to and consistent with the Federal program. States are required to have enforcement authority which is adequate to enforce compliance with the requirements of the hazardous waste program. Under RCRA section 3009, States are not allowed to impose any requirements which are less stringent than the Federal program. As the Federal program changes, States must change their programs and ask EPA to authorize the changes. Changes to State programs may be necessary when Federal or State statutory or regulatory authority is modified or when certain other changes occur. Most commonly, States must change their programs because of changes to EPA's regulations in Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) parts 124, 260 through 266, 268, 270, 273 and 279.

B. What Decisions Have We Made in This Rule?

EPA has made the preliminary determination that Washington's program, as revised, meets the statutory and regulatory requirements established by RCRA. Therefore, we are proposing to grant Washington final authorization to operate its hazardous waste program with the changes described in the authorization application and as described in this proposed rule. Regulatory revisions which are less stringent than Federal program requirements and those regulatory revisions which are broader in scope than Federal program requirements will not be authorized. Start Printed Page 1932

Washington's authorized program will be responsible for carrying out the aspects of the RCRA program described in its revised program application, subject to the limitations of the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HSWA) and the limitation of this authorization. Washington's authorized program does not extend to Indian country, except that Washington does have jurisdiction over non-trust lands within the 1873 Survey Area of the Puyallup Reservation as defined in the Settlement Agreement between the Puyallup Tribe, Federal, State and local governments dated August 27, 1988. EPA retains jurisdiction and authority to implement RCRA over Indian country and over trust lands, Indians and Indian activities within the 1873 Survey Area.

New Federal requirements and prohibitions imposed by Federal regulations that EPA promulgates under the authority of HSWA are implementable by EPA and take effect in States with authorized programs before such programs are authorized for the requirements. Thus, EPA will implement those HSWA requirements and prohibitions in Washington, including issuing permits, until the State is granted authorization to do so.

C. What Will Be the Effect if Washington Is Authorized for These Changes?

If Washington is authorized for these changes, a facility in Washington subject to RCRA will have to comply with the authorized State program requirements and with the federal HSWA provisions for which the State is not authorized in order to comply with RCRA. Washington has enforcement responsibilities under its State hazardous waste program for violations of its currently authorized program and will have enforcement responsibilities for the revisions which are the subject of this proposed rule once a final rulemaking becomes effective. EPA continues to have independent enforcement authority under RCRA sections 3007, 3008, 3013, and 7003, which include, among others, authority to:

  • Do inspections and require monitoring, tests, analyses, or reports;
  • Enforce RCRA requirements, including State program requirements that are authorized by EPA and any applicable Federally-issued statutes and regulations, and suspend or revoke permits; and
  • Take enforcement actions regardless of whether the State has taken its own actions.

The action to approve these revisions will not impose additional requirements on the regulated community because the regulations for which Washington's program will be authorized are already effective under State law.

D. What Happens if EPA Receives Comments That Oppose This Action?

If the EPA receives significant written comments on this authorization, we will address those comments in a later final rule. You may not have another opportunity to comment. If you want to comment on this authorization, you must do so at this time.

E. What Has Washington Previously Been Authorized for?

Washington initially received final authorization on January 30, 1986, effective January 31, 1986 (51 FR 3782), to implement the State's dangerous waste management program. EPA granted authorization for changes to Washington's program on September 22, 1987, effective on November 23, 1987 (52 FR 35556); August 17, 1990, effective October 16, 1990 (55 FR 33695); November 4, 1994, effective November 4, 1994 (59 FR 55322); February 29, 1996, effective April 29, 1996 (61 FR 7736); September 22, 1998, effective October 22, 1998 (63 FR 50531) and on October 12, 1999 effective January 11, 2000 (64 FR 55142).

F. What Changes Are We Proposing to Washington's Authorized Program?

EPA is proposing to authorize revisions to Washington's authorized program described in Washington's official program revision application, submitted to EPA on August 2, 2001, and deemed complete by EPA on September 19, 2001. We have made a preliminary determination that Washington's hazardous waste program revisions, as described in this proposed rule, satisfy the requirements necessary to qualify for final authorization. Regulatory revisions which are less stringent than Federal program requirements and those regulatory revisions which are broader in scope than Federal program requirements will not be authorized.

The following table, Table 1, identifies equivalent and more stringent analogues to the Federal regulations for those regulatory revisions Washington is seeking authorization for. All of the referenced analogous state authorities were legally adopted and effective as of June 10, 2000.

Table 1.—Equivalent and More Stringent Analogues to the Federal Regulations 1

ChecklistFederal requirementsFederal RegisterAnalogous State authority (WAC 173-303-* * *)
17P 2Interim Status50 FR 28702, 7/15/85803(1), 803(2); 806(2)(a) 806(2)(b); 806(8); 803(2)(a), 803(2)(b); 810(11)(c), 810(11)(e); 805(1)(b), 805(1)(c), 805(8)(f)(i), 805(8)(f)(ii), 805(8)(g), 805(8)(h), 805(8)(i), 805(8)(j).
144Removal of Legally Obsolete Rules60 FR 33912, 06/29/95803(2)(b), 803(4)(b), 803(5)(a)(i), 803(5)(a)(i)(A), 803(5)(a)(i)(B), 803(5)(a)(i)(C).
148 2RCRA Expanded Public Participation60 FR 63417, 12/11/95281(4) and 281(4)(a), 281(4)(b), 281(4)(c), 281(4)(d), 281(4)(d)(i), 281(4)(d)(i)(A), 281(4)(d)(i)(B), 281(4)(d)(i)(C), 281(4)(d)(i)(D), 281(4)(d)(ii), 281(4)(d)(ii)(A), 281(4)(d)(ii)(B), 281(4)(d)(ii)(C), 281(4)(d)(ii)(D), 281(4)(d)(ii)(E); 281(5), 281(5)(a), 281(5)(b), 281(5)(b)(i), 281(5)(b)(ii), 281(5)(b)(ii)(A), 281(5)(b)(ii)(B), 281(5)(b)(ii)(C), 281(5)(b)(ii)(D), 281(5)(b)(ii)(E), 281(5)(b)(ii)(F), 281(5)(b)(iii), 281(6) and 281(6)(a), 281(6)(b), 281(6)(c), 281(6)(d), 281(6)(e), 281(6)(f); 040; 806(4)(a)(xxv); 810(16); 804(6)(a); 807(6), 807(6)(a), 807(6)(b), 807(6)(b)(i), 807(6)(b)(ii), 807(6)(b)(iii), 807(6)(b)(iv), 807(7), 807(8)-(11), 807 (14).
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151Land Disposal Phase III—Decharacterized Wastewaters, Carbamate Wastes, and Spent Potliners61 FR 15566, 04/08/96; 61 FR 15660,04/08/96; 61 FR 19117, 04/30/96; 61 FR 33680, 06/28/96; 61 FR 36421, 07/10/96; 61 FR 43924, 08/26/96; 62 FR 7502, 02/19/97140 (2)(a).
153Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator Disposal Options Under Subtitle D61 FR 34252, 07/01/96070(8)(b), 070(8)(b)(iii), 070(8)(b)(iii)(A), 070(8)(b)(iii)(B), 070(8)(b)(iii)(E), 070(8)(b)(iii)(F), 070(8)(b)(iii)(D), 070(8)(b)(iii)(H).
154 2Consolidated Organic Air Emission Standards for Tanks, Surface Impoundments, and Containers: (Includes CC and the 300 hour BB exemption)59 FR 62896, 12/06/94; 60 FR 26828, 05/19/95; 60 FR 50426, 09/29/95; 60 FR 56952, 11/13/95; 61 FR 4903, 02/09/96; 61 FR 28508, 06/05/96; 61 FR 59932, 11/25/96692(3); 110(3)(g)(ix),110(3)(g)(x); 120(4)(d), 120(4)(e); 200(1)(b)(i), 200(1)(b)(ii); 201(e); 300(5)(f), 300(5)(i), 300(5)(i)(A), 300(5)(i)(B); 320(2)(c); 380(1)(c), 380(1)(f), 390(3)(d); 630(11); 640(11); 650(12); 680(2); 690(1)(b), 690(1)(b)(i), 690(1)(b)(ii), 690(1)(b)(iii), 690(1)(c), 690(2); 691(1)(b), 691(1)(b)(i), 691(1)(b)(ii), 691(1)(b)(iii), 691(1)(f), 691/note at end of (1), 691(2); 692(1)(a), 692(1)(b), 692(1)(b)(i), 692(1)(b)(ii), 692(1)(b)(iii), 692(1)(b)(iv), 692(1)(b)(v), 692(1)(b)(vi), 692(1)(b)(vii), 692(1)(b)(viii), 692(1)(c), 692(1)(d), 692(1)(d)(i), 692(1)(d)(ii), 692(1)(d)(iii); 692(2); 400(2)(a); 300(5)(f), 300(5)(i), 300(5)(i)A), 300(5)(i)(B); 320(2)(c); 380(1)(c), 380(1)(f); 390(3)(d); 400(3)(a); 810(8)(a)(ii), 810(8)(a)(iii), 810(8)(a)(iv); 806(4)(a)(v), 806(4)(b)(vi), 806(4)(c)(xiii), 806(4)(d)(xi), 806(4)(m).
156 2Military Munitions Rule Hazardous Waste Identification and Management; Explosives Emergencies; Manifest Exemption for Transport of Hazardous Waste on Right-of-Ways on Contiguous Properties62 FR 6622, 02/12/97040; 016(3)(b)(iii), 016(3)(b)(iv); 170(5); 180(6); 240 (10); 600(3)(p), 600(3)(p)(i)(D), 600(3)(p)(iv), 600(3)(q); 693(l), 693(2)(a), 693(2)(a)(i), 693(2)(a)(ii), 693(2)(a)(iii), 693(2)(a)(iv), 693(2)(a)(v), 693(2)(b), 693(2)(b)(i), 693(2)(b)(i)(A), 693(2)(b)(i)(B), 693(2)(b)(i)(B)(I)-(III), 693(2)(b)(i)(C), 693(2)(b)(ii), 693(2)(b)(iii), 693(2)(c), 693(2)(d), 693(2)(e), 693(2)(f); 693(3)(a , 693(3)(b); 400(2)(c)(xiii)(A)(IV), 400(2)(c)(xiii)(D), 400(2)(c))(xii), 400(3)(b); 400(3)(c)(xii); 578(1)(a), 578(1)(b), 578(2)(a), 578(2)(a)(i), 578(2)(a)(i)(A), 578(2)(a)(i)(B), 578(2)(a)(i)(C), 578(2)(a)(ii), 578(2)(b), 578(2)(b)(i), 578(2)(b)(ii), 578(2)(b)(iii), 578(2)(b)(iv), 578(2)(c), 578(2)(c)(i), 578(2)(c)(ii), 578(2)(d), 578(3), 578(4)(a), 578(4)(a)(i), 578(4)(a)(i)(A), 578(4)(a)(i)(B), 578(4)(a)(i)(C), 578(4)(a)(i)(D), 578(4)(a)(i)(E), 578(4)(a)(i)(F), 578(4)(a)(i)(G), 578(4)(a)(ii), 578(4)(a)(iii), 578(4)(b), 578(4)(c); 578(5); 800(7)(c)(i)(D), 800(7)(c)(i)(E); 830(4)(h), 830(4)(h)(i), 830(4)(h)(ii), 830(4)(h)(iii), 830(4)(i).
157Land Disposal Restrictions Phase IV—Treatment Standards for Wood Preserving Wastes, Paperwork Reduction and Streamlining, Exemptions From RCRA for Certain Processed Materials; and Miscellaneous Hazardous Waste Provisions62 FR 25998, 05/12/97040; 016(2)(l), 016(2)(m), 016(2)(n), 016(2)(o); 016(5) Table 1; 071(3)(ff), 071(3)(gg), 071(3)(gg)(i), 071(3)(gg)(ii); 120(2)(a)(iv); 140(2)(a).
158Testing Monitoring Activities Amendment III62 FR 32452, 06/13/97110(1); 110(3)(h)(v), 110(3)(h)(vi), 110(3)(g)(i), 110(3)(g) (ii), 110(3)(g)(iii), 110(3)(g)(iv), 110(3)(g)(v), 110(3)(g)(vi), 110(3)(g)(viii), 110(3)(h)(i), 110(3)(a), 110(3)(h)(ii), 110(3)(h)(iii), 110(3)(h)(vii), 110(3)(g)(x); 690(2); 691(2); 645(4)(a); 400(3)(a).
162Clarification of Standards for Hazardous Waste LDR Treatment Variances62 FR 64504, 12/05/97140 (2)(a).
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163Organic Air Emission Standards for Tanks, Surface Impoundments, and Containers; Clarification and Technical Amendment: (AA, BB, CC)62 FR 64636, 12/08/97320(2)(c); 380(1)(f); 690(1)(b)(iii), 690(1)(c), 690(1)(d); 690(2); 691(1)(b)(iii), 691(1)(c), 691(1)(f), 691(2); 692(1)(b)(i), 692(1)(c), 692(2); 320(2)(c); 400(3)(a); 806(4)(a)(v).
164Kraft Mill Steam Stripper Condensate Exclusion62 FR 18504, 04/15/98071(3)(mm).
167ALand Disposal Restriction Phase IV—Treatment Standards for Metal Wastes and Mineral Processing Wastes63 FR 28556, 05/26/98140(2)(a).
167BLand Disposal Restriction Phase IV—Hazardous Soils Treatment Standards and Exclusions63 FR 28556, 05/28/98140(2)(a).
167CLand Disposal Restrictions Phase IV—Corrections63 FR 28556, 05/26/98140(2)(a).
167FExclusion of Recycled Wood Preserving Wastewater63 FR 28556, 05/26/98071(3)(w)(iii), 071(3)(w)(iii)(A), 071(3)(w)(iii)(B), 071(3)(w)(iii)(C), 071(3)(w)(iii)(D), 071(3)(w)(iii)(E).
169 2Petroleum Refining Process Wastes63 FR 42110, 08/06/98071(3)(p), 071(3)(jj); 071(3)(cc)(i), 071(3)(cc)(ii), 071(3)(hh), 071(3)(hh)(i), 071(3)(hh)(ii), 071(3)(ii); 016(5)(d)(ii); 120 (2)(a)(viii)(c); 9904; 082(4); 140(2)(a).
170Land Disposal Restrictions Phase IV—Zinc Micro nutrient Fertilizers, Amendment63 FR 46332, 08/31/98140(2)(a).
171Emergency Revision of the Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) Treatment Standards for Listed Hazardous Wastes from carbamate Production63 FR 47410, 09/04/98140(2)(a).
172Land Disposal Restriction Phase IV—Extension of Compliance Date for Characteristic Slags63 FR 48124, 09/09/98140(2)(a).
173Land Disposal Restrictions; Treatment Standards for Spent Potliners from Primary Aluminum Reduction Rule (K088); Final Rule63 FR 51254, 09/24/98140(2)(a).
174 3Post Closure Permit Requirement and Closure Process: Requirements for alternative groundwater monitoring requirements for regulated units colocated with SWMU's where both types of units have released to the environment.63 FR 56710, 10/22/98645(1)(e), 645(1)(e)(i), 645(1)(e)(ii); 610(1)(d), 610(1)(d)(i), 610(1)(d)(ii); 610(3)(a)(ix), 610(3)(b)(ii)(D); 610(8)(b)(iv), 610(8)(d)(ii)(D); 620(1)(d), 620(1)(d)(i), 620(1)(d)(ii); 400(3)(a).
175 2HWIR-Media63 FR 65874, 11/30/98040; 071(3)(11) first line, 071(3)(11)(i) through (iii); 280(5); 280(6), 280(6)(a), 280(6)(b), 280(6)(c), 280(6)(d), 280(6)(e), 280(6)(f), 280(6)(g), 280(6)(h), 280(6)(i), 280(6)(j), 280(6)(k); 646(1)(c); 646(4)(a), 646(7)(a), 646(8); 400(2)(a); 140(2)(a); 810(13)(a); 830 Appendix 1, D.3.g.; 830, Appendix 1, N.3.
176Universal Waste Rule—Technical Amendments63 FR 71225, 12/24/98520(1), 520(2), 520(2)(a), 520(2)(b), 520(2)(c); 040.
177Organic Air Emission Standards Clarification and Technical Amendments: (AA, BB, CC)64 FR 3382, 01/21/99200(1)(b)(i), 200(1)(b)(ii); 690(2); 692(1)(v), 692(2); 400(3), 400(3)(a).
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178Petroleum Refining Process Wastes—Leachate Exemption64 FR 6806, 02/11/99071(3)(kk), 071(3)(kk)(i), 071(3)(kk)(ii), 071(3)(kk)(iii), 071(3)(kk)(vi), 071(3)(kk)(v).
179 2Land Disposal Phase IV—Technical Corrections and Clarifications to Treatment Standards64 FR 25408, 05/11/99016(5)(c); 016 Table 1; 017(2)(a)(iii); 201(2); 140(2)(a).
180Test Procedures for Analysis of Oil and Grease and Non-Polar Material64 FR 26315, 05/14/99110(3)(a), 110(3)(h)(iv).
181 2Universal Waste Rule Specific Provisions for Hazardous Waste Lamps64 FR 36466, 07/09/99040; 077(2), 077(3); 600(3)(o)(ii), 600(3)(o)(iii); 400(2)(c)(xi)(B), 400(2)(c)(xi)(C); 140(2)(a); 800(7)(c)(iii)(B), 800(7)(c)(iii)(C); 573(1)(a)(ii), 573(1)(a)(iii), 573(2)(a)(i), 573(2)(b)(ii), 573(2)(b)(iii), 573(3)(a); 573(5)(a), 573(5)(b), 573(5)(b)(i), 573(5)(b)(ii), 573(5)(c), 573(5)(c)(i), 573(5)(c)(ii), 573(4)(a), 573(4)(a)(i), 573(4)(a)(ii), 573(4)(b), 573(6), 573(9)(c), 573(9)(c)(i), 573(9)(c)(ii), 573(9)(c)(iii), 573(10)(c), 573(17), 573(19)(b)(iv), 573(19)(b)(v), 573(20)(c), 573(20)(c)(i), 573(20)(c)(ii), 573(20)(c)(iii), 573(21)c), 573(28), 573(35)(a), 573(40)(a).
112, 122, 130, 166 (Special Consolidated Checklist 2)Recycled Used Oil Management Standards as of June 30, 199957 FR 41566, 09/10/92; 58 FR 26420, 05/03/93; 58 FR 33341, 06/17/93; 59 FR 10550, 03/04/94; 63 FR 24963, 05/06/98; 63 FR 37780, 07/14/98040; 515(4); 071(3)(z), 071(3)(kk); 120(3); 120(3)(g), 120(3)(f); 120(2)(v), 120(2)(a)(viii)(A), 120(2)(a)(viii)(B), 120(2)(a)(viii)(C), 120(5); 600(5); 510(1)(b)(i); 515(2), 515(3), 515(4), 515(5), 515(6), 515(6)(c), 515(7), 515(8), 515(9), 515(9)(a), 515(9)(b), 515(10), 515(11), 515(12).
1 For further discussion on where the revised state rules differ from the Federal rules refer to Section G. below, the authorization revision application, and the administrative record for this proposed rule.
2 State rule contains some more stringent provisions. For identification of more stringent state provisions refer to the authorization revision application and the administrative record for this decision.
3 State does not seek authorization for enforceable mechanisms in lieu of post-closure permits.

G. Where Are the Revised State Rules Different From the Federal Rules?

This section discusses some of the differences between the revisions Washington proposed to its authorized program and the Federal regulations. Not all program differences are discussed in this section because Washington writes its own version of the federal hazardous waste rules. This section discusses certain rules where EPA is making a finding that the state program is more stringent and will be authorized, rules where the state program is broader in scope and will not be authorized, and rules where the state program is less stringent than the federal requirements. The state will not be authorized for the less stringent rules. Less stringent state rules do not supplant federal regulations. Persons must consult the table referenced above for the specific state regulations which EPA proposes to authorize.

Certain portions of the federal program are not delegable to the states because of the Federal government's special role in foreign policy matters and because of national concerns that arise with certain decisions. EPA does not delegate import/export functions. Under the RCRA regulations found in 40 CFR part 262 EPA will continue to implement requirements for import/export functions. EPA does not delegate sections of 40 CFR part 268 because of the national concerns that must be examined when decisions are made under the following Federal Land Disposal Restriction requirements: 40 CFR 268.5—Procedures for case-by-case effective date extensions; 40 CFR 268.6—“No migration” petitions; 40 CFR 268.42(b)—applications for alternate treatment methods; and 40 CFR 268.44(a)-(g)—general treatment standard variances. Washington's program has excluded these requirements from its state regulations and EPA will continue to implement these requirements. EPA will continue to implement these requirements under EPA's HSWA authority. The State is seeking authorization for 40 CFR 268.44(h) through (m), which are provisions for which states may receive authorization.

States are allowed to seek authorization for state requirements that are more stringent than federal requirements. EPA has authority to authorize and enforce those parts of a state's program EPA finds to be more stringent than the federal program. This section does not discuss each more stringent finding made by EPA, but persons can locate such sections by consulting the Table, referenced above, as well as by reviewing the docket for this rule.

The State program does not provide generators with an exemption from the manifest requirements as found in the federal regulations at 40 CFR 262.20(f) or transporters as found at 40 CFR 263.10(f). Generators and transporters in Washington will have to comply with the more stringent state paperwork requirements. The State program is more stringent than the federal program because the State regulations do not allow Remedial Action Plans as found in the federal requirements at 40 CFR part 270, subpart H. The State's program is more stringent than the federal program at 40 CFR 261.5(j) because the State has not adopted this provision. Conditionally exempt small quantity generator hazardous waste mixed with used oil is subject to full regulation as a hazardous waste mixture. The State program is also more stringent than the federal requirements at 40 CFR 273.9 because the State's definition of universal waste does not allow Start Printed Page 1936pesticides to be managed as universal waste.

The State program is more stringent in certain places than the federal military munitions rule. The State did not adopt the alternative requirements for transportation of waste military munitions between military installations as is found in the federal program at 40 CFR 266.203(a)-(c) and is therefore more stringent than the federal program. With respect to chemical agents and chemical munitions slated for destruction pursuant to international treaties or agreements, the State identifies such chemical agents and chemical munitions as characteristic and/or listed hazardous waste. In the Military Munitions Rule, at 62 FR 6633, EPA said that states could be more stringent than the federal program for chemical munitions. EPA finds the State program to be more stringent than the federal program in this area because the State rules do not contain a provision that differentiates between wastes that must be designated and waste chemical munitions or chemical munitions that are not considered wastes because they are scheduled for destruction pursuant to treaty or agreement. The State's regulations at WAC 173-303-693(3)(a) are found to be more stringent than the federal regulation at 40 CFR 264.1202(a) and WAC 173-303-400(3)(b), (c)(xii) is found to be more stringent than the federal regulation at 40 CFR 265.1202(a). EPA also said, at 62 FR 6649 in the Military Munitions Rule, that states did not have to include a conditional exemption for waste munitions storage in their programs. EPA also finds that the State's lack of a conditional exemption for waste munition storage, which is found in the federal regulations at 40 CFR 266.205(d), (d)(2), is more stringent than the federal program. Neither the federal regulations, nor the State program conditionally exempt chemical munitions and chemical agents from storage requirements.

The State is not seeking authorization for the Standards for the Management of Waste Fuel and Used Oil for the Burning of these Materials in Boilers and Industrial Furnaces, 40 CFR 266.102 through 40 CFR 266.111. The State did not adopt these federal provisions as state law. EPA is implementing these BIF requirements in Washington State under EPA's HSWA authority.

States are not allowed to seek authorization for state requirements that are broader in scope than federal requirements. EPA does not have authority to authorize and enforce those parts of a state's program EPA finds to be broader in scope than the federal program. Because the State has not adopted an analog to 40 CFR 261.4(b)(7)—exclusions for solid waste from the extraction, beneficiation, and processing of ores and minerals, the State's lack of an analog for the federal exclusion of mixtures of solid waste and hazardous waste which are hazardous based solely on a hazardous characteristic imparted to the waste as a result of a Bevill characteristic, 40 CFR 261.3(a)(2)(iii), is broader in scope than the federal program. EPA also finds the State's regulation at WAC 173-303-578(2)(e) to be broader in scope than the federal regulation at 40 CFR 266.202(a) because the State added a requirement for when munitions at closed and transferred ranges are considered solid wastes. EPA's final Military Munitions Rule did not include this requirement. This requirement in the State program is found to be broader in scope than the federal program.

Although State programs can be authorized where they are more stringent than the federal program, state programs cannot be authorized where they are less stringent. EPA finds the State's additional regulation at WAC 173-303-515(6) for generators of used oil who self-transport greater than 55 gallons per vehicle trip to a used oil collection center, without also designating as a used oil transporter, are less stringent than the federal provisions which limit generator self-transport of used oil to less than or equal to 55 gallons of used oil per vehicle trip. EPA also finds the State's additional regulation at WAC 171-303-515(7) for used oil collection centers to be less stringent because the regulation allows used oil collection centers to accept greater than 55 gallons of used oil from a generator who self-transports used oil to a used oil collection center. The direct impact of EPA's finding to generators and used oil collection centers in Washington is that generators and used oil collection centers will not be exempted from the State's federally authorized requirements which limit self-transport by generators to less than or equal to 55 gallons and used oil collection from a self-transporting generator to less than or equal to 55 gallons.

States sometimes make changes to their previously authorized programs for which they need to seek reauthorization. In Washington, the Permit by Rule provision at WAC 173-303-802(5) is broader in scope than the federal permit by rule regulations where it applies to state-only wastes. However, the state program is more stringent where the rule applies to federally regulated hazardous wastes generated on-site. The federal regulations at 40 CFR 270.1(c)(2)(iv) and (v) exempt owners and operators of totally enclosed treatment facilities, elementary neutralization units or wastewater treatment units, as defined at 40 CFR 260.10, from RCRA permitting requirements. The State is seeking reauthorization for these changes and will be authorized for the more stringent portion of the rule. The State will not be authorized for the broader in scope provision.

The State is not seeking authorization for the entire Post-Closure rule. While the state will be authorized for the portions of the rule that concern alternative requirements for colocated regulated units and solid waste management units which have commingled releases, the State is not seeking, and will not be authorized for the portions of the rule that allow for the use of alternate authorities in lieu of post closure permits. Although the state did incorporate 40 CFR 265.118(c)(4) by reference into its regulations, the state is not seeking authorization for this provision.

H. Who Handles Permits After This Authorization Takes Effect?

Washington will issue permits for all the provisions for which it is authorized and will administer the permits it issues. All permits issued by EPA Region 10 prior to final authorization of this revision will continue to be administered by EPA Region 10 until the issuance or re-issuance after modification of a State RCRA permit and until EPA takes action on its permit. HSWA provisions for which the State is not authorized will continue in effect under the EPA-issued permit. EPA will continue to issue permits for HSWA requirements for which Washington is not yet authorized.

I. How Does Today's Action Affect Indian Country (18 U.S.C. 1151) in Washington?

EPA's decision to authorize the Washington hazardous waste program does not include any land that is, or becomes after the date of this authorization, “Indian Country,” as defined in 18 U.S.C. 1151, with the exception of the non-trust lands within the exterior boundaries of the Puyallup Indian Reservation (also referred to as the “1873 Survey Area” or “Survey Area”) located in Tacoma, Washington. EPA retains jurisdiction over “Indian Country” as defined in 18 U.S.C. 1151. Start Printed Page 1937

J. Administrative Requirements

The Office of Management and Budget has exempted this action from the requirements of Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), and therefore this action is not subject to review by OMB. This action authorizes State requirements for the purpose of RCRA 3006 and imposes no additional requirements beyond those imposed by State law. Accordingly, I certify that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this action authorizes pre-existing requirements under State law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that required by State law, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-4). For the same reason, this action also does not have Tribal implications within the meaning of Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 6, 2000). It does not have substantial direct effects on tribal governments, on the relationships between the Federal government and the Indian Tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal government and Indian tribes, as specified in Executive Order 13175. This action will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999), because it merely authorizes State requirements as part of the State RCRA hazardous waste program without altering the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established by RCRA. This action also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant and it does not make decisions based on environmental health or safety risks. This rule is not subject to Executive Order 13211, “Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply Distribution or Use” (66 FR 28344, May 22, 2001) because it is not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866. The proposed rule does not include environmental justice issues that require consideration under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

Under RCRA 3006(b), EPA grants a State's application for authorization as long as the State meets the criteria required by RCRA. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews a State authorization application, to require the use of any particular voluntary consensus standard in place of another standard that otherwise satisfies the requirements of RCRA. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272) do not apply. As required by section 3 of Executive Order 12988 (61 FR 4729, February 7, 1996), in issuing this rule, EPA has taken the necessary steps to eliminate drafting errors and ambiguity, minimize potential litigation, and provide a clear legal standard for affected conduct. EPA has complied with Executive Order 12630 (53 FR 8859, March 15, 1988) by examining the takings implications of the rule in accordance with the “Attorney General's Supplemental Guidelines for the Evaluation of Risk and Avoidance of Unanticipated Takings' issued under the executive order. This proposed rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 271

  • Environmental protection
  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Confidential business information
  • Hazardous waste
  • Hazardous waste transportation
  • Indian lands
  • Intergovernmental relations
  • Penalties
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
End List of Subjects Start Authority

Authority: This action is issued under the authority of sections 2002(a), 3006 and 7004(b) of the Solid Waste Disposal Act as amended 42 U.S.C. 6912(a), 6926, 6974(b).

End Authority Start Signature

Dated: January 2, 2002.

L. John Iani,

Regional Administrator, Region 10.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 02-626 Filed 1-14-02; 8:45 am]