Food and Drug Administration, HHS.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has determined the regulatory review period for PAYLEAN and is publishing this notice of that determination as required by law. FDA has made the determination because of the submission of an application to the Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks, Department of Commerce, for the extension of a patent which claims that animal drug product.
Submit written comments and petitions to the Dockets Management Branch (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. Submit electronic comments to http://www.fda.gov/dockets/ecomments.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Claudia V. Grillo, Office of Regulatory Policy (HFD-007), Food and Drug Administration,5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 301-594-5645.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-417) and the Generic Animal Drug and Patent Term Restoration Act (Public Law 100-670) generally provide that a patent may be extended for a period of up to 5 years so long as the patented item (human drug product, animal drug product, medical device, food additive, or color additive) was subject to regulatory review by FDA before the item was marketed. Under these acts, a product's regulatory review period forms the basis for determining the amount of extension an applicant may receive.
A regulatory review period consists of two periods of time: A testing phase and an approval phase. For animal drug products, the testing phase begins when the exemption to permit the clinical investigations of the drug becomes effective and runs until the approval phase begins. The approval phase starts with the initial submission of an application to market the animal drug product and continues until FDA grants permission to market the drug product. Although only a portion of a regulatory review period may count toward the actual amount of extension that the Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks may award (for example, half the testing phase must be subtracted as well as any time that may have occurred before the patent was issued), FDA's determination of the length of a regulatory review period for an animal drug product will include all Start Printed Page 9299of the testing phase and approval phase as specified in 35 U.S.C. 156(g)(4)(B).
FDA recently approved for marketing the animal drug product PAYLEAN (ractopamine hydrochloride). PAYLEAN is indicated for increased rate of weight gain, improved feed efficiency, and increased carcass leanness in finishing swine fed a complete ration containing at least 16 percent crude protein from 150 pounds (lb) (68 kilograms (kg)) to 240 lb (109 kg) body weight. Subsequent to this approval, the Patent and Trademark Office received a patent term restoration application for PAYLEAN (U.S. Patent No. 4,690,951) from Eli Lilly & Co., and the Patent and Trademark Office requested FDA's assistance in determining this patent's eligibility for patent term restoration. In a letter dated October 2, 2001, FDA advised the Patent and Trademark Office that this animal drug product had undergone a regulatory review period and that the approval of PAYLEAN represented the first permitted commercial marketing or use of the product. Shortly thereafter, the Patent and Trademark Office requested that FDA determine the product's regulatory review period.
FDA has determined that the applicable regulatory review period for PAYLEAN is 5,707 days. Of this time, 1,211 days occurred during the testing phase of the regulatory review period, while 4,496 days occurred during the approval phase. These periods of time were derived from the following dates:
1. The date an exemption under section 512(j) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360b(j)) became effective: May 9, 1984. FDA has verified the applicant's claim that the date the investigational new animal drug application (INAD) became effective was on May 9, 1984.
2. The date the application was initially submitted with respect to the animal drug product under section 512(b) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act: September 1, 1987. FDA has verified the applicant's claim that the new animal drug application (NADA) for PAYLEAN (NADA 140-863) was initially submitted on September 1, 1987.
3. The date the application was approved: December 22, 1999. FDA has verified the applicant's claim that NADA 140-863 was approved on December 22, 1999.
This determination of the regulatory review period establishes the maximum potential length of a patent extension. However, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office applies several statutory limitations in its calculations of the actual period for patent extension. In its application for patent extension, this applicant seeks 1,095 days of patent term extension.
Anyone with knowledge that any of the dates as published are incorrect may submit to the Dockets Management Branch (address above) written or electronic comments and ask for a redetermination by April 29, 2002. Furthermore, any interested person may petition FDA for a determination regarding whether the applicant for extension acted with due diligence during the regulatory review period by August 27, 2002. To meet its burden, the petition must contain sufficient facts to merit an FDA investigation. (See H. Rept. 857, part 1, 98th Cong., 2d sess., pp. 41-42, 1984.) Petitions should be in the format specified in 21 CFR 10.30.
Comments and petitions should be submitted to the Dockets Management Branch (address above). Three copies of any information are to be submitted, except that individuals may submit one copy. Comments are to be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. Comments and petitions may be seen in the Dockets Management Branch between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.Start Signature
Dated: January 24, 2002.
Jane A. Axelrad,
Associate Director for Policy, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.
[FR Doc. 02-4747 Filed 2-27-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4160-01-P