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Beef Promotion and Research; Reapportionment

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.


Final rule.


This final rule adjusts representation on the Cattlemen's Beef Promotion and Research Board (Board), established under the Beef Promotion and Research Act (Act) of 1985, to reflect changes in cattle inventories and cattle and beef imports that have occurred since the most recent Board reapportionment rule became effective in 1999. These adjustments are required by the Beef Promotion and Research Order (Order) and will result in a decrease in Board membership from 110 to 108, effective with the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) appointments for terms beginning early in the year 2003.


April 15, 2002.

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Marlene M. Betts, Acting Chief, Marketing Programs Branch, Room 2627-S; Livestock and Seed Program; Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), USDA; STOP 0251; 1400 Independence Avenue, SW.; Washington, DC 20250-0251. Telephone number is 202/720-1115.

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Executive Orders 12866 and 12988, the Regulatory Flexibility Act, and the Paperwork Reduction Act

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has waived the review process required by Executive Order 12866 for this action.

This final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. It is not intended to have retroactive effect. Section 11 of the Act provides that nothing in the Act may be construed to preempt or supersede any other program relating to beef promotion organized and operated under the laws of the United States or any State. There are no administrative proceedings that must be exhausted prior to any judicial challenge to the provisions of this rule.

Pursuant to the requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 United States Code (U.S.C.) 601 et seq.). The Administrator of AMS has considered the economic effect of this action on small entities and has determined that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The purpose of RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of businesses subject to such actions in order that small businesses will not be unduly burdened.

In the January 26, 2001, issue of “Cattle,” USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) estimates that in 2000 the number of cattle operations in the United States totaled about 1.1 million. The majority of these operations subject to the Order, 7 CFR 1260.101 et seq., are considered small businesses under the criteria established by the Small Business Administration.

This final rule imposes no new burden on the industry. It only adjusts representation on the Board to reflect changes in domestic cattle inventory and cattle and beef imports. This action will adjust representation on the Board, established under the Act. The adjustments are required by the Order and will result in a decrease in Board membership from 110 to 108.

Background and Final Action

The Board was initially appointed August 4, 1986, pursuant to the provisions of the Act (7 U.S.C. 2901 et seq.) and the Order issued thereunder. Domestic representation on the Board is based on cattle inventory numbers, and importer representation is based on the conversion of the volume of imported cattle, beef, or beef products into live animal equivalencies.

Section 1260.141(b) of the Order provides that the Board shall be composed of cattle producers and importers appointed by USDA from nominations submitted by certified producer organizations. A producer may only be nominated to represent the unit in which that producer is a resident.

Section 1260.141(c) of the Order provides that at least every 3 years and not more than every 2 years, the Board shall review the geographic distribution of cattle inventories throughout the United States and the volume of imported cattle, beef, and beef products and, if warranted, shall reapportion units and/or modify the number of Board members from units in order to reflect the geographic distribution of cattle production volume in the United States and the volume of cattle, beef, or beef products imported into the United States.

Section 1260.141(d) of the Order authorizes the Board to recommend to USDA modifications in the number of cattle per unit necessary for representation on the Board.

Section 1260.141(e)(1) provides that each geographic unit or State that Start Printed Page 11412includes a total cattle inventory equal to or greater than 500,000 head of cattle shall be entitled to one representative on the Board. Section 1260.141(e)(2) provides that States that do not have total cattle inventories equal to or greater than 500,000 head shall be grouped, to the extent practicable, into geographically-contiguous units, each of which have a combined total inventory of not less than 500,000 head. Such grouped units are entitled to at least one representative on the Board. Each unit that has an additional one million head of cattle within a unit qualifies for additional representation on the Board as provided in § 1260.141(e)(4). As provided in § 1260.141(e)(3), importers are represented by a single unit, with the number of Board members based on a conversion of the total volume of imported cattle, beef, or beef products into live animal equivalencies.

The initial Board appointed in 1986 was composed of 113 members. Reapportionment based on a 3-year average of cattle inventory numbers and import data, reduced the Board to 111 members in 1990 and 107 members in 1993 before the Board was increased to 111 members in 1996. The Board was decreased to 110 members in 1999 and will be decreased to 108 members with appointments for terms effective early in 2003.

The current Board representation by States or units has been based on an average of the January 1, 1996, 1997, and 1998 inventory of cattle in the various States as reported by NASS of USDA. Current importer representation has been based on a combined total average of the 1995, 1996, and 1997 live cattle imports as published by the Foreign Agricultural Service of USDA and the average of the 1995, 1996, and 1997 live animal equivalents for imported beef products.

Recommendations concerning Board reapportionment were approved by the Board at its August 9, 2001, meeting. In considering reapportionment, the Board reviewed cattle inventories as well as cattle, beef, and beef product import data for the period January 1, 1998, to January 1, 2001. The Board recommended that a 3-year average of cattle inventories and import numbers should be continued. The Board determined that an average of the January 1, 1999, 2000, and 2001 USDA cattle inventory numbers will best reflect the number of cattle in each State or unit since publication of the 1999 reapportionment rule.

The Board reviewed the February 28, 2001, USDA's Economic Research Service circular, “Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Situation and Outlook,” to determine proper importer representation. The Board recommended the use of a combined total of the average of the 1998, 1999, and 2000 cattle import data and the average of the 1998, 1999, and 2000 live animal equivalents for imported beef products. The method used to calculate the total number of live cattle equivalents was the same as that used in the previous reapportionment of the Board. The recommendation for importer representation is based on the most recent 3-year average of data available to the Board at its August 9, 2001, meeting to be consistent with the procedures used for domestic representation.

On October 19, 2001, AMS published in the Federal Register (66 FR 53124) for public comment a proposed rule providing for the adjustment in Board membership. The proposed rule was published with a request for comments to be submitted to USDA by December 18, 2001.

USDA received one comment concerning the proposed rule for Board reapportionment. The comment was from a cattle producer and supported the reapportionment plan.

Thus, the reapportionment of the Board in this final rule is unchanged from the proposed rule. This final rule decreases the number of representatives on the Board from 110 to 108. Five States—Alabama, Illinois, Kentucky, New York, and Wisconsin—lose one member each; two States and one unit—New Mexico, Wyoming, and Importer unit—gain one member each. In addition, because South Carolina no longer has sufficient cattle inventory to qualify for a position on the board independently, South Carolina will be merged with Georgia, a contiguous State that has only one member, to form a Southeast unit. The combined cattle inventory of South Carolina and Georgia will entitle the Southeast unit to two members on the Board, thus enabling both States to be represented. The States and units affected by the reapportionment plan and the current and revised member representation per unit are as follows:

StatesCurrent RepresentationRevised Representation
1. Alabama21
2. Illinois21
3. Kentucky32
4. New Mexico12
5. New York21
6. Wisconsin43
7. Wyoming12
8. Importer unit78
9. Southeast unit2
South Carolina1

Board representation for the entire 40 units is shown in the revised § 1260.141(a) contained herein.

The 2001 nomination and appointment process was in progress while the Board was developing its recommendations. Thus, the Board reapportionment as provided for under the rulemaking will be effective with 2002 nominations and appointments that will be effective early in the year 2003.

This action makes final the provisions of the proposed rule published at 66 FR 53124 on October 19, 2001.

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List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 1260

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Advertising
  • Agricultural research
  • Imports
  • Marketing agreement
  • Meat and meat products
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
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For reasons set forth in the preamble, 7 CFR part 1260 is amended as follows:

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1. The authority citation for 7 CFR part 1260 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 7 U.S.C. 2901 et seq.

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2. In § 1260.141, paragraph (a) and the table immediately following it, are revised to read as follows:

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Membership of Board.

(a) Beginning with the 2002 Board nominations and the associated appointments effective early in the year 2003, the United States shall be divided into 39 geographical units and 1 unit representing importers, and the number of Board members from each unit shall be as follows:

Cattle and Calves 1

State/unit(1,000 head)Directors
1. Alabama1,4401
2. Arizona8331
3. Arkansas1,8232
4. California5,1175
5. Colorado3,1673
6. Florida1,8202
7. Idaho1,9402
8. Illinois1,4971
9. Indiana9531
10. Iowa3,6834
11. Kansas6,6177
12. Kentucky2,3032
13. Louisiana8871
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14. Michigan1,0131
15. Minnesota2,5333
16. Mississippi1,1001
17. Missouri4,3334
18. Montana2,5833
19. Nebraska6,6507
20. Nevada5171
21. New Mexico1,6172
22. New York1,4331
23. North Carolina9571
24. North Dakota1,9272
25. Ohio1,2371
26. Oklahoma5,1835
27. Oregon1,4471
28. Pennsylvania1,6532
29. South Dakota3,9504
30. Tennessee2,1672
31. Texas13,90014
32. Utah9031
33. Virginia1,6502
34. Wisconsin3,3833
35. Wyoming1,5632
36. Northwest1
37. Northeast1
New Hampshire45
New Jersey50
Rhode Island6
38. Mid-Atlantic1
District of Columbia0
West Virginia420
39. Southeast2
South Carolina463
40. Importer 27,6548
1 1999, 2000, and 2001 average of January 1 cattle inventory data.
2 1998, 1999, and 2000 average of annual import data.
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Dated: March 11, 2002.

A.J. Yates,

Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.

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[FR Doc. 02-6141 Filed 3-13-02; 8:45 am]