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Notice

Self-Regulatory Organizations; Government Securities Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change Establishing a Loss Allocation Cap for Dealers Acting as Brokers on Substantially All of Their Repurchase Agreement Trades

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Start Preamble March 20, 2002.

Pursuant to section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”),[1] notice is hereby given that on August 16, 2001, the Government Securities Clearing Corporation (“GSCC”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”) a proposed rule change and an on August 31, 2001, amended the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared primarily by GSCC. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons.

I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change

The proposed rule change establishes an account-based loss allocation process for dealers that act as brokers in certain repurchase agreement transactions.

II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

In its filing with the Commission, GSCC included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule changes and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule changes. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. GSCC has prepared summaries, set forth in sections (A), (B) and (C) below, of the most significant aspects of such statements.[2]

(A) Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

GSCC is proposing to amend its current loss allocation rule concerning non-inter-dealer broker (“dealer”) members who act as brokers in certain of their repurchase agreement (repo) transactions. Under the proposed amended rule, repo transaction accounts of these dealers will be subject to the same $5 million per event absolute loss allocation cap currently applicable to inter-dealer brokers (“IDBs”) instead of an unlimited loss allocation liability. The proposed rule change is designed to afford appropriate relief for these dealers while not unfairly burdening other members.

(i) Current Loss Allocation Procedure

If upon liquidating a defaulting member's positions GSCC incurs a loss due to the failure of the defaulting member to fulfill its obligations to GSCC, GSCC looks to the collateral deposited by that defaulting member to satisfy the loss. If the defaulting member's collateral is insufficient to cover the loss, the defaulting member's most “recent” trading partners will be looked to, on a pro rata basis, in order to satisfy the “remaining loss.”

Before the loss can be allocated to the defaulting member's most “recent” trading partners, GSCC must first determine the proportion of the loss that arose in connection with member-brokered transactions and non-member brokered transactions and the proportion that arose in connection with direct transactions.

To the extent the remaining loss is determined by GSCC to arise in connection with member brokered transactions, GSCC's rules provide that fifty percent of the loss will be allocated to netting members that are category 1 Start Printed Page 14754IDBs or category 2 IDBs pro rata based upon the dollar value of each such IDB netting member's trading activity with the defaulting member compared, netted, and novated on the day of default. The remaining fifty percent of the loss will be allocated to the dealer netting members pro rata based upon the dollar value of the trading activity through IDBs of each such dealer netting member's trading activity with the defaulting member compared, netted, and novated on the day of default. For purposes of an allocation of loss determined to arise in connection with member brokered transactions, an IDB netting member will not be subject to an allocation of loss for any single loss-allocation event in an amount greater than $5 million. A dealer netting member will not be subject to an allocation of loss for any single loss-allocation event in an amount greater than the lesser of $5 million or five percent of the overall loss amount allocated to dealer netting members. To the extent that this cap is applicable, any excess amounts not collected from individual netting members, whether an IDB or a dealer, will be reallocated to the netting membership in general, pro rata based on average daily clearing fund deposit requirement over the twelve-month period prior to the insolvency. However, even with the reallocation, an IDB netting member would not be subject to an aggregate loss allocation for any single loss allocation event in an amount greater than $5 million.

To the extent a remaining loss is determined by GSCC to arise in connection with non-member brokered transactions, it will be allocated among the recent category 2 IDB netting members that were parties to such non-member brokered transactions pro rata based upon the dollar value of each such category 2 IDB netting member's trading activity with the defaulting member compared, netted, and novated on the day of default. For purposes of an allocation of loss determined to arise in connection with non-member brokered transactions, there is no loss-allocation cap.

To the extent a remaining loss is determined to arise in connection with direct transactions, it will be allocated among the recent counterparty netting members pro rata based on the dollar value of the trading activity of each such netting member's trading activity with the defaulting member compared, netted, and novated during the recent trading period. For purposes of an allocation of loss determined to arise in connection with direct transactions, there is no loss-allocation cap.

Under the current loss allocation procedure, dealer netting members acting as brokers on all or substantially all of their repo transactions do not enjoy the $5 million per event absolute loss allocation cap applicable to IDBs. Consequently, these dealers likely would be disproportionately assessed for allocation loss in the current environment.

(ii) Proposed Changes

The proposed rule change addresses the manner in which the loss allocation procedure described in subsection (i) above applies to dealers that act as brokers in their repo transactions. Specifically, the proposed rule change would establish an account-based loss allocation process whereby the segregated repo accounts of these dealers would be treated in the same way as IDB accounts.

In order to accomplish this, GSCC is proposing to add two new definitions to its rules, “non-IDB repo broker” and “segregated repo account.” A non-IDB repo broker, with respect to activity in its segregated repo account, is a dealer netting member that GSCC has determined operates in the same manner as a broker and participates in GSCC's repo netting service pursuant to the same requirements imposed under the rules on IDB netting members that participate in that service. These requirements include keeping their brokered repo activity (with two GSCC netting members on both sides of each trade) in a separate account, the segregated repo account.

Since GSCC's loss allocation procedures with respect to remaining losses distinguish between brokered transactions and direct transactions and since it is with respect to non-IDB repo brokers' brokered transactions that GSCC is proposing to give relief, the proposed rule filing would amend: (i) The definition of “brokered transaction” to include transactions to which a non-IDB repo broker, with regard to activity in its segregated repo account, is a party; (ii) the loss allocation rule applicable to brokered transactions to include references to non-IDB repo brokers and the activity in their segregated repo accounts; and (iii) the loss allocation rule to provide non-IDB repo brokers with regard to activity in their segregated repo accounts with a cap on their total loss allocation obligation of $5 million as is currently applied to IDB netting members.

All of the other activity processed by non-IDB repo brokers outside of their segregated repo broker accounts would continue to be subject to the loss allocation rules applicable to dealer netting members.

The proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of the Act, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder because it provides for a more equitable loss allocation process among GSCC's members.

(B) Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition

GSCC does not believe that the proposed rule change will have any impact or impose any burden on competition.

(C) Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others

Written comments relating to the proposed rule change have not yet been solicited or received. GSCC will notify the Commission of any written comments received by GSCC.

III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action

Within thirty-five days of the date of publication of this notice in the Federal Register or within such longer period (i) as the Commission may designate up to ninety days of such date if it finds such longer period to be appropriate and publishes its reasons for so finding or (ii) as to which GSCC consents, the Commission will:

(a) By order approve the proposed rule change or

(b) Institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be disapproved.

IV. Solicitation of Comments

Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule is consistent with the Act. Persons making written submissions should file six copies thereof with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20549-0609. Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for inspection and copying in the Commission's Public Reference Section, 450 Fifth Street, NW, Start Printed Page 14755Washington, DC 20549. Copies of such filing will also be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of GSCC. All submissions should refer to File No. SR-GSCC-2001-10 and should be submitted by April 17, 2002.

For the Commission by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.[3]

Start Signature

Margaret H. McFarland,

Deputy Secretary.

End Signature End Preamble

Footnotes

2.  The Commission has modified parts of these statements.

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[FR Doc. 02-7291 Filed 3-26-02; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 8010-01-P