Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Direct final rule.
EPA is taking direct final action to approve revisions to the Tehama County Air Pollution Control District (TCAPCD) portion of the California State Implementation Plan (SIP). These revisions concern Oxides of Nitrogen (NOX) emissions from industrial, institutional, and commercial boilers, steam generators, process heaters, and stationary gas turbines. We are approving local rules that regulate these emission sources under the Clean Air Act as amended in 1990 (CAA or the Act).
This rule is effective on July 15, 2002, without further notice, unless EPA receives adverse comments by June 13, 2002. If we receive adverse comments, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register to notify the public that this rule will not take effect.
Mail comments to Andy Steckel, Rulemaking Office Chief (AIR-4), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, CA 94105-3901.
You can inspect copies of the submitted SIP revisions and EPA's technical support documents (TSDs) at our Region IX office during normal business hours. You may also see copies of the submitted SIP revisions at the following locations:
Environmental Protection Agency, Air Docket (6102), Ariel Rios Building, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Washington DC 20460.
California Air Resources Board, Stationary Source Division, Rule Evaluation Section, 1001 “I” Street, Sacramento, CA 95814.
Tehama County Air pollution Control District, P.O. Box 38 (1750 Walnut St.), Red Bluff, CA 96008-0038.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Charnjit Bhullar, Rulemaking Office (AIR-4), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, (415) 972-3960.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Throughout this document, “we,” “us” and “our” refer to EPA.
Table of Contents
I. The State's Submittal
A. What rules did the State submit?
B. Are there other versions of these rules?
C. What is the purpose of the submitted rules?
II. EPA's Evaluation and Action
A. How is EPA evaluating the rules?
B. Do the rules meet the evaluation criteria?
C. EPA recommendations to further improve the rules.
D. Public comment and final action.
III. Background information
A. Why were these rules submitted?
IV. Administrative Requirements
I. The State's Submittal
A. What Rules Did the State Submit?
Table 1 lists the rules we are approving with the dates that they were adopted by the local air agency and submitted by the California Air Resources Board (CARB).
|Local agency||Rule #||Rule Title||Adopted||Submitted|
|TCAPCD||4:31||Industrial, Institutional, and Commercial Boilers, Steam Generators, and Process Heaters||01/29/02||02/08/02|
|Start Printed Page 34406|
|TCAPCD||4:37||Stationary Gas Turbines||01/29/02||02/08/02|
On March 8, 2002, these rule submittals were found to meet the completeness criteria in 40 CFR part 51, Appendix V, which must be met before formal EPA review.
B. Are There Other Versions of These Rules?
On September 19, 2000 (65 FR 56486), EPA finalized limited approval and limited disapproval of a previous version of these rules. TCAPCD adopted the revisions of these rules on January 29, 2002, and CARB submitted them to us on February 8, 2002. We are acting on the revised version of these rules.
C. What Is the Purpose of the Submitted Rules?
Rule 4:31 establishes nitrogen oxide (NOX) and carbon monoxide (CO) emission limits for industrial, institutional, and commercial boilers, steam generators, and process heaters. Rule 4:37 establishes nitrogen oxide (NOX) emission limits for the operation of gas and liquid fueled turbines of greater than 0.3 megawatt (MW) output.
On September 19, 2000, the EPA published a limited approval and limited disapproval of a previous version of rules 4:31 and 4:37, because the rules improved the State Implementation Plan (SIP) overall but some rules provisions conflicted with section 110 and part D of the Clean Air Act. Those provisions included the following:
Rule 4:31 and 4:37 contained unapprovable Air Pollution Control Officer (APCO) discretion which allowed exemption of units from reasonably available control technology (RACT) due to lack of technical or economic feasibility.
Rule 4:31 contained unapprovable APCO discretion to demonstrate compliance with RACT.
The January 29, 2002 revision to rules 4:31 and 4:37 correct the above deficiencies. The TSDs have more information about these rules.
II. EPA's Evaluation and Action
A. How Is EPA Evaluating These Rules?
Generally, SIP rules must be enforceable (see section 110(a) of the Act), must require Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) for major sources in nonattainment areas (See Sections 182(a)(2)(A) and 182(f)), and must not relax existing requirements (See Sections 110(l) and 193). The TCAPCD is an ozone attainment area, so RACT requirements do not apply to these rules.
Guidance and policy documents that we used to help evaluate the rules include the following:
1. Issue Relating to VOC Regulation, Cut points, Deficiencies, and Deviations (the “Blue Book”), U.S. EPA, May 25, 1988.
2. State Implementation Plans; Nitrogen Oxides Supplement to the General Preamble for the Implementation of Title I of the Clean Air Act Amendment of 1990 (the “NOX Supplement to the General Preamble”), U.S. EPA, 57 FR 55620, Nov. 25, 1992.
3. State Implementation Plans for National Primary and Secondary Ambient Air Quality Standards, section 110 of the Clean Air Act (CAA), and Plan Requirements for Nonattainment Areas, Title I, Part D of the CAA.
4. Requirement for Preparation, Adoption, and Submittal of Implementation Plans, U.S. EPA, 40 CFR part 51.
5. California Clean Air Act Guidance, Determination of Reasonably Available Control Technology and Best Available Retrofit Control Technology for Institutional, Industrial and Commercial Boilers, Steam Generators and Process Heaters, California Air Resources Board/CAPCOA, July 18, 1991.
6. Cost-Effective Nitrogen Oxides (NOX) Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT), U.S. EPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, March 16, 1994.
7. Nitrogen Oxides (NOX) Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) for the Repowering of Utility Boilers, U.S. EPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, March 9, 1994.
8. State Implementation Plan: Policy Regarding Excess Emission During Malfunctions, Startup, and Shutdown, U.S. EPA, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, September 20, 1999.
B. Do the Rules Meet the Evaluation Criteria?
We believe these rules are consistent with the relevant policy and guidance regarding enforceability and SIP relaxations. The TSDs have more information on our evaluation.
C. EPA Recommendations To Further Improve the Rules.
D. Public Comment and Final Action
As authorized in section 110(k)(3) of the Act, EPA is fully approving the submitted rules because we believe they fulfill all relevant requirements. We do not think anyone will object to this approval, so we are finalizing it without proposing it in advance. However, in the Proposed Rules section of this Federal Register, we are simultaneously proposing approval of the same submitted rules. If we receive adverse comments by June 13, 2002, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register to notify the public that the direct final approval will not take effect and we will address the comments in a subsequent final action based on the proposal. If we do not receive timely adverse comments, the direct final approval will be effective without further notice on July 15, 2002. This will incorporate these rules into the federally enforceable SIP.
On September 19, 2000, EPA also finalized a limited approval and limited disapproval of TCAPCD rule 4:34, Stationary piston Engines, for reasons similar to our action on rules 4:31 and 4:37. TCAPCD adopted revisions to rule 4:34 on January 29, 2002. Unfortunately, these revisions relaxed, rather than improved on the previous version of the rule. On March 27, 2002, the state withdrew revisions to TCAPCD rule 4:34. However, because Tehama is in attainment with the ozone NAAQS, sanctions under CAA section 179 and federal implementation plan (FIP) requirements do not apply. We are clarifying, therefore, that the version of rule 4:34 approved into the SIP on September 19, 2000 remains federally enforceable, and there are no sanction or FIP implications if this is not revised.
Please note that if EPA receives adverse comment on an amendment, paragraph, or section of the rules and if that provision may be severed from the remainder of the ruled, EPA may adopt as final those provisions of the rules that are not the subject of an adverse comment. Start Printed Page 34407
III. Background Information
A. Why Were These Rules Submitted?
NOX helps produce ground-level ozone, smog and particulate matter, which harm human health and the environment. Section 110(a) of the CAA requires states to submit regulations that control NOX emissions. Table 2 lists some of the national milestones leading to the submittal of these local agency NOX rules.
|March 3, 1978||EPA promulgated a list of ozone nonattainment areas under the Clean Air Act as amended in 1977. 43 FR 8964; 40 CFR 81.305.|
|May 26, 1988||EPA notified Governors that parts of their SIPs were inadequate to attain and maintain the ozone standard and requested that they correct the deficiencies (EPA's SIP-Call). See section 110(a)(2)(H) of the pre-amended Act.|
|November 15, 1990||Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 were enacted. Pub. L. 101-549, 104 Stat. 2399, codified at 42 U.S.C. 7401-7671q.|
|May 15, 1991||Section 182(a)(2)(A) requires that ozone nonattainment areas correct deficient RACT rules by this date.|
IV. Administrative Requirements
Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this action is not a “significant regulatory action” and therefore is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. For this reason, this action is also not subject to Executive Order 13211, “Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use” (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001). This action merely approves state law as meeting federal requirements and imposes no additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that these rules will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because these rules approve pre-existing requirements under state law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that required by state law, these rules do not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-4).
These rules also do not have tribal implications because they will not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). This action also does not have Federalism implications because it does not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). This action merely approves a state rule implementing a Federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the Clean Air Act. These rules also are not subject to Executive Order 13045, “Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks” (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because they are not economically significant.
In reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. In this context, in the absence of a prior existing requirement for the State to use voluntary consensus standards (VCS), EPA has no authority to disapprove a SIP submission for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews a SIP submission, to use VCS in place of a SIP submission that otherwise satisfies the provisions of the Clean Air Act. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. These rules do not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).
The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing these rules and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of these rules in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).
Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by July 15, 2002. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of these final rules do not affect the finality of these rules for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rules or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See Section 307(b)(2).)Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52
- Environmental protection
- Air pollution control
- Incorporation by reference
- Intergovernmental relations
- Nitrogen dioxide
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
Dated: April 5, 2002.
Acting Regional Administrator, Region IX.
Part 52, chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 52—[AMENDED]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for Part 52 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Subpart F—CaliforniaStart Amendment Part
2. Section 52.220 is amended by adding paragraphs (c)(295) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(c) * * * Start Printed Page 34408
(295) New and amended regulations for the following APCD were submitted on February 8, 2002, by the Governor's designee.
(i) Incorporation by reference.
(A) Tehama County Air Pollution Control District.
(1) Rules 4:31 and 4:37 adopted on January 29, 2002.
[FR Doc. 02-11823 Filed 5-13-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-P