Skip to Content

Rule

Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Wisconsin Designation of Areas for Air Quality Planning Purposes; Wisconsin

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Direct final rule.

SUMMARY:

On November 17, 2000, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) submitted a request to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to redesignate the villages of Rothschild and Weston and the Township of Rib Mountain, all located in central Marathon County, Wisconsin, from primary and secondary sulfur dioxide (SO2) nonattainment areas to attainment of the SO2 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). EPA identified modeling and enforceability issues during the technical review of this submittal. On October 17, 2001, WDNR sent to EPA a submittal addressing the technical deficiencies. In this action EPA is approving the state's request, because it meets all of the Clean Air Act (Act) requirements for redesignation.

IF EPA receives adverse comments on this action, we will publish a timely withdrawal of the direct final rule in the Federal Register informing the public that the rule will not take effect.

DATES:

This “direct final” rule is effective July 29, 2002, unless EPA receives adverse or critical comments by June 28, 2002. If EPA receives adverse comments, it will publish a timely withdrawal of the direct final rule in the Federal Register and inform the public that the rule will not take effect.

ADDRESSES:

Send written comments to Carlton Nash, Chief, Regulation Development Section, Air Programs Branch (AR-18J), United Environmental Protection Agency, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604. (We recommend that you telephone Christos Panos, at (312) 353-8328, before visiting the Region 5 Office.)

A copy of this redesignation is available for inspection at this Office of Air and Radiation (OAR) Docket and Start Printed Page 37329Information Center (Air Docket 6102), United States Environmental Protection Agency, Ariel Rios Building, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20460, (202) 260-7548.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Christos Panos, Regulation Development Section (AR-18J), Air Programs Branch, Air and Radiation Division, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604, (312) 353-8328.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

This Supplementary Information section is organized as follows:

A. What Action is EPA Taking?

B. Why was This SIP Revision Submitted?

C. Why Can We Approve This Request?

D. What Requirements Must be Met for Approval of a Redesignation, and How Did the State Meet Them?

A. What Action is EPA Taking?

We are approving the State of Wisconsin's request to redesignate the Rothschild-Rib Mountain-Weston primary and secondary SO2 nonattainment areas to attainment of the SO2 NAAQS. We are also approving the maintenance plan for these areas into the Wisconsin SO2 SIP. Further, we are incorporating the consent orders for Weyerhaeuser Company (AM-01-600) and Wisconsin Public Service Corporation's Weston Plant (AM-01-601) into the Wisconsin SO2 SIP.

B. Why Was This SIP Revision Submitted?

WDNR believes that the Rothschild-Rib Mountain-Weston areas, located in central Marathon County, are now eligible for redesignation because EPA approved Wisconsin's SO2 SIP in 1990 and 1993, and SO2 monitors in the nonattainment area of Marathon County have not recorded exceedances of either the primary or secondary SO2 air quality standards since 1986.

C. Why Can We Approve This Request?

Consistent with the Act's requirements, EPA developed procedures for redesignation of nonattainment areas that are in a September 4, 1992, memorandum from John Calcagni, EPA, titled, Procedures for Processing Requests to Redesignate Areas to Attainment. This EPA guidance document contains a number of conditions that a state must meet before it can request a change in designation for a federally designated nonattainment area. That memorandum and EPA's Technical Support Document set forth the rationale in support of the redesignation of the Rothschild-Rib Mountain-Weston SO2 nonattainment areas to an attainment status.

D. What Requirements Must the State Meet for Approval of a Redesignation and How Did the State Meet Them?

1. The State Must Show That the Area Is Attaining the Applicable NAAQS

There are two components involved in making this demonstration: (1) Ambient air quality monitoring representative of the area of highest concentration must show no more than one exceedance annually; and (2) EPA approved air quality modeling must show that the area in question meets the applicable standard.

The first component relies on ambient air quality data representative of the area of highest concentration. The primary 24-hour concentration limit of the SO2 NAAQS is 365 micrograms per cubic meter (μg/m3). The secondary 3-hour concentration limit is 1300 μg/m3. According to 40 CFR 50.4, an area must show no more than one exceedance annually. WDNR's monitoring data indicates that there have been no exceedances of the primary 24-hour concentration limit or the secondary 3-hour concentration limit during the monitoring period of 1986-1991, therefore satisfying the first component.

The second component relies on supplemental EPA approved air quality modeling. The modeling methodology used by the WDNR followed the guidance identified in EPA's Guideline on Air Quality Models, 40 CFR part 51, appendix W. Five sources were explicitly modeled: Wisconsin Public Service Corporation Weston Plant, Weyerhaeuser Company, Foremost Farms USA, Lignotech USA, Inc., and Mosinee Paper. Weyerhaeuser Paper and Lignotech are located within the Rothschild nonattainment area. Wisconsin Public Service Corporation-Weston and Foremost Farms are located 3 to 4 kilometers to the southwest of the Rothschild area and Mosinee Paper is located about 12 kilometers to the south-southwest of the Rothschild area.

EPA's review of the modeling in the state's November 17, 2000 submittal identified several issues. WDNR's supplemental submittal sent to EPA on October 17, 2001 included revised modeling which adequately addressed those issues. To demonstrate modeled attainment, Weyerhaeuser was limited to burning fuel oil with no more than 0.05% sulfur and Wisconsin Public Service Corporation Weston Plant was limited to burning coal in Units 1 and 2 with no more than 1.2 pounds of SO2 per million British Thermal Units and to burning fuel oil with no more than 0.3% sulfur in the three turbines. WDNR placed these limits into consent orders which were included in its October 17, 2001 submittal.

The results of the air quality modeling conducted by the WDNR for the Rothschild-Rib Mountain-Weston nonattainment areas show the total SO2 concentration from the impact of the five modeled sources combined with a representative background SO2 concentration are below the primary and secondary SO2 NAAQS. Therefore, WDNR satisfied the second component by supplying a modeling demonstration showing that the area is in attainment of the SO2 NAAQS.

2. The SIP for the Area Must Be Fully Approved Under Section 110(k) of the Act and Must Satisfy All Requirements That Apply to the Area

WDNR submitted multiple SO2 SIP revisions to EPA between 1985 and 1992 to fulfill the requirements of section 110 and part D of the Act. The Rothschild SO2 SIP revision approved by EPA on March 27, 1990 (55 FR 11183), contained limits pertaining to two sources, Weyerhaeuser and Reed Lignin Company (now Lignotech). This SIP revision approved Wisconsin's SO2 plan for the City of Rothschild and the Town of Weston. The emission limits for the Wisconsin Public Service Corporation Weston Plant, the only large SO2 emitting source located near Rib Mountain, were submitted as part of the Wisconsin statewide SO2 rule. EPA approved the statewide SO2 rule on May 21, 1993 (58 FR 29537), thereby approving Wisconsin's SO2 plan for Rib Mountain Township.

3. EPA Has Determined That the Improvement in Air Quality Is Due to Permanent and Enforceable Reductions in Emissions

Air quality improvement in the Rothschild-Rib Mountain-Weston SO2 nonattainment areas is attributed to SO2 emission limits and operating restrictions imposed on the facilities that contributed to the nonattainment status. These limits have been incorporated into the state SO2 SIP and are therefore permanent and enforceable. Further, the additional limits relied upon in the modeling were placed into consent orders, which were included in WDNR's October 17, 2001 submittal. These consent orders are being incorporated into the Wisconsin SO2 SIP, thereby making them permanent and enforceable.

4. The State Has Met All Applicable Requirements Under Section 110 and Part D of the Act That Were Applicable Prior to Submittal of the Complete Redesignation Request

Section 110(a)(2) of the Act contains the general requirements for nonattainment plans. Part D contains the general requirements applicable to all areas that are designated nonattainment based on a violation of Start Printed Page 37330the NAAQS. These requirements are satisfied by EPA's March 27, 1990 and May 21, 1993 approvals of the nonattainment plans that Wisconsin submitted for the control of SO2 emissions in the Rothschild-Rib Mountain-Weston areas.

A PSD program will replace the requirements of the Part D new source review program after redesignation of the area. To ensure that the PSD program will become fully effective immediately upon redesignation, either EPA must delegate the federal PSD program to the state or the state must make any needed modifications to its rules to have the approved PSD program apply to the affected area upon redesignation. EPA fully approved Wisconsin's PSD program, effective June 28, 1999.

5. EPA Has Fully Approved a Maintenance Plan, Including a Contingency Plan, for the Area Under Section 175A of the Act

Section 107(d)(3)(E) of the Act states that, for an area to be redesignated, EPA must fully approve a maintenance plan that meets the requirements of Section 175A. Section 175A of the Act requires states to submit a SIP revision that provides for the maintenance of the NAAQS in the area for at least 10 years after approval of the redesignation. The basic components needed to ensure proper maintenance of the NAAQS are: attainment inventory, maintenance demonstration, verification of continued attainment, ambient air monitoring network, and a contingency plan. EPA is approving the maintenance plan in today's action as discussed below.

a. Attainment Inventory. The air dispersion modeling included in the state's submittal contains the emission inventory of SO2 sources in the Rothschild-Rib Mountain-Weston nonattainment areas.

b. Maintenance Demonstration and Verification of Continued Attainment. The modeling analysis submitted by WDNR on October 17, 2001, demonstrates attainment and maintenance of the SO2 NAAQS. The SO2 emitting sources involved in the Rothschild-Rib Mountain-Weston SO2 redesignation are meeting the SO2 emission limits identified in the modeling. WDNR will track the maintenance plan through the annual submittal of the air emission inventory for the SO2 emitting facilities in the Rib Mountain-Rothschild-Weston area.

c. Monitoring Network. WDNR ceased air quality monitoring in this area in 1991 due to fiscal considerations. EPA has stated in the past that if a state can show attainment of the NAAQS through EPA approved air dispersion modeling, has an approvable SIP revision showing that the control strategies have been implemented, and shows that it can continue to attain the standard for a period of 10 years following the redesignation, then an SO2 monitoring network does not need to be maintained. Because the WDNR has met these requirements, it does not need to maintain a monitoring network in the Rothschild-Rib Mountain-Weston area. WDNR, however, has committed to resume monitoring if it appears that there are significant emission increases from the SO2 emitting sources in the area that would cause a concern for public health.

d. Contingency Plan. Section 175A of the Act requires that the maintenance plan include contingency provisions to promptly correct any violation of the NAAQS that occurs after redesignation of the area. WDNR will resume SO2 air monitoring if the reported SO2 emissions from any of the facilities in any one year exceeds the amount identified in the modeling. Once monitoring resumes and upon verification of a violation of either the 24-hour or 3-hour SO2 NAAQS, if any of the SO2 emitting sources in the area is responsible for the violation, WDNR will work with one or all of these sources to ensure that the violation will not occur again. WDNR will involve EPA, Region 5, in the discussions with the company. Once WDNR identifies the problem and sets a strategy to fix the problem, WDNR will write rules to control SO2 emissions at the company or amend the company's federal operation permit. WDNR has committed to the following schedule: (1) To identify the responsible source within 30 days after a monitored violation; (2) to take action against the responsible source within 90 days of the violation; and, if EPA determines it necessary, (3) to submit a SIP revision to EPA within 360 days after the violation.

Final Action

We have evaluated the state's submittal and have determined that it meets the applicable requirements of the Act, EPA regulations, and EPA policy. Therefore, we are approving the State of Wisconsin's request to redesignate the villages of Rothschild and Weston and the Township of Rib Mountain, all located in central Marathon County, from primary and secondary SO2 nonattainment areas to attainment of the SO2 NAAQS. We are also approving the maintenance plan for the Rothschild-Rib Mountain-Weston areas into the Wisconsin SO2 SIP. Further, we are also incorporating into the Wisconsin SO2 SIP the consent orders for Weyerhaeuser Company (AM-01-600) and Wisconsin Public Service Corporation's Weston Plant (AM-01-601).

The EPA is publishing this action without prior proposal because we view this as a noncontroversial amendment and anticipate no adverse comments. However, in the proposed rules section of this Federal Register publication, we are publishing a separate document that will serve as the proposal to approve the state plan if relevant adverse comments are filed. This rule will be effective July 29, 2002 without further notice unless we receive relevant adverse comments by June 28, 2002. If we receive such comments, we will withdraw this action before the effective date by publishing a subsequent document that will withdraw the final action. We will then address all public comments received in a subsequent final rule based on the proposed action published elsewhere in this Federal Register. The EPA will not institute a second comment period. Any parties interested in commenting on this action should do so at this time. If we do not receive any comments, this action will be effective July 29, 2002.

Nothing in this action should be construed as permitting or allowing or establishing a precedent for any future implementation plan. Each request for revision to the SIP shall be considered separately in light of specific technical, economic, and environmental factors and in relation to relevant statutory and regulatory requirements.

Administrative Requirements

Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this action is not a “significant regulatory action” and therefore is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. For this reason, this action is also not subject to Executive Order 13211, “Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use” (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001). This action merely approves state law as meeting federal requirements and imposes no additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this rule approves pre-existing requirements under state law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that required by state law, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-4).

This rule also does not have tribal implications because it will not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Start Printed Page 37331Indian tribes, on the relationship between the federal government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the federal government and Indian tribes, as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). This action also does not have federalism implications because it does not have substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). This action merely approves a state rule implementing a federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the Clean Air Act. This rule also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 “Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks” (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant.

In reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. In this context, in the absence of a prior existing requirement for the State to use voluntary consensus standards (VCS), EPA has no authority to disapprove a SIP submission for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews a SIP submission, to use VCS in place of a SIP submission that otherwise satisfies the provisions of the Clean Air Act. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. Section 804 exempts from section 801 the following types of rules: (1) Rules of particular applicability; (2) rules relating to agency management or personnel; and (3) rules of agency organization, procedure, or practice that do not substantially affect the rights or obligations of non-agency parties. 5 U.S.C. 804(3). EPA is not required to submit a rule report regarding this action under section 801 because this is a rule of particular applicability.

Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by July 29, 2002. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects

End List of Subjects Start Authority

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et. seq.

End Authority Start Signature

Dated: April 4, 2002.

David A. Ullrich,

Acting Regional Administrator, Region 5.

End Signature Start Amendment Part

Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, chapter I, part 52, is amended as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 52—APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Section 52.2570 is amended by adding paragraph (c)(105) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

(105) On November 17, 2000, WDNR submitted a request to redesignate the villages of Rothschild and Weston and the Township of Rib Mountain, all located in central Marathon County, Wisconsin from primary and secondary SO2 nonattainment areas to attainment of the SO2 NAAQS. EPA identified modeling and enforceability issues during the technical review of this submittal. On October 17, 2001, WDNR sent to EPA a supplemental submittal addressing the technical deficiencies.

(i) Incorporation by reference.

(A) A Consent Order identified as AM-01-600 for Weyerhaeuser Company, issued by WDNR and signed by Scott Mosher for the Weyerhaeuser Company on May 29, 2001, and Jon Heinrich for WDNR on August 16, 2001.

(B) A Consent Order identified as AM-01-601 for Wisconsin Public Service Corporation's Weston Plant, signed by David W. Harpole for the Wisconsin Public Service Corporation on July 12, 2001, and Jon Heinrich for WDNR on August 16, 2001.

Start Amendment Part

3. Section 52.2575 is amended by adding paragraph (b)(4) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Control strategy: Sulfur dioxide.
* * * * *

(b) * * *

(4) An SO2 maintenance plan was submitted by the State of Wisconsin on November 17, 2000, for the villages of Rothschild and Weston and the Township of Rib Mountain, all located in central Marathon County.

Start Part

PART 81—DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 81 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401, et seq.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Section 81.350 is amended by revising the entry for Marathon County under AQCR 238 in the table entitled “Wisconsin-SO

End Amendment Part
Wisconsin.

Wisconsin—SO2

Designated areaDoes not meet primary standardsDoes not meet secondary standardsCannot be classifiedBetter than national standards
*         *          *          *         *          *          *
AQCR 238:
Start Printed Page 37332
*         *          *          *         *          *          *
Marathon CountyX
*         *          *          *         *          *          *
* * * * *
End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 02-13112 Filed 5-28-02; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6560-50-P