U.S. Customs Service, Department of the Treasury.
Interim rule; solicitation of comments.
This document amends the Customs Regulations on an interim basis to provide the method for calculating manufacturing substitution drawback where imported merchandise, which is dutiable on its value, contains a chemical element and amounts of that chemical element are used in the manufacture or production of articles which are either exported or destroyed under Customs supervision. Recent court decisions have held that a chemical element that is contained in an imported material that is subject to an ad valorem rate of duty may be designated as same kind and quality merchandise for drawback purposes. This amendment provides the method by which the duty attributable to the chemical element can be apportioned. This amendment requires a drawback claimant, where applicable, to make this apportionment calculation.
This interim rule is effective July 24, 2002. Comments must be received on or before September 23, 2002.
Written comments (preferably in triplicate) may be submitted to the U.S. Customs Service, Office of Regulations & Rulings, Attention: Regulations Branch, 1300 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20229. Submitted comments may be inspected at the U.S. Customs Service, 799 9th Street, NW., Washington, DC, during regular business hours. Arrangements to inspect submitted comments should be made in advance by calling Mr. Joseph Clark at (202) 572-8768.Start Further Info Start Printed Page 48369
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
William G. Rosoff, Chief, Duty and Refund Determinations Branch, Office of Regulations and Rulings, U.S. Customs Service, Tel. (202) 572-8807.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Drawback—19 U.S.C. 1313
Section 313 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, (19 U.S.C. 1313), concerns drawback and refunds. Drawback is a refund of certain duties, taxes and fees paid by the importer of record and granted to a drawback claimant upon the exportation, or destruction under Customs supervision, of eligible articles. The purpose of drawback is to place U.S. exporters on equal footing with foreign competitors by refunding most of the duties paid on imports used in domestic manufactures intended for export.
Substitution for drawback purposes—19 U.S.C. 1313(b)
There are several types of drawback. Under section 1313(b), a manufacturer can recoup duties paid for imported merchandise if it uses merchandise of the same kind and quality to produce exported articles pursuant to the terms of the statute. Section 1313(b) reads, in pertinent part, as follows:
(b) Substitution for drawback purposes
If imported duty-paid merchandise and any other merchandise (whether imported or domestic) of the same kind and quality are used in the manufacture or production of articles within a period not to exceed three years from the receipt of such imported merchandise by the manufacturer or producer of such articles, there shall be allowed upon the exportation, or destruction under customs supervision, of any such articles, notwithstanding the fact that none of the imported merchandise may actually have been used in the manufacture or production of the exported or destroyed articles, an amount of drawback equal to that which would have been allowable had the merchandise used therein been imported. * * *”
Manufacturing substitution drawback is intended to alleviate some of the difficulties in accounting for whether imported merchandise has, in fact, been used in a domestic manufacture. Section 1313(b) permits domestic or other imported merchandise to be used as the basis for drawback, instead of the actual imported merchandise, so long as the domestic merchandise is of the “same kind and quality” as the actual imported merchandise.
Several recent court cases have examined the scope of the term “same kind and quality” as used in 19 U.S.C. 1313(b). See E.I. DuPont De Nemours and Co. v. United States, 116 F. Supp. 2d 1343 (Ct. Int'l Trade 2000). See also International Light Metals v. United States, 194 F.3d 1355 (Fed. Cir. 1999). In these cases, the courts held that a chemical element that is contained in an imported material that is dutiable on its value may be designated as same kind and quality merchandise for purposes of manufacturing substitution drawback pursuant to 19 U.S.C. 1313(b).
In DuPont, the court held that apportionment is a feasible method of claiming a drawback entitlement. DuPont, 116 F. Supp. 2d at 1348-49. Under these regulations, therefore, a substitution drawback claimant must apportion the duty attributable to a chemical element contained in an ad valorem duty-paid imported material if it is claimed that a chemical element was used in the domestic production of articles that were exported or destroyed under Customs supervision within the prescribed time period. The drawback claim on the chemical element that is the designated merchandise must be limited to the duty apportioned to that chemical element on a unit-for-unit attribution using the unit of measure set forth in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States that is applicable to the imported material. The apportionment is necessary to avoid overpayment of drawback.
Amendment to § 191.26(b) of the Customs Regulations
Section 191.26 of the Customs Regulations (19 CFR 191.26) sets forth the recordkeeping requirements for manufacturing drawback. Paragraph (b) of this section describes the recordkeeping requirements for substitution drawback.
To implement the courts' interpretation of 19 U.S.C. 1313(b), this document amends § 191.26(b) by adding language that explains how to apportion the duty attributable to same kind and quality chemical elements contained in ad valorem duty-paid imported materials for purposes of manufacturing substitution drawback. This document also amends § 191.26(b) to provide an example of apportionment calculations.
Duty Apportionment Calculation
In order for a drawback claimant to be able to ascertain what portion of the ad valorem duty paid on imported merchandise is attributable to a chemical element contained in the merchandise, an apportionment calculation is necessary. First, if the imported duty-paid material is a compound with other constituents, including impurities, and the purity of the compound in the imported material is shown by satisfactory analysis, that purity, converted to a decimal equivalent of the percentage, is multiplied against the entered amount of the material to establish the amount of pure compound. The amount of the element in the pure compound is to be determined by use of the atomic weights of the constituent elements, converting to the decimal equivalent of their respective percentages, and multiplying that decimal equivalent against the above-determined amount of pure compound. Second, the amount claimed as drawback based on a contained element must be taken into account and deducted from the duty paid on the imported material that may be claimed on any other drawback claim.
Before adopting this interim regulation as a final rule, consideration will be given to any written comments timely submitted to Customs, including comments on the clarity of this interim rule and how it may be made easier to understand. Comments submitted will be available for public inspection in accordance with the Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552), § 1.4 of the Treasury Department Regulations (31 CFR 1.4), and § 103.11(b) of the Customs Regulations (19 CFR 103.11(b)), on regular business days between the hours of 9 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. at the Regulations Branch, Office of Regulations and Rulings, U.S. Customs Service, 799 9th Street, NW., Washington, DC.
Inapplicability of Prior Public Notice and Comment Procedures
Pursuant to the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B), Customs has determined that prior public notice and comment procedures on this regulation are unnecessary and contrary to public interest. The regulatory changes to the Customs Regulations add language necessitated by recent decisions of the Court of International Trade and the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. The regulatory changes benefit the public by providing specific information as to how a drawback claimant is to correctly make the requisite duty apportionment calculations when claiming manufacturing substitution drawback for a chemical element contained in ad valorem duty-paid imported merchandise. For these reasons, pursuant to the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(1) and (3), Customs finds that there is good cause for dispensing with a delayed effective date. Start Printed Page 48370
Executive Order 12866
This document does not meet the criteria for a “significant regulatory action” as specified in Executive Order 12866.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
Because no notice of proposed rulemaking is required for this rule, the provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) do not apply.
The principal author of this document was Suzanne Kingsbury, Regulations Branch, Office of Regulations and Rulings, U.S. Customs Service. However, personnel from other offices participated in its development.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 19 CFR Part 191End List of Subjects
Amendment to the RegulationsStart Amendment Part
For the reason stated above, part 191 of the Customs Regulations (End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 191—DRAWBACKEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The general authority citation for part 191 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
1. Section 191.26 is amended:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
a. In paragraph (b)(2) by removing the word “and” after the semi-colon;End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
b. At the end of paragraph (b)(3) by removing the period and adding “; and”; andEnd Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
c. By adding a new paragraph (b)(4) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(b) Substitution manufacturing. * * *
(4) If the designated merchandise is a chemical element that was contained in imported material that was subject to an ad valorem rate of duty, and a substitution drawback claim is made based on that chemical element:
(i) The duty paid on the imported material must be apportioned among its constituent components. The claim on the chemical element that is the designated merchandise must be limited to the duty apportioned to that element on a unit-for-unit attribution using the unit of measure set forth in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) that is applicable to the imported material. If the material is a compound with other constituents, including impurities, and the purity of the compound in the imported material is shown by satisfactory analysis, that purity, converted to a decimal equivalent of the percentage, is multiplied against the entered amount of the material to establish the amount of pure compound. The amount of the element in the pure compound is to be determined by use of the atomic weights of the constituent elements and converting to the decimal equivalent of their respective percentages and multiplying that decimal equivalent against the above-determined amount of pure compound.
(ii) The amount claimed as drawback based on the chemical element must be deducted from the duty paid on the imported material that may be claimed on any other drawback claim.
Example to paragraph (b)(4)
Synthetic rutile that is shown by appropriate analysis in the entry papers to be 91.7% pure titanium dioxide is imported and dutiable at a 5% ad valorem duty rate. The amount of imported synthetic rutile is 30,000 pounds with an entered value of $12,000. The total duty paid is $600. Titanium in the synthetic rutile is designated as the basis for a drawback claim under 19 U.S.C. 1313(b). The amount of titanium dioxide in the synthetic rutile is determined by converting the percentage (91.7%) to its decimal equivalent (.917) and multiplying the entered amount of synthetic rutile (30,000 pounds) by that decimal equivalent (.917 × 30,000 = 27,510 pounds of titanium dioxide). The titanium, based on atomic weight, represents 59.93% of the constituents in titanium dioxide. Multiplying that percentage, converted to its decimal equivalent, by the amount of titanium dioxide determines the titanium content of the imported synthetic rutile (.5993 × 27,510 pounds = 16,486.7 pounds). Therefore, up to 16,486.7 pounds of titanium is available to be designated as the basis for drawback. The ratio between the amount of titanium and the total amount of imported synthetic rutile is determined by dividing the weight of the titanium by the weight of the synthetic rutile (16,486.7 ÷ 30,000 = .550) or 55%. Accordingly, 55% of the duty is apportioned to the titanium content which is the designated merchandise of the imported synthetic rutile. As the per-unit duty paid on the synthetic rutile is calculated by dividing the duty ($600) by the amount of the imported synthetic rutile (30,000), the per-unit duty is two cents of duty per pound ($600 ÷ 30,000 = $0.02). The per pound duty on the titanium is calculated by multiplying the factor of 55% (.55 × $0.02 = $0.011 per pound). If an exported titanium alloy ingot weighs 17,000 pounds, in which 16,000 pounds of titanium was used to make the ingot, drawback is determined by multiplying the duty per pound factor ($0.011 per pound) by the weight of the titanium contained in the ingot (16,000 pounds) to calculate the duty available for drawback ($0.011 × 16,000 = $176). Because only 99% of the duty can be claimed, drawback is determined by multiplying the available duty amount by 99% (.99 × $176 = $174.24). As the oxygen content of the titanium dioxide is 45% of the synthetic rutile, if oxygen is the designated merchandise on another drawback claim, that factor would be used to determine the duty available for drawback based on the substitution of oxygen.
Robert C. Bonner,
Commissioner of Customs.Approved: July 18, 2002.
Timothy E. Skud,
Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Treasury.
[FR Doc. 02-18609 Filed 7-23-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4820-02-P