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Notice

Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; New Drug and Biological Drug Products; Evidence Needed to Demonstrate Effectiveness of New Drugs When Human Efficacy Studies Are Not Ethical or Feasible

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (the PRA), Federal agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed reinstatement of an existing collection of information and to allow 60 days for public comment in response to the notice. This notice solicits comments on the information collection provisions of FDA's regulations regarding approval of certain new drug and biological products based on efficacy studies conducted in non-human animals.

DATES:

Submit written or electronic comments on the collection of information by January 13, 2003.

ADDRESSES:

Submit electronic comments on the collection of information to http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/​scripts/​oc/​dockets/​edockethome.cfm. Submit written comments on the collection of information to the Dockets Management Branch (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. All comments should be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Karen L. Nelson, Office of Information Resources Management (HFA-250), Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 301-827-1482.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Under the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520), Federal agencies must obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for each collection of information they conduct or sponsor. “Collection of information” is defined in 44 U.S.C. 3502(3) and 5 CFR 1320.3(c) and includes agency requests or requirements that members of the public submit reports, keep records, or provide information to a third party. Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)) requires Federal agencies to provide a 60-day notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed reinstatement of an existing collection of information, before submitting the collection to OMB for approval. To comply with this requirement, FDA is publishing notice of the proposed collection of information set forth in this document.

With respect to the following collection of information, FDA invites comments on: (1) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of FDA's functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) the accuracy of FDA's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques, when appropriate, and other forms of information technology.

New Drug and Biological Drug Products; Evidence Needed to Demonstrate Effectiveness of New Drugs When Human Efficacy Studies Are Not Ethical or Feasible

FDA has amended its new drug and biological product regulations to allow appropriate studies in animals in certain cases to provide substantial evidence of effectiveness of new drug and biological products used to reduce or prevent the toxicity of chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear substances when adequate and well-controlled efficacy studies in humans cannot be ethically conducted because the studies would involve administering a potentially lethal or permanently disabling toxic substance or organism to healthy human volunteers, and field trials are not feasible before approval. In these circumstances, when it may be impossible to demonstrate effectiveness through adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, FDA is providing that certain new drug and biological products intended to treat or prevent serious or life-threatening conditions could be approved for marketing based on studies in animals, without the traditional efficacy studies in humans. FDA is taking this action because it recognizes the importance of improving medical response capabilities to the use of lethal or permanently disabling chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear substances in order to protect individuals exposed to these substances.

Respondents to this information collection are business and other for-profit organizations and nonprofit institutions.

FDA estimates the burden of this collection of information as follows:

Table 1.—Estimated Annual Reporting Burden1

21 CFR SectionNo. of RespondentsAnnual Frequency per ResponseTotal Annual ResponsesHours per ResponseTotal Hours
314.610(b)(2), 314.630, 601.91(b)(2), and 601.9311155
314.610(b), 314.640, 601.91(b), and 601.94111240240
Total245
1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.

Table 2.—Estimated Annual Recordkeeping Burden1

21 CFR SectionNo. of RecordkeepersAnnual Frequency of RecordkeepingTotal Annual RecordsHours per RecordkeeperTotal Hours
314.610(b)(2), 314.630, 601.91(b)(2), and 601.9311111
314.610(b), and 601.91(b)11111
Total2
1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.

FDA estimates that only one application of this nature may be submitted every 3 years; however for calculation purposes, FDA is estimating the submission of one application annually. FDA estimates 240 hours for a manufacturer of a new drug or biological product to develop patient labeling and to submit the appropriate information and promotional labeling to FDA. At this time, FDA cannot estimate the number of postmarketing reports for information collection. These reports are required under 21 CFR parts 310, 600, and 314. Any requirements will be reported under the adverse experience reporting (AER) information collection requirements. The estimated hours for postmarketing reports range from 1 to 5 hours based on previous estimates for AER; however, FDA is estimating 5 hours for the purpose of this information collection.

The majority of the burden for developing the patient labeling is included under the reporting requirements; therefore, minimal Start Printed Page 68876burden is calculated for providing the guide to patients. As discussed previously, no burden can be calculated at this time for the number of AER reports that may be submitted after approval of a new drug or biologic. Therefore, the number of records that may be maintained also cannot be determined. Any burdens associated with these requirements will be reported under the AER information collection requirements. The estimated recordkeeping burden of 1 hour is based on previous estimates for the recordkeeping requirements associated with the AER system.

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Dated: November 1, 2002.

Margaret M. Dotzel,

Associate Commissioner for Policy.

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[FR Doc. 02-28854 Filed 11-12-02; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4160-01-S