Department of Defense (DoD).
DoD has issued a final rule amending the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) to add policy regarding the participation of foreign military sales (FMS) customers in the development of contracts that DoD awards on their behalf. The objective is to provide FMS customers with more visibility into the contract pricing and award process.
November 22, 2002.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Ms. Amy Williams, OUSD(AT&L)DPAP(DAR), IMD 3C132, 3062 Defense Pentagon, Washington, DC 20301-3062. Telephone (703) 602-0328; facsimile (703) 602-0350. Please cite DFARS Case 2002-D005. Start Printed Page 70324End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
This final rule revises DFARS 225.7304 to provide for greater involvement of FMS customers in the contract award process, while protecting against unauthorized disclosure of contractor proprietary data. DoD published a proposed rule at 67 FR 20713 on April 26, 2002. Seven sources submitted comments on the proposed rule. As a result of the public comments, the final rule differs from the proposed rule in that it contains additional language requiring the contracting officer to—
1. Consult with the contractor before making a decision regarding the degree of FMS customer participation in contract negotiations; and
2. Provide an explanation to the FMS customer if its participation in negotiations will be limited.
A discussion of public comments addressing other aspects of the rule is provided below:
Comment: In 225.7304(b), change “FMS customers should be encouraged to participate” to “FMS customers may participate.”
DoD Response: Do not concur. The objective of the rule is to increase transparency for FMS customers. The word “may” does not accurately reflect this objective.
Comment: Revise 225.7304(c) to permit disclosure of proprietary data only “in limited circumstances where the contractor authorizes release of specific data” rather than when “the contractor authorizes its release.”
DoD Response: Do not concur. The language in the final rule adequately protects the rights of the contractor.
Comment: The Defense Security Cooperation Agency should determine the degree of customer participation in contract negotiations, rather than leaving this decision to the sole discretion of the contracting officer.
DoD Response: Do not concur. The contracting officer is responsible for contract negotiations.
Comment: Add language to increase the role of the FMS customer in the supplier selection process.
DoD Response: Do not concur. The FMS customer may suggest additional supply sources for any acquisition. Section 225.7304(e)(1) of the rule specifies that the FMS customer may suggest the inclusion of additional firms in the solicitation process.
Comment: Amend 225.7304(e)(3) to limit FMS customer observation or participation in negotiations involving any cost information, including cost or pricing data.
DoD Response: Do not concur. A major concern is to preclude unnecessary exclusion of FMS customer representatives from negotiations when only top-level pricing information is discussed. There are sufficient protections in the rule for nondisclosure of proprietary information. Participation of the FMS customer in discussions involving information other than cost or pricing data would be at the discretion of the contracting officer, after consultation with the contractor. This DFARS rule implements DoD policy, as set forth in a memorandum of the Deputy Secretary of Defense dated January 9, 2002, Subject: Department of Defense Policy on Foreign Customer Participation in the Letter of Offer and Acceptance and Contracting Development Process, which requires a DFARS deviation only when the negotiations involve cost or pricing data.
Comment: In 225.7304(f), delete the parenthetical “(except that, upon timely notice, the contracting officer may attempt to obtain any special contract provisions, warranties, or other unique requirements requested by the FMS customer),” because it appears to encourage untimely modification of the stated requirements.
DoD Response: Do not concur. Section 225.7304(f) of the rule specifically requires timely notice.
Comment: Include additional language regarding requirements for the contracting officer to justify price reasonableness.
DoD Response: Do not concur. Section 225.7304(h) of the rule requires the contracting officer, upon request, to demonstrate the reasonableness of the contract price to the FMS customer. How this demonstration is accomplished should be left to the discretion of the contracting officer.
Comment: In 225.7304(h), delete the word “sufficient” from the phrase requiring the contracting officer to “provide sufficient information to demonstrate the reasonableness of the price...” This term is indefinable in the sense that it is virtually impossible to objectively determine what is “sufficient” information.
DoD Response: Do not concur. The word “sufficient” describes the adequacy of the information to demonstrate the reasonableness of the price. Although the term cannot be objectively defined, DoD does not agree that this establishes a limitless requirement.
Comment: Add language to address U.S. export laws that limit FMS customer participation in the acquisition process.
DoD Response: Do not concur. An approved Letter of Offer and Acceptance constitutes the legal authorization for the export of the defense articles, technical data, or defense services described therein. 22 U.S.C. 2778(b)(2) provides that “* * * no license shall be required for exports or imports made by or for an agency of the United States Government * * * for carrying out any foreign assistance or sales program authorized by law and subject to the control of the President by other means.”
Comment: Add language that clarifies the right of foreign auditors to conduct pre-contract award proposal audits and to have access to price negotiation memoranda and business clearance memoranda.
DoD Response: Do not concur. This DFARS rule is not the appropriate place to address the participation of foreign auditors in U.S. acquisitions or the release of price negotiation and business clearance memoranda to them. These topics are more appropriately addressed in the reciprocal procurement agreements with the foreign country.
Comment: Provide an explanation of what constitutes contractor proprietary data and the conditions under which a deviation would be granted for an FMS customer to participate in contract negotiations when cost or pricing data will be discussed.
DoD Response: What constitutes proprietary data is governed by U.S. law. The disclosure of proprietary data is generally controlled by the Trade Secrets Act (18 U.S.C. 1905) and the Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552). A deviation to the regulations (for other than statutory requirements) may be granted when necessary to meet the specific needs and requirements of any procurement. Policy pertaining to deviations is provided in FAR Subpart 1.4 and DFARS Subpart 201.4.
This rule was not subject to Office of Management and Budget review under Executive Order 12866, dated September 30, 1993.
B. Regulatory Flexibility Act
DoD certifies that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities within the meaning of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601, et seq., because the involvement of FMS customers in contract development should have no significant effect on offerors or contractors, and the rule provides for the protection of contractor proprietary data. Start Printed Page 70325
C. Paperwork Reduction Act
The Paperwork Reduction Act does not apply because the rule does not impose any information collection requirements that require the approval of the Office of Management and Budget under 44 U.S.C. 3501, et seq.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 48 CFR Part 225End List of Subjects Start Signature
Michele P. Peterson,
Executive Editor, Defense Acquisition Regulations Council.
Therefore,End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation forEnd Amendment Part Start Part
PART 225—FOREIGN ACQUISITIONEnd Part Start Amendment Part
2. Section 225.7304 is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) FMS customers may request that a defense article or defense service be obtained from a particular contractor. In such cases, FAR 6.302-4 provides authority to contract without full and open competition. The FMS customer may also request that a subcontract be placed with a particular firm. The contracting officer shall honor such requests from the FMS customer only if the LOA or other written direction sufficiently fulfills the requirements of FAR Subpart 6.3.
(b) FMS customers should be encouraged to participate with U.S. Government acquisition personnel in discussions with industry to—
(1) Develop technical specifications;
(2) Establish delivery schedules;
(3) Identify any special warranty provisions or other requirements unique to the FMS customer; and
(4) Review prices of varying alternatives, quantities, and options needed to make price-performance tradeoffs.
(c) Do not disclose to the FMS customer any data, including cost or pricing data, that is contractor proprietary unless the contractor authorizes its release.
(d) Except as provided in paragraph (e)(3) of this section, the degree of FMS customer participation in contract negotiations is left to the discretion of the contracting officer after consultation with the contractor. The contracting officer shall provide an explanation to the FMS customer if its participation in negotiations will be limited. Factors that may limit FMS customer participation include situations where—
(1) The contract includes requirements for more than one FMS customer;
(2) The contract includes unique U.S. requirements; or
(3) Contractor proprietary data is a subject of negotiations.
(e) Do not allow representatives of the FMS customer to—
(1) Direct the exclusion of certain firms from the solicitation process (they may suggest the inclusion of certain firms);
(2) Interfere with a contractor's placement of subcontracts; or
(3) Observe or participate in negotiations between the U.S. Government and the contractor involving cost or pricing data, unless a deviation is granted in accordance with Subpart 201.4.
(f) Do not accept directions from the FMS customer on source selection decisions or contract terms (except that, upon timely notice, the contracting officer may attempt to obtain any special contract provisions, warranties, or other unique requirements requested by the FMS customer).
(g) Do not honor any requests by the FMS customer to reject any bid or proposal.
(h) If an FMS customer requests additional information concerning FMS contract prices, the contracting officer shall, after consultation with the contractor, provide sufficient information to demonstrate the reasonableness of the price and reasonable responses to relevant questions concerning contract price. This information—
(1) May include tailored responses, top-level pricing summaries, historical prices, or an explanation of any significant differences between the actual contract price and the estimated contract price included in the initial LOA; and
(2) May be provided orally, in writing, or by any other method acceptable to the contracting officer.
[FR Doc. 02-29468 Filed 11-21-02; 8:45 am]
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