Parole Commission, Justice.
The U.S. Parole Commission is amending procedures governing parole proceedings for federal and District of Columbia offenders, and transfer treaty prisoners. Almost all the amendments are corrections and clarifications of the instructions for calculating the salient factor score, a component of the Commission's paroling policy guidelines. The Commission is also correcting a reference to the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines in a regulation regarding the imposition of release conditions for a transfer treaty prisoner released to a term of supervised release.
These rule amendments are effective December 30, 2002.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Office of General Counsel, U.S. Parole Commission, 5550 Friendship Blvd., Chevy Chase, Maryland 20815, telephone (301) 492-5959. Questions about this publication are welcome, but inquiries concerning individual cases cannot be answered over the telephone.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The salient factor score is an actuarial device used by the Commission to evaluate the risk of parole violation by a prisoner if released to supervision. The score is a component of the Commission's paroling policy guidelines for making parole release decisions for U.S. Code offenders (28 CFR 2.20), and is also employed in the guidelines for DC Code offenders (28 CFR 2.80). The score comprises six criminal history items, including items such as number of prior convictions and commitments, and age at the time of current offense. The total score ranges from 0-10, with the higher score indicating that the prisoner is a better parole risk.
The Commission is now updating the instructions in the salient factor scoring manual to give better guidance in the scoring of the individual items. Some of the changes are corrections of text that should have been amended in earlier revisions of the score, or editorial improvements to make the instructions easier to read. Other changes reflect the application of the score in determining terms of imprisonment for DC Code supervised release violators. Finally, several new instructions implement advice the Commission's Office of General Counsel has provided to Commissioners and staff in the use of DC juvenile consent decrees and juvenile commitments to the DC Department of Human Services for salient factor scoring.
Aside from the amendments to the salient factor scoring manual, the Commission is also correcting a reference to the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines in its regulation at 28 CFR 2.68(l) on the imposition of conditions of supervised release for a transfer treaty prisoner who is released to a term of supervised release.
These amendments will be applied in any hearing or record review conducted after the effective date of the amendments.
Regulatory Assessment Requirements
The U.S. Parole Commission has determined that this final rule does not constitute a significant rule within the meaning of Executive Order 12866. The final rule will not have a significant economic impact upon a substantial number of small entities within the meaning of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 605(b), and is deemed by the Commission to be a rule of agency practice that does not substantially affect the rights or obligations of non-agency parties pursuant to section 804(3)(c) of the Congressional Review Act.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 28 CFR Part 2
- Administrative practice and procedure
- Probation and parole
The Final RuleStart Amendment Part
Accordingly, the U.S. Parole Commission is adopting the following amendments to 28 CFR part 2.End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 2—[AMENDED]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for 28 CFR part 2 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Subpart A—United States Code Prisoners and ParoleesStart Amendment Part
2. Section 2.20 is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
a. In the table entitled “Guidelines For Decisionmaking” remove “salient factor score 1981” and substitute “salient factor score 1998”;End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
b. Revise the Salient Factor Scoring Manual, Item A, paragraphs A.1, A.5, and add paragraph A.14;End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
c. Revise the Salient Factor Scoring Manual, Item B, paragraphs B.3(b)-(c), and add paragraph B.3(d);End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
d. Revise the Salient Factor Scoring Manual, Item C, paragraphs C.1-C.4, redesignate paragraph C.5 as C.10, and add paragraphs C.6-C.9;End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
e. Revise the Salient Factor Scoring Manual, Item E, paragraphs E.3(b)-(c);End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
f. Revise the Salient Factor Scoring Manual, Item F;End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
g. Revise the Salient Factor Scoring Manual, Special Instructions—Federal Probation Violators, by revising the title and the paragraphs for scoring Items A and E, remove the paragraph for scoring Item F, and redesignate the paragraph for scoring Item G as Item F;End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
h. Revise the Salient Factor Scoring Manual, Special Instructions—Federal Parole Violators, by revising the title and the paragraphs for scoring Items A- Start Printed Page 70693D, and F, and remove the paragraph for scoring Item G;End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
i. Revise the Salient Factor Scoring Manual, Special Instructions—Federal Confinement/Escape Status Violators With New Criminal Behavior In The Community, by revising the title, remove the paragraph for scoring Item F, and redesignate the paragraph for scoring Item G as Item F and revise Item F.End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
The revised and added text reads as follows:End Amendment Part
Salient Factor Scoring Manual
Item A. * * *
A.1 In General.
(a) Count all convictions/adjudications (adult or juvenile) for criminal offenses (other than the current offense) that were committed prior to the present period of confinement, except as specifically noted.
(b) Convictions for prior offenses that are not separated from each other by an intervening arrest (e.g., two burglaries followed by an arrest for both offenses) are counted as a single prior conviction. Prior offenses that are separated by an intervening arrest are counted separately (e.g., three convictions for larceny and a conviction for an additional larceny committed after the arrest for the first three larcenies would be counted as two prior convictions, even if all the four offenses were adjudicated together).
(c) Do not count the current federal offense or state/local convictions resulting from the current federal offense ((i.e., offenses that are considered in assessing the severity of the current offense). Exception: Where the first and last overt acts of the current offense behavior are separated by an intervening federal conviction (e.g., after conviction for the current federal offense, the offender commits another federal offense while on appeal bond), both offenses are counted in assessing offense severity; the earlier offense is also counted as a prior conviction in the salient factor score.
Conduct resulting in diversion from the judicial process without a finding of guilt (e.g., deferred prosecution, probation without plea, or a District of Columbia juvenile consent decree) is not to be counted in scoring this item. However, an instance of criminal behavior resulting in a judicial determination of guilt before a judicial body shall be counted as a conviction even if a conviction is not formally entered.
A.14 Juvenile Consent Decree (District of Columbia). A juvenile consent decree in the District of Columbia is a diversionary disposition not requiring an admission or finding of guilt. Therefore, it is not to be used in scoring this item.
Item B. * * *
* * *
(b) This item includes confinement in adult or juvenile institutions, community corrections centers, and other residential treatment centers (e.g., halfway houses and community treatment centers). It does not include foster home placement. Count confinement in a community corrections center (CCC) or other residential treatment center only when it is part of a committed sentence. Do not count confinement in a community corrections center or other residential treatment center when imposed as a condition of probation or parole. Do not count self-commitment for drug or alcohol treatment.
(c) If a committed sentence of more than 30 days is imposed prior to the current offense but the offender avoids or delays service of the sentence (e.g., by absconding, escaping, bail pending appeal), count as a prior commitment. Note: Where the subject unlawfully avoids service of a prior commitment by escaping or failing to appear for service of sentence, this commitment is also to be considered in Items D and E. Example: An offender is sentenced to a three-year prison term, released on appeal bond, and commits the current offense. Count as a previous commitment under Item B, but not under Items D and E. To be considered under Items D and E, the avoidance of sentence must have been unlawful (e.g., escape or failure to report for service of sentence). Example: An offender is sentenced to a three-year prison term, escapes, and commits the current offense. Count as a previous commitment under Items B, D, and E.
(d) District of Columbia Juvenile Commitment to Department of Human Services. In the District of Columbia, juvenile offenders may be committed to the Department of Human Services for placement ranging from a foster home to a secure juvenile facility. Such a commitment is counted only if it can be established that the juvenile was actually committed for more than 30 days to a secure juvenile institution or residential treatment center rather than a foster home.
Item C. * * *
C.1 Score 3 if the subject was 26 years of age or more at the commencement of the current offense and has three or fewer prior commitments.
C.2 Score 2 if the subject was 26 years of age or more at the commencement of the current offense and has four prior commitments.
C.3 Score 1 if the subject was 26 years of age or more at the commencement of the current offense and has five or more prior commitments.
C.4 Score 2 if the subject was 22-25 years of age at the commencement of the current offense and has three or fewer prior commitments.
C.5 Score 1 if the subject was 22-25 years of age at the commencement of the current offense and has four prior commitments.
C.6 Score 0 if the subject was 22-25 years of age at the commencement of the current offense and has five or more prior commitments.
C.7 Score 1 if the subject was 20-21 years of age at the commencement of the current offense and has three or fewer prior commitments.
C.8 Score 0 if the subject was 20-21 years of age at the commencement of the current offense and has four prior commitments.
C.9 Score 0 if the subject was 19 years of age or less at the commencement of the current offense with any number of prior commitments.
Item E. * * *
E.3 Definitions. * * *
(b) The term “parole” includes parole, mandatory parole, supervised release, conditional release, or mandatory release supervision (i.e., any form of supervised release).
(c) The term “confinement/escape status” includes institutional custody, work or study release, pass or furlough, community corrections center or other residential treatment center confinement (when such confinement is counted as a commitment under Item B), or escape from any of the above.
Item F. Older Offenders.
F.1 Score 1 if the offender was 41 years of age or more at the commencement of the current offense and the total score from Items A-E is 9 or less.
F.2 Score 0 if the offender was less than 41 years of age at the commencement of the current offense or if the total score from Items A-E is 10.
Special Instructions—Probation Violator This Time
Item A Count the original conviction that led to the sentence of probation as a prior conviction. Do not count the probation revocation as a prior conviction. Start Printed Page 70694
* * *
Item E By definition, no point is credited for this item. Exception: A person placed on unsupervised probation (other than for deportation) would not lose credit for this item.
Special Instructions—Parole or Supervised Release Violator This Time
Item A The conviction from which paroled or placed on supervised release counts as a prior conviction.
Item B The commitment from which paroled or released to supervised release (including a prison term ordered for a prior supervised release revocation), counts as a prior commitment.
Item C Use the age at commencement of the violation behavior (including new criminal behavior).
Item D Count backwards three years from the commencement of the violation behavior (including new criminal behavior).
* * *
Item F Use the age at commencement of the violation behavior (including new criminal behavior).
Special Instructions—Confinement/Escape Status Violator With New Criminal Behavior in the Community This Time
* * *
Item F Use the age at commencement of the confinement/escape status violation.
Subpart B—Transfer Treaty Prisoners and Parolees
3. Section 2.68 is amended at paragraph (l) by removing “5B1.4(a)” and adding “5D1.3(a) and (c)” in its place.End Amendment Part Start Signature
Dated: November 18, 2002.
Edward F. Reilly, Jr.,
Chairman, U.S. Parole Commission.
[FR Doc. 02-29952 Filed 11-25-02; 8:45 am]
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