Federal Aviation Administration, DOT.
Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).
This document proposes the adoption of a new airworthiness directive (AD) that is applicable to certain EMBRAER Model EMB-135 and -145 series airplanes. This proposal would require replacing the four Gamah clamp/sleeve joints on an engine bleed air duct with new threaded coupling assemblies. For certain airplanes, this proposal would also require replacing the two supports for the engine bleed air duct with two new supports. This action is necessary to prevent hot air leaks from the bleed air duct due to disconnection of the duct joint, which could result in heat damage to components near the duct, and consequent increased risk of fire in the rear baggage compartment. This action is intended to address the identified unsafe condition.
Comments must be received by March 3, 2003.
Submit comments in triplicate to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Transport Airplane Directorate, ANM-114, Attention: Rules Docket No. 2002-NM-88-AD, 1601 Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington 98055-4056. Comments may be inspected at this location between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. Comments may be submitted via fax to (425) 227-1232. Comments may also be sent via the Internet using the following address: firstname.lastname@example.org. Comments sent via fax or the Internet must contain “Docket No. 2002-NM-88-AD” in the subject line and need not be submitted in triplicate. Comments sent via the Internet as attached electronic files must be formatted in Microsoft Word 97 for Windows or ASCII text.
The service information referenced in the proposed rule may be obtained from Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A. (EMBRAER), P.O. Box 343—CEP 12.225, Sao Jose dos Campos—SP, Brazil. This information may be examined at the FAA, Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Robert D. Breneman, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM-116, FAA, Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington 98055-4056; telephone (425) 227-1263; fax (425) 227-1149.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Interested persons are invited to participate in the making of the proposed rule by submitting such written data, views, or arguments as they may desire. Communications shall identify the Rules Docket number and be submitted in triplicate to the address specified above. All communications received on or before the closing date for comments, specified above, will be considered before taking action on the proposed rule. The proposals contained in this action may be changed in light of the comments received.
Submit comments using the following format:
- Organize comments issue-by-issue. For example, discuss a request to change the compliance time and a request to change the service bulletin reference as two separate issues.
- For each issue, state what specific change to the proposed AD is being requested.
- Include justification (e.g., reasons or data) for each request.
Comments are specifically invited on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of the proposed rule. All comments submitted will be available, both before and after the closing date for comments, in the Rules Docket for examination by interested persons. A report summarizing each FAA-public contact concerned with the substance of this proposal will be filed in the Rules Docket.
Commenters wishing the FAA to acknowledge receipt of their comments submitted in response to this action must submit a self-addressed, stamped postcard on which the following statement is made: “Comments to Docket Number 2002-NM-88-AD.” The postcard will be date stamped and returned to the commenter.
Availability of NPRMs
Any person may obtain a copy of this NPRM by submitting a request to the FAA, Transport Airplane Directorate, ANM-114, Attention: Rules Docket No. 2002-NM-88-AD, 1601 Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington 98055-4056.
The Departmento de Aviacao Civil (DAC), which is the airworthiness authority for Brazil, notified the FAA that an unsafe condition may exist on certain EMBRAER Model EMB-135 and -145 series airplanes. The DAC advises that the engine bleed air duct between frames 68 and 69 in the rear baggage compartment could leak. The cause of the leakage has been attributed to possible disconnection of the duct joint. This condition, if not corrected, could result in hot air leaks from the bleed air duct, which could lead to heat damage to components near the duct, and consequent increased risk of fire in the rear baggage compartment.
Explanation of Relevant Service Information
EMBRAER has issued Service Bulletin 145-36-0024, dated May 31, 2001, which describes procedures for replacing the four Gamah clamp/sleeve joints from the bleed line at the baggage compartment between frames 68 and 69 with new threaded coupling assemblies (including re-identifying, cleaning, and lubricating the bleed ducts; and installing protection sleeves). For certain airplanes, the service bulletin also describes procedures for replacing the two supports for the engine bleed air duct with two new supports. Accomplishment of the actions specified in the service bulletin is intended to adequately address the identified unsafe condition. The DAC classified this service bulletin as Start Printed Page 4726mandatory and issued Brazilian airworthiness directive 2001-09-03, dated October 2, 2001, in order to assure the continued airworthiness of these airplanes in Brazil.
These airplane models are manufactured in Brazil and are type certificated for operation in the United States under the provisions of section 21.29 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.29) and the applicable bilateral airworthiness agreement. Pursuant to this bilateral airworthiness agreement, the DAC has kept the FAA informed of the situation described above. The FAA has examined the findings of the DAC, reviewed all available information, and determined that AD action is necessary for products of this type design that are certificated for operation in the United States.
Explanation of Requirements of Proposed Rule
Since an unsafe condition has been identified that is likely to exist or develop on other airplanes of the same type design registered in the United States, the proposed AD would require accomplishment of the actions specified in the service bulletin described previously.
Difference Between the Brazilian Airworthiness Directive and the Proposed AD
The proposed AD would differ from the parallel Brazilian airworthiness directive in that the applicability would only affect those Model EMB-135 and -145 series airplanes listed in the Effectivity of EMBRAER Service Bulletin 145-36-0024, dated May 31, 2001. The Brazilian airworthiness directive affects all Model-135 and -145 series airplanes. As indicated in EMBRAER Service Bulletin 145-36-0024, certain airplanes had the replacement specified in that service bulletin done during production. The limited applicability has been coordinated and concurred with by the DAC.
The FAA estimates that 346 airplanes of U.S. registry would be affected by this proposed AD, that it would take approximately 3 work hours per airplane to accomplish the proposed replacement, and that the average labor rate is $60 per work hour. Required parts would cost approximately between $1,978 and $2,007 per airplane. Based on these figures, the cost impact of the proposed AD on U.S. operators of these airplanes is estimated to be between $746,668 and $756,702; or between $2,158 and $2,187 per airplane.
The cost impact figures discussed above are based on assumptions that no operator has yet accomplished any of the proposed requirements of this AD action, and that no operator would accomplish those actions in the future if this proposed AD were not adopted. The cost impact figures discussed in AD rulemaking actions represent only the time necessary to perform the specific actions actually required by the AD. These figures typically do not include incidental costs, such as the time required to gain access and close up, planning time, or time necessitated by other administrative actions.
The regulations proposed herein would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, it is determined that this proposal would not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132.
For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this proposed regulation (1) is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866; (2) is not a “significant rule” under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and (3) if promulgated, will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. A copy of the draft regulatory evaluation prepared for this action is contained in the Rules Docket. A copy of it may be obtained by contacting the Rules Docket at the location provided under the caption ADDRESSES.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39
- Air transportation
- Aviation safety
The Proposed Amendment
Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the Federal Aviation Administration proposes to amend part 39 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR part 39) as follows:Start Part
PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:
2. Section 39.13 is amended by adding the following new airworthiness directive:
Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A. (EMBRAER): Docket 2002-NM-88-AD.
Applicability: Model EMB-135 and -145 series airplanes, as listed in EMBRAER Service Bulletin 145-36-0024, dated May 31, 2001; excluding those airplanes listed in “In-production effectivity” in paragraph 1.A., “Effectivity,” of the service bulletin; certificated in any category.
This AD applies to each airplane identified in the preceding applicability provision, regardless of whether it has been modified, altered, or repaired in the area subject to the requirements of this AD. For airplanes that have been modified, altered, or repaired so that the performance of the requirements of this AD is affected, the owner/operator must request approval for an alternative method of compliance in accordance with paragraph (c) of this AD. The request should include an assessment of the effect of the modification, alteration, or repair on the unsafe condition addressed by this AD; and, if the unsafe condition has not been eliminated, the request should include specific proposed actions to address it.
Compliance: Required as indicated, unless accomplished previously.
To prevent hot air leaks from the bleed air duct due to disconnection of the duct joint, which could result in heat damage to components near the duct, and consequent increased risk of fire in the rear baggage compartment, accomplish the following:
(a) Within 1,000 flight hours after the effective date of this AD, do the actions specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this AD, as applicable, per EMBRAER Service Bulletin 145-36-0024, dated May 31, 2001.
(1) For all airplanes: Replace the four Gamah clamp/sleeve joints from the bleed line at the baggage compartment between frames 68 and 69 with new threaded coupling assemblies (including re-identifying, cleaning, and lubricating the bleed ducts; and installing protection sleeves).
(2) For airplanes having serial numbers listed in paragraph 3.G. of the Accomplishment Instructions of the service bulletin: Replace the two supports for the engine bleed air duct with two new supports, having part number 145-35923-007.
(b) As of the effective date of this AD, no person shall install parts listed in paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) of this AD, as applicable.
(1) For all airplanes: Gamah clamp/sleeve joints, from the bleed line at the baggage compartment between frames 68 and 69, having part number G30020CD, G30020TD, G30020C, or G30020T.
(2) For airplanes having serial numbers listed in paragraph 3.G. of the Accomplishment Instructions of EMBRAER Service Bulletin 145-36-0024, dated May 31, 2001: Supports for the engine bleed air duct, with part number 145-35923-007. Start Printed Page 4727
Alternative Methods of Compliance
(c) An alternative method of compliance or adjustment of the compliance time that provides an acceptable level of safety may be used if approved by the Manager, International Branch, ANM-116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA. Operators shall submit their requests through an appropriate FAA Principal Maintenance Inspector, who may add comments and then send it to the Manager, International Branch, ANM-116.
Information concerning the existence of approved alternative methods of compliance with this AD, if any, may be obtained from the International Branch, ANM-116.
Special Flight Permits
(d) Special flight permits may be issued in accordance with sections 21.197 and 21.199 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.197 and 21.199) to operate the airplane to a location where the requirements of this AD can be accomplished.
The subject of this AD is addressed in Brazilian airworthiness directive 2001-09-03, dated October 2, 2001.
Issued in Renton, Washington, on January 23, 2003.
Vi L. Lipski,
Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.
[FR Doc. 03-2096 Filed 1-29-03; 8:45 am]
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