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Rule

Swine Health Protection

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

We are amending the swine health protection regulations by removing Kansas and Oregon from the list of States that permit the feeding of treated garbage to swine and adding them to the list of States that prohibit garbage feeding. This action is necessary to reflect changes in the status of Kansas and Oregon, and thereby facilitate the administration of the swine health protection regulations.

DATES:

This rule is effective February 14, 2003.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Dr. Adam Grow, National Surveillance Coordinator, National Center for Animal Health Programs, VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 43, Riverdale, MD 20737-1231; (301) 734-3752.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

The swine health protection regulations in 9 CFR part 166 (referred to below as the regulations) were established under the Swine Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 3801 et seq., referred to below as the Act). The Act and the regulations contain provisions concerning the treatment of garbage to be fed to swine and the feeding of that garbage to swine. These provisions operate as safeguards against the spread of certain swine diseases in the United States.

The regulations in § 166.15 categorize States according to the respective status of each with regard to the feeding of garbage to swine. Some States prohibit this activity, while other States permit the feeding of garbage to swine; these States are listed in § 116.15(a) and (b), respectively.

Under section 10 of the Act (7 U.S.C. 3809), a State will have primary enforcement responsibility for violations of laws and regulations related to the treatment and feeding of garbage if the Secretary determines that the State: (1) Has adopted adequate laws and regulations governing the treatment of garbage to be fed to swine and the feeding thereof which laws and regulations meet the minimum standards of the Act and regulations, (2) has adopted and is implementing adequate procedures for the effective enforcement of its garbage feeding laws and regulations, and (3) will keep records and make reports showing compliance with its garbage feeding laws and regulations and their enforcement as the Secretary may require by regulation. States that have primary enforcement responsibility are listed in § 166.15(c).

Prior to this rulemaking, Kansas and Oregon were listed in § 166.15(b) as States that permitted the feeding of treated garbage to swine and in § 166.15(c) as States with primary enforcement responsibility. However, Kansas and Oregon have both repealed their laws permitting the feeding of treated garbage to swine. We are, therefore, removing Kansas and Oregon from the list of States in § 166.15(b) that permit the feeding of treated garbage to swine and are adding them to the list of States in § 166.15(a) that prohibit the feeding of garbage to swine. We are also removing both States from the list in § 166.15(c) of States that have primary enforcement responsibility.

Effective Date

We are taking this action to update our regulations with respect to changes that have already occurred in the laws of Kansas and Oregon regarding the feeding of garbage to swine. It does not appear that public participation in this rulemaking proceeding would make additional relevant information available to the Department.

Accordingly, pursuant to the administrative procedure provisions in 5 U.S.C. 553, we find upon good cause that prior notice and other public procedure with respect to this rule are unnecessary. We also find good cause for making this rule effective less than 30 days after publication in the Federal Register.

Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act

This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12866. For this action, the Office of Management and Budget has waived its review under Executive Order 12866.

The decision regarding whether or not a State will permit the feeding of garbage to swine is made at the State level. Since the State of Kansas and the State of Oregon have each notified APHIS that State law now prohibits the feeding of garbage to swine, this rule simply amends the regulations to reflect each State's decision.

Under these circumstances, the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has determined that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.

Executive Order 12372

This program/activity is listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance under No. 10.025 and is subject to Executive Order 12372, which requires intergovernmental consultation with State and local officials. (See 7 CFR part 3015, subpart V.)

Executive Order 12988

This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This rule: (1) Preempts all State and local laws and regulations that are inconsistent with this rule; (2) has no retroactive effect; and (3) does not require administrative proceedings before parties may file suit in court challenging this rule.

Paperwork Reduction Act

This rule contains no information collection or recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

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List of Subjects in 9 CFR Part 166

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Accordingly,

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PART 166—SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION

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1. The authority citation for part 166 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 7 U.S.C. 3801-3813; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.8, and 371.4.

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[Amended]
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2. Section 166.15 is amended as follows:

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a. In paragraph (a), by adding, in alphabetical order, the words “Kansas,” and “Oregon,”.

b. In paragraph (b), by removing the words “Kansas,” and “Oregon,”.

c. In paragraph (c), by removing the words “Kansas,” and “Oregon,”.

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Done in Washington, DC, this 10th day of February 2003.

Peter Fernandez,

Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

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[FR Doc. 03-3687 Filed 2-13-03; 8:45 am]

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