Skip to Content


Board of Veterans' Appeals: Rules of Practice-Appeal Withdrawal

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Document Statistics
Document page views are updated periodically throughout the day and are cumulative counts for this document including its time on Public Inspection. Counts are subject to sampling, reprocessing and revision (up or down) throughout the day.
Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble


Department of Veterans Affairs.


Final rule.


This document amends a Board of Veterans' Appeals Rule of Practice to remove an unnecessary restriction on who may withdraw an appeal to the Board of Veterans' Appeals and to clarify appeal withdrawal procedures.


Effective Date: April 18, 2003.

Start Further Info


Steven L. Keller, Senior Deputy Vice Chairman, Board of Veterans' Appeals (012), Department of Veterans Affairs, 810 Vermont Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20420 (202-565-5978).

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information


Initial decisions on claims for Federal veterans' benefits are made at Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) field offices throughout the nation. Claimants may appeal those decisions to the Board of Veterans' Appeals (Board).

On February 1, 2002, VA published in the Federal Register a proposed rule to amend the Board of Veterans' Appeals Rule of Practice 204(c) (38 CFR 20.204(c)) by removing the current restriction on a representative's authority to withdraw an appeal without having written consent from the appellant. 67 FR 4939. VA also proposed to amend Rule of Practice 204 to fill in currently missing details about appeal withdrawal procedures and to remove as superfluous the current provision in that rule stating that the agency of original jurisdiction may not withdraw a Notice of Disagreement or a Substantive Appeal because that restriction would be covered under revised 38 CFR 20.204(a). The amendment is intended to remove an unnecessary restriction on who may withdraw an appeal to the Board of Veterans' Appeals and to clarify appeal withdrawal procedures.

We received comments from two County veterans service officers. Both commenters opposed the proposed rule with respect to removing the restriction on a representative's authority to withdraw an appeal. The commenters maintained that the duty of a representative with the power of attorney is to assist, inform, and advise the appellant on the best course of action to take in his or her claim, but that the ultimate decision to pursue the claim should be left only to the appellant. Both commenters argued that the proposed rule would circumvent this process and potentially deprive the appellant of the opportunity to make a critical decision in his or her appeal.

We agree that the appellant is the one making the decisions. This amendment will not change that basic tenet of representation. All the rule will do is to make it possible for a representative to execute the appellant's desire to withdraw an appeal. The amendment will not result in any fundamental change in the nature of representation. Moreover, as we observed in the proposed-rule notice, an appellant could contractually limit the authority of his or her representative if such a limitation was deemed warranted by the parties. Accordingly, we make no change based on these comments. Based on the rationale set forth above and in the proposed rule, we adopt the amendments as proposed, with a nonsubstantive change to reflect the current title of the official with whom the withdrawal may be filed. Start Printed Page 13236

Unfunded Mandates

The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 requires, at 2 U.S.C. 1532, that agencies prepare an assessment of anticipated costs and benefits before developing any rule that may result in an expenditure by State, local, or tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100 million or more in any given year. This final rule would have no measurable monetary effect on State, local, or tribal governments.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The Secretary hereby certifies that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities as they are defined in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA), 5 U.S.C. 601-612. Any economic impact on service organizations or law firms would be minimal. Therefore, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 605(b), this final rule is exempt from the initial and final regulatory flexibility analysis requirements of sections 603 and 604.

Paperwork Reduction Act

The Secretary hereby certifies that this final rule contains no provisions constituting a collection of information under the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520).

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 38 CFR Part 20

  • Administrative practice and procedure; Claims; Lawyers; Legal services; Veterans; Authority delegations (government agencies)
End List of Subjects Start Signature
Approved: March 12, 2003.

Anthony J. Principi,

Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

End Signature Start Amendment Part

For the reasons set out in the preamble, 38 CFR part 20 is amended as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Part


End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 20 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 38 U.S.C. 501(a) and as noted in specific sections.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Section 20.204 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Rule 204. Withdrawal of Appeal.

(a) When and by whom filed. Only an appellant, or an appellant's authorized representative, may withdraw an appeal. An appeal may be withdrawn as to any or all issues involved in the appeal.

(b) Filing. (1) Form and content. Except for appeals withdrawn on the record at a hearing, appeal withdrawals must be in writing. They must include the name of the veteran, the name of the claimant or appellant if other than the veteran (e.g., a veteran's survivor, a guardian, or a fiduciary appointed to receive VA benefits on an individual's behalf), the applicable Department of Veterans Affairs file number, and a statement that the appeal is withdrawn. If the appeal involves multiple issues, the withdrawal must specify that the appeal is withdrawn in its entirety, or list the issue(s) withdrawn from the appeal.

(2) Where to file. Appeal withdrawals should be filed with the agency of original jurisdiction until the appellant or representative filing the withdrawal receives notice that the appeal has been transferred to the Board. Thereafter, file the withdrawal at the following address: Director, Management and Administration (014), Board of Veterans' Appeals, 810 Vermont Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20420.

(3) When effective. Until the appeal is transferred to the Board, an appeal withdrawal is effective when received by the agency of original jurisdiction. Thereafter, it is not effective until received by the Board. A withdrawal received by the Board after the Board issues a final decision under Rule 1100(a) (§ 20.1100(a) of this part) will not be effective.

(c) Effect of filing. Withdrawal of an appeal will be deemed a withdrawal of the Notice of Disagreement and, if filed, the Substantive Appeal, as to all issues to which the withdrawal applies. Withdrawal does not preclude filing a new Notice of Disagreement and, after a Statement of the Case is issued, a new Substantive Appeal, as to any issue withdrawn, provided such filings would be timely under these rules if the appeal withdrawn had never been filed.

(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 7105(b) and (d))

End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 03-6611 Filed 3-18-03; 8:45 am]