Pursuant to section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, notice is hereby given that on April 9, 2003, the New York Stock Exchange, Inc. (“NYSE” or the “Exchange”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission the proposed rule change as described in Items I and II below, which Items have been prepared by the self-regulatory organization. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons.
I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change
The NYSE proposes to eliminate the exception to NYSE Rule 123(e), which provided that orders in Exchange-Traded Funds (“ETFs”) must be entered into an electronic data base (front end systemic capture, or “FESC”) on the Floor within 90 seconds of execution. This amendment originally became effective on a pilot basis for one year. Thereafter the pilot was extended for an additional year, and is set to expire on January 5, 2004.
II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
In its filing with the Commission, the NYSE included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The NYSE has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements. Start Printed Page 19064
A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
NYSE Rule 123(e) provides that all orders in any security traded on the Exchange be entered into an electronic database (front end systemic capture, or “FESC”) before they can be represented in the Exchange's auction market.
On December 20, 2001, the Exchange filed a proposed rule change (a one-year pilot) to amend Rule 123(e) to provide that orders in ETFs must be entered into FESC within 90 seconds of execution. The pilot was subsequently extended for an additional year and is set to expire on January 5, 2004. The NYSE submitted the proposed rule change to make the pilot effective on the premise that ETF products are derivatively priced, and trade very rapidly in response to changes in the underlying value of fund components and prices of options and futures contracts on the funds. In addition, the proposed rule change was in response to market participants who thought that the FESC requirement might possibly be a disincentive to sending order flow to the Exchange as it may have been perceived as unduly slowing down the trading process and interfering with trading strategies dependent upon speed of execution. Market participants noted that the Exchange is competing for order flow with other market centers that do not have any FESC-type requirements. In the Exchange's experience, however, that rule change did not have a material impact on the Exchange's market share in ETF products. Thus, the Exchange is proposing to remove the exception from NYSE Rule 123(e) at this time . In addition, removal of the exception will aid in the Exchange's ability to surveil for on-Floor trading in ETF products if the Commission approves the Exchange's proposal to allow portable phones on the Floor.
The Exchange believes that requiring orders in ETFs to be first entered into FESC before execution or representation on the Floor will place them on an equal footing with orders in other securities with respect to order entry and recording procedures. The Exchange notes that the same surveillance procedures applicable to trading in all other equities will also apply to ETFs.
By requiring orders to be first entered into FESC before execution or representation on the Floor, the Exchange can track more accurately, via systemic records, the time an order is received on the Floor. Therefore, the Exchange's ability to surveil for anomalous trading situations—such as on-Floor trading and the creation of inaccurate records, frontrunning of orders and improper execution of customers' orders—would be enhanced.
2. Statutory Basis
The basis under the Exchange Act for this proposed rule change is the requirement under section 6(b)(5) that an Exchange have rules that are designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest.
B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition
The Exchange believes that the proposed rule change would not impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Exchange Act.
C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants or Others
The Exchange has not solicited, and does not intend to solicit, comments regarding the proposed rule change. The Exchange has not received any unsolicited written comments from members or other interested parties.
III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action
Because the foregoing proposed rule: (1) Does not significantly affect the protection of investors or the public interest; (2) does not impose any significant burden on competition; and (3) does not become operative for 30 days or such shorter time as the Commission may designate, if consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest, and the Exchange provided the Commission with written notice of its intent to file the proposed rule change at least five days prior to the filing date, the proposed rule change has become effective pursuant to section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act, and subparagraph (f)(6) of Rule 19b-4 thereunder. At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change the Commission may summarily abrogate such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act.
The Exchange requests that the Commission waive the 30-day delayed operative date of Rule 19b-4(f)(6)(iii). Waiver of this period will allow the Exchange to discontinue the exception to FESC under NYSE Rule 123(e) for ETFs. The Exchange believes this will enhance its ability to surveil for anomalous trading situations such as on-Floor trading and the creation of inaccurate records, frontrunning of orders and improper execution of customers' orders. In addition, this will aid the Exchange's ability to surveil the market if the Commission approves the Exchange's proposal to allow Exchange-provided and authorized portable phones on the Floor. The Exchange believes that this is in the public interest.
The Commission believes that it is consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest to waive the 30-day operative delay and make this proposed rule change immediately effective as of April 9, 2003. The Commission believes that the elimination of the ETF FESC entry exception to NYSE Rule 123 will enhance the Exchange's ability to meet its surveillance obligations under the Exchange Act and the SEC Order relating to NYSE's floor broker regulatory program. The waiver of the Start Printed Page 1906530-day operative delay will permit the NYSE to implement this change immediately, which should benefit the public, investor protection and improve the NYSE's surveillance capabilities for ETFs.
IV. Solicitation of Comments
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Exchange Act. Persons making written submissions should file six copies thereof with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549. Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for inspection and copying in the Commission's Public Reference Section. Copies of such filing will also be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the above-mentioned self-regulatory organization. All submissions should refer to the File No. SR-NYSE-2003-09 and should be submitted by May 8, 2003.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
3. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 45246 (January 7, 2002), 67 FR 1527 (January 11, 2002) (SR-NYSE-2001-52), adopting Supplementary Material .23 of NYSE Rule 123(e).Back to Citation
4. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 46713 (October 23, 2002), 67 FR 66033 (October 29, 2002) (SR-NYSE-2002-48).Back to Citation
5. See note 3, supra.Back to Citation
6. See note 4, supra.Back to Citation
7. Telephone conversation between Don Siemer, Director, Market Surveillance, NYSE, and Marc McKayle, Special Counsel, Division of Market Regulation, Commission, on April 9, 2003.Back to Citation
8. See File No. SR-NYSE-2002-11. In NYSE-2002-11 the Exchange proposes to authorize the use of and provide portable phones on the Exchange Floor on a six-month pilot basis. Originally under the proposed rule change, the Exchange proposed not to permit portable communications at the point of sale for orders in Investment Company Units (as defined in Section 703.16 of the Listed Company Manual), also known as ETFs, since under an exception to NYSE Rule 123(e) orders in ETFs can first be executed and then entered into an electronic data base (FESC). To implement this facet of the proposal, the Exchange proposed creating technical restraints to block the use of portable phones in the Expanded Blue Room, where ETFs trade. However, due to an inability to develop technical restraints to prevent the use of portable phones where ETFs currently trade, the Exchange amended the filing, in Amendment No. 2 to NYSE-2002-11, to allow the use of portable phones for orders in ETFs in conjunction with this proposal to eliminate the NYSE Rule 123 ETF FESC entry exception.Back to Citation
12. For purposes of only accelerating the operative date of this proposal, the Commission has considered the proposed rule's impact on efficiency, competition and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
13. See In the Matter of New York Stock Exchange, Inc., SEC Release No. 34-41574, June 29, 1999; Administrative Proceeding File No. 3-9925 (“SEC Order”).Back to Citation
14. The Commission emphasizes that when a self-regulatory organization (“SRO”) determines that the rationale for an exception to an important regulatory initiative such as FESC order entry is no longer applicable, that SRO is expected to submit a proposed rule change to reflect the change in circumstances as soon as practicable.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 03-9474 Filed 4-16-03; 8:45 am]
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