Coast Guard, DHS.
Temporary final rule.
The Coast Guard is establishing temporary security zones for vessels designated by the Captain of the Port (COTP) Portland, Maine, to be in need of a Coast Guard escort for security reasons while they are transiting the COTP Portland, Maine Zone. These security zones are needed to safeguard the public, designated vessels and their crews, other vessels and their crews, and the ports and infrastructure within the Portland, Maine, COTP zone from sabotage or other subversive acts, accidents, or other causes of a similar nature. Entry into or movement within these zones, without the express permission of the Captain of the Port, Portland, Maine or his authorized patrol representative, is strictly prohibited.
This rule is effective from 12 a.m. (noon) EDT on April 15, 2003 until 12 a.m. (noon) EDT on October 11, 2003.
Documents indicated in this preamble as being available in the docket are part of docket CGD01-03-028 and are available for inspection or copying at U.S. Coast Guard Marine Safety Office Portland, 27 Pearl Street, Portland, Maine, 04101 between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
LT Ronald F. Pigeon at Marine Safety Office Portland, (207) 780-3251.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
We did not publish a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) for this regulation. Under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B), the Coast Guard finds that good cause exists for not publishing an NPRM. Due to the heightened Homeland Security Advisory System threat level and the current conflict in Iraq we feel it is necessary and prudent to enact this regulation immediately to safeguard the public, the port, facilities, and the maritime community and to ensure the security of escorted vessel transits in the Portland, Maine, COTP zone. Any delay would leave escorted vessels, their crews, the port, facilities, and the maritime community with inadequate security measures to meet potential threats.
Under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), the Coast Guard finds that good cause exists for making this rule effective less than 30 days after publication in the Federal Register. Due to the heightened Homeland Security Advisory System threat level and the current conflict in Iraq, the Coast Guard has expanded its use of vessel boardings and escorts to better safeguard the public, the port facilities, and the maritime community from possible terrorist activity. This regulation is needed immediately to assist the Coast Guard in providing adequate protection around these escorted vessels while transiting in the Portland, Maine, COTP zone.
Background and Purpose
In light of terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, DC on September 11, 2001, the ongoing conflict in Iraq and the continuing concern for future terrorist acts against the United States, we have established security zones to safeguard escorted vessels transiting in the Portland, Maine, COTP zone. For purposes of this Start Printed Page 22306rulemaking, escorted vessels include any vessels designated by the Coast Guard Captain of the Port, Portland, Maine to be in need of Coast Guard escorts in the Portland, Maine, COTP zone, other than Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) vessels, which are covered under 33 CFR 165.103, or high capacity passenger vessels, which are covered under 33 CFR 165.105. A designated representative aboard a Coast Guard cutter or patrol boat will accompany vessels deemed in need of escort protection.
These security zones are needed to protect escorted vessels, their crews, and the public, from harmful or subversive acts, accidents or other causes of a similar nature. The security zones have boundaries as follows: All navigable waters, within the Portland Maine, Captain of the Port zone, extending from the surface to the sea floor, extending 200-yards ahead, and 100-yards aside and astern of any designated vessel that is underway.
No person or vessel may enter or remain in the prescribed security zones at any time without the permission of the Captain of the Port. Each person or vessel in a security zone shall obey any direction or order of the Captain of the Port or the designated Coast Guard on-scene representative. The Captain of the Port may take possession and control of any vessel in a security zone and/or remove any person, vessel, article or thing from a security zone. No person may board, take or place any article or thing on board any vessel or waterfront facility in a security zone without permission of the Captain of the Port. Any violation of any security zone described herein, is punishable by, among others, civil penalties (not to exceed $25,000 per violation, where each day of a continuing violation is a separate violation), criminal penalties (imprisonment for not more than 10 years and a fine of not more than $100,000), in rem liability against the offending vessel, and license sanctions. This regulation is established under the authority contained in 50 U.S.C. 191, 33 U.S.C. 1223, 1225 and 1226.
As part of the Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (Pub. L. 99-399), Congress amended section 7 of the Ports and Waterways Safety Act (PWSA), 33 U.S.C. 1226, to allow the Coast Guard to take actions, including the establishment of security zones, to prevent or respond to acts of terrorism against individuals, vessels, or public or commercial structures. Moreover, the Coast Guard has authority to establish security zones pursuant to the Act of June 15, 1917, as amended by the Magnuson Act of August 9, 1950 (50 U.S.C. 191 et seq.) (the “Magnuson Act”), and implementing regulations promulgated by the President in subparts 6.01 and 6.04 of Part 6 of Title 33 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
Discussion of Rule
This proposed rule establishes temporary security zones for vessels designated to be in need of Coast Guard escorts by the Captain of the Port, Portland, Maine, while those vessels are transiting within the Portland, Maine, Captain of the Port zone. The security zones will encompass all navigable waters, within the Portland, Maine, Captain of the Port zone, extending from the surface to the sea floor, extending 200-yards ahead, and 100-yards aside and astern of any escorted vessel that is underway.
Given the threat of sabotage, terrorist or subversive attacks, this proposed rule is necessary to immediately assist the Coast Guard in providing adequate protection around escorted vessels while transiting in the Portland, Maine, COTP zone under Coast Guard escort. Specifically, the vessels at issue include: those which are deemed by the Captain of the Port, Portland, Maine to be in need of Coast Guard escorts, for security reasons. A designated representative aboard a Coast Guard cutter or patrol boat will accompany vessels deemed in need of this escort protection.
The Captain of the Port, Portland, Maine will notify the maritime community of the periods during which the safety and security zones will be enforced. Broadcast notifications will be made to the maritime community advising them of the boundaries of the zones and a designated representative aboard a Coast Guard cutter or patrol boat will accompany vessels deemed in need of escort.
This rule is not a “significant regulatory action” under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866, Regulatory Planning and Review, and does not require an assessment of potential costs and benefits under section 6(a)(3) of that Order. The Office of Management and Budget has not reviewed it under that Order. It is not “significant” under the regulatory policies and procedures of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
We expect the economic impact of this rule to be so minimal that a full regulatory evaluation under the regulatory policies and procedures of the DHS is unnecessary. Although this proposed rule will prevent some traffic from moving within a portion of the harbor during escorted vessel transits, the effect of this regulation will not be significant for several reasons: the impact on the navigational channel will be for a minimal amount of time, there is ample room to navigate around the zones, and delays, if any, will be minimal, as vessels will only have to wait a short time for the escorted vessel to pass if they cannot safely pass outside the zones. Moreover, broadcast notifications will be made via VHF radio to the maritime community advising them of the boundaries of the zones and Coast Guard and other law enforcement assets will be on-scene to direct vessels away from the zones. Vessels will be able to arrange passage through the zones, if needed, with the permission of the Captain of the Port or the designated on-scene patrol representative.
Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601-612), we considered whether this rule would have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The term “small entities” comprises small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 50,000.
The Coast Guard certifies under 5 U.S.C. 605(b) that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. This rule will affect the following entities, some of which may be small entities: the owners or operators of vessels intending to transit or anchor in these zones during escorted vessel transits. However, this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities due to the minimal time that vessels will be restricted from the area of the zones; vessels can pass safely around the zones; vessels will only have to wait a short time for the escorted vessel to pass if they cannot safely pass outside the zones; and advance notifications will be made to the local maritime community by marine information broadcasts.
Assistance for Small Entities
Under section 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-121), we want to assist small entities in understanding this rule so that they can better evaluate its effects on them and participate in the rulemaking. If this rule would affect your small business, organization or governmental Start Printed Page 22307jurisdiction and you have questions concerning its provisions or options for compliance, please contact LT Ronald F. Pigeon at Marine Safety Office Portland, (207) 780-3251.
Small businesses may send comments on the actions of Federal employees who enforce, or otherwise determine compliance with Federal regulations to the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory Enforcement Ombudsman and the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards. The Ombudsman evaluates these actions annually and rates each agency's responsiveness to small business. If you wish to comment on actions by employees of the Coast Guard, call 1-888-REG-FAIR (1-888-734-3247).
Collection of Information
This rule calls for no collection of information requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520).
A rule has implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132, Federalism, if it has a substantial direct effect on State or local governments and would either preempt State law or impose a substantial direct cost of compliance on them. We have analyzed this rule under that Order and have determined that this rule does not have implications for federalism.
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1531-1538) requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 or more in any one year. Though this rule will not result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this rule elsewhere in this preamble.
Taking of Private Property
This rule will not effect a taking of private property or otherwise have taking implications under Executive Order 12630, Governmental Actions and Interference with Constitutionally Protected Property Rights.
Civil Justice Reform
This rule meets applicable standards in sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform, to minimize litigation, eliminate ambiguity, and reduce burden.
Protection of Children
We have analyzed this rule under Executive Order 13045, Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks. This rule is not an economically significant rule and does not create an environmental risk to health or risk to safety that may disproportionately affect children.
Indian Tribal Governments
This rule does not have tribal implications under Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments, because it does not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes.
We have analyzed this rule under Executive Order 13211, Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use. We have determined that it is not a “significant energy action” under that order because it is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866 and is not likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy. The Administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs has not designated it as a significant energy action. Therefore, it does not require a Statement of Energy Effects under Executive Order 13211.
We have analyzed this rule under Commandant Instruction M16475.1D, which guides the Coast Guard in complying with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 U.S.C. 4321-4370f), and have concluded that there are no factors in this case that would limit the use of a categorical exclusion under section 2.B.2 of the Instruction. Therefore, this rule is categorically excluded, under figure 2-1, paragraph (34)(g) of the Instruction, from further environmental documentation since implementation of this action will not result in any: (1) Significant cumulative impacts on the human environment; (2) Substantial controversy or substantial change to existing environmental conditions; (3) Impacts on properties protected under the National Historic Preservation Act or (4) Inconsistencies with any Federal, State or local laws or administrative determinations relating to the environment. A final “Environmental Analysis Checklist” and a final “Categorical Exclusion Determination” will be available in the docket where indicated under ADDRESSES.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 33 CFR Part 165
- Marine safety
- Navigation (water)
- Reporting and recordkeeping Requirements
- Security measures
For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard amends 33 CFR Part 165 as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 165—REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREASEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 165 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Add § 165.T01-028 to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) Definition. “Escorted vessel” as used in this section describes escorted vessels operating in the Portland, Maine, Captain of the Port zone including the following: any vessels designated to be in need of Coast Guard escorts by the Captain of the Port, Portland, Maine, for security reasons, other than Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) vessels, which are covered under 33 CFR 165.103, or high capacity passenger vessels, which are covered under 33 CFR 165.105. A designated representative aboard a Coast Guard cutter or patrol boat will accompany vessels deemed in need of escort protection.
(b) Location. The following areas are security zones: All navigable waters, within the Portland Maine, COTP zone, extending from the surface to the sea floor, extending 200 yards ahead, and 100 yards aside and astern of any escorted vessel that is underway.
(c) Effective period. This rule is effective from 12 a.m. (noon) EDT on April 15, 2003 until 12 a.m. (noon) EDT on October 11, 2003.
(d) Regulations. (1) In accordance with the general regulations in § 165.33 of this part, entry into or movement within these zones is prohibited unless previously authorized by the Coast Guard Captain of the Port (COTP), Portland, Maine or his designated representative.
(2) Persons desiring to transit the area of the security zone may contact the COTP at telephone number 207-780-3251 or the authorized on-scene patrol representative on VHF-FM channel 13 Start Printed Page 22308(156.65 MHz) or VHF-FM channel 16 (156.8MHz) to seek permission to transit the area.
(3) All persons and vessels must comply with the instructions of the COTP or the designated on-scene Coast Guard patrol personnel. On-scene Coast Guard patrol personnel include commissioned, warrant and petty officers of the Coast Guard on board Coast Guard, Coast Guard Auxiliary, and local, state and federal law enforcement vessels.
(4) The COTP or his designated representative will notify the maritime community of periods during which these zones will be enforced. The COTP or his designated representative will identify escorted vessel transits by way of marine information broadcast. Emergency response vessels are authorized to move within the zone, but must abide by restrictions imposed by the COTP or his designated representative.
(e) Enforcement. The COTP will enforce these zones and may enlist the aid and cooperation of any Federal, state, county, municipal, or private agency to assist in the enforcement of the regulation.
Dated: April 14, 2003.
Mark P. O'Malley,
Commander, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port, Portland, Maine.
[FR Doc. 03-10425 Filed 4-25-03; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-15-P