Pursuant to section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”), and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, notice is hereby given that on July 21, 2003, the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. (“NASD”), through its subsidiary, The Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc. (“Nasdaq”), filed with the Securities and Exchange Start Printed Page 54257Commission (“Commission”) the proposed rule change as described in Items I and II, which Items have been prepared by Nasdaq. On September 2, 2003, Nasdaq amended the proposed rule change. Nasdaq filed the proposal pursuant to section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act, and Rule 19b-4(f)(6) thereunder, which renders the proposal effective upon filing with the Commission. The Commission is publishing this notice, as amended, to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons.
I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change
Nasdaq seeks to codify under NASD Rule 4120 Nasdaq's existing authority to implement a “Quote-Only Period” (“Period”) before the start of trading in initial public offerings (“IPOs”) on Nasdaq. The text of the proposed rule change is below. Proposed new language is in italics.
4120. Trading Halts
(a) Authority To Initiate Trading Halts
In circumstances in which Nasdaq deems it necessary to protect investors and the public interest, Nasdaq may, pursuant to the procedures set forth in paragraph (b):
(1)-(6) No Change.
(7) Halt trading in a security that is the subject of an Initial Public Offering on Nasdaq.
(b) Procedure for Initiating a Trading Halt
(1)-(6) No Change.
(7) A trading halt initiated under Rule 4120(a)(7) shall be terminated when Nasdaq releases the security for trading. Prior to terminating the halt, there will be a 15-minute period during which market participants may enter quotes in that security in Nasdaq systems. If the inside market is not locked or crossed at the conclusion of that 15-minute period, Nasdaq will release the security for trading and terminate the halt. If the inside market is locked or crossed at the conclusion of the initial 15-minute period, Nasdaq will extend the halt for an additional 15 minutes during which quotations may be entered in Nasdaq systems. At the conclusion of the second 15-minute period, the halt shall be terminated and the security released for trading.
II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
In its filing with the Commission, Nasdaq included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. Nasdaq has prepared summaries, set forth in Sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements.
A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
Nasdaq is proposing to amend NASD Rule 4120 to codify that NASD members or persons associated with NASD members are prohibited from executing trades, directly or indirectly, in a Nasdaq IPO prior to the conclusion of a quote-only period and the dissemination over the consolidated tape of a trade in that security on the Nasdaq Stock Market.
Section 12 of the Act  and Rule 12f-2 thereunder  prohibit off-exchange trading of IPOs of exchange-listed securities prior to the first trade on the listing exchange. This prohibition ensures the smooth functioning of the market during the initial trading of these IPOs that might otherwise experience volatility that may be observed in the opening of IPOs for secondary market trading. The prohibition also helps to ensure that markets are not open for trading when unusual circumstances may prevent such markets from remaining fair and orderly. Market participants are better able to digest and respond to market price indications before an IPO is released for trading, and thus to provide better information upon which to make trading decisions.
The Act does not extend this protection to over-the-counter listings such as those on Nasdaq. Therefore, in 1994, Nasdaq established a quotation-only time period for quoting participants to enter and adjust their first quotations for IPO securities. Prior to the Period, NASD members may not disseminate quotes or trades in the IPO security. During the Period, NASD members are prohibited from effecting trades, either directly or indirectly, in the Nasdaq IPO security. Market participants may freely quote and trade once the Period has ended and Nasdaq has released the security for trading.
In 1998, Nasdaq modified and expanded the Period. As amended and as is current practice, the initial Period lasts for 15 minutes. If the market is locked/crossed at the end of the first 15 minutes of the Period, Nasdaq extends the Period for an additional 15 minutes, after which trading in the security is released. Although Nasdaq monitors quotations for the entire 15 minutes, the determination whether to extend the Period is based solely on whether the market is locked or crossed at the end of that Period.
When the Commission approved Nasdaq's 1998 proposal to extend the Period, Nasdaq noted that its practice of imposing a Period is related to its authority to halt trading pursuant to NASD Rule 4120. NASD Rule 4120 provides Nasdaq with authority to halt trading in securities in a number of circumstances in which Nasdaq deems a trading halt necessary to protect investors and the public interest. Prior to the adoption of the pilot amendment, the specific bases for initiating a trade halt focused primarily on ensuring that all investors have access to material news about an issuer. Nasdaq believes that the IPO Period shares the characteristics that are common to trade halts, including the presence of unusual market conditions and the possible lack of complete information upon which to base investment decisions.
Although Nasdaq's 1998 proposal referenced NASD Rule 4120, Nasdaq did not amend Rule 4120 at that time. Nasdaq believes that it is necessary and appropriate to codify Nasdaq's existing authority as established by Commission approval in 1998. Some market participants have expressed to Nasdaq their confusion or uncertainty about the Period. Therefore, Nasdaq submits this proposal to ensure that its authority is Start Printed Page 54258clearly articulated in an approved rule, and that the implications of that rule be clearly understood by all market participants and investors. The proposal is designed to codify Nasdaq's existing authority and not to modify or expand it any manner.
2. Statutory Basis
Nasdaq believes that the proposed rule change is consistent with the provisions of section 15A of the Act, including section 15A(b)(6) of the Act, which requires, among other things, that a registered national securities association's rules must be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. The proposed rule change provides Nasdaq with clearer authority to respond to and alleviate market disruptions and thereby protect investors and the public interest.
In addition, section 15A(b)(11) of the Act  requires that the rules of a registered national securities association be designed to produce fair and informative quotations, prevent fictitious or misleading quotations and to promote orderly procedures for collecting, distributing, and publishing quotations. Nasdaq believes the proposal is designed to protect investors and to produce fair and informative quotations, prevent fictitious or misleading quotations and to promote orderly procedures for collecting, distributing, and publishing quotations.
B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition
Nasdaq does not believe that the proposed rule change will result in any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act.
C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others
Written comments were neither solicited nor received with respect to the proposed rule change.
III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action
Because the foregoing proposed rule change does not:
(i) significantly affect the protection of investors or the public interest;
(ii) impose any significant burden on competition; and
(iii) become operative for 30 days from the date on which it was filed, or such shorter time as the Commission may designate, it has become effective pursuant to section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act  and Rule 19b-4(f)(6) thereunder. At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission may summarily abrogate such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act.
Nasdaq has asked the Commission to waive the 30-day operative delay. The Commission believes waiving the 30-day operative delay is consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest. Such waiver will allow Nasdaq to immediately codify its existing authority to implement a Period before the start of trading in IPOs. For these reasons, the Commission designates the proposal to be effective and operative upon filing with the Commission.
IV. Solicitation of Comments
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposal is consistent with the Act. Persons making written submissions should file six copies thereof with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0609. Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for inspection and copying in the Commission's Public Reference Room. Copies of such filing will also be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the NASD. All submissions should refer to file number SR-NASD-2003-113 and should be submitted by October 7, 2003.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
3. See August 29, 2003 letter from Edward S. Knight, Executive Vice President and General Counsel, Nasdaq, to Katherine A. England, Assistant Director, Division of Market Regulation, Commission, and attachments (“Amendment No. 1”). Amendment No. 1 completely replaces and supersedes the original proposed rule change.Back to Citation
5. 17 CFR 240.19b-4(f)(6). The Commission considers the original filing to have satisfied Nasdaq's obligation to provide the Commission with notice of its intention to file the proposed rule change pursuant to Rule 19b-4(f)(6). Nasdaq asked the Commission to waive the 30-day operative delay.Back to Citation
8. See Securities Exchange Act Release 34254 (June 24, 1994), 59 FR 33808 (June 30, 1994)(SR-NASD-94-37).Back to Citation
9. See Securities Exchange Act Release 40968 (January 22, 1999), 64 FR 4729 (January 29, 1999)(SR-NASD-98-98).Back to Citation
10. Id. at footnote 4. Specifically, Nasdaq stated that the Quote Only Period “like the objectives in [NASD] Rule 4120, is designed to ensure that the market is not open for trading when unusual circumstances may prevent such markets from remaining fair and orderly.”Back to Citation
16. The Commission considers the 60-day abrogation period to have commenced on September 2, 2003, the date Nasdaq filed Amendment No. 1.Back to Citation
17. For purposes only of accelerating the operative date of this proposal, the Commission has considered the proposed rule's impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 03-23551 Filed 9-15-03; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-P