Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Direct final rule.
EPA is taking direct final action to approve a revision to the San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District (SJVUAPCD) portion of the California State Implementation Plan (SIP). The revision concerns the emission of particulate matter (PM-10) from wood burning fireplaces and wood burning heaters. We are approving a local rule that regulates these emission sources under the Clean Air Act as amended in 1990 (CAA or the Act).
This rule is effective on December 1, 2003 without further notice, unless EPA receives adverse comments by October 30, 2003. If we receive such comments, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register to notify the public that this rule will not take effect.
Send comments to Andy Steckel, Rulemaking Office Chief (AIR-4), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, CA 94105, or e-mail to email@example.com, or Start Printed Page 56182submit comments at http://www.regulations.gov.
You can inspect a copy of the submitted rule revisions and EPA's technical support document (TSD) at our Region IX office during normal business hours. You may also see a copy of the submitted rule revisions and TSD at the following locations:
Environmental Protection Agency, Air Docket (6102), Ariel Rios Building, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Washington DC 20460.
California Air Resources Board, Stationary Source Division, Rule Evaluation Section, 1001 “I” Street, Sacramento, CA 95814.
San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District, 1990 East Gettysburg Street, Fresno, CA 93726.
A copy of the rule may also be available via the Internet at http://www.arb.ca.gov/drdb/drdbltxt.htm. Please be advised that this is not an EPA website and may not contain the same version of the rule that was submitted to EPA.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Al Petersen, Rulemaking Office (AIR-4), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, (415) 947-4118, firstname.lastname@example.org.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Throughout this document, “we,” “us” and “our” refer to EPA.
Table of Contents
I. The State's Submittal
A. What rule did the State submit?
B. Are there other versions of this rule?
C. What is the purpose of the submitted rule revisions?
II. EPA's Evaluation and Action
A. How is EPA evaluating the rule?
B. Does the rule meet the evaluation criteria?
C. Public comment and final action
III. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
I. The State's Submittal
A. What Rule Did the State Submit?
Table 1 lists the rule we are approving with the date that it was adopted by the local air agency and submitted by the California Air Resources Board (CARB).
|Local agency||Rule #||Rule title||Amended||Submitted|
|SJVUAPCD||4901||Wood Burning Fireplaces and Wood Burning Heaters||07/17/03||08/19/03|
On September 11, 2003, this submittal was found to meet the completeness criteria in 40 CFR part 51, appendix V, which must be met before formal EPA review.
B. Are There Other Versions of This Rule?
We approved SJVUAPCD Rule 4901, originally adopted on July 15, 1993, into the SIP on February 7, 2002 (67 FR 5725).
C. What Is the Purpose of the Submitted Rule Revisions?
PM-10 harms human health and the environment. Section 110(a) of the CAA requires states to submit regulations that control PM-10 emissions.
The purpose of revisions to Rule 4901 is to correct the deficiencies cited in the limited approval/limited disapproval of February 7, 2002.
In our 2002 rulemaking, we concluded that the version of Rule 4901 under our review at that time did not fulfill the requirement under section 189(b) of the CAA that applies to serious PM-10 nonattainment areas to implement best available control measures (BACM), including Best Available Control Technology (BACT), with respect to significant sources and source categories, such as residential wood combustion. In our 2002 rulemaking, we referred SJVUAPCD to our reference document, Technical Information Document for Residential Wood Combustion Best Available Control Measures, EPA-450/2-92-002 (September 1992), for our national policy on determining BACM for residential wood combustion and for a list of potential BACM measures that should be implemented unless the district demonstrates that they are not achievable given local conditions.
In our 2002 rulemaking, we also indicated that, since the list of measures in our 1992 reference document was then over nine years old, SJVUAPCD should implement all those measures that are achievable as well as any other measures achievable in San Joaquin that have been developed in other serious PM-10 nonattainment areas. Finally, although we did not intend to identify the only measures necessary to fulfill BACM, we noted three items from the national policy that seemed likely to be achievable: (1) Requirements for mandatory episodic curtailment; (2) requirements for upgrading wood stoves and fireplaces to meet EPA-certified phase II standards upon property sale or transfer; and (3) requirements for limiting the number of wood stoves and fireplaces per acre in new residential development and requirements for EPA-certified phase II standards on those being installed.
II. EPA's Evaluation and Action
A. How Is EPA Evaluating the Rule?
Generally, SIP rules must be enforceable (see section 110(a) of the CAA), must require BACM, including BACT, for significant source categories or major sources in serious PM-10 nonattainment areas (see section 189(b)), and must not relax existing requirements (see sections 110(l) and 193). SJVUAPCD is a serious PM-10 nonattainment area and must fulfill the requirements of BACM/BACT.
The following guidance documents were used for reference:
- Requirements for Preparation, Adoption, and Submittal of Implementation Plans, U.S. EPA, 40 CFR part 51.
- PM-10 Guideline Document, EPA-452/R-93-008.
- General Preamble Appendix C3—Available Residential Wood Combustion Control Measures, 57 FR 18072 (April 28, 1992).
- Addendum to the General Preamble for the Implementation of Title I of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, 59 FR 41998, 42011 (August 16, 1994).
- Technical Information Document for Residential Wood Combustion Best Available Control Measures, EPA-450/2-92-002 (September 1992).
B. Does The Rule Meet the Evaluation Criteria?
We believe that Rule 4901 is consistent with the relevant policy and guidance regarding enforceability and SIP relaxations, and fulfills the BACM/BACT requirement for this source category. The revised rule now contains the three specific types of requirements that we identified as likely to be achievable in our February 2002 final rule. Specifically, the rule is revised to require mandatory episodic curtailment for wood burning fireplaces and wood burning heaters when the Air Quality Index, as described in 40 CFR 58, exceeds 150. The Air Pollution Control Officer is required to notify the public of the mandatory curtailment. Second, Start Printed Page 56183the rule is revised to require that any seller of real property assure that each wood burning heater is EPA Phase II certified or rendered permanently inoperable. Appropriate documentation must be provided by the seller to the buyer and the APCO. Third, the rule is revised to (a) prohibit the installation of a wood burning fireplace in a new residential development with a density greater than two dwelling units per acre, (b) to prohibit the installation of more than one wood burning fireplace or wood burning heater per dwelling unit in any new residential development with a density equal to or less than two dwelling units per acre, and (c) to prohibit the installation of more than two EPA Phase II certified wood burning heaters per acre in new residential development with a density equal to or greater than three dwelling units per acre.
In addition, SJVUAPCD has performed a BACM demonstration for residential wood combustion as part of the San Joaquin Valley Plan to Attain Federal Standards for Particulate Matter 10 Microns and Smaller (2003 PM-10 Plan), which was adopted locally on June 19, 2003, and submitted by CARB to EPA by letter dated August 19, 2003. In appendix G of the 2003 PM-10 Plan, SJVUAPCD evaluated the list of potential BACM measures contained in EPA's 1992 national policy document for residential wood combustion and also considered measures that have been implemented in other parts of the country to determine what provisions in the previous version of Rule 4901 needed to be revised to comply with the BACM requirement. We have determined that this demonstration provides adequate support for our conclusion that the rule, as revised, complies with the BACM requirement for residential wood combustion in San Joaquin Valley and thereby corrects the deficiencies identified in our 2002 final rulemaking on the previous version of Rule 4901.
C. Public Comment and Final Action
As authorized in section 110(k)(3) of the CAA, EPA is fully approving the submitted rule because we believe it fulfills all relevant requirements. We do not think anyone will object to this, so we are finalizing the approval without proposing it in advance. However, in the Proposed Rules section of this Federal Register, we are simultaneously proposing approval of the same submitted rule. If we receive adverse comments by October 30, 2003, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register to notify the public that the direct final approval will not take effect and we will address the comments in a subsequent final action based on the proposal. If we do not receive timely adverse comments, the direct final approval will be effective without further notice on December 1, 2003. This will incorporate SJVUAPCD Rule 4901 into the federally-enforceable SIP superceding the version of Rule 4901 currently part of the applicable SIP and will terminate all sanction and FIP clocks associated with our previous action on this rule.
III. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this action is not a “significant regulatory action” and therefore is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. For this reason, this action is also not subject to Executive Order 13211, “Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use” (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001). This action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and imposes no additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this rule approves pre-existing requirements under state law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that required by state law, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4).
This rule also does not have tribal implications because it will not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). This action also does not have Federalism implications because it does not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). This action merely approves a state rule implementing a Federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the Clean Air Act. This rule also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 “Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks” (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant.
In reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. In this context, in the absence of a prior existing requirement for the State to use voluntary consensus standards (VCS), EPA has no authority to disapprove a SIP submission for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews a SIP submission, to use VCS in place of a SIP submission that otherwise satisfies the provisions of the Clean Air Act. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).
The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. section 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. section 804(2).
Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by December 1, 2003. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)Start List of Subjects Start Printed Page 56184
List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52
- Environmental protection
- Air pollution control
- Incorporation by reference
- Intergovernmental relations
- Particulate matter
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
Dated: September 18, 2003.
Acting Regional Administrator, Region IX.
Part 52, chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 52—[AMENDED]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for Part 52 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Subpart F—CaliforniaStart Amendment Part
2. Section 52.220 is amended by adding paragraph (c)(317) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(c) * * *
(317) Amended regulation for the following APCD was submitted on August 19, 2003, by the Governor's designee.
(i) Incorporation by reference.
(A) San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District.
(1) Rule 4901, adopted on July 15, 1993 and amended on July 17, 2003.
[FR Doc. 03-24772 Filed 9-29-03; 8:45 am]
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