Pursuant to section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”), and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, notice is hereby given that on September 24, 2003, the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. (“NASD” or “Association”) through its subsidiary, the Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc. (“Nasdaq”), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by Nasdaq. Nasdaq filed Amendment No. 1 to the proposed rule change on October 3, 2003. Nasdaq filed Amendment No. 2 to the proposed rule change on October 21, 2003. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change, as amended, from interested persons.
I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change
Nasdaq proposes to establish a new “Auto-Ex” order in Nasdaq's National Market Execution System (“NNMS” or “SuperMontage”). Nasdaq intends to implement the proposed rule change as soon as possible following Commission approval and will inform market participants of the exact implementation date via a Head Trader alert on http://www.nasdaqtrader.com. The text of the proposed rule change appears below. New text is in italics; deletions are in brackets.
4700. NASDAQ NATIONAL MARKET EXECUTION SYSTEM (NNMS)
Unless stated otherwise, the terms described below shall have the following meaning:
(a)-(jj) No change.
(kk) The term “Auto-Ex” shall mean, for orders so designated, an order that will execute solely against the Quotes/Orders of NNMS Participants that participate in the automatic execution functionality of the NNMS and that do not charge a separate quote-access fee to NNMS Participants accessing their Quotes/Orders through the NNMS.
4706. Order Entry Parameters
(a) Non-Directed Orders—
(1) General. The following requirements shall apply to Non-Directed Orders Entered by NNMS Market Participants:
(A) An NNMS Participant may enter into the NNMS a Non-Directed Order in order to access the best bid/best offer as displayed in Nasdaq.Start Printed Page 61529
(B) A Non-Directed Order must be a market or limit order, must indicate whether it is a buy, short sale, short-sale exempt, or long sale, and may be designated as “Immediate or Cancel”, or as a “Day” or a “Good-till-Cancelled” order. If a priced order designated as “Immediate or Cancel” (“IOC”) is not immediately executable, the unexecuted order (or portion thereof) shall be returned to the sender. If a priced order designated as a “Day” order is not immediately executable, the unexecuted order (or portion thereof) shall be retained by NNMS and remain available for potential display/execution until it is cancelled by the entering party, or until 4 p.m. Eastern Time on the day such order was submitted, whichever comes first, whereupon it will be returned to the sender. If the order is designated as “Good-till-Cancelled” (“GTC”), the order (or unexecuted portion thereof) will be retained by NNMS and remain available for potential display/execution until cancelled by the entering party, or until 1 year after entry, whichever comes first. Starting at 7:30 a.m., until the 4 p.m. market close, IOC and Day Non-Directed Orders may be entered into NNMS (or previously entered orders cancelled), but such orders entered prior to market open will not become available for execution until 9:30 a.m. Eastern Time. GTC orders may be entered (or previously entered GTC orders cancelled) between the hours 7:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. Eastern Time, but such orders entered prior to market open, or GTC orders carried over from previous trading days, will not become available for execution until 9:30 a.m. Eastern Time. Exception: Non-Directed Day and GTC orders may be executed prior to market open if required under Rule 4710(b)(3)(B).
An order may be designated as “Auto-Ex,” in which case the order will also automatically be designated as IOC.
(C)-(F) No change.
(2) Entry of Non-Directed Orders by NNMS Order Entry Firms “ In addition to the requirements in paragraph (a)(1) of this rule, the following conditions shall apply to Non-Directed Orders entered by NNMS Order[-]Entry Firms:
(A) All Non-Directed orders shall be designated as Immediate or Cancel, GTC or Day but shall be required to be entered as Non-Attributable if not entered as IOC. NNMS Order Entry Firms may also designate orders as “Auto-Ex,” in which case the order will also automatically be designated as IOC. For IOC orders, if after entry into the NNMS of a Non-Directed Order that is marketable, the order (or the unexecuted portion thereof) becomes non-marketable, the system will return the order (or unexecuted portion thereof) to the entering participant.
(B) No change.
(b)-(e) No change.
4710. Participant Obligations in NNMS
(a) No change.
(b) Non-Directed Orders
(1) No change.
(A) No change.
(B) No change.
(i)-(iii) No change.
(iv) Exceptions—The following exceptions shall apply to the above execution parameters:
a.-c. No change.
d. An Auto-Ex order will execute solely against the Quotes/Orders of NNMS Participants that participate in the automatic execution functionality of the NNMS and that do not charge a separate quote-access fee to NNMS Participants accessing their Quotes/Orders through the NNMS (“Auto-Ex Eligible Participants”). When processing an Auto-Ex order, however, the NNMS will not deliver an execution to an Auto-Ex Eligible Participant if the Quote/Order of an NNMS Participant that is not an Auto-Ex Eligible Participant is priced better than the Quote/Order of any Auto-Ex Eligible Participant at that time. An Auto-Ex order (or an unexecuted portion thereof) will be cancelled if it cannot be immediately executed.
II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
In its filing with the Commission, Nasdaq included statements concerning the purpose of, and basis for, the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. Nasdaq has prepared summaries, set forth in Sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements.
A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
Nasdaq proposes to introduce a new SuperMontage order type, to be designated as the Auto-Ex order. The purpose of the order is to allow market participants to manage more precisely the timing of executing orders through SuperMontage. Accordingly, the order will execute solely against the Quotes/Orders of SuperMontage participants that participate in the system's automatic execution functionality. According to Nasdaq, many market participants and their customers place a high value on the speed of order execution, especially in circumstances where the price of a security may be moving rapidly. SuperMontage's automatic execution functionality was designed to offer market participants a speed of execution that is as fast as technically feasible “ on average, less than a second between order entry and order execution. However, in circumstances where a market participant values speed, it may be unable to receive the benefits of the system's efficiency if all or a portion of its order is delivered to an NNMS Order-Delivery ECN, which has up to 30 seconds to respond to the order (and which may respond by declining to fill the order). By contrast, many ECNs offer extremely rapid execution speeds to orders submitted to them directly. As a result, firms seeking rapid execution may avoid using SuperMontage and submit order directly to ECNs. The new order type will also allow an ECN subscriber that has submitted an order directly to an ECN to simultaneously access liquidity available from SuperMontage auto-ex participants without running the risk that its SuperMontage order will be delivered to the ECN to which it has already submitted an order.
Nasdaq believes that its market participants should have the option of seeking rapid, automatic executions through SuperMontage, as well as through direct connections with ECNs. Accordingly, the proposed Auto-Ex order would be eligible for execution solely against the Quotes/Orders of automatic execution participants. Start Printed Page 61530Auto-Ex orders will access liquidity available at multiple price levels, but under no circumstances would the order “trade through” the Quote/Order of an Order-Delivery ECN (or an auto-ex participant that charged an access fee). Thus, an Auto-Ex order would automatically be designated “Immediate or Cancel,” and the order (or any unexecuted portion thereof) would be cancelled whenever the best price available through SuperMontage solely reflects the Quote/Order of a market participant that is not eligible to receive the Auto-Ex order. Nasdaq believes that this feature of the order will assist market participants using the order in fulfilling their obligations to obtain best execution for their customers, and will also encourage ECNs to continue to offer liquidity through SuperMontage. As is currently the case, NNMS order-delivery participants will be accessible through all other types of non-directed orders, as well as Preferenced and Directed Orders. Auto-Ex orders may be either priced limit orders or market orders, and all market participants will be permitted to enter Auto-Ex orders.
Nasdaq believes that the processing of the Auto-Ex order type will be similar to the processing of orders in Nasdaq's SuperSOES system, which was operational in 2001 and 2002. SuperSOES orders executed automatically against the quotes of market participants at the inside market that had agreed to accept automatic executions. The quotes of non-auto-ex market participants, however, were accessible only through Nasdaq's SelectNet system, which operated in a manner similar to the Directed Order functionality of SuperMontage. Nasdaq believes that the proposed Auto-Ex order is also closely aligned in function and purpose to the “fill-or-return” order offered by at least one of the national securities exchanges that trade Nasdaq stocks.
At present, moreover, market participants can attempt to replicate the functionality of an Auto-Ex order by using a Preferenced Order, which executes solely against the Quote/Order of a recipient identified by the participant entering the order, and only if the recipient is at the best bid/best offer. Thus, a market participant seeking to access liquidity offered by an auto-ex participant at the inside market could preference an order to that market participant. However, in circumstances where a market participant seeks to work a large order by accessing the Quotes/Orders of several auto-ex participants at the best bid/best offer, use of this option would require the use of several orders, and therefore a higher cost. The Auto-Ex order, by contrast, will allow SuperMontage participants to access liquidity at the inside market as quickly and economically as possible.
2. Statutory Basis
Nasdaq believes that the proposed rule change is consistent with the provisions of section 15A of the Act, in general, and with section 15A(b)(6) of the Act, in particular, in that it is designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in regulating, clearing, settling, processing information with respect to, and facilitating transactions in securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. Nasdaq believes the proposed rule change would provide market participants with a voluntary tool to use on behalf of their customers when seeking to execute transactions as quickly as possible and at the lowest cost possible.
B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition
Nasdaq does not believe that the proposed rule change will result in any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act, as amended. The new order type established by this proposed rule change will allow market participants that opt to use it to access available liquidity almost instantaneously, thereby achieving efficient executions at best available prices for their customers. However, the order will not trade through the Quote/Order of an NNMS order delivery participant (or an auto-ex ECN that charged an access fee), and order-delivery participants will continue to be accessible through all other types of non-directed orders, as well as Preferenced and Directed Orders. As the Commission found when it determined that SuperSOES's comparable order processing functionality was consistent with the Act, “it is not likely that ECNs that choose order entry participation will be marginalized because ECNs are frequently at the best quote in the market.” Nasdaq believes that the processing functionality of the Auto-Ex order is no more likely to result in an inappropriate burden on competition than the processing functionality approved by the Commission in 2000.
C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others
Nasdaq neither solicited nor received written comments.
III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action
Within 35 days of the date of publication of this notice in the Federal Register or within such longer period (i) as the Commission may designate up to 90 days of such date if it finds such longer period to be appropriate and publishes its reasons for so finding, or (ii) as to which the NASD consents, the Commission will:
(A) By order approve such proposed rule change; or
(B) Institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be disapproved.
IV. Solicitation of Comments
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change, as amended, is consistent with the Act. Persons making written submissions should file six copies thereof with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0609. Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for inspection and copying in the Commission's Public Reference Room. Copies of such filings will also be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Association. Start Printed Page 61531All submissions should refer to File No. SR-NASD-2003-143 and should be submitted by November 18, 2003.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
3. See letter from Mary M. Dunbar, Vice President and Deputy General Counsel, Nasdaq, to Katherine A. England, Assistant Director, Division of Market Regulation (“Division”), Commission, dated October 2, 2003 (“Amendment No. 1”). In Amendment No. 1, Nasdaq amended the proposal to designate the proposed rule change as filed under section 19(b)(2) rather than section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act and replaced the original filing in its entirety.Back to Citation
4. See letter from John M. Yetter, Associate General Counsel, Nasdaq, to Katherine A. England, Assistant Director, Division, Commission, dated October 21, 2003 (“Amendment No. 2”). In Amendment No. 2, Nasdaq amended the proposed rule text and clarified certain aspects of the proposed rule change which included, in part, stating that all Nasdaq market participants would be permitted to enter Auto-Ex orders and that Auto-Ex orders would access liquidity available at multiple price levels, but under no circumstances would the order “trade through” the Quote/Order of an Order-Delivery ECN (or an auto-ex participant that charged an access fee).Back to Citation
5. In a prior filing, Nasdaq noted that the average response time of order-delivery ECNs is less than one second. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 48078 (June 24, 2003), 68 FR 39171 (July 1, 2003) (SR-NASD-2003-72). See also Securities Exchange Act Release No. 48196 (July 17, 2003), 68 FR 43777 (July 21, 2003) (SR-NASD-2003-108). Nasdaq notes that the response time to particular orders may be far longer, however. In addition, in many instances an ECN responds by declining to execute an order delivered to it. In that case, a rapid response by the ECN does not translate into a rapid execution of the order delivered to it.Back to Citation
6. See Amendment No. 2, supra note 4.Back to Citation
7. To help market participants control the costs of automatic order execution, an automatic execution participant that charged a separate quote-access fee to participants accessing its Quotes/Orders through SuperMontage would also be ineligible to receive an execution of an Auto-Ex order. However, it should be noted that none of Nasdaq's current automatic execution participants charges a separate quote access fee. Thus, the order would execute against the quotes of all of Nasdaq's current automatic execution participants, including the Chicago Stock Exchange.Back to Citation
8. See Amendment No. 2, supra note 4.Back to Citation
9. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 42344 (January 14, 2000), 65 FR 3987 (January 25, 2000) (SR-NASD-99-11); Securities Exchange Act Release No. 41296 (April 15, 1999), 64 FR 19844 (April 22, 1999) (SR-NASD-99-11).Back to Citation
10. See Pacific Exchange Rule 7.31(p) (describing “fill-or-return order” of the Archipelago Exchange facility of the Pacific Exchange, Inc.).Back to Citation
13. See Amendment No. 2, supra note 4.Back to Citation
14. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 42344 (January 14, 2000), 65 FR 3987, 3998 (January 25, 2000) (SR-NASD-99-11).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 03-27093 Filed 10-27-03; 8:45 am]
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