Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.
Pursuant to the Pork Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Act of 1985 (Act) and the Pork Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order (Order) issued thereunder, this proposed rule would decrease by five-hundredths to seven-hundredths of a cent per pound the amount of the assessment per pound due on imported pork and pork products to reflect a decrease in the 2002 average price for domestic barrows and gilts. This proposed action would bring the equivalent market value of the live animals from which such imported pork and pork products were derived in line with the market values of domestic porcine animals. In addition, this rule deletes two live porcine animal Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) numbers—0103.91.0000 and 0103.92.0000—and adds five new live porcine animal HTS numbers 0103.91.0010, 0103.91.0020, 0103.91.0030, 0103.92.0010, and 0103.92.0090—to the table in § 1230.110(a) in order to update the HTS numbers used for live porcine animals.
Comments must be received by January 16, 2004.
Send comments to Kenneth R. Payne, Chief; Marketing Programs Branch, Room 2638-S; Livestock and Seed Program; Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), USDA; STOP 0251; 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20250-0251. Comments may also be submitted electonrically to PorkComments@usda.gov or by fax at (202) 720-1125. All comments should reference the document number (LS-03-08), the date, and the page number of this issue of the Federal Register. Comments will be available for public inspection via the Internet at http://www.ams.usda.gov/lsg/mpb/rp-pork.htm or during regular business hours, 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. eastern time, Monday through Friday, at the above address.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Kenneth R. Payne, Chief, Marketing Programs Branch, (202) 720-1115.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Executive Order 12866
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has waived the review process required by Executive Order 12866 for this action.
This proposed rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This proposal is not intended to have a retroactive effect. The Act states that the statute is intended to occupy the field of promotion and consumer education involving pork and pork products and of obtaining funds thereof from pork producers and that the regulation of such activity (other than a regulation or requirement relating to a matter of public health or the provision of State or local funds for such activity) that is in addition to or different from the Act may not be imposed by a State.
The Act provides that administrative proceedings must be exhausted before parties may file suit in court. Under section 1625 of the Act, a person subject to an order may file a petition with the Secretary stating that such order, a provision of such order or an obligation imposed in connection with such order is not in accordance with the law; and requesting a modification of the order or an exemption from the order. Such person is afforded the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. After the hearing, the Secretary would rule on the petition. The Act provides that the district court of the United States in the district in which a person resides or Start Printed Page 70202does business has jurisdiction to review the Secretary's determination, if a complaint is filed not later than 20 days after the date such person receives notice of such determination.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
This action also was reviewed under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 United States Code (U.S.C.) 601 et seq.). The effect of the Order upon small entities initially was discussed in the September 5, 1986, issue of the Federal Register (51 FR 31898). It was determined at that time that the Order would not have a significant effect upon a substantial number of small entities. Many of the estimated 500 importers may be classified as small entities under the Small Business Administration definition (13 CFR 121.201).
This proposed rule would decrease the amount of assessments on imported pork and pork products subject to assessment by five-hundredths to seven-hundredths of a cent per pound, or as expressed in cents per kilogram, eleven-hundredths to fifteen-hundredths of a cent per kilogram. This decrease is consistent with the decrease in the annual average price of domestic barrows and gilts for calendar year 2002. The average annual market price decreased from $45.87 in 2001 to $37.09 in 2002, a decrease of about 20 percent. Adjusting the assessments on imported pork and pork products would result in an estimated decrease in assessments of approximately $562,000 over a 12-month period. Assessments collected on imported hogs, pork, and pork products for 2002 were $4,250,578. Accordingly, the Administrator of AMS has determined that this action would not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
The Act (7 U.S.C. 4801-4819) approved December 23, 1985, authorized the establishment of a national pork promotion, research, and consumer information program. The program was funded by an initial assessment rate of 0.25 percent of the market value of all porcine animals marketed in the United States and on imported porcine animals with an equivalent assessment on pork and pork products. However, that rate was increased to 0.35 percent in 1991 (56 FR 51635), to 0.45 percent effective September 3, 1995 (60 FR 29963), and then decreased to 0.40 percent effective September 30, 2002 (67 FR 58320). The final Order establishing a pork promotion, research, and consumer information program was published in the September 5, 1986, issue of the Federal Register (51 FR 31898; as corrected, at 51 FR 36383 and amended at 53 FR 1909, 53 FR 30243, 56 FR 4, 56 FR 51635, 60 FR 29963, 61 FR 29002, 62 FR 26205, 63 FR 45936, 64 FR 44643, 66 FR 67071, and 67 FR 58320) and assessments began on November 1, 1986.
The Order requires importers of porcine animals to pay U.S. Customs Service (USCS), upon importation, the assessment of 0.40 percent of the animal's declared value and importers of pork and pork products to pay USCS, upon importation, the assessment of 0.40 percent of the market value of the live porcine animals from which such pork and pork products were produced. This proposed rule would decrease the assessments on all imported pork and pork products subject to assessment as published in the Federal Register as a final rule September 16, 2002, and effective on September 30, 2002 (67 FR 58320). This decrease is consistent with the decrease in the annual average price of domestic barrows and gilts for calendar year 2002 as calculated by the Department of Agriculture's (Department), AMS, Livestock and Grain Market News (LGMN) Branch. This decrease in assessments would make the equivalent market value of the live porcine animal from which the imported pork and pork products were derived reflect the recent decrease in the market value of domestic porcine animals, thereby promoting comparability between importer and domestic assessments. This proposed rule would not change the current assessment rate of 0.40 percent of the market value.
The methodology for determining the per pound amounts for imported pork and pork products was described in the Supplementary Information accompanying the Order and published in the September 5, 1986, Federal Register at 51 FR 31901. The weight of imported pork and pork products is converted to a carcass weight equivalent by utilizing conversion factors that are published in the Department's Agricultural Handbook No. 697 “Conversion Factors and Weights and Measures.” These conversion factors take into account the removal of bone, weight lost in cooking or other processing, and the nonpork components of pork products. Secondly, the carcass weight equivalent is converted to a live animal equivalent weight by dividing the carcass weight equivalent by 74 percent, which is the average dressing percentage of porcine animals in the United States as recognized by the industry. Thirdly, the equivalent value of the live porcine animals is determined by multiplying the live animal equivalent weight by an annual average market price for barrows and gilts as calculated by LGMN Branch. Finally, the equivalent value is multiplied by the applicable assessment rate of 0.40 percent due on imported pork and pork products. The end result is expressed in an amount per pound for each type of pork or pork product. To determine the amount per kilogram for pork and pork products subject to assessment under the Act and Order, the cent per pound assessments are multiplied by a metric conversion factor 2.2046 and carried to the sixth decimal.
Since 2001, there has been a change in the way LGMN Branch reports hog prices. Due to the implementation of the Livestock Mandatory Price Reporting program, LGMN no longer report hogs on a live basis because most of the industry buys hogs on a carcass basis. Therefore, the annual average market price for barrows and gilts is now derived from the National Daily Direct Hog Price Report (Slaughtered). To convert this figure to a live basis it must be multiplied by 74 percent, the average dressing percentage of porcine animals.
The formula in the preamble for the Order at 51 FR 31901 contemplated that it would be necessary to recalculate the equivalent live animal value of imported pork and pork products to reflect changes in the rate of assessment or changes in the annual average price of domestic barrows and gilts to maintain equity of assessments between domestic and porcine animals and imported pork and pork products.
The average annual market price decreased from $45.87 per hundredweight in 2001 to $37.09 per hundredweight in 2002, a decrease of about 20 percent. This decrease would result in a corresponding decrease in assessments for all HTS numbers listed in the table in § 1230.110(b), 67 FR 58320; September 16, 2002, of an amount equal to five-hundredths to seven-hundredths of a cent per pound, or as expressed in cents per kilogram, eleven-hundredths to fifteen-hundredths of a cent per kilogram. Based on the most recent available Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census, data on the volume of imported pork and pork products imported during 2002, the proposed decrease in assessment amounts would result in an estimated $562,000 decrease in assessments over a 12-month period. The assessment rate for imported live hogs is not affected by the change in the cents per pound assessment rate for imported pork and pork products.
In addition, this rule deletes two live porcine animal Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) numbers—0103.91.0000 and 0103.92.0000—and adds five new Start Printed Page 70203live porcine animal HTS numbers 0103.91.0010, 0103.91.0020, 0103.91.0030, 0103.92.0010, and 0103.92.0090—to the table in § 1230.110(a) to reflect current USCS HTS numbers used for live porcine animals.
This proposed rule provides for a 30-day comment period. This comment period is deemed appropriate because the proposed rule simply provides for a decrease in the per pound assessment levels on imported pork and pork products to reflect changes in live hog prices which occurred during 2002. These live hog prices form the basis for the assessments. This adjustment, if adopted, should be made effective as soon as possible to bring the equivalent market value of live animals from which such imported pork and pork products were derived in line with the market values of domestic porcine animals.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 7 CFR part 1230
- Administrative practice and procedure
- Agricultural research
- Marketing agreement
- Meat and meat products
- Pork and pork products
For the reasons set forth in the preamble, it is proposed that 7 CFR part 1230 be amended as follows:Start Part
PART 1230—PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION
1. The authority citation for 7 CFR part 1230 continues to read as follows:
2. Section 1230.110 is revised to read as follows:
(a) The following Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) categories of imported live porcine animals are subject to assessment at the rate specified.
|Live porcine animals||Article description||Assessment|
|0103.10.0000||Purebred breeding animals||0.40 percent Customs Entered Value|
|0103.91.00||Other: Weighing less than 50 kg each|
|0103.91.0010||Weighing less than 7 kg each||0.40 percent Customs Entered Value|
|0103.91.0020||Weighing 7 kg or more but less than 23 kg each||0.40 percent Customs Entered Value|
|0103.91.0030||Weighing 23 kg or more but less than 50 kg each||0.40 percent each Customs Entered Value|
|0103.92.00||Weighing 50 kg or more each.|
|0103.92.0010||Imported for immediate slaughter||0.40 percent Customs Entered Value|
|0103.92.0090||Other||0.40 percent Customs Entered Value|
(b) The following HTS categories of imported pork and pork products are subject to assessment at the rates specified.
|Pork and pork products||Article description||Assessment|
|0203||Meat of swine, fresh, chilled, or frozen: Fresh or chilled:|
|0203.11.0000||Carcasses and half-carcasses||.20||.440920|
|0203.12.1010||Processed hams and cuts thereof, with bone in||.20||.440920|
|0203.12.1020||Processed shoulders and cuts thereof, with bone in||.20||.440920|
|0203.12.9010||Other hams and cuts thereof, with bone in||.20||.440920|
|0203.12.9020||Other shoulders and cuts thereof, with bone in||.20||.440920|
|0203.19.2010||Processed spare ribs||.23||.507058|
|0203.21.0000||Frozen carcasses and half-carcasses||.20||.440920|
|0203.22.1000||Frozen-processed hams, shoulders, and cuts thereof, with bone in||.20||.440920|
|0203.22.9000||Frozen-other hams, shoulders, and cuts thereof, with bone in||.20||.440920|
|0203.29.2000||Frozen processed other||.23||.507058|
|0203.29.4000||Frozen other: Other||.20||.440920|
|0206||Edible offal of bovine animals, swine, sheep, goats, horses, asses, mules or hinnies, fresh, chilled, or frozen:|
|0206.30.0000||Of swine, fresh or chilled||.20||.440920|
|0206.41.0000||Of swine, frozen: Livers||.20||.440920|
|0206.49.0000||Of swine, frozen: Other||.20||.440920|
|0210||Meat and edible meat offal, salted, in brine, dried or smoked; edible flours and meals of meat or meat offal:|
|0210.11.0010||Meat of swine: Hams and cuts thereof, with bone in||.20||.440920|
|0210.11.0020||Meat of swine: Shoulders and cuts thereof, with bone in||.20||.440920|
|0210.12.0020||Meat of swine: Bellies (streaky) and cuts thereof, Bacon||.20||.440920|
|0210.12.0040||Meat of swine: Bellies (streaky) and cuts thereof, Other||.20||.440920|
|0210.19.0010||Meat of swine: Canadian style bacon||.23||.507058|
|0210.19.0090||Meat of Swine: Other||.23||.507058|
|Start Printed Page 70204|
|1601||Sausages and similar products, of meat, meat offal or blood; food preparations based on these products:|
|1602||Other prepared or preserved meat, meat offal or blood.|
|1602.41.2020||Of swine: Boned and cooked and packed in airtight containers holding less than 1 kg||.30||.661380|
|1602.41.2040||Of swine: Other boned and cooked and packed in airtight containers||.30||.661380|
|1602.41.9000||Of swine: Other||.20||.440920|
|1602.42.2020||Of swine: Shoulders and cuts thereof: Boned and cooked and packed in airtight containers holding less than 1 kg||.30||.661380|
|1602.42.2040||Of swine: Shoulders and cuts thereof: Other boned and cooked and packed in airtight containers||.30||.661380|
|1602.42.4000||Of swine: Other shoulders and cuts thereof||.20||.440920|
|1602.49.2000||Of swine: Other, including mixtures: Not containing cereals or vegetables: Boned and cooked and packed in air-tight containers||.28||.617288|
|1602.49.4000||Of swine: Other, including mixtures: Not containing cereals or vegetables: Other||.23||.507058|
|1602.49.9000||Of swine: Other, including mixtures: Other||.23||.507058|
Dated: December 9, 2003.
Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.
[FR Doc. 03-31074 Filed 12-16-03; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-02-P