Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.
The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) is revising the hourly fees charged for Federal dairy grading and inspection services performed by the Dairy Grading Branch. Dairy grading and inspection services are voluntary and are financed through user-fees assessed to participants in the program. The hourly fees will be adjusted by this action to reflect the increased costs of providing service and to ensure that the Dairy Grading Branch operates on a financially self-supporting basis.
April 4, 2004.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Duane R. Spomer, Associate Deputy Administrator for Standards and Grading, USDA, AMS, Dairy Programs, telephone (202) 720-3171 or e-mail Duane.Spomer@usda.gov.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized by the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (AMA), as amended (7 U.S.C. 1621, et seq.), to provide voluntary Federal dairy grading and inspection services to facilitate the orderly marketing of dairy products and to enable consumers to obtain the quality of dairy products they desire. The AMA also provides for the collection of reasonable fees from users of the Federal dairy grading and inspection services that cover the cost of providing these services. The hourly fees are established by equitably distributing the program's projected operating costs over the estimated hours of service—revenue hours—provided to users of the service on a yearly basis. Program operating costs include employee salaries and benefits—which account for nearly 80 percent of the non-travel related operating costs—training, and administrative costs. Periodically, the fees must be adjusted to ensure that the program remains financially self-supporting.
AMS regularly reviews its user-fee-financed programs to determine if the fees are adequate. The most recent review determined that the existing fee schedule, effective January 4, 1998, would not generate sufficient revenues to recover operating costs for current and near-term periods while maintaining an adequate reserve balance. Costs in FY 2004 are projected at $5.95 million. Without a fee increase, FY 2004 revenues are projected at $5.71, and the trust fund balance would be $2.09 million. With a fee increase, FY 2004 revenues are projected at $6.14 million, and the trust fund balance would be $2.52 million.
Employee salaries and benefits account for approximately 80.0% of the non-travel related operating budget. The majority of travel costs are billed directly to the users of services provided by the Dairy Grading Branch on a cost-recovery basis. Since the January 4, 1998, fee increase, Federal salaries and location adjustments have increased annually. The average salary has increased approximately 17.4% during this 6-year period. As a result of these increases, annual salary and benefit costs to the program are approximately $556 thousand more today than in 1998. Inflation has also increased the operational and administrative costs associated with this program, and a fee increase is necessary to sustain the program. If the short fall is allowed to continue, it will place the Dairy Grading Branch in an unstable financial position that will adversely affect its ability to provide dairy grading and inspection services.
This proposal will also generate funds to automate current business practices of the Dairy Grading Branch that will minimize the extent of future fee increases. Automated business practices will also enhance customer services through improvements in office efficiency and timeliness of providing grading and inspection services and information to users of dairy grading and inspection services.
In view of these considerations, AMS will increase the hourly fees associated with Federal dairy grading and inspection services. The hourly fee for resident services provided between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. will increase from $51.00 to $57.00 per hour. The hourly fee for nonresident services between the hours of 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. will increase from $56.00 to $62.00 per hour. The hourly fee for resident services provided between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m. will be $61.60 and for nonresident services the fee will be $68.20. For services performed in excess of 8 hours per day and for services performed on Saturday, Sunday, and legal holidays, 11/2 times the base fee would apply, and as a result, the fee will increase from $84.00 per hour to $93.00 per hour.
Executive Order 12866
This action has been determined to be “not significant” for purposes of Executive Order 12866 and, therefore, has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
Regulatory Flexibility Act
Pursuant to the requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601, et seq.), the AMS has considered the economic impact of this action on small entities. It has determined that its provisions would not have a significant economic effect on a substantial number of small entities.
AMS provides voluntary Federal dairy product grading and inspection services to about 350 users of services provided by the Dairy Grading Branch. Manufacturing operations participating in the voluntary plant inspection program have their facility inspected against established construction and sanitation requirements. Dairy products manufactured in facilities complying with the USDA requirements are eligible to be inspected and graded against official quality standards and specifications established by AMS and certain contract provisions between buyer and seller. Products inspected or graded by the Dairy Grading Branch have certificates issued concerning the product's quality and condition. Many Start Printed Page 8798of these users are small entities under the criteria established by the Small Business Administration (13 CFR 121.201). This rule will raise the fee charged to businesses for voluntary inspection and grading services for dairy and related products and the evaluation of food processing equipment. Even though the fee will be raised, the increase is approximately 10.7% for nonresident service and 11.8% for resident service and will not significantly affect these entities. These businesses are under no obligation to use these voluntary user-fee based services, and any decision on their part to discontinue the use of the services would not prevent them from marketing their products. The AMS estimates that overall this rule would yield an additional $522,000 annually. This action reflects certain fee increases needed to recover the cost of inspection and grading services rendered in accordance with the Agricultural Marketing Act.
The AMS regularly reviews its user-fee financed programs to determine if fees are adequate and if costs are reasonable. The existing fee schedule will not generate sufficient revenues to cover program costs while maintaining an adequate reserve balance (four months of costs) as called for by Agency policy. Without a fee increase, total revenue projections—including travel revenue—for Fiscal Year 2004 would be $5.71 million. Total costs—including travel costs—for the same period of time are projected to increase to $5.95 million. The shortfall, if allowed to continue, would translate into a trust fund balance of $431 thousand or 0.8 months of operating reserve at the end of FY 2007, which is below the Agency policy requirement.
This action raises the hourly fees charged to users of Federal dairy inspection and grading services. AMS estimates this action will provide the Dairy Grading Branch an additional $522 thousand annually. This will generate revenue to recover program costs, automate business practices to minimize the extent of future fee increases, and enhance customer services through improvements in office efficiency and timeliness of providing grading and inspection information to users of these services.
Civil Justice Reform
This action has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This action is not intended to have retroactive effect. This rule will not preempt any State or local laws, regulations, or policies unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with this rule. There are no administrative procedures which must be exhausted prior to any judicial challenge to the provisions of this rule.
Paperwork Reduction Act
This action would not impose any additional reporting or recordkeeping requirements on users of Federal dairy grading and inspection services.
Comments and Responses
AMS published a proposed rule in the Federal Register on October 3, 2003 (68 FR 57882) to increase the fees for Federal dairy grading and inspection services and requested comments by November 3, 2003. The Agency did not receive comments on this proposal.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 58
- Dairy Products
- Food grades and standards
- Food labeling
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
For the reason set forth in the preamble, 7 CFR part 58 is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 58—GRADING AND INSPECTION, GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR APPROVED PLANTS AND STANDARDS FOR GRADES OF DAIRY PRODUCTSEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for 7 CFR part 58 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
2. In § 58.43, “$56.00” is removed and “$62.00” is added in its place, and “$61.60” is removed and “$68.20” is added in its place.End Amendment Part
3. In § 58.45, “$51.00” is removed and “$57.00” is added in its place.End Amendment Part Start Signature
Dated: February 20, 2004.
Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.
[FR Doc. 04-4222 Filed 2-25-04; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-02-P