Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.
We are adopting as a final rule, with two changes, an interim rule that amended the regulations governing the importation of citrus fruit to allow Unshu oranges grown on Honshu Island, Japan, to be imported without fumigation if the distribution of the fruit within the United States is limited to States that are not commercial citrus-producing States. We will continue to require fumigation if the fruit is distributed to commercial citrus-producing States. This final rule amends the regulations to include a reference to the island of Shikoku, along with the islands of Honshu and Kyushu, as an island from which Unshu oranges may be exported to the United States in accordance with the requirements of the regulations.
April 1, 2004.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Ms. Jeanne VanDersal, Import Specialist, Phytosanitary Issues Management, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 140, Riverdale, MD 20737-1231; (301) 734-6799.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Citrus canker is a disease that affects citrus and is caused by the infectious bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri (Hasse) Dye. The strain of citrus canker that occurs in Japan infects the twigs, leaves, and fruit of a wide spectrum of citrus species.
In an interim rule effective and published in the Federal Register on March 3, 2003 (68 FR 9851-9854, Docket No. 02-108-1), we amended the regulations governing the importation of citrus fruit in 7 CFR 319.28 (referred to below as the regulations) to allow Unshu oranges grown on Honshu Island, Japan, to be imported without fumigation if the distribution of the fruit within the United States was limited to non-citrus-producing States.
Comments on the interim rule were required to be received on or before May 2, 2003. We received one comment by that date. It was from a Japanese government official and is discussed below.
The commenter asked if Unshu oranges grown on the island of Shikoku were eligible for entry under the same conditions included in the interim rule for Honshu-grown Unshu oranges.
Previously, the regulations provided for the importation of Unshu oranges from approved, canker-free growing areas in Japan without specifying any particular islands or geographic areas in Japan. However, when we amended the regulations to provide for the importation of fumigated fruit into citrus-producing States (see 67 FR 4873-4877, Docket No. 99-099-2, published February 1, 2002), it was necessary to name the islands from which fruit could be exported, given the differing conditions that apply based on the origin and destination of the fruit. In that February 2002 final rule, we named only Honshu and Kyushu islands. Although Shikoku Island contains canker-free growing areas, there had been no exports of Unshu oranges to the United States from that island for several years, so we did not include a reference to Shikoku. This comment called our attention to our oversight; therefore, we are amending the regulations in this final rule to allow Unshu oranges grown in approved growing areas on Shikoku Island, Japan, to be imported without fumigation if the distribution of the fruit within the United States is limited to States that are not commercial citrus-producing States. As is the case with Unshu oranges from Honshu Island, we will require fumigation if the fruit is distributed to commercial citrus-producing States.
The commenter also asked when Hawaii was added to the list of commercial citrus-producing States, noting that the addition was never clearly explained. The commenter requested specific documentation of the rule in which Hawaii was added.
Hawaii was listed in both the February 2002 final rule cited previously and in the proposed rule that preceded it, which was published in the Federal Register on April 18, 2001 (66 FR 19892-19898, Docket No. 99-099-1). Hawaii was added to the list of commercial citrus-producing areas in § 301.75-5 of our domestic citrus canker regulations in a final rule published in the Federal Register on December 13, 1985 (50 FR 51228-51234, Docket No. 85-381).
The commenter requested that Japan have the opportunity to discuss specific details regarding box marking and the marking of individual fruit when Japan and the United States meet to prepare the bilateral (operational) workplan  for the export of Japanese Unshu oranges to the United States.
With respect to box labeling requirements, the regulations provide some flexibility by requiring only that the individual boxes in which the oranges are shipped be stamped or printed with a statement specifying the States into which the Unshu oranges may be imported, and from which they are prohibited removal under a Federal plant quarantine. The specific manner in which the required box marking will be accomplished will be covered in the bilateral workplan. With respect to individual fruit marking, the regulations currently contain no provisions for the marking of individual fruit. We understand that Japan may wish to mark individual fruit that has been fumigated, Start Printed Page 9744and is thus eligible for entry into commercial citrus-producing States, to distinguish such fruit from non-fumigated Unshu oranges. We will discuss this matter with Japan when we meet to prepare the bilateral workplan.
In a final rule published in the Federal Register on April 27, 2001 (see 66 FR 21049-21064), paragraph (a) of § 319.28 was divided into paragraphs (a)(1) through (a)(3). Prior to that final rule, those same provisions ran together in a single, undivided paragraph (a). At the end of what is now paragraph (a)(3) are two sentences that read “Seeds and processed peel of fruits designated in this section are excluded from this prohibition. Such seeds, however, are subject to the requirements of §§ 319.37 through 319.37-27.” Before we divided paragraph (a), it was clear that the exclusion for seeds and processed peel applied to the entire paragraph. However, now that those sentences are located at the end of paragraph (a)(3), it may appear that the exclusion applies only to paragraph (a)(3). Therefore, for the sake of clarity, we are removing those two sentences from paragraph (a)(3) and placing them in a new paragraph (a)(4).
Therefore, for the reasons given in the interim rule and in this document, we are adopting the interim rule as a final rule, with the changes discussed in this document.
This final rule also affirms the information contained in the interim rule concerning Executive Order 12866 and the Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Order 12988, and the Paperwork Reduction Act.
Further, this final rule has been determined to be not significant for the purposes of Executive Order 12866 and, therefore, has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 319
- Nursery stock
- Plant diseases and pests
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
Accordingly, the interim rule amendingEnd Amendment Part Start Part
PART 319—FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICESEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 319 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Section 319.28 is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
a. In paragraph (a)(3), by removing the last two sentences of the paragraph.End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
b. By adding a new paragraph (a)(4) to read as set forth below.End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
c. In paragraph (b)(5), first and third sentences, and paragraphs (b)(7)(i) and (b)(7)(ii), by adding the words “or Shikoku Island” after the words “Honshu Island.”End Amendment Part
(a) * * *
(4) Seeds and processed peel of fruits designated in this section are excluded from this prohibition. Such seeds, however, are subject to the requirements of §§ 319.37 through 319.37-27.
Done in Washington, DC, this 26th day of February 2004.
Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
1. A bilateral workplan is a written agreement between the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and a foreign plant protection organization that clarifies the responsibilities of each organization in enforcing APHIS regulations that pertain to preclearance export programs. The workplan also clarifies how specific aspects of the program operate, and may include directives as to how certain pest problems must be remedied. The workplan goes into more detail regarding the day-to-day operation of the program than do the regulations and, because of their separation from the regulations, workplans are flexible and can be revised as needed within the framework established by the regulations based on changing circumstances in the exporting country. Failure of the exporting country to abide by the conditions of the workplan is grounds for suspension, and possibly cancellation, of the export program.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 04-4600 Filed 3-1-04; 8:45 am]
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