National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Department of Transportation.
This final rule announces NHTSA's determination for model year (MY) 2005 high-theft vehicle lines that are subject to the parts-marking requirements of the Federal motor vehicle theft prevention standard, and high-theft MY 2005 lines that are exempted from the parts-marking requirements because the vehicles are equipped with antitheft devices determined to meet certain statutory criteria pursuant to the statute relating to motor vehicle theft prevention.
The amendment made by this final rule is effective March 3, 2004.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Ms. Rosalind Proctor, Consumer Standards Division, Office of International Policy, Fuel Economy and Consumer Programs, NHTSA, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590. Ms. Proctor's telephone number is (202) 366-0846. Her fax number is (202) 493-2290.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The Anti Car Theft Act of 1992, Pub. L. 102-519, amended the law relating to the partsmarking of major component parts on designated high-theft vehicle lines and other motor vehicles. The Anti Car Theft Act amended the definition of “passenger motor vehicle” in 49 U.S.C. 33101(10) to include a “multipurpose passenger vehicle or light duty truck when that vehicle or truck is rated at not more than 6,000 pounds gross vehicle weight.” Since “passenger motor vehicle” was previously defined to include passenger cars only, the effect of the Anti Car Theft Act is that certain multipurpose passenger vehicle (MPV) and light-duty truck (LDT) lines may be determined to be high-theft vehicles subject to the Federal motor vehicle theft prevention standard (49 CFR part 541).
The purpose of the theft prevention standard is to reduce the incidence of motor vehicle theft by facilitating the tracing and recovery of parts from stolen vehicles. The standard seeks to facilitate such tracing by requiring that vehicle identification numbers (VINs), VIN derivative numbers, or other symbols be placed on major component vehicle parts. The theft prevention standard requires motor vehicle manufacturers to inscribe or affix VINs onto covered original equipment major component parts, and to inscribe or affix a symbol identifying the manufacturer and a common symbol identifying the replacement component parts for those original equipment parts, on all vehicle lines selected as high-theft.
The Anti Car Theft Act also amended 49 U.S.C. 33103 to require NHTSA to promulgate a parts-marking standard applicable to major parts installed by manufacturers of “passenger motor vehicles (other than light duty trucks) in not more than one-half of the lines not designated under 49 U.S.C. 33104 as high-theft lines.” NHTSA lists each of the selected lines not designated under 49 U.S.C. 33104 as high-theft lines in Appendix B to part 541. Since § 33103 did not specify marking of replacement parts for below-median lines, the agency does not require marking of replacement parts for these lines. NHTSA published a final rule amending 49 CFR part 541 to include the definitions of MPV and LDT, and major component parts. [See 59 FR 64164, December 13, 1994].
49 U.S.C. 33104(a)(3) specifies that NHTSA shall select high-theft vehicle lines, with the agreement of the manufacturer, if possible. Section 33104(d) provides that once a line has been designated as likely high-theft, it remains subject to the theft prevention standard unless that line is exempted under § 33106. Section 33106 provides that a manufacturer may petition to have a high-theft line exempted from the requirements of § 33104, if the line is equipped with an antitheft device as standard equipment. The exemption is granted if NHTSA determines that the antitheft device is likely to be as effective as compliance with the theft prevention standard in reducing and deterring motor vehicle thefts.
The agency annually publishes the names of the lines which were previously listed as high-theft, and the lines which are being listed for the first time and will be subject to the theft prevention standard beginning in a given model year in Appendix A to part 541. It also identifies in Appendix A-I to part 541 those lines that are exempted from the theft prevention standard for a given model year under § 33104. Additionally, this listing identifies those lines (except light-duty trucks) in Appendix B to part 541 that have theft rates below the 1990/1991 median theft rate but are subject to the requirements of this standard under § 33103.
On July 2, 2003, the final listing of high-theft lines for the MY 2004 vehicle lines was published in the Federal Register (68 FR 39471). The final listing identified two vehicle lines, the Toyota Scion xA and Scion xB that were listed for the first time and became subject to the theft prevention standard beginning with the 2004 model year.
For MY 2005, there were no new vehicle lines identified as likely to be high-theft lines, in accordance with the procedures published in 49 CFR part 542.
The vehicle lines listed as being subject to the parts-marking standard have previously been designated as high-theft lines in accordance with the procedures set forth in 49 CFR Part 542. Start Printed Page 9965Under these procedures, manufacturers evaluate new vehicle lines to conclude whether those new lines are likely to be high theft. The manufacturer submits these evaluations and conclusions to the agency, which makes an independent evaluation; and, on a preliminary basis, determines whether the new line should be subject to the parts-marking requirements. NHTSA informs the manufacturer in writing of its evaluations and determinations, together with the factual information considered by the agency in making them. The manufacturer may request the agency to reconsider the preliminary determinations. Within 60 days of the receipt of these requests, the agency makes its final determination. NHTSA informs the manufacturer by letter of these determinations and its response to the request for reconsideration. If there is no request for reconsideration, the agency's determination becomes final 45 days after sending the letter with the preliminary determination. Each of the new lines on the high-theft list has been the subject of a final determination under either 49 U.S.C. 33103 or 33104.
The list of lines that have been exempted by the agency from the parts-marking requirements of Part 541 includes a high-theft line newly exempted in full beginning with MY 2005. The vehicle line newly exempted in full is the DaimlerChrysler Corporation's (DaimlerChrysler) Town and Country MPV. The agency granted DaimlerChrysler's petition for an exemption of its Town and Country MPV from the parts-marking requirements of the Federal Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard beginning with the 2005 model year (68 FR 46676, August 6, 2003). Subsequent to publishing the 2004 final rule, the agency granted BMW of North America, Inc.'s petition for an exemption of its Carline 6 from the parts-marking requirements beginning with the 2004 model year (68 FR 69127, December 11, 2003). Accordingly, the listing has been amended to reflect that two lines previously designated as high-theft lines have been deleted from Appendix A and added to Appendix A-I. The vehicle lines listed as being exempt from the standard have previously been exempted in accordance with the procedures of 49 CFR Part 543 and 49 U.S.C. 33106.
Similarly, the low-theft lines listed as being subject to the parts-marking standard have previously been designated in accordance with the procedures set forth in 49 U.S.C. 33103.
Therefore, NHTSA finds for good cause that notice and opportunity for comment on these listings are unnecessary. Further, public comment on the listing of selections and exemptions is not contemplated by 49 U.S.C. Chapter 331.
For the same reasons, since this revised listing only informs the public of previous agency actions and does not impose additional obligations on any party, NHTSA finds for good cause that the amendment made by this notice should be effective as soon as it is published in the Federal Register.
1. Costs and Other Impacts
NHTSA has analyzed this rule and determined that it is not “significant” within the meaning of the Department of Transportation's regulatory policies and procedures. The agency has also considered this notice under Executive Order 12866. As already noted, the selections in this final rule have previously been made in accordance with the provisions of 49 U.S.C. 33104, and the manufacturers of the selected lines have already been informed that those lines are subject to the requirements of 49 CFR Part 541 for MY 2005. Further, this listing does not actually exempt lines from the requirements of 49 CFR Part 541; it only informs the general public of all such previously granted exemptions. Since the only purpose of this final listing is to inform the public of actions for MY 2005 that the agency has already taken, a full regulatory evaluation has not been prepared.
2. Regulatory Flexibility Act
The agency has also considered the effects of this listing under the Regulatory Flexibility Act. I hereby certify that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. As noted above, the effect of this final rule is simply to inform the public of those lines that are already subject to the requirements of 49 CFR Part 541 for MY 2005. The agency believes that the listing of this information will not have any economic impact on small entities.
3. Environmental Impacts
In accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, the agency has considered the environmental impacts of this rule, and determined that it will not have any significant impact on the quality of the human environment.
This action has been analyzed in accordance with the principles and criteria contained in Executive Order 12612, and it has been determined that this final rule does not have sufficient Federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a Federalism Assessment.
5. Civil Justice Reform
This final rule does not have a retroactive effect. In accordance with section 33118 when the Theft Prevention Standard is in effect, a State or political subdivision of a State may not have a different motor vehicle theft prevention standard for a motor vehicle or major replacement part. 49 U.S.C. 33117 provides that judicial review of this rule may be obtained pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 32909. Section 32909 does not require submission of a petition for reconsideration or other administrative proceedings before parties may file suit in court.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 49 CFR Part 541
- Administrative practice and procedure
- Motor vehicles
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
In consideration of the foregoing, 49 CFR Part 541 is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 541—[AMENDED]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for Part 541 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. In Part 541, Appendices A and AI are revised. Appendices A and AI are revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Appendix
Appendix A to Part 541—Lines Subject to the Requirements of This Standard
|ALFA ROMEO||Milano 161|
|Start Printed Page 9966|
|Chrysler Fifth Avenue/Newport|
|Chrysler LeBaron/Town & Country|
|Chrysler LeBaron GTS|
|Chrysler New Yorker Fifth Avenue|
|Jeep Cherokee (MPV)|
|Jeep Liberty (MPV)|
|Jeep Wrangler (MPV)|
|Plymouth Gran Fury|
|GENERAL MOTORS||Buick Electra|
|Chevrolet Blazer (MPV)|
|Chevrolet S-10 Pickup|
|Chevrolet Tracker (MPV)|
|GMC Jimmy (MPV)|
|GMC Sonoma Pickup|
|Oldsmobile Achieva (1997-1998)|
|Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1988-1997)|
|Saturn Sports Coupe (1991-2002)|
|Start Printed Page 9967|
|Acura MDX (MPV)|
|300 SE (1988-1991)|
|300 TD (1987)|
|300 SDL (1987)|
|350 SDL (1990-1991)|
|420 SEL (1987-1991)|
|560 SEL (1987-1991)|
|560 SEC (1987-1991)|
|Montero Sport (MPV)|
|Legacy Outback (1995-2004)|
|Vitara/Grand Vitara (MPV)|
|TOYOTA||Toyota 4-Runner (MPV)|
|Toyota Corolla/Corolla Sport|
|Toyota Highlander (MPV)|
|Toyota Matrix (MPV)|
|Toyota MR2 Spyder|
|Toyota RAV4 (MPV)|
|Toyota Sienna (MPV)|
|Start Printed Page 9968|
|Lexus LX470 (MPV)|
|Lexus RX300 (MPV)|
Appendix A—I High-Theft Lines With Antitheft Devices Which Are Exempted From the Parts-Marking Requirements of This Standard Pursuant to 49 CFR Part 543
|3 Car Line|
|5 Car Line|
|6 Car Line 1|
|7 Car Line|
|8 Car Line|
|DAIMLERCHRYSLER||Jeep Grand Cherokee|
|Chrysler Town and Country MPV 2|
|FORD||Lincoln Town Car|
|Mercury Sable (2001-2004)|
|Mercury Grand Marquis|
|GENERAL MOTORS||Buick LeSabre|
|Buick Park Avenue|
|Chevrolet Classic 3|
|Chevrolet Impala/Monte Carlo|
|Chevrolet Lumina/Monte Carlo (1996-1999)|
|Chevrolet Malibu (2001-2003)|
|Pontiac Grand Am|
|Pontiac Grand Prix|
|Acura Legend (1991-1996)|
|Acura Vigor (1992-1995)|
|MERCEDES-BENZ||124 Car Line (the models within this line are):|
|129 Car Line (1993-2002)—the models within this line are:|
|Start Printed Page 9969|
|202 Car Line (the models within this line are):|
|Audi Allroad Quattro (MPV)|
|Volkswagen Jetta/Jetta III|
|1 Line exempted in full beginning with MY 2004.|
|2 Line exempted in full beginning with MY 2005.|
|3 The Chevrolet Malibu (produced from MY 1997-2003) was renamed the Chevrolet Classic beginning with MY 2004.|
Issued on: February 24, 2004.
Stephen R. Kratzke,
Associate Administrator for Rulemaking.
[FR Doc. 04-4772 Filed 3-2-04; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-59-P