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Self-Regulatory Organizations; Emerging Markets Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing and Order Approving a Request for an Extension of Temporary Registration as a Clearing Agency

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Start Preamble March 9, 2004.

Pursuant to Section 19(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”),[1] notice is hereby given that on January 26, 2004, the Emerging Markets Clearing Corporation (“EMCC”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”) a request that the Commission extend EMCC's temporary registration as a clearing agency.[2] The Commission is publishing this notice and order to solicit comments from interested persons and to extend EMCC's temporary registration as a clearing agency through March 31, 2005.

On February 13, 1998, pursuant to Sections 17A(b) and 19(a)(1) of the Act [3] and Rule 17Ab2-1 promulgated Start Printed Page 12188thereunder,[4] the Commission approved on a temporary basis until August 20, 1999, EMCC's application for registration as a clearing agency.[5] By subsequent orders, the Commission has extended EMCC's registration as a clearing agency through March 31, 2004.[6]

EMCC was created to facilitate the clearance and settlement of transactions in U.S. dollar denominated Brady Bonds.[7] EMCC began operating on April 6, 1998, with ten dealer members. Since it began operations, EMCC has added certain emerging market sovereign debt and corporate debt to the list of eligible securities that may be cleared and settled at EMCC.[8]

As part of EMCC's initial temporary registration, the Commission granted EMCC a temporary exemption from Section 17A(b)(3)(B) of the Act [9] because EMCC did not provide for the admission of some of the categories of members required by that section.[10] To date, EMCC's rules still only provide membership criteria for U.S. broker-dealers, United Kingdom broker-dealers, U.S. banks, and non-U.S. banks. As the Commission noted in the Registration Order, the Commission believes that it is appropriate for EMCC to limit the categories of members during its initial years of operations because to date no entity in a category not covered by EMCC's rules has expressed an interest in becoming a member.[11] Accordingly, the Commission is extending EMCC's temporary exemption from Section 17A(b)(3)(B).

The Commission also granted EMCC a temporary exemption from Sections 17A(b)(3)(A) [12] and 17A(b)(3)(F) [13] of the Act to permit EMCC to use, subject to certain limitations, ten percent of its clearing fund to collateralize a line of credit at Euroclear used to finance on an intraday basis the receipt by EMCC of eligible instruments from one member that EMCC will redeliver to another member.[14] The Registration Order limited EMCC's use of clearing fund deposits for this intraday financing to the earlier of one year after EMCC commenced operations or the date on which EMCC begins its netting service. On April 2 and May 17, 1999, the Commission approved rule changes that permitted EMCC to implement a netting service and that extended EMCC's ability to use clearing fund deposits for intraday financing at Euroclear until all EMCC members are netting members.[15] Because not all of EMCC's members have become netting members, the Commission is extending EMCC's temporary exemption from Section 17A(b)(3)(A) and (F).

In addition, because EMCC is currently in the process of revising its foreign member program, including its membership application process and ongoing financial requirements, the Commission is extending EMCC's temporary registration so that EMCC can complete its revisions and Commission staff has time to assess the revised foreign member program.

Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing application. Such written data, views, and arguments will be considered by the Commission in granting permanent registration or in instituting proceedings to determine whether permanent registration should be denied in accordance with Section 19(a)(1) of the Act.[16] Persons making written submissions should file six copies thereof with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 5th Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0609. Comments may also be submitted electronically at the following e-mail address: All comment letters should refer to File No. 600-30. This file number should be included on the subject line if e-mail is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, comments should be sent in hardcopy or by e-mail but not by both methods. Copies of the amended application for registration, all written statements with respect to the application that are filed with the Commission, all written communications relating to the application between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, and all written comments will be available for inspection at the Commission's Public Reference Room, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549. All submissions should refer to File No. 600-30 and should be submitted by April 5, 2004.

It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(a) of the Act, that EMCC's registration as a clearing agency (File No. 600-30) be and hereby is temporarily approved through March 31, 2005.

Start Signature

For the Commission by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.[17]

Jill M. Peterson,

Assistant Secretary.

End Signature End Preamble


2.  Letter from Karen L. Saperstein, General Counsel, EMCC (Jan. 23, 2004).

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3.  15 U.S.C. 78q-1(b) and 78s(a)(1).

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5.  Securities Exchange Act Release No. 39661 (Feb. 13, 1998), 63 FR 8711 (Feb. 20, 1998) (“Registration Order”).

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6.  Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 41733 (Aug. 12, 1999), 64 FR 44982 (Aug. 18, 1999); 43182 (Aug. 18, 2000), 65 FR 51880 (Aug. 25, 2000); and 44707 (Aug, 15, 2001), 66 FR 43941 (Aug. 21, 2001); 45648 (Mar. 26, 2002), 67 FR 15438 (Apr. 1, 2002); 47602 (March 31, 2003), 68 FR 16848 (April 7, 2003).

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7.  Brady bonds are restructured bank loans that were first issued pursuant to a plan developed by then U.S. Treasury Secretary Nicholas Brady to assist debt-ridden countries restructure their sovereign debt into commercially marketable securities. The plan provided for the exchange of bank loans for collateralized debt securities as part of an internationally supported sovereign debt restructuring. Typically, U.S. Treasury zero-coupon bonds and other high-grade instruments collateralize the principal and certain interest of these bonds.

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8.  Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 40363 (Aug. 25, 1998), 63 FR 46263 (Aug. 31, 1998); 41618 (July 14, 1999), 64 FR 39181 (July 21, 1999); and 46714 (Oct. 23, 2002), 67 FR 66031 (Oct. 29, 2002).

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9.  15 U.S.C. 78q-1(b)(3)(B).

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10.  Registration Order at 8716.

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11.  EMCC has represented to the staff that it will modify its rules to provide admission criteria for other entities that wish to become EMCC members.

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12.  15 U.S.C. 78q-1(b)(3)(A).

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13.  15 U.S.C. 78q-1(b)(3)(F).

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14.  Registration Order at 8720.

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15.  Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 41247 (Apr. 2, 1999), 64 FR 17705 (Apr. 12, 1999) and 41415 (May 17, 1999), 64 FR 27841 (May 21, 1999).

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17.  17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(50)(i).

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[FR Doc. 04-5788 Filed 3-12-04; 8:45 am]