Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.
Notice of proposed special conditions.
This document proposes special conditions for Airbus Model A330, A340-200 and A340-300 series airplanes. These airplanes will have novel or unusual design features associated with a lower deck mobile crew rest (LD-MCR) compartment. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for this design feature. These proposed special conditions contain the additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards.
Comments must be received on or before October 4, 2004.
Comments on this proposal may be mailed in duplicate to: Federal Aviation Administration, Transport Airplane Directorate, Attn: Rules Docket (ANM-113), Docket No. NM287, 1601 Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington 98055-4056; or delivered in duplicate to the Transport Airplane Directorate at the above address. Comments must be marked: Docket No. NM287. Comments may be inspected in the Rules Docket weekdays, except Federal holidays, between 7:30 a.m. and 4 p.m.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Tim Backman, FAA, International Branch, ANM-116, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service, 1601 Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington, 98055-4056; telephone (425) 227-2797; facsimile (425) 227-1149.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The FAA invites interested persons to participate in this rulemaking by submitting written comments, data, or views. The most helpful comments reference a specific portion of the special conditions, explain the reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data. We ask that you send us two copies of written comments.
We will file in the docket all comments we receive as well as a report summarizing each substantive public contact with FAA personnel concerning these special conditions. The docket is available for public inspection before and after the comment closing date. If you wish to review the docket in person, go to the address in the ADDRESSES section of this preamble between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
We will consider all comments we receive on or before the closing date for comments. We will consider comments filed late if it is possible to do so without incurring expense or delay. We may change these special conditions in light of the comments we receive.
If you want the FAA to acknowledge receipt of your comments on this proposal, include with your comments a pre-addressed, stamped postcard on which the docket number appears. We will stamp the date on the postcard and mail it back to you.
On March 20, 2003, Airbus applied for a change to Type Certificate Numbers A46NM and A43NM to permit installation of an LD-MCR compartment in Airbus Model A330, A340-200, and A340-300 series airplanes.
The LD-MCR compartment will be located under the passenger cabin floor in the aft cargo compartment of Airbus Model A330, A340-200 and A340-300 series airplanes. It will be the size of a standard airfreight container and will be removable from the cargo compartment. The LD-MCR compartment will be occupied in flight but not during taxi, takeoff or landing. No more than seven crewmembers at a time will be permitted to occupy it. The LD-MCR compartment will have a smoke detection system, a fire extinguishing system and an oxygen system.
The LD-MCR compartment will be accessed from the main deck via a “stairhouse.” The floor within the stairhouse has a hatch that leads to stairs which occupants use to descend into the LD-MCR compartment. An interface will keep this hatch open when the stairhouse door is open. In addition, there will be an emergency hatch which opens directly into the main passenger cabin. The LD-MCR compartment has a maintenance door which allows access to and from the cargo compartment. This door is intended to be used when the airplane is not in flight for cargo loading through the LD-MCR compartment and for maintenance personnel access to the airplane through the LD-MCR compartment from the cargo compartment.
Type Certification Basis
Under the provisions of § 21.101, Airbus must show that Airbus Model A330, A340-200, and A340-300 series airplanes, as changed, continue to meet (1) the applicable provisions of the regulations incorporated by reference in A46NM (for Airbus Model A330) and in A43NM (for Airbus Model A340-200 and A340-300 series airplanes) or (2) the applicable regulations in effect on the date of application for the change. The regulations incorporated by reference in the type certificate are commonly referred to as the “original type certification basis.” The regulations incorporated by reference in A46NM and A43NM are as follows:
The certification basis for Airbus Models A330-300, A340-200, and A340-300 series airplanes is 14 CFR part 25, as amended by Amendments 25-1 through 25-63; certain regulations at later Amendments 25-65, 25-66, and 25-77; and Amendment 25-64 with exceptions. Refer to Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) A46NM or A43NM, as applicable, for a complete description of the certification basis for these models, including certain special conditions that are not relevant to these proposed special conditions.
The certification basis for Airbus Model A330-200 series airplanes is 14 CFR part 25, as amended by Amendments 25-1 through 25-63, 25-65, 25-66, 25-68, 25-69, 25-73, 25-75, 25-77, 25-78, 25-81, 25-82, 25-84 and Start Printed Page 5384225-85; certain regulations at Amendments 25-72 and 25-74; and Amendment 25-64 with exceptions. Refer to TCDS A46NM for a complete description of the certification basis for that model, including certain special conditions that are not relevant to these proposed special conditions.
If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for Airbus Model A330, A340 -200, and A340-300 series airplanes because of a novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed under the provisions of § 21.16.
In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special conditions, Airbus Model A330, A340-200, and A340-300 series airplanes must comply with the fuel vent and exhaust emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34 and with the noise certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36, and the FAA must issue a finding of regulatory adequacy pursuant to § 611 of Public Law 92-574, the “Noise Control Act of 1972.”
Special conditions, as defined in § 11.19, are issued in accordance with § 11.38 and become part of the type certification basis in accordance with § 21.101.
Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended later to include any other model that incorporates the same or similar novel or unusual design feature, or should any other model already included on the same type certificate be modified to incorporate the same or similar novel or unusual design feature, the special conditions would also apply to the other model under the provisions of § 21.101.
Novel or Unusual Design Features
While the installation of a LD-MCR compartment is not a new concept for large transport category airplanes, each crew rest compartment has unique features based on design, location, and use on the airplane. The LD-MCR compartment is novel in regards to part 25 in that it will be located below the passenger cabin floor in the aft cargo compartment of Airbus Model A330, A340-200, and A340-300 series airplanes. Due to the novel or unusual features associated with the installation of a LD-MCR compartment, special conditions are considered necessary to provide a level of safety equal to that established by the airworthiness regulations incorporated by reference in the type certificates of these airplanes. These special conditions do not negate the need to address other applicable part 25 regulations.
Operational Evaluations and Approval
These special conditions specify requirements for design approvals (i.e., type design changes and supplemental type certificates) of LD-MCR compartments administered by the FAA's Aircraft Certification Service. Prior to operational use of a LD-MCR compartment, the FAA's Flight Standards Service, Aircraft Evaluation Group (AEG), must evaluate and approve the “basic suitability” of the LD-MCR compartment for occupation by crewmembers. If an operator wishes to utilize a LD-MCR compartment as “sleeping quarters,” the LD-MCR compartment must undergo an additional operational evaluation and approval.
To obtain an operational evaluation, the type design holder must contact the AEG within the Flight Standards Service which has operational approval authority for the project. In this instance, it is the Seattle AEG. The type design holder must request a “basic suitability” evaluation or a “sleeping quarters” evaluation of the crew rest.
The results of these evaluations will be documented in the A330, A340-200 and A340-300 Flight Standardization Board (FSB) Report Appendix. In discussions with their FAA Principal Operating Inspector (POI), individual operators may reference these standardized evaluations as the basis for an operational approval, in lieu of an on-site operational evaluation.
An operational re-evaluation and approval will be required for any changes to the approved LD-MCR compartment configuration, if the changes affect procedures for emergency egress of crewmembers, other safety procedures for crewmembers occupying the LD-MCR compartment, or training related to these procedures. The applicant for any such change is responsible for notifying the Seattle AEG that a new crew rest evaluation is required.
All instructions for continued airworthiness (ICAW), including service bulletins, must be submitted to the Seattle AEG for approval acceptance before the FAA issues its approval of the modification.
Discussion of the Proposed Special Conditions
The following clarifies how proposed Special Condition No. 9 should be understood relative to the requirements of § 25.1439(a). Amendment 25-38 modified the requirements of § 25.1439(a) by adding the following language,
In addition, protective breathing equipment must be installed in each isolated separate compartment in the airplane, including upper and lower lobe galleys, in which crewmember occupancy is permitted during flight for the maximum number of crewmembers expected to be in the area during any operation.
Section 25.1439(a) requires protective breathing equipment (PBE) in isolated separate compartments in which crewmember occupancy is permitted. But the PBE requirements of § 25.1439(a) are not appropriate in this case, because the LD-MCR compartment is novel and unusual in terms of the number of occupants.
In 1976, when Amendment 25-38 was adopted, underfloor galleys were the only isolated compartments that had been certificated, with a maximum of two crewmembers expected to occupy those galleys. Special Condition No. 9 addresses PBE requirements for LD-MCR compartments, which can accommodate up to 7 crewmembers. This number of occupants in an isolated compartment was not envisioned at the time Amendment 25-38 was adopted.
In the event of a fire, the occupant's first action should be to leave the confined space, unless the occupant(s) is fighting the fire. It is not appropriate for all LD-MCR compartment occupants to don PBE. Taking the time to don the PBE would prolong the time for the occupant's emergency evacuation and possibly interfere with efforts to extinguish the fire.
In regards to Special Condition No. 12, the FAA considers that during the one minute smoke detection time, penetration of a small quantity of smoke from the LD-MCR compartment into an occupied area on this airplane configuration would be acceptable based upon the limitations placed in these special conditions. The FAA determination considers that the special conditions place sufficient restrictions in the quantity and type of material allowed in crew carry-on bags that the threat from a fire in this remote area would be equivalent to that experienced on the main cabin.
As mentioned above, these special conditions are applicable to Airbus Model A330, A340-200 and A340-300 series airplanes. Should Airbus apply at a later date for a change to the type certificate to include another model incorporating the same novel or unusual design feature, these special conditions would apply to that model as well.Start List of Subjects Start Printed Page 53843
List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25
- Aviation safety
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows:
The Proposed Special Conditions
Accordingly, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) proposes the following special conditions as part of the type certification basis for Airbus Model A330, A340-200 and A340-300 series airplanes with a lower deck mobile crew rest (LD-MCR) compartment installed under the passenger cabin floor in the aft cargo compartment.
1. Occupancy of the LD-MCR compartment is limited to the total number of installed bunks and seats in each compartment. For each occupant permitted in the LD-MCR compartment, there must be an approved seat or berth able to withstand the maximum flight loads when occupied. The maximum occupancy in the LD-MCR compartment is seven.
(a) There must be appropriate placards displayed in a conspicuous place at each entrance to the LD-MCR compartment indicating the following information:
(1) The maximum number of occupants allowed;
(2) That occupancy is restricted to crewmembers trained in the evacuation procedures for the LD-MCR compartment;
(3) That occupancy is prohibited during taxi, take-off and landing;
(4) That smoking is prohibited in the LD-MCR compartment; and
(5) That the LD-MCR compartment is limited to the stowage of personal luggage of crewmembers and must not be used for the stowage of cargo or passenger baggage.
(b) There must be at least one ashtray located conspicuously on or near the entry side of any entrance to the LD-MCR compartment.
(c) There must be a means to prevent passengers from entering the LD-MCR compartment in an emergency or when no flight attendant is present.
(d) There must be a means for any door installed between the LD-MCR compartment and the passenger cabin to be capable of being quickly opened from inside the LD-MCR compartment, even when crowding occurs at each side of the door.
(e) For all doors installed in the evacuation routes, there must be a means to preclude anyone from being trapped inside a compartment. If a locking mechanism is installed, it must be capable of being unlocked from the outside without the aid of special tools. The lock must not prevent opening from the inside of a compartment at any time.
2. There must be at least two emergency evacuation routes, which could be used by each occupant of the LD-MCR compartment to rapidly evacuate to the main cabin and could be closed from the main passenger cabin after evacuation.
(a) The routes must be located with one at each end of the LD-MCR compartment or with two having sufficient separation within the LD-MCR compartment and between the routes to minimize the possibility of an event (either inside or outside of the LD-MCR compartment) rendering both routes inoperative.
(b) The routes must be designed to minimize the possibility of blockage, which might result from fire, mechanical or structural failure or from persons standing on top of or against the escape route. If an evacuation route utilizes an area where normal movement of passengers occurs, it must be demonstrated that passengers would not impede egress to the main deck. If a hatch is installed in an evacuation route, the point at which the evacuation route terminates in the passenger cabin should not be located where normal movement by passengers or crew occur, such as in a main aisle, cross aisle, passageway or galley complex.
If such a location cannot be avoided, special consideration must be taken to ensure that the hatch or door can be opened when a person who is the weight of a ninety-fifth percentile male is standing on the hatch or door.
The use of evacuation routes must not be dependent on any powered device. If there is low headroom at or near an evacuation route, provision must be made to prevent or to protect occupants of the LD-MCR compartment from head injury.
(c) Emergency evacuation procedures, including the emergency evacuation of an incapacitated crewmember from the LD-MCR compartment, must be established. All of these procedures must be transmitted to the operator for incorporation into its training programs and appropriate operational manuals.
(d) There must be a limitation in the Airplane Flight Manual or other suitable means requiring that crewmembers be trained in the use of evacuation routes.
3. There must be a means for the evacuation of an incapacitated crewmember who is representative of a 95th percentile male from the LD-MCR compartment to the passenger cabin floor. The evacuation must be demonstrated for all evacuation routes. A flight attendant or other crewmember (a total of one assistant within the LD-MCR compartment) may provide assistance in the evacuation. Additional assistance may be provided by up to three persons in the main passenger compartment. For evacuation routes having stairways, the additional assistants may descend down to one half the elevation change from the main deck to the LD-MCR compartment or to the first landing, whichever is higher.
4. The following signs and placards must be provided in the LD-MCR compartment:
(a) At least one exit sign which meets the requirements of § 25.812(b)(1)(i) at Amendment 25-58 must be located near each exit. However, a sign with reduced background area of no less than 5.3 square inches (excluding the letters) may be utilized, provided that it is installed such that the material surrounding the exit sign is light in color (e.g., white, cream, light beige). If the material surrounding the exit sign is not light in color, a sign with a minimum of a one-inch wide background border around the letters would also be acceptable;
(b) An appropriate placard which defines the location and the operating instructions for each evacuation route must be located near each exit;
(c) Placards must be readable from a distance of 30 inches under emergency lighting conditions; and
(d) The exit handles and the placards with the evacuation path operating instructions must be illuminated to at least 160 microlamberts under emergency lighting conditions.
5. There must be a means for emergency illumination to be automatically provided for the LD-MCR compartment in the event of failure of the main power system of the airplane or of the normal lighting system of the LD-MCR compartment.
(a) This emergency illumination must be independent of the main lighting system.
(b) The sources of general cabin illumination may be common to both the emergency and the main lighting systems, if the power supply to the emergency lighting system is independent of the power supply to the main lighting system.
(c) The illumination level must be sufficient for the occupants of the LD-MCR compartment to locate and transfer to the main passenger cabin floor by means of each evacuation route.
(d) The illumination level must be sufficient to locate a deployed oxygen mask with the privacy curtains in the Start Printed Page 53844closed position for each occupant of the LD-MCR compartment.
6. There must be means for two-way voice communications between crewmembers on the flight deck and crewmembers in the LD-MCR compartment. Section 25.785(h) at Amendment 25-51 requires flight attendant seats near required floor level emergency exits. Each such exit seat on the aircraft must have a public address system microphone that allows two-way voice communications between flight attendants and crewmembers in the LD-MCR compartment. One microphone may serve more than one such exit seat, provided the proximity of the exits allows unassisted verbal communications between seated flight attendants.
7. There must be a means for manual activation of an aural emergency alarm system, audible during normal and emergency conditions, to enable crewmembers on the flight deck and at each pair of required floor-level emergency exits to alert crewmembers in the LD-MCR compartment of an emergency. Use of a public address or crew interphone system will be acceptable, provided an adequate means of differentiating between normal and emergency communications is incorporated. The system must be powered in flight for at least ten minutes after the shutdown or failure of all engines and auxiliary power units (APU) or the disconnection or failure of all power sources which are dependent on the continued operation of the engines and APUs.
8. There must be a means'readily detectable by seated or standing occupants of the LD-MCR compartment'which indicates when seat belts should be fastened. If there are no seats, at least one means, such as sufficient handholds, must be provided to cover anticipated turbulence. Seat belt-type restraints must be provided for berths and must be compatible with the sleeping attitude during cruise conditions. There must be a placard on each berth indicating that seat belts must be fastened when the berth is occupied. If compliance with any of the other requirements of these special conditions is predicated on specific head location, there must be a placard specifying the head position.
9. To provide a level of safety equivalent to that provided to occupants of a small isolated galley—in lieu of the requirements of § 25.1439(a) at Amendment 25-38 that pertain to isolated compartments—the following equipment must be provided in the LD-MCR compartment:
(a) At least one approved hand-held fire extinguisher appropriate for the kinds of fires likely to occur;
(b) Two Personal Breathing Equipment (PBE) units approved to Technical Standard Order (TSO)-C116 or equivalent, which are suitable for fire fighting, or one PBE for each hand-held fire extinguisher, whichever is greater; and
(c) One flashlight.
Additional PBEs and fire extinguishers in specific locations, beyond the minimum numbers prescribed in Special Condition No. 9, may be required as a result of any egress analysis accomplished to satisfy Special Condition No. 2(a).
10. A smoke or fire detection system or systems must be provided to monitor each occupiable area within the LD-MCR compartment, including those areas partitioned by curtains. Flight tests must be conducted to show compliance with this requirement. Each smoke or fire detection system must provide the following:
(a) A visual indication to the flight deck within one minute after the start of a fire;
(b) An aural warning in the LD-MCR compartment; and
(c) A warning in the main passenger cabin. This warning must be readily detectable by a flight attendant, taking into consideration the positioning of flight attendants throughout the main passenger compartment during various phases of flight.
11. The LD-MCR compartment must be designed such that fires within it can be controlled without a crewmember having to enter the compartment or be designed such that crewmembers equipped for fire fighting have unrestricted access to the compartment. The time for a crewmember on the main deck to react to the fire alarm, don the fire fighting equipment, and gain access must not exceed the time for the compartment to become smoke-filled, making it difficult to locate the source of the fire.
12. There must be a means provided to exclude hazardous quantities of smoke or extinguishing agent originating in the LD-MCR compartment from entering any other compartment occupied by crewmembers or passengers. This means must include the time periods during the evacuation of the LD-MCR compartment and, if applicable, when accessing the LD-MCR compartment to manually fight a fire. Smoke entering any other compartment occupied by crewmembers or passengers when the LD-MCR compartment is opened during an emergency evacuation must dissipate within five minutes after the LD-MCR compartment is closed.
Hazardous quantities of smoke may not enter any other compartment occupied by crewmembers or passengers during subsequent access to manually fight a fire in the LD-MCR compartment. (The amount of smoke entrained by a firefighter exiting the LD-MCR compartment through the access is not considered hazardous). During the one-minute smoke detection time, penetration of a small quantity of smoke from the LD-MCR compartment into an occupied area is acceptable. Flight tests must be conducted to show compliance with this requirement.
If a built-in fire extinguishing system is used in lieu of manual fire fighting, the fire extinguishing system must be designed so that no hazardous quantities of extinguishing agent will enter other compartments occupied by passengers or crewmembers. The system must have adequate capacity to suppress any fire occurring in the LD-MCR compartment, considering the fire threat, the volume of the compartment and the ventilation rate.
13. For each seat and berth in the LD-MCR compartment, there must be a supplemental oxygen system equivalent to that provided for main deck passengers. The system must provide an aural and visual warning to alert the occupants of the LD-MCR compartment of the need to don oxygen masks in the event of decompression. The warning must activate before the cabin pressure altitude exceeds 15,000 feet. The aural warning must sound continuously for a minimum of five minutes or until a reset push button in the LD-MCR compartment is depressed. Procedures for crewmembers in the LD-MCR compartment to follow in the event of decompression must be established. These procedures must be transmitted to the operator for incorporation into their training programs and appropriate operational manuals.
14. The following requirements apply to LD-MCR compartments that are divided into several sections by the installation of curtains or doors:
(a) To warn crewmembers who may be sleeping, there must be an aural alert that accompanies automatic presentation of supplemental oxygen masks. The alert must be able to be heard in each section of the LD-MCR compartment. A visual indicator that occupants must don an oxygen mask is required in each section where seats or berths are not installed. A minimum of two supplemental oxygen masks are required for each seat or berth. There must also be a means to manually Start Printed Page 53845deploy the oxygen masks from the flight deck.
(b) A placard is required adjacent to each curtain that visually divides or separates the LD-MCR compartment into small sections for privacy purposes. The placard must indicate that the curtain is to remain open when the private section it creates is unoccupied.
(c) For each section created by the installation of a curtain, the following requirements of these special conditions must be met both with the curtain open or the curtain closed:
(1) Emergency illumination (Special Condition No. 5);
(2) Aural emergency alarm (Special Condition No. 7);
(3) Fasten seat belt signal or return to seat signal as applicable (Special Condition No. 8); and
(4) Smoke or fire detection (Special Condition No. 10).
(d) Crew rest compartments visually divided to the extent that evacuation could be affected must have exit signs that direct occupants to the primary stairway exit. The exit signs must be provided in each separate section of the LD-MCR compartment and must meet the requirements of § 25.812(b)(1)(i) at Amendment 25-58. An exit sign with reduced background area, as described in Special Condition No. 4.(a), may be used to meet this requirement.
(e) For sections within a LD-MCR compartment that are created by the installation of a partition with a door separating the sections, the following requirements of these special conditions must be met with the door open and with the door closed:
(1) There must be a secondary evacuation route from each section to the main deck, or it must be shown that any door between the sections has been designed to preclude anyone from being trapped inside the compartment. Removal of an incapacitated crewmember from this area must be considered. A secondary evacuation route from a small room designed for only one occupant for a short period of time, such as a changing area or lavatory, is not required. However, removal of an incapacitated occupant from this area must be considered.
(2) Any door between the sections must be shown to be openable when crowded against, even when crowding occurs at each side of the door.
(3) There may be no more than one door between any seat or berth and the primary stairway exit.
(4) There must be exit signs in each section which meet the requirements of § 25.812(b)(1)(i) at Amendment 25-58 that direct occupants to the primary stairway exit. An exit sign with reduced background area, as described in Special Condition No. 4.(a), may be used to meet this requirement.
(5) Special Conditions No. 5 (emergency illumination), No. 7 (aural emergency alarm), No. 8 (fasten seat belt signal or return to seat signal as applicable) and No. 10 (smoke and fire detection) must be met both with the door open and the door closed.
(6) Special Conditions No. 6 (two-way voice communication) and No. 9 (PBE and other equipment) must be met independently for each separate section, except in lavatories or other small areas that are not intended to be occupied for extended periods of time.
15. Where a waste disposal receptacle is fitted, it must be equipped with a built-in fire extinguisher designed to discharge automatically upon occurrence of a fire in the receptacle.
16. Materials, including finishes or decorative surfaces applied to the materials, must comply with the flammability standards of § 25.853 at Amendment 25-66. Mattresses must comply with the flammability standards of § 25.853(b) and (c) at Amendment 25-66.
17. A lavatory within the LD-MCR compartment must meet the same requirements as a lavatory installed on the main deck, except with regard to Special Condition No. 10 for smoke detection.
18. When a LD-MCR compartment is installed or enclosed as a removable module in part of a cargo compartment or is located directly adjacent to a cargo compartment without an intervening cargo compartment wall, the following conditions apply:
(a) Any wall of the LD-MCR compartment—which forms part of the boundary of the reduced cargo compartment and is subject to direct flame impingement from a fire in the cargo compartment—and any interface item between the LD-MCR compartment and the airplane structure or systems must meet the applicable requirements of § 25.855 at Amendment 25-60.
(b) Means must be provided to ensure that the fire protection level of the cargo compartment meets the applicable requirements of §§ 25.855 at Amendment 25-60; 25.857 at Amendment 25-60; and 25.858 at Amendment 25-54 when the LD-MCR compartment is not installed.
(c) Use of each emergency evacuation route must not require occupants of the LD-MCR compartment to enter the cargo compartment in order to return to the passenger compartment.
(d) The aural emergency alarm specified in Special Condition No. 7 must sound in the LD-MCR compartment in the event of a fire in the cargo compartment.
19. Means must be provided to prevent access into the Class C cargo compartment during all airplane operations and to ensure that the maintenance door is closed during all airplane flight operations.
20. All enclosed stowage compartments within the LD-MCR compartment—that are not limited to stowage of emergency equipment or airplane supplied equipment (i.e., bedding)—must meet the design criteria given in the table below. As indicated in the table, enclosed stowage compartments larger than 200 ft 3 in interior volume are not addressed by this Special Condition. The in-flight accessibility of very large enclosed stowage compartments and the subsequent impact on the crewmembers' ability to effectively reach any part of the compartment with the contents of a hand fire extinguisher will require additional fire protection considerations similar to those required for inaccessible compartments such as Class C cargo compartments.
|Interior volume of stowage compartment||Fire protection features|
|less than 25 ft 3||25 ft 3 to 57 ft 3||57 ft 3 to 200 ft 3|
|Materials of Construction1||Yes||Yes||Yes.|
|Smoke or Fire Detectors2||No||Yes||Yes.|
|Location Detector 4||No||Yes||Yes.|
|1 Material: The material used to construct each enclosed stowage compartment must at least be fire resistant and must meet the flammability standards for interior components specified in § 25.853. For compartments less than 25 ft 3 in interior volume, the design must ensure the ability to contain a fire likely to occur within the compartment under normal use.Start Printed Page 53846|
|2 Detectors: Enclosed stowage compartments with an interior volume which equals or exceeds 25 ft 3 must be provided with a smoke or fire detection system to ensure that a fire can be detected within a one-minute detection time. Flight tests must be conducted to show compliance with this requirement. Each system (or systems) must provide:|
|(a) A visual indication in the flight deck within one minute after the start of a fire;|
|(b) An aural warning in the LD-MCR compartment; and|
|(c) A warning in the main passenger cabin. This warning must be readily detectable by a flight attendant, taking into consideration the positioning of flight attendants throughout the main passenger compartment during various phases of flight.|
|3 Liner: If it can be shown that the material used to construct the stowage compartment meets the flammability requirements of a liner for a Class B cargo compartment, no liner would be required for enclosed stowage compartments equal to or greater than 25 ft 3 but less than 57 ft 3 in interior volume. For all enclosed stowage compartments equal to or greater than 57 ft 3 but less than or equal to 200 ft 3 in interior volume, a liner must be provided that meets the requirements of § 25.855 at Amendment 25-60 for a class B cargo compartment.|
|4 Location Detector: LD-MCR compartments which contain enclosed stowage compartments with an interior volume which exceeds 25 ft 3 and which are located away from one central location, such as the entry to the LD-MCR compartment or a common area within the LD-MCR compartment, would require additional fire protection features or devices to assist the firefighter in determining the location of a fire.|
Issued in Renton, Washington, on August 26, 2004.
Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.
[FR Doc. 04-20170 Filed 9-2-04; 8:45 am]
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