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Extensions of Credit by Federal Reserve Banks

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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.


Final rule.


The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Board) has adopted final amendments to its Regulation A to reflect the Board's approval of an increase in the primary credit rate at each Federal Reserve Bank. The secondary credit rate at each Reserve Bank automatically increased by formula as a result of the Board's primary credit rate action.


The amendments to part 201 (Regulation A) are effective March 30, 2005. The rate changes for primary and secondary credit were effective on the dated specified in 12 CFR 201.51, as amended.

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Jennifer J. Johnson, Secretary of the Board (202/452-3259); for users of Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf (TDD) only, contact 202/263-4869.

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The Federal Reserve Banks make primary and secondary credit available to depository institutions as a backup source of funding on a short-term basis, usually overnight. The primary and secondary credit rates are the interest rates that the twelve Federal Reserve Banks charge for extensions of credit under these programs. In accordance with the Federal Reserve Act, the primary and secondary credit rates are established by the boards of directors of the Federal Reserve Banks, subject to the review and determination of the Board.

The Board approved requests by the Reserve Banks to increase by 25 basis points the primary credit rate in effect at each of the twelve Federal Reserve Banks, thereby increasing from 3.50 percent to 3.75 percent the rate that each Reserve Bank charges for extensions of primary credit. As a result of the Board's action on the primary credit rate, the rate that each Reserve Bank charges for extensions of secondary credit automatically increased from 4.00 percent to 4.25 percent under the secondary credit rate formula. The final amendments to Regulation A reflect these rate changes.

The 25-basis-point increase in the primary credit rate was associated with a similar increase in the target for the federal funds rate (from 2.50 percent to 2.75 percent) approved by the Federal Open Market Committee (Committee) and announced at the same time. A press release announcing these actions indicated that:

The Committee believes that, even after this action, the stance of monetary policy remains accommodative and, coupled with robust underlying growth in productivity, is providing ongoing support to economic activity. Output evidently continues to grow at a solid pace despite the rise in energy prices, and labor market conditions continue to improve gradually. Though longer-term inflation expectations remain well contained, pressures on inflation have picked up in recent months and pricing power is more evident. The rise in energy prices, however, has not notably fed through to core consumer prices.

The Committee perceives that, with appropriate monetary policy action, the upside and downside risks to the attainment of both sustainable growth and price stability should be kept roughly equal. With underlying inflation expected to be contained, the Committee believes that policy accommodation can be removed at a pace that is likely to be measured. Nonetheless, the Committee will respond to changes in economic prospects as needed to fulfill its obligation to maintain price stability.

Regulatory Flexibility Act Certification

Pursuant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 605(b)), the Board certifies that the new primary and secondary credit rates will not have a significantly adverse economic impact on a substantial number of small entities because the final rule does not impose any additional requirements on entities affected by the regulation.

Administrative Procedure Act

The Board did not follow the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 553(b) relating to notice and public participation in connection with the adoption of these amendments because the Board for good cause determined that delaying implementation of the new primary and secondary credit rates in order to allow notice and public comment would be unnecessary and contrary to the public interest in fostering price stability and sustainable economic growth. For these same reasons, the Board also has not provided 30 days prior notice of the effective date of the rule under section 553(d).

12 CFR Chapter II

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List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 201

  • Banks
  • Banking
  • Federal Reserve System
  • Reporting and recordkeeping
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Authority and Issuance

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For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Board is amending 12 CFR Chapter II as follows:

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1. The authority citation for part 201 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 12 U.S.C. 248(i)-(j), 343 et seq., 347a, 347b, 347c, 348 et seq., 357, 374, 374a, and 461.

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2. In § 201.51, paragraphs (a) and (b) are revised to read as follows:

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Interest rates applicable to credit extended by a Federal Reserve Bank.[1]

(a) Primary credit. The interest rates for primary credit provided to depository institutions under § 201.4(a) are:

Federal Reserve BankRateEffective
Boston3.75March 22, 2005.
New York3.75March 22, 2005.
Philadelphia3.75March 22, 2005.
Cleveland3.75March 22, 2005.
Richmond3.75March 22, 2005.
Atlanta3.75March 22, 2005.
Chicago3.75March 22, 2005.
St. Louis3.75March 23, 2005.
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Minneapolis3.75March 22, 2005.
Kansas City3.75March 23, 2005.
Dallas3.75March 24, 2005.
San Francisco3.75March 22, 2005.

(b) Secondary credit. The interest rates for secondary credit provided to depository institutions under 201.4(b) are:

Federal Reserve BankRateEffective
Boston4.25March 22, 2005.
New York4.25March 22, 2005.
Philadelphia4.25March 22, 2005.
Cleveland4.25March 22, 2005.
Richmond4.25March 22, 2005.
Atlanta4.25March 22, 2005.
Chicago4.25March 22, 2005.
St. Louis4.25March 23, 2005.
Minneapolis4.25March 22, 2005.
Kansas City4.25March 23, 2005.
Dallas4.25March 24, 2005.
San Francisco4.25March 22, 2005.
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By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, March 24, 2005.

Jennifer J. Johnson,

Secretary of the Board.

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1.  The primary, secondary, and seasonal credit rates described in this section apply to both advances and discounts made under the primary, secondary, and seasonal credit programs, respectively.

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[FR Doc. 05-6260 Filed 3-29-05; 8:45 am]