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Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of a 5-Year Review of the Florida Manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris)

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.




The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) announces a 5-year review of the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris under section 4(c)(2)(A) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (Act) (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). A 5-year review is conducted to ensure that the listing classification of a species is accurate. A 5-year review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, we are requesting submission of any such information on the Florida manatee that has become available since its original listing as an endangered species in 1967 (32 FR 4061), under the Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966 80 Stat. 926; 16 U.S.C. 668aa(c). The manatee (Trichechus manatus) was listed again in December, 1970 by amending Appendix A of 50 CFR 17 to include additional names to the list of foreign endangered species (35 FR 18319). Based on the results of this 5-year review, we will make the requisite determination under section 4(c)(2)(B) of the ESA.


To allow us adequate time to conduct this review, we must receive your information no later than June 13, 2005. However, we will continue to accept new information about any listed species at any time.


Submit information to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Jacksonville Ecological Services Office, 6620 Southpoint Drive, South, Suite 310, Jacksonville, Florida 32216. Information received in response to this notice and review will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours, at the above address. Information may also be sent via e-mail to

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Dawn Jennings at the above address, or at (904) 232-2580, Ext. 114.

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Under the Act, the Service maintains a list of endangered and threatened wildlife and plant species at 50 CFR 17.11 (for animals) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the Act requires that we conduct a review of listed species at least once every five years. On the basis of such reviews under section 4(c)(2)(B), we determine whether or not any species should be removed from the List (delisted), or reclassified from endangered to threatened or from threatened to endangered. If we determine that a change in classification is not warranted, the Florida manatee will remain on the List under its current status. Delisting a species must be supported by the best scientific and commercial data available and only considered if such data substantiates that the species is neither endangered nor threatened for one or more of the following reasons: (1) The species is considered extinct; (2) the species is considered to be recovered; and/or (3) the original data available when the species was listed, or the interpretation of such data, were in error. Any change in Federal classification would require a separate rulemaking process. The regulations in 50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice in the Federal Register announcing those species currently under active review. This notice announces our active review of the Florida manatee currently listed as endangered.

Public Solicitation of New Information

To ensure that the 5-year review is complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, we are soliciting information from the public, concerned governmental agencies, Tribes, the scientific community, industry, environmental entities, and any other interested parties concerning the status of the Florida manatee.

The 5-year review considers the best scientific and commercial data and all new information that has become available since the listing determination or most recent status review. For this review, we are particularly interested in any information since publication of the third revision of the Florida manatee recovery plan in 2001. Categories of requested information include (A) species biology, including but not limited to, population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics; (B) habitat conditions, including but not limited to, amount, distribution, and suitability; (C) conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit the species; (D) threat status and trends; and (E) other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to, taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods. Information submitted should be supported by documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.

If you wish to provide information for this 5-year review, you may submit your comments and materials to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Jacksonville, Florida Ecological Services Office (see ADDRESSES section). Our practice is to make comments, including names and home addresses of respondents, available for public review during regular business hours. Respondents may request that we withhold a respondent's identity, as allowable by law. If you wish us to withhold your name or address, you must state this request prominently at the beginning of your comment. We will not, however, consider anonymous comments. To the extent consistent with applicable law, we will make all submissions from organizations or businesses, and from individuals identifying themselves as representatives or officials of organizations or businesses, available for public inspection in their entirety. Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours (see ADDRESSES section).

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Authority: This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

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Dated: April 5, 2005.

Jacquelyn B. Parrish,

Acting Regional Director, Southeast Region.

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[FR Doc. 05-7477 Filed 4-13-05; 8:45 am]