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Amendments to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations: Part 126

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AGENCY:

Department of State.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

The Department of State is amending and/or clarifying the content of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). The affected part of the ITAR is: Part 126—Policies and Provisions. See Supplementary Information for a description of the changes and clarifications made.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

July 12, 2005.

ADDRESSES:

Interested parties are invited to submit written comments to the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, Office of Defense Trade Controls Policy, ATTN: Regulatory Change, 12th Floor, SA-1, Washington, DC 20522-0112. E-mail comments may be sent to DDTCResponseTeam@state.gov with an appropriate subject line. Persons with access to the Internet may also view this notice by going to the regulations.gov Web site at: http://www.regulations.gov. Comments will be accepted at any time.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Mr. Stephen Tomchik, Office of Defense Trade Controls Policy, Department of State, Telephone (202) 663-2799 or FAX (202) 261-8199. ATTN: Regulatory Change, USML Sections 126.5 and 126.15.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Two changes are made to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) Part 126—General Policies and Provisions. The first change affects 22 CFR 126.5. This section describes inter alia the modalities by which exporters, without a license issued by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC), may conduct permanent and temporary exports of defense articles to Canada, and temporary imports from Canada. These changes to 22 CFR 126.5 are designed to clarify for exporters the range of defense articles, related technical data, and defense services that will continue to require a license issued by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls for export to or temporary import from Canada.

The list of items excluded from the provisions of Section 126.5 is outlined in paragraph (b). That list is amended in the following ways: the text of 126.5(b)(12) is amended to reflect textual revisions to Category XIV of the U.S. Munitions List regarding chemical and biological agents. The body of chemical agents encompassed by 126.5(b)(12) and previously controlled in a single paragraph of the Category now has been grouped by type and distributed into several distinct paragraphs. The text also clarifies but does not change the scope of biological agents controlled. Other changes are made to reflect the redesignation of paragraphs in the Category.

The second change is a result of statutory direction. A new section of the ITAR implements Section 1225 of Public Law 108-375 regarding “Bilateral Exchanges and Trade in Defense Articles and Defense Services Between the United States and the United Kingdom and Australia.” This section, to be designated 126.15, calls for the expeditious processing of license applications for the export of defense articles and services to Australia or the United Kingdom, consistent with national security and the requirements of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.

Regulatory Analysis and Notices: This amendment involves a foreign affairs function of the United States and, therefore, is not subject to the procedures required by 5 U.S.C. 553 and 554. It is exempt from review under executive Order 12866, but has been reviewed internally by the Department of State to ensure consistency with the purposes thereof. This rule does not require analysis under the Regulatory Flexibility Act or the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act. This amendment has been found not to be a major rule within the meaning of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996. It will not have substantial direct effects on the States, the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, it is determined that this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant application of the consultation provisions of Executive Orders 12372 and 13132. This rule does not impose any new reporting or recordkeeping requirements subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35.

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List of Subjects in 22 CFR Part 126

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Accordingly, for the reasons set forth above, Title 22, Chapter I, Subchapter M, Part 126 is amended as follows:

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PART 126—GENERAL POLICIES AND PROVISIONS

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1. The authority citation for Part 126 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: Secs. 2, 38, 40, 42, and 71, Pub. L. 90-629, 90 Stat. 744 (22 U.S.C. 2752, 2778, 2780, 2791, and 2797); E.O. 11958, 42 FR 4311; 3 CFR, 1977 Comp. p. 79; 22 U.S.C. 2651a; 22 U.S.C. 287c; E.O. 12918, 59 FR 28205, 3 CFR, 1994 Comp., p. 899; Sec. 1225, Pub. L. 108-375.

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2. Section 126.5 is amended by revising paragraph (b)(12) to read as follows:

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Canadian exemptions.
* * * * *

(b) * * *

(12) Chemical agents listed in Category XIV (a), (d), and (e), biological agents and biologically derived substances in Category XIV (b), and equipment listed in Category XIV (f) for dissemination of the chemical agents and biological agents listed in Category XIV (a), (b), (d), and (e).

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3. Section 126.15 is added to read as follows:

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Expedited processing of license applications for the export of defense articles and defense services to Australia or the United Kingdom.

(a) Any application submitted for authorization of the export of defense articles or services to Australia or the United Kingdom will be expeditiously processed by the Department of State, in consultation with the Department of Defense. Such license applications will not be referred to any other Federal department or agency, except when the defense articles or defense services are classified or exceptional circumstances apply. (See section 1225, Pub. L. 108-375).

(b) To be eligible for the expedited processing in paragraph (a) of this section, the destination of the prospective export must be limited to Australia or the United Kingdom. No Start Printed Page 39920other country may be included as intermediary or ultimate end-user.

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Dated: June 23, 2005.

Robert G. Joseph,

Under Secretary, Arms Control and International Security, Department of State.

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[FR Doc. 05-13643 Filed 7-11-05; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4710-25-P