Social Security Administration (SSA).
We are issuing these final rules to reflect in our regulations four self-implementing provisions in the Social Security Protection Act of 2004 (SSPA). One provision adds two States (Kentucky and Louisiana) to a list of States that are permitted to divide public employee retirement systems based on whether the State and/or local employees in positions under the systems want Social Security and/or Medicare coverage or not. The other three provisions make technical corrections to the Social Security Act (the Act) and the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) regarding various Social Security coverage issues.
These regulations are effective July 21, 2005.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Cynthia Johnson, Social Insurance Specialist, Office of Income Security Programs, Social Security Administration, 6401 Security Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21235-6401, (410) 965-7959 or TTY (410) 966-5609. For information on eligibility, claiming benefits, or coverage of earnings, call our national toll-free number, 1-800-772-1213 or TTY 1-800-325-0778.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The electronic file of this document is available on the date of publication in the Federal Register on the Internet site for the Government Printing Office, http://www.gpoaccess.gov/fr/index.html. It is also available on the Internet site for SSA (i.e., Social Security Online) at http://policy.ssa.gov/pnpublic.nsf/LawsRegs.
Under section 218 of the Act, 42 U.S.C. 418, the Commissioner of Social Security has an agreement with each State allowing for the extension of Social Security coverage to services performed by individuals as State and local employees. Under section 218(d) of the Act, 42 U.S.C. 418(d), provisions of these agreements may extend coverage, on the basis of referendums provided for in that section, to services by employees participating in retirement systems (i.e., State or local pension, annuity, retirement, and similar funds or systems), or to services by a subgroup of employees in such a system. See also 42 U.S.C. 418(a), (b)(4) and (b)(5); 20 CFR 404.1202, 404.1206 and 404.1214.
The SSPA, Public Law 108-203, was enacted on March 2, 2004. Section 416 of the law, effective January 1, 2003, amends section 218(d)(6)(C) of the Act by adding Louisiana and Kentucky to a list of States that are permitted to divide their public employee retirement systems based on the employees' desire for coverage. In the 23 “divided retirement system” States, the State has the option to extend Social Security and/or Medicare coverage by referendum to the affected services of only those employees, in a particular voting group of employees, who vote to be covered, with services of all future employees who join the group being covered automatically. Employees under a retirement system who participate in such a group referendum and do not wish their services to be covered under Social Security could vote to be (and are) excluded. (In other States, a majority vote in favor of Social Security coverage by a group of employees in a retirement system results in coverage of the affected services of all employees in the voting group.)
Section 422 of the SSPA, applicable to years beginning before, on or after December 31, 1994, conforms section 211(a)(7) of the Act, 42 U.S.C. 411(a)(7), to a corresponding provision of IRC, 26 U.S.C. 1402(a)(8), by excluding certain retirement income and benefits, received after retirement by duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed ministers or members of religious orders, from the definition of net earnings from self-employment.
Section 423 of the SSPA is effective upon enactment and clarifies that, for purposes of the definitions of wages in sections 209(a) of the Act and 3121(a) of the IRC, cash remuneration for domestic employment performed in a private home of the employer on a farm operated for profit is considered wages when it exceeds an applicable dollar threshold in section 3121(x) of the IRC, 26 U.S.C. 3121(x). See 42 U.S.C. 409(a)(6)(B); 42 U.S.C. 3121(a)(7)(B). Section 423 also amends section 210(f)(5) of the Act and section 3121(g)(5) of the IRC to clarify that domestic service in the private home of an employer on a farm operated for profit is not included within the definition of agricultural labor under those statutory sections.
Section 425 of the SSPA, also effective upon enactment, clarifies that, for purposes of the definitions of net earnings from self-employment under section 211(a)(5)(A) of the Act and section 1402(a)(5)(A) of the IRC, non-partnership income from a trade or business which is community income under the laws of a community property State is treated as the gross income and deductions of the spouse carrying on the relevant trade or business. If the spouses operate the trade or business jointly, such self-employment income is treated as the gross income and deductions of each spouse on the basis of his or her respective share of the gross income and deductions. We are revising our regulations as explained below to conform to the statutory changes.
Explanation of Changes
§§ 404.1055 and 404.1056
We are revising § 404.1055, per SSPA section 423, by deleting the last sentence of paragraph (a) which refers to domestic services performed on a farm. We are revising § 404.1056 by deleting all references to domestic employment in paragraph (a)(6). We are also fixing a typographical error in paragraph (a)(11) by correcting the spelling of “commercial”.
We are revising § 404.1086, per SSPA section 425, by revising existing paragraph (a)(1) and removing paragraphs (a)(2) and (b). The paragraphs being removed discuss the meaning of “management and control” for a business (other than a partnership) operated by a husband and wife in a community property State and the treatment of partnership income derived in a community property State by a husband or wife who is a partner in a partnership or a husband and wife who are both partners in the same partnership, which are no longer applicable policies. The new language provides that the gross income and deductions derived from a trade or business in a community property State will be taxed and credited to the spouse who is carrying on the trade or business or to each spouse based on his or her distributive share of the gross income and deductions if the trade or business is jointly operated.
We are revising § 404.1091, per SSPA section 422, to provide that ministers and members of religious orders should Start Printed Page 41955exclude any parsonage or housing allowances included in retirement pay after the minister retires or any other retirement benefit received after retirement pursuant to a church plan as defined in section 414(e) of the IRC, when computing net earnings from self-employment. This provision is effective for years beginning before, on or after December 31, 1994. This technical correction in the SSPA conforms provisions in the Act to an IRC change made via section 1456(a) of Public Law 104-188. We are also fixing a typographical error in existing paragraph (c), which is being redesignated as paragraph (d), by removing the word “one” from the first sentence.
We are revising § 404.1207(a), per SSPA section 416, to include the States of Kentucky and Louisiana in the list of States that are permitted to divide public employee retirement systems based on whether the employees in positions under the systems want Social Security and/or Medicare coverage or not.
Pursuant to section 702(a)(5) of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. 902(a)(5), SSA follows the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) rulemaking procedures specified in 5 U.S.C. 553 in the development of its regulations. The APA provides exceptions to its prior notice and public comment procedures when an agency finds there is good cause for dispensing with such procedures on the basis that they are impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest.
In the case of these final rules, we have determined that, under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B), good cause exists for dispensing with the notice and public comment procedures on these rules because such procedures are unnecessary. Good cause exists because these regulations merely reflect the self-implementing provisions in sections 416, 422, 423 and 425 of Public Law 108-203 that we have been following operationally since enactment. Therefore, opportunity for prior comment is unnecessary, and we are issuing these regulations as final rules.
In addition, we find good cause for dispensing with the 30-day delay in the effective date of a substantive rule, provided for by 5 U.S.C. 553(d). These revisions reflect the provisions enacted in the SSPA. However, without these changes, our rules will conflict with current law and may mislead the public. Therefore, we find that it is in the public interest to make these rules effective upon publication.
Executive Order 12866
We have consulted with the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and determined that these final rules meet the criteria for a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866, as amended by Executive Order 13258. Thus, they were subject to OMB review. We have also determined that these rules meet the plain language requirement of Executive Order 12866, as amended by Executive Order 13258.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
We certify that these final regulations will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Therefore, a regulatory flexibility analysis as provided in the Regulatory Flexibility Act, as amended, is not required.
Paperwork Reduction Act
These final rules impose no additional reporting or recordkeeping requirements subject to OMB clearance.
(Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Program Nos. 96.001, Social Security-Disability Insurance; 96.002, Social Security-Retirement Insurance; 96.004, Social Security-Survivors Insurance)Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 20 CFR Part 404
- Administrative practice and procedure
- Disability benefits
- Old-age, survivors and disability insurance
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
- Social Security
Dated: April 15, 2005.
Jo Anne B. Barnhart,
Commissioner of Social Security.
For the reasons set out in the preamble, we are amending subparts K and M of part 404 of chapter III of title 20 of the Code of Federal Regulations as set forth below:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 404—FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950—)
Subpart K—[Amended]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for subpart K of part 404 is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Section 404.1055 is amended by removing the last sentence of paragraph (a).End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
3. Section 404.1056 is amended by revising paragraphs (a)(6) and (a)(11) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) * * *
(6) If you do nonbusiness work, it is agricultural labor if you do the work on a farm operated for a profit. A farm is not operated for profit if the employer primarily uses it as a residence or for personal or family recreation or pleasure. (See § 404.1058(a) for an explanation of nonbusiness work.)
(11) Work connected with the commercial canning or freezing of a commodity is not agricultural labor nor is work done after the delivery of the commodity to a terminal market for distribution for consumption.
4. Section 404.1086 is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
If community property laws apply to income that an individual derives from a trade or business (other than a trade or business carried on by a partnership), the gross income and deductions attributable to such trade or business shall be treated as the gross income and deductions of the spouse carrying on such trade or business or, if such trade or business is jointly operated, treated as the gross income and deductions of each spouse on the basis of his or her respective distributive share of the gross income and deductions.
5. Section 404.1091 is amended by redesignating existing paragraph (c) as paragraph (d), adding a new paragraph (c) and removing the word “one” from the first sentence of the redesignated paragraph (d) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(c) Housing allowance when included in retirement pay. You must exclude any parsonage or housing allowance included in your retirement pay or any other retirement benefit received after retirement pursuant to a church plan as defined in section 414(e) of the Internal Revenue Code when computing your net earnings from self-employment. For example, if a minister retires from Church A and the rental value of a parsonage or any other allowance is included in his/her retirement pay, the parsonage allowance must be excluded when determining net earnings from self-employment. However, if this same retired minister goes to work for Church B and is paid a parsonage allowance by Church B, this new income must be Start Printed Page 41956included when computing net earnings from self-employment.
Subpart M—[Amended]Start Amendment Part
6. The authority citation for subpart M of part 404 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
7. Section 404.1207 is amended by revising the second sentence of paragraph (a) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) General. * * * The States having this authority are Alaska, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Washington, and Wisconsin.
[FR Doc. 05-14385 Filed 7-20-05; 8:45 am]
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