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Proposed Rule

Airworthiness Directives; Lycoming Engines (Formerly Textron Lycoming) AEIO-360, IO-360, O-360, LIO-360, LO-360, AEIO-540, IO-540, O-540, and TIO-540 Series Reciprocating Engines

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION:

Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

SUMMARY:

The FAA proposes to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Lycoming Engines (formerly Textron Lycoming) AEIO-360, IO-360, O-360, LIO-360, LO-360, AEIO-540, IO-540, O-540, and TIO-540 series reciprocating engines rated at 300 horsepower (HP) or lower. This proposed AD would require replacing certain crankshafts. This proposed AD results from reports of 12 crankshaft failures in Lycoming 360 and 540 series engines rated at 300 HP or lower. We are proposing this AD to prevent failure of the crankshaft, which could result in total engine power loss, in-flight engine failure, and possible loss of the aircraft.

DATES:

We must receive any comments on this proposed AD by August 22, 2005.

ADDRESSES:

Use one of the following addresses to comment on this proposed AD.

  • DOT Docket Web site: Go to http://dms.dot.gov and follow the instructions for sending your comments electronically.
  • Government-wide rulemaking Web site: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow the instructions for sending your comments electronically.
  • Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of Transportation, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Nassif Building, Room PL-401, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
  • Fax: (202) 493-2251.
  • Hand Delivery: Room PL-401 on the plaza level of the Nassif Building, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

You can get the service information identified in this proposed AD from Lycoming, 652 Oliver Street, Williamsport, PA 17701; telephone (570) 323-6181; fax (570) 327-7101, or on the Internet at http://www.Lycoming.Textron.com.

You may examine the comments on this proposed AD in the AD docket on the Internet at http://dms.dot.gov.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Norm Perenson, Aerospace Engineer, New York Aircraft Certification Office, FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 1600 Stewart Avenue, Suite 410, Westbury, NY 11590; telephone (516) 228-7337; fax (516) 794-5531. Start Printed Page 42283

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Comments Invited

We invite you to send us any written relevant data, views, or arguments regarding this proposal. Send your comments to an address listed under ADDRESSES. Include “Docket No. FAA-2005-21864; Directorate Identifier-2005-NE-29-AD” in the subject line of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of the proposed AD. We will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend the proposed AD in light of those comments.

We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://dms.dot.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact with FAA personnel concerning this proposed AD. Using the search function of the Docket Management System (DMS) Web site, anyone can find and read the comments in any of our dockets, including the name of the individual who sent the comment (or signed the comment on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review the DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78) or you may visit http://dms.dot.gov.

Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the docket that contains the proposal, any comments received and, any final disposition in person at the Docket Management Facility Docket Offices between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The Docket Office (telephone (800) 647-5227) is located on the plaza level of the Department of Transportation Nassif Building at the street address stated in ADDRESSES. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after the Docket Management Facility receives them.

Discussion

On September 16, 2002, we issued AD 2002-19-03, Amendment 39-12883 (67 FR 59139) applicable to Textron Lycoming LTIO-540 and TIO-540 series engines, rated at 300 HP or higher. That AD requires replacing certain crankshafts manufactured using a hammer-forged process with crankshafts manufactured using a press-forged process. AD 2002-19-03 resulted from reports of 18 crankshaft failures in LTIO-540 and TIO-540 engines, rated at 300 HP or higher. Our investigation into the cause of the crankshaft failures found that the failures result from subsurface metallurgical flaws. Lack of crankshaft process control caused the subsurface metallurgical flaws. While this proposed AD would affect different crankshafts than those affected by AD 2002-19-03, the crankshafts have the same possible unsafe condition. This proposed AD results from 12 reports of crankshaft failures on engines rated at 300 HP or lower. This proposed AD would require replacing certain crankshafts installed in engines manufactured new or rebuilt, overhauled, or that had a crankshaft replaced after March 1, 1999. This condition, if not corrected, could result in crankshaft failure, which could result in total engine power loss, in-flight engine failure, and possible loss of the aircraft.

Relevant Service Information

We have reviewed and approved the technical contents of Lycoming Mandatory Service Bulletin (MSB) No. 566, dated July 11, 2005, that describes procedures for replacing crankshafts listed by serial number in that MSB.

FAA's Determination and Requirements of the Proposed AD

We have evaluated all pertinent information and identified an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on other products of this same type design. We are proposing this AD, which would require replacing certain crankshafts within 50 hours time-in-service or 6 months after the effective date of the proposed AD, whichever is earlier. The proposed AD would require you to use the service information described previously to perform these actions.

Costs of Compliance

We estimate that this proposed AD would affect 1,128 engines installed on aircraft of U.S. registry. We estimate that it would take the following work hours to perform the inspection:

Type of applicationWork-hours per engineNumber of engines affected
Helicopter12200
Constant-Speed Propeller3557
Fixed-Pitch Propeller1.5371

We also estimate that it would take about 33 work hours to replace the crankshaft. We estimate the average labor rate is $65 per work hour and that required parts for each engine would cost about $16,218. Based on these figures, we estimate the total cost of the proposed AD to U.S. operators to be $18,594,724. Lycoming Engines informed us that they intend to supply the new parts at no charge, which would substantially reduce the estimated cost of this proposed AD.

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, Section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.

We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701, “General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

We have determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

For the reasons discussed above, I certify that the proposed regulation:

1. Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866;

2. Is not a “significant rule” under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and

3. Would not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

We prepared a regulatory evaluation of the estimated costs to comply with this proposed AD. See the ADDRESSES section for a location to examine the regulatory evaluation.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

End List of Subjects

The Proposed Amendment

Under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the Federal Start Printed Page 42284Aviation Administration proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

Start Part

PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

End Authority
[Amended]

2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive:

Lycoming Engines: Docket No. FAA-2005-21864; Directorate Identifier 2005-NE-29-AD.

Comments Due Date

(a) The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) must receive comments on this airworthiness directive (AD) action by August 22, 2005.

Affected ADs

(b) None.

Applicability

(c) This AD applies to Lycoming Engines (Formerly Textron Lycoming) AEIO-360, IO-360, O-360, LIO-360, LO-360, AEIO-540, IO-540, O-540, and TIO-540 series reciprocating engines, rated at 300 horsepower or lower, manufactured new or rebuilt, overhauled, or that had a crankshaft installed after March 1, 1999. These engines are installed on, but not limited to, the following aircraft:

Engine modelManufacturerAircraft model
IO-540-V4A5A.M.F.17-D Mushshak.
Aero Commander500 B, S, U/Merlyn Products Conv.
IO-540-E1A5Aero Commander500-E.
AerofabLA 250 Renegade.
AeronauticaAgricola Mexicana Quail.
IO-540-K1F5Aerostar600.
Aircraft Manufacturing FactoryMushshak.
O-540-E4A5AviamilanoF-250 Flamingo.
IO-540-C4B5AvionsPierre Robin HR-100/250.
LO-360-A1G6DBeech76 Duchess.
O-360-A1G6D76 Duchess.
C-24R Sierra or 200 Sierra.
BellancaAircraft Aries T-250.
O-540-E4B5Britten NormanBN-2 Islander.
O-540-E4C5BN-2A & BN-2B Islander.
IO-540-K1B5BN-2A Islander.
CelairEagle.
O-360-A1F6Cessna177 Cardinal.
O-360-A1F6D177 Cardinal.
O-540-J3C5D182-RG Skylane.
IO-540-AB1A5182-S.
O-360-F1A6C-172RG Cutlass RG.
IO-540-AC1A5C-206 Stationair.
R-G Cardinal.
IO-360-A1B6DR-G Cardinal.
TIO-540-AK1AT182T Skylane.
O-540-L3C5DTR-182 Turbo Skylane.
AEIO-540-D4A5Christen PittsS-2S, S-2B.
IO-540-T4B5DCommander114.
IO-540-T4B5114B.
TIO-540-AG1A114TC.
DornierDO-28.
IO-540-K1J5DEmbraerEMB-201 Ipanema.
O-540-B4B5EMB-710 Corioca.
EMB-720 Minuano.
EMB-720 Minuano & EMB-721 Sertanejo.
EMB-721 Sertanejo.
AEIO-540-L1B5Extra-FlugzeugbauExtra 300.
F.F.AFFA-2000 Eurotrainer.
H.A.LHPT-32.
O-540-A1A5Helio MilitaryH-250.
AEIO-360-A1E6Integrated SystemsOmega.
IO-540-M1C5King EngineeringAngel.
Korean AirChang Gong-91.
LakeLA-4-200 Buccaneer.
O-540-J3A5Maule.
MT-7-260 & M-7-260.
MX-7-235 Star Rocket.
IO-540-W1A5MX-7-235, MT-7-235 & M7-235.
Mod WorksTrophy 212 Conversion.
IO-360-A3B6Mooney201.
M-201.
IO-360-A1B6M-20-J.
IO-360-A3B6DM20J-201.
TIO-540-AF1BM20M TLS Bravo.
MoravanZ143L Zlin.
Z242L Zlin.
PartenaviaP-68 Series Observer.
IO-540-K1J5Piper600-A Aerostar.
Start Printed Page 42285
IO-540-S1A5601-A, 601B & 601P Aerostar.
IO-540-AA1A5602P Sequoia.
O-540-A1B5PA-23-235 Aztec & PA-24-250 Comanche.
PA-23-250 Aztec.
IO-540-J4A5PA-23-250 Aztec.
IO-540-C1B5PA-23-250 Aztec & PA-24-250 Comanche.
TIO-540-C1APA-23-250T Turbo Aztec.
PA-24-150 Comanche.
O-540-A1C5PA-24-250 Comanche.
O-540-A1D5PA-24-250 Comanche.
IO-540-D4A5PA-24-260 Comanche.
PA-24-260 Comanche.
O-540-B2C5PA-25-235 Pawnee.
O-540-B2B5PA-28-235 Cherokee.
PA-28-235 Cherokee.
IO-360-C1C6PA-28R-201 Arrow.
IO-540-M1A5PA-31-300 Navajo.
PA-32-260 Cherokee 6.
IO-540-K1G5PA-32-300 & PA-32-301 Saratoga.
IO-540-K1A5PA-32-300 Cherokee 6.
IO-540-K1A5DPA-32-300 Cherokee 6.
IO-540-K1G5DPA-32-300R Lance.
PA-32-301R Saratoga.
IO-360-C1E6PA-34-200 Seneca I.
IO-540-K1G5PA-36-300 Brave.
O-360-A1H6PA-44-180.
LO-360-A1H6PA-44-180 Seminole.
IO-540-K1K5T-35 Pillan.
RobinR-3000/235.
O-540-F1B5RobinsonR-44.
Rockwell114.
RuschmeyerMF-85.
SaabMFI-15 Safari or MFI-17 Supporter.
Scottish AviaBulldog.
Siai MarchettiS-205.
Siai MarchettiS-208 & SF-260.
Siai MarchettiSF-260.
Siai MarchettiSF-260.
SlingsbyFirefly T3A.
SocataR-235 Rallye Cuerrier.
Rallye 235CA.
IO-540-C4D5DTB-20 Trinidad.
TB-200.
TIO-540-AB1ADTB-21 & TB-21-TC Trinidad TC.
IO-540-AB1A5Stoddard HamiltonGlasair.
IO-540-K1H5Stoddard HamiltonGlasair III.
IO-540-L1C5Swearingen AircraftSX-300.
TransavaT-300 Skyfarmer.
AEIO-360-A1B6ValmetL-70 Vinka.
WassmerWA4-21.
YoemanAviation YA-1.

Unsafe Condition

(d) This AD results from 12 crankshaft failures in Lycoming model 360 and 540 series engines rated at 300 HP or lower. We are issuing this AD to prevent failure of the crankshaft, which could result in total engine power loss, in-flight engine failure, and possible loss of the airplane.

Compliance

(e) You are responsible for having the actions required by this AD performed within 50 hours time-in-service or 6 months after the effective date of this AD, whichever is earlier, unless the actions have already been done.

Engines Manufactured Before March 1, 1999

(f) If Lycoming Engines manufactured new, rebuilt, or overhauled your engine before March 1, 1999, and you haven't had the crankshaft replaced, no further action is required.

AEIO-540, IO-540, O-540, and TIO-540 Series Engines Manufactured New or Rebuilt, Overhauled, or That Had a Crankshaft Installed After March 1, 1999

(g) For AEIO-540, IO-540, O-540, and TIO-540 series engines manufactured new or rebuilt, overhauled, or that had a crankshaft installed after March 1, 1999, do the following:

(1) If Table 1 or Table 2 of Lycoming Mandatory Service Bulletin (MSB) No. 566, dated July 11, 2005, lists your engine serial number (SN), use Table 4 to verify the crankshaft SN.

(2) If Table 4 of Lycoming MSB No. 566, dated July 11, 2005, lists your crankshaft SN, replace the crankshaft with a crankshaft that is not listed in Table 4 of Lycoming MSB No. 566, dated July 11, 2005.

AEIO-360, IO-360, O-360, LIO-360, and LO-360 Series Engines Manufactured New or Rebuilt, Overhauled, or That Had a Crankshaft Installed After March 1, 1999

(h) For AEIO-360, IO-360, O-360, LIO-360, and LO-360 series engines manufactured new or rebuilt, overhauled, or that had a crankshaft installed after March 1, 1999, do the following:

(1) If Table 3 of Lycoming MSB No. 566, dated July 11, 2005, lists your engine SN, use Table 4 to verify the crankshaft SN.

(2) If Table 4 of Lycoming MSB No. 566, dated July 11, 2005, lists your crankshaft SN, replace the crankshaft with a crankshaft that is not listed in Table 4 of Lycoming MSB No. 566, dated July 11, 2005. Start Printed Page 42286

Prohibition Against Installing Certain Crankshafts

(i) After the effective date of this AD, do not install any crankshaft that has a SN listed in Table 4 of Lycoming MSB No. 566, dated July 11, 2005, into any engine.

Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

(j) The Manager, New York Aircraft Certification Office, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19.

Related Information

(k) None.

Start Signature

Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on July 19, 2005.

Jay J. Pardee,

Manager, Engine and Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.

End Signature End Part End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 05-14575 Filed 7-20-05; 11:52 am]

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